## An Easy Introduction to the Mathematics: In which the Theory and Practice are Laid Down and Familiarly Explained ... A Complete and Easy System of Elementary Instruction in the Leading Branches of the Mathematics; ... Adapted to the Use of Schools, Junior Students at the Universities, and Private Learners, Especially Those who Study Without a Tutor. In Two Volumes, Volume 1 |

### From inside the book

Results 6-10 of 51

Page 27

There being no figure under the

to put down. In the second operation, I say 9 from 1 I cannot, borrow 10, then 9

from 11, and 2 remain to put down; then carry 1 to the 2 makes 3, 3 from 8, and 5

...

There being no figure under the

**left hand**figure 1, I say 0 from 1, and 1 remainsto put down. In the second operation, I say 9 from 1 I cannot, borrow 10, then 9

from 11, and 2 remain to put down; then carry 1 to the 2 makes 3, 3 from 8, and 5

...

Page 29

To find the product of two numbers, look for one of them in the top line of the

Table, and for the other in the

directly under the first, and level with the second, is the product required : thus to

find 3 ...

To find the product of two numbers, look for one of them in the top line of the

Table, and for the other in the

**left hand**column; then the number which standsdirectly under the first, and level with the second, is the product required : thus to

find 3 ...

Page 30

Proceed in this manner till all the figures are multiplied; at the last (or

figure, the whole product must be set down". i The sum of numbers is evidently of

the same denomination with the numbers added; it cannot be of any other; ...

Proceed in this manner till all the figures are multiplied; at the last (or

**left hand**)figure, the whole product must be set down". i The sum of numbers is evidently of

the same denomination with the numbers added; it cannot be of any other; ...

Page 32

Write down the cipher or ciphers for the right

multiply every figure of the multiplicand by the significant figure or figures of the

multiplier, (art. 29.) and set the products in their order to the

.

Write down the cipher or ciphers for the right

**hand**part of the product, thenmultiply every figure of the multiplicand by the significant figure or figures of the

multiplier, (art. 29.) and set the products in their order to the

**left**of the ciphersk. 27.

Page 33

Multiply 850467 First, I multiply by 4, and place the product By 234 (3401863) so

that the right

product one place to the

...

Multiply 850467 First, I multiply by 4, and place the product By 234 (3401863) so

that the right

**hand**figure s may To stand ... Now removing the second line of theproduct one place to the

**left**, is equivalent to increasing its simple value ten-fold;...

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### Contents

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### Other editions - View all

### Common terms and phrases

added Algebra aliquot answer Arithmetic called carry ciphers coefficient common denominator compound contained cube root cubic decimal denotes Diff Diophantus Divide dividend division divisor Earplanation equal equation Euclid's Elements example farthings former fourth gallons geometrical progression Geometry given number greater greatest common measure greatest term hundred improper fraction improvements inches latter learning least common multiple least term left hand less likewise logarithm lowest terms Mathematics method mixed number multiplicand Multiply namely number of terms operation ounces pence pounds Prod Proof proper Quot quotient ratio Reduce remainder repetend right hand figure rule second term shewn shews shillings simple square root subjoin subtract surd tens third thousand tion transposition units unknown quantity vinculum vulgar fraction whence wherefore whole number yards

### Popular passages

Page xxiv - Just so it is in the mind ; would you have a man reason well, you must use him to it betimes, exercise his mind in observing the connection of ideas and following them in train. Nothing does this better than mathematics, which therefore I think should be taught all those who have the time and opportunity, not so much to' make them mathematicians as to make them reasonable creatures...

Page 64 - LIQUID MEASURE 4 gills (gi.) = 1 pint (pt.) 2 pints = 1 quart (qt...

Page 114 - Then multiply the second and third terms together, and divide the product by the first term: the quotient will be the fourth term, or answer.

Page 466 - What number is that, which, being divided by the product of its digits, the quotient is 3 ; and if 18 be added to it, the digits will be inverted ? Ans.

Page 62 - Square Measure 144 square inches = 1 square, foot 9 square feet = 1...

Page 122 - State and reduce the terms as in the Rule of Three Direct. 2. Multiply the first and second terms together, and divide the product by the third ; the quotient will be the answer in the same denomination as the middle term was reduced into.

Page 252 - ... and to the remainder bring down the next period for a dividend. 3. Place the double of the root already found, on the left hand of the dividend for a divisor. 4. Seek how often the divisor is contained...

Page 450 - A hare is 50 leaps before a greyhound, and takes 4 leaps to- the greyhound's 3, but 2 of the greyhound's leaps are as much as 3 of the hare's ; how many leaps must the greyhound take to catch the hare ? Ans. 300.

Page 307 - Multiply the whole number by the numerator of the fraction, and divide the product by the denominator ; or divide the whole number by the denominator of the fraction, and multiply the quotient by the numerator.

Page 238 - ... 2. Multiply each term in the multiplicand, beginning at the lowest, by the feet in the multiplier, and write...