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(against Babylon.. 33 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, 42 The sea is come up upon Bathe God of Israel; The daughter of bylon : she is covered with the multiBabylon is like a threshing-floor, it is tade of the waves thereof. time to threslt her: yet a little while, 43 Her cities are a desolation, a dry and the time of her harvest shall come land, and a wilderness, a land wherein .
34 Nebuchadrezžar the king of Ba- no man dwelleth, neither doth any son bylon hath devoured me, he hath of man pašs thereby. crushed me, he hath made me an 44 And I will panish Bel in Babyempty véssel, he hath swallowed me lon, and I will bring forth out of his up like a dragon, he hath filled his mouth that which he hath swallowed belly with my delicates, he hath cast up: and the nations shall not flow tome out.
gether any more unto him: yea, the E 35 The violence done to me and to wall of Babylon shall fall.
my flesh be upon Babylon, shall the in- 45 My people, go ye out of the midst habitant of Zion say; and my blood of her, and deliver ye every man his upon the inhabitants of Chaldea, shall soul from the fierce anger of the Lord. Jerusalem say.
46 And lest your heart faint, and 36 Therefore thus saith the LORD; ye fear for the rumour that shall be Behold, I will plead thy cause, and heard in the land; à rumour shall take vengeance for thee; and I will both come one year, and after that in dry up her sea, and make her springs another year shall come a rumour, dry.
and violence in the land, ruler against 37 And Babylon shall become ruler. heaps, a dwelling-place for dragons, 47 Therefore, behold, the days come, an astonishment, and an hissing, that I will do judgment upon the grawithout an inhabitant.
ven images of Babylon : and her whole 38 They shall roar together like land shall be confounded, and all her lions : they shal yell as lions' whelps. slain shall fall in the midst of her.
39 In their heat I will make their 48 Then the heaven and the earth, feasts, and I will make them drunken, and all that is therein, shall sing for that they may rejoice; and sleep a per- Babylon : for the spoilers shall come petual sleep, and not wake, saith the unto her from the north, saith the LORD.
Lorn. 40 I will bring them down like 49 As Babylon hath caused the · lambs to the slaughter, like rams with slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon he-goats.
shall fall the slain of all the earth. 41 How is Sheshach taken ! and 50 Ye that have escaped the sword, how is the praise of the whole earth go away, stand not still: remember surprised ! How is Babylon become an the Lord afar off, and let Jerusalem astonishment among the nations!
EXPOSITION. more particularly intended—the burning doubtedly relating, in their first and pritop is to be rolled down the rocks into the mary sense to the literal Babylon, have sea. (See Rev. viii. 8.) Then it becomes, evidently a farther reference to the fall of not a burning, but a burnt mountain, whose mystic Babylon, and most of the images fires are exhausted, and whose bowels are are so applied by the apostle John, in his changed w pumice stone, and therefore equally sublime description of the latter's utterly unfit for building, as is here stated. complete and external overthrow, in the
These sublime prophecies, though tu- 18t! chapter of his Ay alypse.
NOTES. Ver. 33. It is time, &c.—Marg." In the time that Ver. 39. Mnketheir feasts-- Boothroyd," banquets." he thresheth her,"
Ver. 41. That which he hath swalioned up-may Ver. 35. The violence done, &c.—Blayney, " Let perhaps refer particularly to sacred vessels of the the violence done to my flesh be upon Babyloa." temples, 2 Chron. xxxvi. 10; Ezra ;. 7.
Ver. 38. They shall yell-Marg. “ Shake them. Ver. 47. Do judgment--Heb. “ Visiti" selves."
(against Babylon. 51 We are confounded, because we 58 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; have heard reproach: shame hath The broad walls of Babylon shall be covered our faces: for strangers are utterly broken, and her high gates sha! come into the sanctuaries of the Lord's be burned with fire; and the people house.
shall labour in vain, and the folk in 52 Wherefore, behold, the days the fire, and they shall be weary. come, saith the LORD, that I will do 59 The word which Jeremiah the judgment upon her graven images : prophet commanded Seraiah the son and through all her land the wounded of Neriah, the son of Maaseiah,
when he went with Zedekiah the king 53 Though Babylon should mount of Judah into Babylon in the fourth up to heaven, and though she should year of his reign. And this Serajah fortify the height of her strength, yet was a quiet prince. from me shall spoilers come unto her, 60 So Jeremiah wrote in a book all caith the LORD.
