« PreviousContinue »
AUTHENTIC LETTERS FROM CANADA.
Promise. We shall quote him freely. Though, on subsequent experience, he strongly advises emi.
grants to proceed to Canada by New York, and up It will we fear, be a long while before authentic the Hudson, he and his friends nine in all, ema information from Emigrants to America, ceases to barked at Liverpool, in a Whitehaven vessel, paybe interesting to millions ill at ease at home, and ing L.50 among them, and finding their own proanxious yet afraid to follow in a track which they visions. The captain, who was only going to Que. are assured, if pursued with judgment and energy, bec, (for a cargo we presume,) was bound to send will ultimately lead to independence and peace of them free to Montreal with their luggage. Their mind, in the secure and comfortable means of plen- provisions cost L.20; their farther expenses in tiful subsistence, and the settlement of children. Montreal, and in going up the St. Lawrence to The LETTERS under consideration are of an original Prescott, lodging3, carriage of luggage, &c., &c.; and interesting kind. They are written by the with an allowance to convey them to the final point members of two Irish family groups that emigrated, of settlement, was, in all, L.135, or L.15 a-head. the one in 1827, and the other last year. Both They had above seven tons of luggage. Mr. Ma. consist of persons of intelligence and education, grath's directions as to the quality and quantity of moving in what are considered the refined classes provisions, tools, seeds, clothing, &c., &c., are of society. They are directly from Ireland, and judicious and minute, and apply to single men, as their respective heads are clergymen, The Rev. well as to families; though he strongly recommends Mr. Magrath, formerly a Rector in the diocese all men to come out married, provided they can of Ferns, went out with his wife, sons, daughter, meet with “cheerful, accommodating, and econonephew, servants-nine persons in all. Of the nu- mizing lasses, with a little of the needful," and, we merous family of the Rev. Mr. Radeliff
, thirteen presume, as few boarding school accomplishments individuals, sons, daughters-in-law, grandchildren, as possible-raising a loaf, or making a pumpkin &c., went out last year, after having obtained pie, being far more valued in the bush than the all the information possible from their friends the pretty, or even the fine arts. The articles, besides, Magraths. The writer of the Magrath family is tools (which every man must handle who would Mr. Thomas Magrath, who obtained an appoint. live in comfort in a new settlement,) which Mr. ment from the Governor, as an agent for superin Magrath directs to be purchased, come to about tending the settlement of emigrants. This situa- L.26, in addition to the ordinary wardrobe and tion gave him many facilities for acquiring useful equipage usually possessed by British gentlemen and accurate information, which he transmitted in as gun, pistols, dressing-case, &c., &c. He thinks; the elose of 1830, and the beginning of 1831, to the however, that money is the best commodity a man Rev. Mr. Radcliff for the guidance of his family, can bring. No single gentleman should lay in his The letters, which are just published in Dublin, own ship provisions, as he cannot superintend the are edited by this gentleman; they will be read cooking and economy of them; and all should go with interest, and with advantage by persons of by New York. To that port there are passages to the same class, who are still anxiously ruminating be obtained at all prices, and with every varying the inighty question, “ To go, or not to go?” They degree of accommodation; and once there a man will prove of less utility to the labouring classes, may get to York--the central point with all new save in setting them right on the point of the enor. settlers who wish for land in Upper Canada--for mously high rate of wages, held out in some flat. L.5, 45., and by a delightful route. Magrath gives tering accounts of Canada. This is a cruel exag- all the reasons for and against settling at once in geration, which has betrayed many into temporary the bush, that is, on wild land, or for purchasing a distress, and raised the most fallacious expectations. half cleared estate. The choice must often be de Mr. Thomas Magrath is a lively, intelligent Irish- termined by the circumstances of the intending man, uniting to the education and habits of a settlers. The Radeliffs, as we shall see, bought wild gentleman of “ The Old Country,” the temper and land; tho Magraths, at coming out, instead of ac* energy necessary to success in the new Land of Icepting of a large grant in an unsettled distrioting
preferred to purchase within 18 miles of York, the “ Before the house was ready for our reception, we had capital of Upper Canada.
