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sente; on the other, she withholds the spur of necessity, society, that cannot be any polished society
" TEST 244
SCHOOLMASTER, IUS JNA OTTOTIES THE to conquer and deliver are suffiçiently nuinerous to content treated differently in the
the different arele, bar for it'sal. all valiant knights, and even many of their squires ; so that ways the same subject ; and it is equally well understood the combat is not so desperate as it might be supposed. There by all classes, for the newspapers are read by every body? is room for every one at the banquet of life; and what is It is easy to see that when there reigns in a cocher such more the table has no upper end, no seat distinguished by an unanimity of opinions, sach a similarity of intelletti a canopy.
tastes and occupations, the differences among the causes which All men are born equal in rights and in chances of suc compose society are entirely chimerical. I do not mean towy cess s.fur if
, on the one hand, fortune gives advantages to that there are not in the United States several Arches i and thus greatly slackens their energy. "All have equal but I do mean to say, limits What chances of attaining every thing. The rich fool will not them are so delicate, that meft into each other be less a fool, and cannot, but with difficulty, maintain his that, if there are many circles, there are neither casts fortune against the attempts of the man of parts impelled ranks. by necessity. The man once engaged in any career cannot The American is mild, polite," but proud, as it helle stop an instant, nor relax in his exertions, without being freeman to be ; he does not pretend to any superiority, but immediately passed by young rivals whose very names were he will in no respect subunit to be treated as an inferior unknown the day before. This continual competition, Every one considers that he carries on a trade, that he way this perpetual struggle of all against all, maintains a so live; and far from coveting idleness, be despises it, he thinks ciety in a state of activity, which has the happiest results. all honest trades equal in dignity ; although requirting, a Whatever may be the pursuit followed, every one is wholly they do, different degrees of talent, he sees no injusliteit dependent upon public opinion. This it is which reigns their being unequally recompensed. The servant of a law despotically, and “ classes” each according to his works, yer or a physician, for instance, perceives no material differ with strict disinterestedness and unerring judgment. But, ence between himself and his employer, (for the word met in order that public opinion may be duly enlightened, the ter is only used by people of colonr.) One brushes docks, utmost publicity is necessary; therefore nothing is neglect the other pleads causes, or feels paises, or preaches, ed in the United States to effect that object in every possible judges, or makes laws, or governs and all for money
The press is entirely free. The publication of There is not so much difference ; each tries to do bis das newspapers and their circulation, so far from being shackled in the hest way he can. Thus the domestic will be very by duties, securities, and stamps, or being restricted by the attentive and submissive. Whenever his situation no longer post, is encouraged as much as possible. Consequently suits him, he will leave his master; and in no case will newspapers, multiply. Every town or village has at least suffer on his part either insult or violence. Let him kal one;
and every shale of opinion, however slight, is sure of ill, or have a lawsuit, and he will give his custom 185 having its interpreter. Every thing is known, every thing master, pay him like any body else, and considet hittel! is discussed, every thing is explained, and the sole means quoad, as having changed characters with him. Fl in the United States of not being discovered is to have no This spirit of independence forms the grand distinctin mystery. Guided by a light so sure, the people form their character between the English and American niannen; it judgments, and are never deceived in their verdict. outwardly and physically they are much alike. I for er
I am not inclined here to defend the American periodical ample, you go into what those who compose' it call the firs prese. There are hardly four or five good papers in the society of New York, this circle is composed of tradesmen crowd; the rest copy these, and shew very little delicacy newly arrived at the summit of Fortune's wheel, where it h in the means of which they avail themselves to support their very doubtful if they long remain. They take advantage opinions. But their virulence acts as an antidote to itself; of their feeting days of prosperity to show off as much and besides, a personality never remains without an answer, luxury and folly as their situation will permit them. Al 80 that the deplorable spirit which animates them, produces who have made a voyage to Europe, try to ape the exclusive no effect upon ears accustomed to hear the reproaches put manners of which they have been the victims of the schet forth by opposite parties. At the time of the contested side of the Atlantic ;'affect to value every thing fortir, election betweon Adams and Jackson, the newspapers of the and consider America as a barbarous country, where e two parties assumed so virulent a tone, and published so thing elegant has ever been inveštted, not even the galle many, calumnies, that it was truly disgusting to lowk into pade and gigot sleeves. The first Europeat swindler