the evil that should come upon Ba54 A sound of a cry cometh from bylon, cven all these words that are Babylon, and great destruction from written against Babylon. the land of the Chaldeans:
61 And Jeremiah said to Seraiah, 55 Because the Lord hath spoiled when thou comest to Babylon, and Babylon, and destroyed out of her the shalt see, and shalt read all these great voice; when her waves do roar words; like great waters, a noise of their voice 62 Then shalt thou say, O LORD, is uttered :
thou last spoken against this place, to 56 Because the spoiler is come upon cut it off, that none shall remain in it, her, even upon Babylon, and her neither man nor beast, but that it shall mighty men are taken, every one of be desolate for ever. their bows is broken: for the LORD 63 Aud it shall be, when thou hast God of recompences shall surely re- made an end of reading : his book, that quite.
thou shalt bind a stone to it, and cast 57 And I will make drunk her it into the midst of Euphrates : princes, and her wise men, her captains, 64 And thou shalt say, Thus shall and her rulers, and her mighty men: Babylon sink, and shall not rise from and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, the evil that I will bring upon her: and not wake, saith the king, whose and they shall be weary. Thus far name is the LORD of hosts.
are the words of Jeremiah. (L)
EXPOSITION. (L) Ver. 33–64. The description of Ba- reign went to Babylon accompanied by bylon's final overthrow continued in the Seraiah, to pay the tribute which Nebasame sublime poetical languuge.--From the chadnezzar had imposed on hiin; but the close of this chapter it has been inferred ablest commentators are of opinion that that Zedekiah, in the fourth year of his Seraiah went, not with, but from Zedekiah.
NOTES. Ver. 54. A sound of a cry-Blayney, “ The voice Ver. 59. With Zedekiah-So the particle elk is of a cry."
most usually rendered. But Blayney and Boothroyd Ver. 55. The great voice-Boothroyd, “The boi. here' render it, “ on the behalf of;" and the same sterons noise."
particle is used in the sense of froin, Gen. iv. I.Ver. 58. The broad walls of Babylon.-Historians xliv. 4, &c. See Notes in Bayney, and Dr. Tay. relate, that the walls of Babylon were of sufficient lor's Concordance. width to admit the passing of two chariots on the Ibid. Seraiah was a quiet prince-Blaynes and top, and their depth from their foundation above Boothroyd, " Seraiah carried a present.” See 200 feet. The bricks of this wall were dug out of 1 Sam. X. 27; 2 Sam. viii, 2 and 6;) Kings ir. # the surrounding diteli, and being mixed up with &c.; also Lowth's Note on Isa. Ivii. 9. chopped straw and dried, were then cemented with Ver. 62. Desolate-Heb. " Desolations." wann i tamen (or asphaltum); yet of these walls
Ver, 63. Bind a stone. -Compare Rer. xviii. 21. Dos no remains, See Faber's Archæl. and Lowth in Isa. xiii. 19. The poeremian ends with this verse.
[of Zedekiah. CHAP. LII.
chains, and carried him to Babylon, and
put him in prison till the day of his death. [Omit in Family Reading.)
12 Now in the fifth month, in the tenth ZEDEKIAH was one and twenty years day of the month, which was the nine
old when he began to reign, and he teenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And Babylon, came Nebuzar-adan, captain bis mother's name was Hamutal the daugh- of the guard, which served the king of ter of Jeremiah of Libnah. 2 And he Babylon, into Jerusalem, 13 And burned did that which was evil in the eyes of the the house of the LORD, and the king's LORD, according to all that Jehoiakim had house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, done. 3 For through the anger of the and all the houses of the great men, burned Lord it came to pass in Jerusalem and be with fire: 14 And all the arıny of Judah, till he had cast them out from his the Chaldeans, that were with the captain presence, that Zedekiah rebelled against of the guard, brake down all the walls of the king of Babylon.
Jerusalem round about. 15 Then Nebu4 And it came to pass in the ninth year zar-adan the captain of the guard carried of bis reign, in the tenth month, in the away captive certain of the poor of the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchad- people, and the residue of the people that rezzar king of Babylon came, he and all remained in the city, and those that fell his army, against Jerusalem, and pitched away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and against it, and built forts against it round the rest of the multitude. 16 But Nea about. 5 So the city was besieged unto buzar-adan the captain of the guard left the eleventh year of king Zedekiah. 6 certuin of the poor of the land for vinedresAnd in the fourth mouth, in the ninth day sers and for husbandmen. 17 Also the of the montb, the famine was sore in the pillars of brass that were in the house of city, so that there was no bread for the the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen people of the land. 7 Then the city was sea that was in the house of the LORD, the broken up, and all the men of war fled, Chaldeans brake, and carried all the brass and went forth out of the city by night, by of them-to Babyloo. 18 The caldrons the way of the gate between the two walls, also, and the shovels, and the snuffers, which was by the king's garden ; (now the and the bowls, and the spoons, and all the Chaldeans were by the city round about:) vessels of brass wherewith they ministered, and they went by the way of the plain.
took they away.