cleared twenty* acres of the land for wheat, and during the “ Having purchased our lot of seven hundred acres from successive operations of brushing, chopping, logging, buro. Government, for fifteen handred and seventy dollars, (abouting and fencing—my father was obliged to hire workmen. L.325 British,) my father, during the period of his residence the surface and stumps being as black as fire can render
« The land has a miserable appearance when first cleared, in York, sent my brothers and inyself to erect a log-house them, and these latter standing three feet high, to facilitate on our farm, of which we all took possession immediately their being drawn out by two yoke of oxen when their after its completion ; and when fairly lodged in that, we undertook the building of our present residence, which is a
roots decay, which does not take effect for seven or eight frame-house.
years, (according to the kind of timber) and is more tedioni “This dwelling is 44 feet by 33, containing three storeys ;
if the land be laid down for grass. that under ground is 12 feet high, and built with stone and ple as can well be imagined. A triangular harrow, the
“Our first agricultural proceedings are as rade and sim lime. “ The mode of forming such a house is as follows:
teeth of which weigh 7 lbs. each, is dragged over the newly “A framer, on receiving the dimensions and plan, cuts prepared ground; its irregular and jumping passage ore
the roots and loose vegetable earth, scatters the ashes of the out the mortices and prepares the frame. A Bee, which means an assemblage of the neighbours, is then called; and burned timber over the entire surface; the wheat is the & person well skilled in the business, and termed a Boss, sown, about one bushel to the acre, and another scrape of
the harrow completes the process. takes the leadership of the active party, who, with the mere mechanical aid of a following, or raising pole, gra- tler plants potatoes, turnips, pumpkins, and Indian corn
« On some portion of his land thus cleared, the ner set. dually elevates the mighty bents, until the tenants (connected with each other by tie beams,) drop into their mortices merely laying the seed upon the ground, and, with a boe, in the sill, to which, as well as to each other, they are im scratching a sufficient portion of earth and ashes to cover mediately afterwards secured by pins, and in a few hours ita luxuriant crop generally succeeds ; (in this district) the skeleton of the house, with its rafters, &c. is ready for from twenty to thirty bushels of wheat per acre
. The lani shingles and clap boards.
- is sown with Timothy grass and clover in the following “It will appear strange to you that a house could be co-spring, while the snow is on the ground, that it may be that the cellar, or basement storey should not be excavated, except hay, until after the removal of the roots, when the vered in before the sides are finished ; and still more 89, easily ascertained whether the seed is sown correctly.
“ After wheat no other crop is taken (generally speaking nor the foundation-walls built up to the sill, until the upper works were completed; but such was our course of ploughs can work. proceeding.
“ The weight of hay seldom exceeds two tons per 2018, « At the raising of my father's house, seventy kind neigh- all our care we leave much of it uncat, and frequently
because mowing on such land, is a work of difficulty; wa bours assisted, and worked extremely hard for an entire
break our scythes. day, without any recompense whatever, except a plentiful · dinner al fresco.
“ To reduce the expense in harvest time, we use cradle "In a few months my brothers and I, who are tolerably scythes to cut all the grain, although they do not mak: hanly, with the aid of two carpenters, had the inside ti quite as clean work as the sickles. nished ; and we have now been nearly three years inhabit.
“A good cradler will take down from two to three ans ing a truly comfortable house, quite in the home fashion, of wheat in a day. Gleaning is not worth the attentien of except that it has the advantage of a verandah, (not very
even a child; the scattered grains go to the sustenance cominon in Ireland,) on three sides, (supported by pillars
the wild pigeons of which the flocks are sometimes slide and secured by railing,) into which we can walk from our
in length. bed-rooms, and enjoy the delightful air of the summer and this country, that the settler finds it his advantage to bring
“ It is an advantageous circumstance for the clearing el autumn mornings. " This verandah iz 12 feet in breadth. We pass our
in fresh land every year. Some emigrants, who are with: leisure hours in it during the fine weather, choosing the
out capital or assistance, exhaust their first clearance ; and shady and sheltered side, according to the sun, or wind ; though it kills them, and allows vegetation under alle
others prepare their land by girdlingt the trees, which, and frequently sitting there with candles until bed-time; around them, is an injudicions mode, as they fregant with the occasional annoyance, however, of the troublesome fall either on the fences or on the crops, or, what is worse, moskitoes ;- but where can we expect to find perfect enjoyment ?