er them. Whoever believed themn, might have sincerely con- takes the trouble to pass himself off for'a Duke of 7 Rarmiserated the fate of the nation, obliged to choose between quis, is sure to carry away all their suffrages, until å planen two such scoundrels as the candidates were respectively re- hiin to join thereto their puses. Men of this stamp will presented to be by journals of the opposite parties. It is pretend not to trouble themselves about polities, or at least proper to be just, however ; the great difficulty met with in not to talk about them; for it is a subject so tulgarian the United States, in the elections, is how to select among so unfashionable . . in London! They try to imitate the many persons of equal merit. The nation advances calmly perfect nullity of conversation in that city, and in general in prosperity, without any of those concussions which give assisted by their natural resources, they succeed pretty well occasion to the display of talents of a superior order. It cer But apart from this society is that formed by the bel tainly possesses people of the first merit, and abundance of chants
, shipowners, lawyers, physicians, atid magistrate them, but it is almost impossible for thein, in the present of the city. This is truly American; they do not anus state of peace and tranquillity, to attain their proper eleva-themselves by apeing European manners, among the tion, above the rank of merit immediately inferior to them. conversation is solid and instructive, and turns upon Bust. The less therefore, the difference is between two candidates, ness and the politics of the day. Society in New York the more must it be exaggerated by the papers of their re- perhaps more tinged with European manners that in spective parties, who in that perform the office of repeating of the great towns in the United States ; and tha circles. The difference is so small that it would pass unper- natural, if we consider the immense number of ceived, if it was not multiplied some thousands of times. who reside there. It is the city which has most theatre 3. One of the most remarkable effects of this publicity is the (for it has no less than five,) and it has had even at eper interest which every one takes in the politics of the day; and a corps de ballet. There is more dissipation and more an interest which produces a sameness in conversation, in foolish expenses in it than in any other place.ro she prin whatever society you may happen to fall The hackney- cipal street, the Broadway, gives a striking impressione coachman talking at the corner of the streets with a porter ; America to the European on his landing. After Regent the lawyer, the planter, the preacher, dining together with Street, in London, it is the firiesť streci r know. The a rich tradesman, all speak of the same thing. The next wide pavements, with their elegant shops are, election, the measure now being proposed, whether in Con- tain hours of the day, crowded with all the fashion of the gress or in the state legislature, or at the last lawsuit
which place. All
the pretty women go there to take turne bad attracted the crowd, torun the suhject of conversation ; it is there the fire gentleinen are eager to meet
ceigner reading his newspaper, in the large parlour of the betwixt the vegetable and animal kingdoms, the lowest graBity hotel, sees all the beau monde defile before him. dation of this species may be accounted that which ünites
Society in Philadelphia is inuch more quiet : the Quakers the animal to the fossil class ; but what a pródigious vaare a happy people, who give a look of repose to all the city. riety of these exist, from the humble Oyster, which vegeHere there is no noise aq in New York; the carriages are tates in its shell, to the ponderous Tortoise that grazes the much fewer; the streets being so clean there is no oc- aquatic meadow, (a) or the wondrous Lobster that shoots casion for them. All the streets are alike ; none, therefore, with rapidity across the gulf. (6)
7403 serves as a general promenade like the Broadway of New The distinguishing appendage of this class, and that from York,o- Chestnut Street, however, is the best built, and there which they derive their name, is the hard crustaceous cothe fashionable people come to take their lounge. The lis vering in which their bodies are enveloped, and how admira brary of Messrs, Carey and Lea is the place where you inustably fitted are they by this natural bulwark for that paru take your station towards noon, to see this street in all its ticular station in which providence has placed them; for lustre The society of Philadelphia is much more enlight- how could such soft and tender bodies have been othereneda than that of New York ; the professors of the uni. wise defended and protected from injury among the many versily give the tone, which communicates to it, perhaps, a rugged and uneven masses where their habitations are asslight degree, almost imperceptible, however, of pedantry. signed, and how could they escape from their numerous eneThe winter parties are meetings of learned and literary peo- mies had they not the power of withdrawing and shutting ple, including also citizens in any way distinguished: they themselves up, on the approach of danger, within their are always open to foreigners, properly introduced. Ladies shelly covering. But, besides this, there are several things are never present. The meetings are held on appointed days remarkable in each individual species of this order, which at the houses of different persons in rotation : science, litera. demonstrates the whole to be fitted in the best possible manture, ithe fine arts, and politics form the subjects of conver ner for their various situations, habits, and propensities, and sation, and in general much intelligence and urbanity are to be the workmanship of the same Being, whose wisdom and displayed. They are always terminated by a supper, and goodness are so conspicuously displayed in his other works. are calculated to give foreigners a high idea of the intellec The Limpet, stationed as a sentinel on the top of the rock, tual resources of that city,
