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afts. It cannot be baptism at all, if it be only rantism ; immersion or dipping being the very thing, not an accident, but an essential, so absolutely necessary, that it cannot be the a&t or ordinance without it. Therefore dipping is essential to baptism.

Your bumble fervant,




HE PREFACE. CHAP. I. Contains an account

of those Baptist Ministers, who were ejected or filenced by

or before the act of uniformity, or otherwise suffered on account

of their ministry

CHAP. II. From the beginning of the reign of King

James II. to the glorious revolution under King William 111.

of immortal memory;

Oates, Dangerfeild and Baxter tried, p. 164. Account of

Titus Oates, 166. Eliz. Gaunt burned, 185. Liberty of

conscience declared, 197. King James caresses the nonconfor-

mists, 201. Ereits a new ecclefiaftical commission, 203.


clergy.caress the nonconformists, 205. The prince of Orange

lands at Torbay, 210. Is addresjed by the clergy and disent-

ing minifters of London, 216. The nobility, gentry and com-

monality's engagement at Exeter, 218. Their declaration at

Nottingham, 219. The declaration of the lords spiritual and

temporal, 223. Address of the lieutenancy of London, 225.

The recorder of London's speech, 227. The city of London's

address, 229. A reply from the Baptists in Oliver's army, to

bis intentions concerning them, 231.

CHA P. III. From the revolution to the end of the reign

of King William III.

A general assembly held by the English Baptists, 246. They

clear themselves from the reproach cast upon them, respecting the

regulators, 255.

Mr. Thomas Grantham pandered, 261.

Another general assembly of the Baptifts, 264. They determine

the controversy about singing, in public worship, 267. An in-

tended afsalination of the King, 273. The Baptists address the

King thereupon, 278. Matthew Caffin's controversy, 280.

An account of the Baptist board, 286. Mr. Whiston's letter

to Dr. Humphrys, 289. A sad instance of priest pride, 297.

A scheme of ministerial practise, 301. The public disputation

between the Baptists and Presbyterians at Portsmouth, 312.

Mr. John Pilkington, a Roman Catholick, embraces the prin-

ciples of the Baptists, -353. The Baptist ministers address to the

King, on the French King's proclaiming the Pretender, 357.




HO' many of the EngliB

Baptifts, men of great learning, prudence, and piety, have wrote so fully in vindication of Believers

baptifm, in oppotition to that of Infants, and sufficiently justified, both from Scripture and antiquity, their principles and practice; yet many, whom they cannot but acknowledge, and muit esteem to be men of piety, and true christians, retain an aversion, not only to their practice, but also to their persons, and are too ready to ridicule both. But as the Rev. Mr. David Rees, very juftly observes, · The wider any people remove Inf Bape, ro ' from papal errors, or any other inno-luditut. of

vations crept into the christian church, Christ. Pref. " and the nearer they approach to the 'ftandard of naked truth; by so much the more they expose themselves, to the

in vidious

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'invidious censures of their neighbours ;

especially, whilst those neighbours unhappily continue fettered with the long received custom of their ancestors. 'The Itate of the protestant diflenters in general, says he, may exemplify the truth of this. And hence it comes to pass in particular, that tho' we, who allert adult baptifin, differ in nothing else ma

terial, from our protestant brethren, of ( other communities in this nation, ex

cepting in the point of baptism; yet for our attempting, conscientiously to restore this lingle ordinance to its original

purity; we have been, and it seems ' must continue to be, as a fećt every where Spoken against. This treatment, is fome( what the more remarkable because

it is so well known, that the principle whereupon we differ from others, is so evidently supported by scripture, that

our very adversaries often confess it, and (themfelves are not able to produce any

thing like the Shape of a fair argument

against it.' Callions of I shall therefore here give the reader a the Pædo-bap- view of the several conceflions, that have tifis in favour been made by the clergy of the church of the Baptists.

of England, and other Pædobaptists, to those who deny the rite of infant-vaptism, and administer that ordinance only by immersion.

How far the church of England agrees with us in this point, will be manifest from the Question thereupon, and the answer thereto, in her Catechism.

Q. What

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and Practice.

Q. What is required of persons to be taptized?

A. Repentance, whereby they forsake fin, and faith, whereby they stedfastly believe the promises of God made to them in that facrament.

But before I come to particulars, per-The Scripture a mit me to observe; That there is nothing perfect Rule of more readily, and more universally allowed by protestants, than that the holy scriptures are a perfect rule of the christian's faith and prailice. By this weapon, they have often vanquished their popis adverfaries, and therefore have greatly triumphed in it. But in disputes among themfelves they have been either afhamed, or afraid to produce it; or else, have so unskiltully managed it, as to wound the very cause they designed to defend by it. If any weight may be given to the dignity of the Perfuns who

have asserted this truth; not only reverend prelates, and eminent professors and pastors of the reformed churches, but Kings and noblemen also, have declared themselves to be of this judgment. · That excellent determination of king Proteft. RicomJames J. savs Dr. Wbitby, is worthy to be al. 'Pretace. had in perpetual remembrance, viz. ' His K. James I.

Majcity thinketh, that for concord there bis Terimony. is no nearer way, than diligently to feparate things necessary from the unnecesfary, and to bestow all our labour that

we may agree in the things necessary, ' and that in things unucceffary, there may 'be christian liberty allowed. Now his


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