on the cattle, and occasion annual and often very incut
venient labour to remove them. “ When we had completed the house, we raised a barn, sixty feet by thirty-six, and eighteen feet in height, with an
“We had a very spirited manager for the Canada cas. ice-house, root-house, and summer dairy beneath it, which pany in this neighbourhood-Mr. Galt—whose variees cost us, in cash for hired labour, only twelve dollars to a publications bear strong evidence of his literary posters framer, and the price of some nails, worth about 2s. 10d.
and whose foresight and perseverance, acting upon arres “ We had a second Bee for the raising of this, which was
scale, would eventually have produced a wonderful ix, effected in five hours, and on this occasion were able to
provement, in advancing the most important interests of
this country. supply our obliging neighbours, who again volunteered their valuable services, with an abundant dinner and supper in
“The London merchants, however, composing the Canada the dwelling-house; and to gratify them with a little music. company, did not approve of the expenditure of too much
* The floor of this barn would surprise you ; it is sup. diate return, and recalled him, placing in his room te ported by twenty-three beams of wood, eighteen inches Hon. William Allen, and Messrs. Thomas Mercer See square_with two courses of three-inch plank over them; and Dunlop, better
known by the name of Tiger Dunker There is in fact as much timber in the floor alone, as would the last, though not least, of whom is Warden of 19 cost you more than a hundred pounds. “ With us it is a cheap commodity, and it is less expen- will conscientiously do their duty, and may, perhaps
woods and forests--all excellent and honourable ren, wie sire to draw and use it in great bulk, than to send it to the tually reap the advantage of Mr. Galt's wisdom and exesa w mill to be reduced to smaller scantlings. The cause of the double flooring of thick plank is that (the timber being
tions. fresh) the grain, which would be lost through the opening before he can have an overplus for market, why then should
“An individual emigrant must expend capital and to joints of a single floor may be saved, by having those joints covered by a second tier of boards.
“My two brothers, James and Charles, unassisted, cut • They have subsequently cleared about 20 acres every year, ea! eighteen thousand shingles for the roof, and laid them on,
now have for cropping 150 acres. besides siding and flooring the barn. No idle hours here!' communication of the sap being interrupted the trunk perkalian
+ This is done by cutting
througd the bark in rings, by which the
immediate profit be expected by the company from a num their versatility, when I tell you that I made an ivory ber of colonists, within a shorter period."
tooth for a very nice girl, and an iron one for the harrow,
within the same day. In reply to a remark of the Rev. Mr. Radcliff,
“My younger brother lends a hand at every thing, from Mr. Magrath writes,
a duet on the piano-forte to the threshing of a sheaf of corn; “ It is true that every one who comes here, feels, at the and, believe me, we are neither degraded in our own estioutset, the difficulties of his new and trying circumstances ; mation, nor in that of the most elevated of our acquaineven the lowest peasant, on first entering his shanty, la- tances, by thus earning the bread of independence; nor are ments the loneliness of his situation, and experiences a we without our full share of amusement, which is much sinking of the heart, and a longing after his potatoes and more grateful than can be imagined by those, whose days buttermilk at home ; but as his comforts increase, he be are spent in idleness or vanity. comes reconciled to his lot ; finding himself independent, he “We have frequently occupied the morning at work in & becomes happy, and experimentally learns that this is really potato field, and passed the evening most agreeably in the a Paradise to him.
ball room at York !!! “Land is often managed on shares here, from want of “ What would Mrs. Grundy say to that ?" money to pay for labour. The man who has land and
Mr Magrath writes most animatedly and knowseed, leaves the management of them to the labourer, who takes half the produce, and draws the rest into the barn of ingly on the subject of Canadian Field Sports, if the proprietor. If we want timber sawed, we take the logs Field they may be called ; and, we are told, medito the mill, and have them cut to any scantling we require, tates a volume upon the sports and scenery of that learing one half for payment.