and oft exposed to the mid-day's heat when the tide is out, -: But it is to Charleston that he should go to enjoy Ameri- as well as to the continual tossings and agitations of its can society in all its luxury. There the various circles, waves when it is covered, is safely lodged in a little cone, composed of planters, lawyers, and physicians, form the impervious to the most penetrating rays of the sun, and so most agreea ble society I have ever known. The manners firmly cemented to the rock by means of the broad muscuof the south have a perfect elegance; the mind is highly lar surface he presents, that peither storm or tempest can cultivated ; and conversation turns upon an infinite variety prevail to loosen his grasp, or make him relinquish his firm of subjects with spirit, grace, and facility. The affectation hold. The Muscle is not provided by nature with such of frivolity, or of foreign manners, is as completely banished a strong and firm sheet-anchor, but she is taught to supply as pedantry and religious hypocrisy; everything is intel. the defect by art, and to spin to herself cables, by which she lectual, moral, and rational. Charleston is the ordinary can be moored in security to her favourite spot. (c) The residence of many of the most distinguished statesmen of Periwinkle does not attach itself so firmly as either of these the Union, who are always willing to explain their views nor has she the means or the power to do so; but her stony to their fellow citizens, Alas! why can I not recall the habitation is almost proof against accident, and she can roll delightful hours I have passed in that society, without being about in safety, hermetically sealed up under her scaly co. reminded of the loss of that friend in whose hospitable revering. The Cockle burrows deep in the sand or mud, and sidence I first knew it. He is no more; and Charleston has its edges are notched, in order to enable it to clasp more lost, for me, one of its greatest attractions.
firmly together. The Nautilus, which can exist either as a The society of Richmond greatly resembles that of Charles diver or swimmer, and lives sometimes at the bottom, some. ton, and is as agreeable. In Virginia, good society is spread times on the surface of the ocean, has a power of contract. inore generally over the whole surface of the State than it is ing and drawing itself into its shell when it has occasion anywhere else, owing to the want of a large capi which to descend to the bottom, and of unfolding and expanding always serves to attract it, and gives the tone exclusively its oars and sails, when it has an inclination to sport on Virginian hospitality is proverbial, and with great justice.
the surface. The Cutler, or Razor Fish, never creeps but New Orleans forms a perfect contrast to all the other penetrates perpendicularly into the sand; and how nicely is cities : here there is no intellectual conversation, no in- its long and slender shell formed for this purpose. The struction; there are but three booksellers in a city of Crab is provided with claws and feet for scrambling about, sixty thousand souls, and yet even their warehouses are
but amongst such rugged precipices, and with so many enecomposed of the refuse of the filthiest productions of French mies to encounter, it must often be at the expense of a limb; literature. But if there is no conversation, there are eat- and, lo !' it is endowed with the singular property of shak ing playing, dancing, and making love in abundance. ing off and reproducing a new one at pleasure. (a) The LobAn institution peculiar to this city, are the quarteron balls ster is admirably
formed for either running or swimming, Where the free women of colour are alone admitted to the
and can bound with such a spring to her hole in the rock honour of dancing with their lords the whites; for the men
when frightened, that she enters it with velocity through an of colour, are most strictly excluded from them. It is opening barely sufficient, to appearance, for her body to truly a magical spectacle to see some hundreds of women, pass ;--and the Pholas, though
not furnished with an inall very pretty, and well dressed, and of every shade, from strument apparently calculated for boring and scooping out that of cream coffee, to the inost delicate white, assembled stones, is endowed with such a fund of patient perseverance, in superb saloons, to display their mercenary charms. The that it is enabled to penetrate into these callous substances by most respectable people frequent these balls, which are
the application of a fleshy member, resembliug a tongue. (*) quite public, and where everything invariably passes with
The instinctive sagacity of the crustaceous tribe algo the greatest decorum. The gaming-houses are also very
claims our attention. We have already remarked, that the numerous in New Orleans, and have ruined many of the little Nantilus is furnished with an apparatus for 'either Foung people of Kentucky come to pass their carnival in diving or swimming. But who taught the Nautilus to sail?