19 Aud' the basons, 8 But ibe army of the Chaldeans pur. and the firepans, and the bowls, and the sued after the king, and overtook Zedekiah caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the in the plains of Jericho; and all bis army spoons, and the cups; that which was of was scattered from him. 9 Then they gold in gold, and that which was of silver took the king, and carried him up unto the in silver, took the captain of the guard king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of away. 20 The two pillars, one sea, and Jamath; where he gave judgment upon twelve brasen bulls that were under the him. 10 And the king of Babylon slew bases, which king Solomon bad made in the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes: be the house of the LORD:. the brass of all slew also all the prioces of Judah in Riblah. these vessels was, without weight. 21 11 Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah; And concerning the pillars, the height of and the king of Babylon bound him in one pillar was eighteen cubits; and a fillet
EXPOSITION. However this might be, the prophet took tion of that prouil city. More than 2009 this opportunity of sending to his brethren years have passed since Cyrus took posa of the captivity, a book or roll containing session of Babylon, froin which time it a synopsis of all his prophecies against began to decay, and has now, for a long Babylon, for their comfort and encourage- period, been a land wherein no inan dwellment. He also desired that, “after it had eth, neither doth any son of man pass been read at Bahylon, it should be sunk to thereby." (Preb. Townsend's 0, T.arrauiged rise no more, in the river Euphrates; vol. ii. p. 484, 5.) hereby intimating the perpetual destruc
NOTES. CHAP. LII.-The concluding words of the pre- chap. xxv. throughout. For farther illastration, eding cha ter inform us, that this was not written however, the render may compare ver. 21---23 with Ý Jeremiah. Inderd it contains litile more than a 2 Chron. iii. 15, 16; and verses 28, 29 with 2 Kings teral copy of part of the 24th, and the whole (ur xxiv. 12-14. rarly so) of the 20th chapter of the 2d book of The object of collecting those passages into this lings. The particular references will be marked in chapter evidently was, to furnish the captives (who be Notes subjoined.
had not Bibles and Concordances to turn to, as we Ver. I to 3, are copied from 2 Kings xxiv. 18–20. have) with a series of facts, necessary to the underVer. 4 to the end, are almost a literal copy of standing of the preceding prophecies.
[of Jehoiachia. of twelve cubits did compass it; and the buchadrezzar carried away captive : in the thickness thereof was four fingers : it was seveuth year three ihousand Jews and hollow. 22 And a chapiter of brass was three and twenty: 29 In the eighteenth upon it; and the height of one chapiter year Nebuchadrezzar he carried away was five cubits, with network and pome- captive from Jerusalem eight hundred granates upon the chapiters round about, thirty and two persons : 30 in the three all of brass. The second pillar also and and twentieth year of Nebuchadrezzar
the pomegranates were like upto these. Nebuzar-adau the captain of the guard • 23 And there were ninety and six pomegra- carried away captive of the Jews seven
nates on a side; and all the pomegranates hundred forty and five persons; all the upon the network were an hundred round persons were four thousand and six buv. about. 24 And the captain of the guard dred. took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zepha. 31 And it came to pass in the seven and piah the second priest, and the three keep- thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachia ers of the dour : 25 He took also out of king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the city an eunuch, which had the charge the five and twentieth day of the month, of the men of war; and seveu men of them that Evil-merodach king of Babylon in the that were near the king's person, wbich first year of bis reign lifted up ihe bead of were found in the city; aud the principal Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought scribe of the host, who mustered the people him forth out of prison, 32 And spake of the land; and threescore meu of the kindly unto him, and set his throne aborc people of the land, that were found in the the throne of the kings that were with him midst of the city, 26 So Nebuzar-adan in Babylou, 33 And changed bis prisot the captain of ihe guard took them, and garments: and he did continually eat bread brought them to the king of Babylon to before him all the days of his life. Riblah. 27 And the king of Babylon And for his diet, there was a continual smote them, and put them to death in Rib; diet given him of the king of Babylud, lah in the land of Hamath. Thus Judah Every day a portion until the day of bis was carried away captive out of his own death, all the days of his life. laud. 28 This is the people whom Ne.
LAMENTATIONS OF JEREMIAH.
3 Judah is gone into captivity be. HO Ow doth the city sit solitary, cause of afliction, and because of
that was full of people ! how is great servitude: sie dwelleth among she become as a widow! she that was the heathen; she findeth no rest : all great among the nations, and princess her persecutors overtook her between among the provinces; how is she be- the straits. come tributary!