fine country. Canada may truly be called a sport“In the same way, if we want wool made into cloth, it is sent to the mill, where it is carded into rolls for a cer
ing country. The sylvan pastimes of our gentle tain share or portion, spun for another, and afterwards huntsmen at home, are but child's play to those of woven for a third ; the want of money rendering all this the hardy hunters and fishers of the primeval trafic, and sometimes interchange of commodities, in pri- forests, and broad lakes, and infinite creeks of Ca. meval simplicity, essentially necessary to the settler’s wants nada. and comforts. “We have no walls to our gardens, because there are no
Of the Radcliff family, the principal Letterstones, and, if there were, building would be too expensive. Writer is a Lady ; Mrs. William Radcliff whose
“Melons, cucumbers, and pumpkins, grow freely and | lively descriptions convey only too vivid an idea very abundantly in the open air, and require less attention of the miseries of a long sea voyage to delicate fethan any crop we have. We preserved a barrel of cucumbers last year, and kept them in salt and water, pickling
males. She, however, gives excellent hints to them in vinegar occasionally, as they were required either those who may follow her track in similar circumby our servants or ourselves.
stances, without all “ the appliances” of a liner, as “Many of your garden plants grow wild here, tiger the splendid New York and Liverpool Packets lilies, magnificent turncap and scarlet lilies, ladies' slippers, are named. She recommends, above all things necolumbine, marygolds, and various others; but strange to say, I have not seen in Canada the daisy, the holly, or the cessary to the comfort of female passengers, a fil. ivy, and the hawthorn very rarely; it is quite a garden tering machine ; which we should think a most shrub. I have planted three thousand trees, and a great useful article to settlers; and a liberal store of variety of evergreens to conceal our offices, and for orna- | bottled ale and porter. For a month this poor ment: for in truth the trees about us of natural growth are lady had been tortured with the parching thirst of far from pleasing in their appearance, their closeness venting the lateral furnishing of the branches, sa essential sea-sickness, and disgusted with the nauseous
water of the ship; and she enforces her counsel to "Our house stands in the garden, with a circular paling malt liberally with the observation, that “the more at one end to fence off the yard and offices. The poultry delicate the ladies who may have occasion to avail plague us a good deal in spring, by scratching up the seeds. themselves of it, the more applicable the recomIn the severity of winter their claws are, in many cases,
mendation.” frostnipped, and our seed beds become more secure ; a good
The prepared bottled milk which farm yard and a husy barn door are the best remedies. they carried out, soon became good for nothing to Many of the domestic fowl totally lose their toes in winter, sea-sick people. Mrs. Radcliff's travelling disand consequently become harmless in the gardens; they tresses increase as she approaches her forest home. are pitiable objects, when rambling about on their stumps, The family party and several friends of the same and we sometimes, in the excess of good-natured feeling, rank, who came out intending to settle near them, wish them their full complement of pedal members, even at the expense of our seeds.
landed when cholera was still raging in Upper Ca. “When we first came here, our hands were soft and de- nada. Some of them became sick, and a child died licate; as those of a lady, from being unused to laborious of the pestilence. One of the brothers pressed foroccupation, but secing every one around us employed at ward, and selected land. The Radcliff settlement manual works—magistrates, senators, counsellors and colonels
, without any feeling of degradation, we fairly set to, is in Adelaide township, London district. in the spirit of emulative industry, and have already exhi.
“ The choice of my lots," says Mr. William Magrath, bited pretty fair specimens of our efforts in clearing land, writing to his father, “ I left to my brother, not being able and afterwards ploughing it.
to go myself. He has succeeded to admiration, for himself, “My brother Charles can take, what is termed here, a
for me, and for some friends in the same township. great gap out of a field of corn, with a cradle scythe ; he
“ I have, for the present, bought four hundred acres for and his brother James once cut down two acres of rye be
two hundred pounds, land of superior quality, in the Huron fore dinner.
track, London district, township Adelaide, named after the “ The latter makes all the waggons, sleighs, harrows, Queen, within twenty miles of Lake Huron, and thirty of &c., and when I am not superintending the emigrant set Lake Erie. Kleinents, my time, at home, is occupied in shoeing horses, “As to people of moderate capital, (say from five to eight making gates, fences, chimney-pieces, and furniture. In hundred pounds,) purchasing desirable land anywhere but deed my mechanical labours are so multifarious that I can in the absolute forest, is out of the question. So that, hardly enumerate them, but you may form some idea of having been informed by a kind friend of the prime quality
of that we have purchased, and, my brother and his com Dr. Gwynn, come to settle at York, in the medical depart. panions, who went to view it, having approved of it very
He was introduced to me by a letter from our much, our lots are all chosen there; and, as far as I can worthy friend and relative, S-G- We have be. learn, we have every reason to be satisfied.
come very intimate; he is an excellent fellow, and accoa“Improved farms have risen to a price that no common pa nied me on a trip to Niagara, from whence we returne capital can compass.* Even in our remote district, it is yesterday." thonght that land will be of three-fold value in two or three years. Therefore, if A.
It is to Mrs. Radcliff we must refer for the mode
-r', or any of our friends, decide upon coming out, and wish to be near us, they should of approach to the family head-quarters, and for a write at once, that we may secure the lots in time for the sketch of American manners. townships are filled up almost as fast as they are surveyed. “Our divisions adjoin that which is laid out for the much fatigued, set forward next morning by break of da
“We were comfortably entertained at Burford, and thoug! town. When that comes to be built, (and it is said it will for the next tavern, Patham, I think, a distance of forty be completed in three years,) the value of our property will miles, in the very waggon which had brought our friends obviously be enhanced.
there sometime before. This was driven by the owner, Mr. “ Oar fellow-travellers, Phillips and Groom, have settled Lyster, a very conversable and well informed person, te themselves beside us.
his rank in life ; but all here considered themselves geile “6 The former, as resident physician, has got the grant of men and ladies—and this man, who, I must admit, was at a town lot to build on. “How lucky to have such a man in the midst of us.
troublesome or forward in his conversation, break fastei and
dined at table with us, without compunction or apology: “ All the spare cash I had, I have vested in bank stock, in the bank of Upper Canada. It is a decided fact that this
“ The farther we proceeded up the country, the more ** stock pays regularly twelve per cent., and is as safe as in beautiful; the blue jay and woodpecker, especially
were gratified by the scenery. The birds, too, are rest the Bank of England. “Government are the holders, as I am informed, of one
wild flowers were in greater variety here, than at any other third of the entire, and 1 an well assured that capital may flowers of gigantic size, there are wild grapes also
stage of the journey--the whole country abounds in guebe vested with perfect safety in this fund. “No individual is permitted to invest more than one
don't ripen till they get frost-and partridges without trumthousand pounds, that many may partake of the advantage. This came under my own eye.
ber—when you whistle, they stop to listen, and are sui “ The influx of emigrants to our province of Upper Ca
“I was much amused at seeing William shaking hards nada has been such, that in the last year the population is said to have increased one-fourth; and in this season, fully buying a pair of oxın.
most heartily on the road with a man from whom he was as much is expected. This affects the resources of the country parishioner of yours, my dear Mr. R., many years agoan
On inquiry, he proved to be a in various ways, particularly as to the facility of disposing of Lisnadill. He asked about you most affectionately, and was farming produce; and also, as to the banking interests, of delighted to see one of the name. which I have been speaking. As I am informed, and in
“ We proceeded next day to Delaware, (wenty miles in the deed read in the public prints, that so numerous have been the arrivals of settlers, with considerable capital, that with
same conveyance, which was tolerably easy, having in a year three hundred thousand sovereigns have been de- with Buffalo skins, (which are called blankets,) very laz
seats slung from the sides, in lier of springs, and covered posited in the bank of Upper Canada. “ My deposit was in gold, and I received four shillings
some, soft, and comfortable. exchange on each sovereign.
« The horses were excellent, and we were tempted to per
chase the entire equipage, for 160 dollars. “ Bank stock has this year paid sixteen per cent., never “ At Delaware we came up with our party ; found them all less than twelve; the legal interest is but eight; but on the last dividend there was a bonus of eight more, in con.
in good health, and enjoyed, with them, an agreeable car sequence of the country rising into such rapid prosperity: vernment agent for the western district, a most kind an
They went forward to Colonel Mount's, at Caradoc, the GoSo that I request you to get our friend and kinsman to call
attentive gentleman. We took up our abode at a farmer's in any money that I can command, and to send it me forthwith. Double interest in Ireland may be a very bad thing; six weeks there, very well accommodated, and a bunday
near Delaware, while our house was building; and passed but, being well secured, is quite the reverse here.t “ I can tell you nothing of the country, as I have been family, (six in number, great and small,) we paid si dok
supplied, on the most reasonable terms for the whole shut up for a month in this unhealthy town; where. how- lars a-week, and had a private sitting-room-nerer diun ever, the markets, being nearly on a par with ours, speak with the family of the house, which was thought were well for farming profits, though consumers (as we are now) strange, nor suffering our servants to dine with us
, which may feel the inconvenience.