4 The ways of Zion do mourn, be? She weepeth sore in the night, cause none come to the solemo feasts : and her tears are on her cheeks: all her gates are desolate : her priests among all her lovers she hath none to sigh, her virgins are afflicted, and she confort her: all her friends have is in bitterness. dealt treacherously with her, they are
5 Her adversaries are the chief, her become her enemies.
enemies prosper; for the Lord hath
NOTES. CHAP. I.-This short book, which may properly be considered as an Appendix to Jeremiah's Pro
become tributary.” See 2 Kings viii. 1-14; X. 4-19
Ver. 2. She u cepelh sort-Heb. # Weeping the phecies, contajos tive distinct odes, of which the first weepeth." four are in the acrostic furm, each' paragraph beginning with a different letter of the alphabet.
Ver. 3. Because of great sertitude - Heb. * Fær Ver. I. Princes among the provinces-Blayney,
afiliction and for gieat servitude;" I. c. under bep of " She that was sovereign among the provinces, is
pressors. In the straits-that is
, narrow passes in which she could not avoid them.
[ for Jerusalem. afflicted her for the multitude of her. is done unto me, wherewith the LORD transgressions: her children are gone hath afflicted me in the day of his into captivity before the enemy.
6 And from the daughter of Zion 13 From above hath he sent fire all her beauty is departed : her princes into my hones, and it prevaileth against are become like harts that find no them: he hath spread a pet for my pasture, and they are gone without feet, he hath turned me back : he hath strength before the pursuer,
made me desolate and faint all the day. 7 Jerusalem remembered in the 14 The yoke of my transgressions iş days of her affliction and of her mise- bound by his hand: they are wreathed, ries all her pleasant things that she and come up upon my neck : he hath had in the days of old, when her peo- made my strength to fall; the LORD ple fell into the hand of the enemy, hath delivered me into their hands, and none did help her ; the adversaries from whom I am not able to rise up, saw her, and did mock at her sabbaths. 15 The Lord hath trodden under
8 Jerusalem hath grievonsly sinned; foot all my mighty men in the midst therefore she is removed : all that of me: he hath called an assembly honoured her despise her, because they against me to crush my young men : have seen her nakedness : yea, she the LORD hath trodden the virgin, sigheth, and turneth backward. the daughter of Judah, as in a wine
9 Her filthiness is in her skirts; press. she remembereth not her last end ; 16 For these things I weep; mine therefore she came down wonderfully; eye, mine eye runneth down with she had no comforter. O LORD, be- water, because the comforter that hold
my affliction : for the enemy hath should relieve my soul is far from me: magnified himself.
my children are desolate, because the 10 The adversary hath spread out enemy prevailed. his hand upon all her pleasant things : 17 Zion spreadeth forth her hands, for she hath seen that the heathen and there is none to comfort her : the entered into her sanctuary, whom thou Lord hath commanded concerning didst command that they should not Jacob, that his adversaries should be enter into thy congregation.
round about him: Jerusalem is as a 11 All her people sigh, they seek removed woman among theni. bread; they have given their pleasant 18 The Lord is righteous; for I things for meat to relieve the soul: have rebelled against his commandsee, O LORD, and consider; for I am ment: hear, I pray you, all people, become vile.
and behold my sorrow: my virgins 12 Is it nothing to you,
that and my young men are gone into pass by? Behold, and see if there be captivity. any sorrow like unto my sorrow, which 19 I called for my lovers, but they
NOTES. Ver. 5. Before the enemy-that is, in sgbjection to Ver. 14. The yoke of my transgression. See Deut,
xxviii. 48. Ver. 7. When her people, &c.--Blayney renders Ver. 15. In a wine press – alludiog to the great this much clearer, by a different punctuation. effusion of blood. After placing a semicolon ati old; be reads, " When Ver. 16. Relieve my soul - Boothroyd, “Restore her people fell into the band, &c. the adversaries my life;" i. e. recover. saw, and mocked at her discontinuance,'' or “de- Ver. 17. As a removed woman. -We snppose it straction," ss Boothroyd renders it.
will scarcely need an apology, that we have adoptVer. 9. She remembered not her last end-that is, ed the word removed instead of menstruous, in this she did not recollect the necessary consequences of verse. Bo our translators render the same word, ber course of sin. The eneony hath inagnified- Ezek. xxxvi. 17. instead of " himself;"' Dr. Biayney supplies the Ver. 19. Relieve their souls-Blayney, “ Sapport Word " affliction," hath aggravated mine afliction. their life.
Ver. 11. To reliere the soul-Blayney, “ To sus- Ver. 20. As death-Blayney, “ Pestilence." See tain lite."
chap. xiv. 12. Ver. 12. Is it nothing to you ? - This is a beautiful Ver. 21, The day that thou hast called-Blayney, apostrophe to the passing traveller.
" Pronounced;"' 1, e. predicted,