was considered still more extraordinary. This was a lux. Beef, mutton, and pork,
5d. per lh. house, the first I had been in-very comfortably fitted us Butter,
lld. do. and in some respects thought preferable to a frame-house." Bread dearer than at home.
being warmer in winter, and cooler in summer, from it “ In fact, every thing is dear, as the province cannot
greater thickness of the walls. The objectionable point is supply itself, and is obliged to import from the States.
that as the timber seasons, the logs settle, but not equabis, “ The farmers here have no difficulty in finding a mar
by which the doors and windows are set a wry. ket for their corn. For all that we can grow, these ten
“ Nevertheless, I am quite content with ours, trhich is on years to come, we shall have a ready sale at our door.
black ash, a timber not so liable to shrink as maple .. “ The number of emigrants going up each year, will take farmer's sons generally supplied the dinner tables they
bass wood, of which they are generally constructed. The away all that can be spared at a full price. “ All the old people say, that the country raises more now
own, with black squirrels–ours, with chickens, horb shey in one year, than it did before in fifiy. Upon the whole, by themselves. These, with bacon, venison, &c., constiinas then, I cannot see any risk the prudent and industrious
a plentiful larder. Most of the necessaries of life can be $ farmer can be subject to, who pays no rent, has plenty to
for the trouble of providing them, and many of the luxur.is subsist him, with a ready market, and good price for the
at the cheapest rate.
“ I preserved some wild plums with maple sugar, ulasa overplus. Amongst some agreeable acquaintances I have made, is weat profision; and, when one year settled, we can har
was better than that we bought. We had water melon: On this subject, it may be perceived, opinions vary. The settler what we please ; it is, indeed, the country of abundit
. For the lower classes, in every respect, it presents a vzost Is , . This vested in Bank Stock, at 12 per cent., jidds interesi, L.14, 5., per British inviting scene of plenty and independente ; whilst those who
have been educated otherwise, caunot but feel the want et
must decide for himself,
refinement, which generally prevails, and which it will re. treme terror lest we should fall back; but by encouraging quire ages to correct; the palliative is to be sought in the the poor horse, he brought us up in safety. At another manners and enjoyment of one's own domestic circle, nor place we were obliged to cross one of those dangerous need they much compassion, who, like us, have been fortu- bridges on foot, and to walk a great distance, mounting nate enough to settle with so many agreeable friends around over trunks of immense trees which lay across, whilst the
waygon was sent through the wood, with twenty men to “ Whilst in the farm-house, it was my amusement to clear the way--after this, so great was my fatigue, I study the manners of the people, which confirm the fore passed over failen trers of great size without leaving the going remarks.
Waggon; and had I preferred doing so, the want of time “ They call every one lazy that does not engage in some would have prevented me. The day was closing fast, half manual work and their dialect and mode of expression an hour's delay would have doomed us to the forest for the are quite amusing—on asking one of the girls, whether the night--fortunately we escaped this disagreeable alternative, Indians were cross when they indulge in any excess? Well,' and upon reaching the line of road, fancied all our difficula said she, (for they commence every sentence with this words) ties over-alas! it was but fancy. The road was flooded, - they are pretly ugly.'
and full of mud-holes ; the horse up to his haunches in “ The mistress of the house, bringing in breakfast, says, water, and wretched Sandy walking through it all. So "Well, I guess the tea looks black-but my husband thought dark had it become, I passed my own house without being it dreadful good.'
able to see it, and, a little farther on, was hospitably re“ I asked her how we were to feed our cows in winter, to ceived in that of Dr. Phillips. make them give milk?
"I can never be sufficiently thankful to a kind Provi. “6 Well, slop your cows.'-And “How am I to get them dence, for protecting us through so many difficulties, and to come home from the wood ? • Well salt your cows, and bringing us to the termination of our long and weary journey, they'll come home.'
without accident or suffering, except from excessive fatigue. 6 • Is your dairy much under ground ?'_'Well, consider. “ Having given you a detail, which may appear suti. able.'
cient to deter all female emigrants from so distant a sertle. “ This dialogue affords a specimen of the comfortable and ment, it is but fair that I should explain how others may affluent in this class—who received us as lodgers, at the avoid the inconveniences which we experienced. urgent request of Colonel Mount ; not wishing to be put to " This is to be done by emigrating at an early season, any inconvenience, and at the same time not willing to de- and by not wasting time when they land. They will then cline the remuneration.
find the roads in passable order; and may have some pro“ On asking one of the daughters whether they ever saw visions growing, and their houses comfortable, before the a clergynian or preacher?" she answered, "Well, preachers, summer is past. We were too late all through, and feel the once in a while ; and then they sing so, really I am some inconvenience of it. times in roars of laughter at them.'
“ The log-house we now inhabit, till our own is ready, “I have now only to recount the miseries of my day's was the first completed in the township_if that can be journey from the farm-house to Adelaide—where our man. called complele, which, on our arrival, consisted of but one sion not being perfectly ready, Dr. Phillips proposed that room on the ground floor, and one in the upper storey. we should occupy his, which was sooner built.
“ The owner, in politeness to us, went up stairs,--that “ How any unfortunate female carrying an infant in her is, up the ladder, to sleep! !-leaving us a room 24 feet arms, could have passed the tremendous road we were re. by 16, the full dimensions of the house, with our cooking duced to on this occasion, is almost miraculous. In my stove, and its various appendages, at one end, and his own long journey from the coast, I had suffered many hardships Franklin stove at the other. A partition was soon formed in travelling, and many barbarous roads that I thought for my convenience, and very snug we felt ourselves ; could not be exceeded in badness and danger ; but all was thougli, in the unfinished state of the edifice, we could see smooth and agreeable, when compared with this last day. the light through many apertures. It did not happen so with our friends who went six weeks “ I conclude this letter from my own house, of which we before ns—but in that long interval the rain fell, and the
took possession yesterday. floods had risen-and the road which they had travelled “ It is considered the handsomest in the township; being without much difficulty, being for us perfectly impassable, 46 feet in front, and 16 feet deep, in the clear ;—but when the woods were our only resource. Through these we had finished next spring, by an addition in the rear, will conto cut our way—and to travel in a waygon drawn by one sist of parlour and drawing-room, 16 feet square each ; hall, horse, the second being too spirited for the intricacy of the kitchen, and five bed-chambers. The two stacks of chimneys, dangerous passes.
now of mud, but hereafter to be of brick, going up through “ We fortunately met upon the way one of Colonel
the centre of the building, afford the means of warm Mount's overseers, who sent a man with an axe to assist presses and commodious closets. The roof is formed on us ; William, who had one of his own, went forward to
Cantalivers, very unexpensive here, which gives the whole clear the way, and our northern servant, Sandy, led the
a gay appearance. The entire cost, L.50. This may be a waggon.
good hint for some of our friends. “ All this we could have borne, but for the innumerable
“We had a large and merry party to breakfast this creeks, or streams which crossed our way; and were it not
morning. I enjoyed it, as the forerunner of an agreeable for a party of men sent to our relief, we could never have society, fast forming about us.” compassed such repeated obstructions. They made them. We should have wished much for another of this selves useful, indeed indispensably so, by cutting down lady's agreeable epistles after her first winter in trees for temporary bridges, which we were to p:iss over in the best manner we were able :—copeeive, my dear Mr. R.. the wilds was over, but for that we wait. Up to nay walking over deep creeks, upou two long and small January, the winter was one of remarkable mild trees thrown across, which, however, with good assistance, ness for the country, which proved inconvenient to I effected; but how the horses and waggon were made to the settlers in one respect, as they could not get. manage it, I am unable to describe ; certainly the horses their goods—their British comforts and elegancies here are wonderful animals_highly trained, and if you let them go ahead, they will bring you up heights that would sleighed on to the settlement, and thus wanted amaze you. At one place, I shut my eyes and gave myself many accommodations that would have been doubly up as lost: this was a deep creek with very high banks on valued in the wilderness. Our next quotation either side-our descent was so rapid as nearly to throw us forward on the horse, whilst the sudden rize at the opposite cliff, to his father, which contains some useful in
must be from a letter written by Mr. Thomas Rad. side, was as likely to shoot is out behind the waggon; on opening my eyes, I perceived William and his man in ex