and yet, without the instinctive knowledge how to make
use of them, of what use would be either her sails or oars; SHELL-FISH.
these, however, are not given her in vain, for she evincez a to shell y armour wrapt, the lobsters seek
knowledge in the art of navigation which is supposed to Safe shelter in some bay, or winding creek;
have been copied by some of the early mariners; and the Teracious hold, nor will the dwelling leave.
example she affords has been held out by the poet as still In the wonderful productions we have just been contem- * ' Learn of the Welle Nautilus tn kain,
deserving imitation : plating, may be considered as part of the connecting link ! pSpread the thin our, and catch the deving gale." ()
this Babylon of the west.
to take luis pleasure, he mounts to the surface; and, self-tanglet
doubt remain in a place of security during the raging of the lethfrom whence our most beautiful snuff-boxes and other trinkets the top, wbere, by means of their tail: answering the purpose
water, and so decreasing (heir specific gravity, quickly ascend to
(g) After losing the shell, (which both crabs and lobsters do
Sea Tortoises, without any teacher but nature, are in- | regarded as a delicacy in Jamaica, and it is even asserted. stinctively taught to lay their eggs on the sea-shore, and that the slaves are often entirely fed upon them. Amen cover them with sand; and no sooner are the young hatched the shell-fish on the Waterford coast, the Mures, which are and fitted for their journey, than they leave the place of the Tyrian purple, is said to exist. I need not mention their nativity, and run towards that element which provi- what estimation the Lobster, the Crab, and other shell fish dence has destined for their abode ; so that the poet may are held among ourselves, and the delicacy of farcer well say :
which makes the Oyster prized as an article of foot (n) in ! Reason progressive-instinct is complete;
the Oyster also is found that beautiful substance called
Mother of Pearl.
(a) The great Mediterranean Turtle is the largest of any kion When the young Lobsters leave the parent, they betake species One of these was caught in 1729. at the mouth of the themselves to hiding-places in the smallest clifts of the Loire, said to be nearly eight feet in length, and two over! rocks; but no sooner do they find themselves incrusted
(b) THE WONprous LOBSTER.–The lobster, indeed, may with a firm shell, than they sally out in quest of plunder. I the most extraordinary creatures that exists. An animal, (at
be well styled wondrous. According to Sturm, it is steel When the time of moulting, or changing the shell draws
serves this writer,) whose skin is a shell, and which it casts of on, this animal again betakes itself to a retired situation,
every year, to clothe itself with new armour. An animal where it remains in security during its defenceless state ; (9) whose fesh is in its tail and legs, and wbose hair is in the in no sooner, however, does it find itseif covered with its new side of its breast; whose stomach is in its head; and which suit of armour, than it appears again on the stage, lively changed every year for a new one, and which new one begins by and active as before. The common Crabs herd together in consuming the old. An animal which carries its eggs wités distinct tribes, and keep their separate haunts. (h) The Sol- its body, till they become fruitful. and then carries theme dier Crab is not provided by nature with a shell attached wardly under its tail. An animal which can throw off its leg to his body, but she has inspired him with instinctive saga- | others; and lastly, an animal whose eyes are placed in moveable
when they become troublesome, and can replace them with city to take up his abode in the first empty one he can lay borns.' So singular a creature will long remain a mystery to hold of, suitable to his purpose, and to change it for an.
the human mind. It affords new subject, however, to acknor. other when it grows incommodious ; (i) and the Land Crabs ledge and adore the power and wisdom of the Creator. of the West Indies, (which also may be counted among the (c) The sea bas its spinners as well as the land ; and, if the natives of the deep) are represented as living in a kind of common muscles may be compared to the caterpillers, the firs orderly society, and regularly once a-year marching down næ Marinee, which are a larger species, may be likened to the from the mountains to the sea, in spite of every intervening spiders, obstacle, in order to deposit their spawn; and after the lit. (d) Nature has given this singular power to these creatures kar tle creatures are hatched under the sand, they also are ob. the preservation of their lives, in their frequent quarrels. ! served as regularly quitting the shore in crowds, and slowly these, one crab lays hold of the claw of ano her, and crazbes it travelling up towards the mountains. (k)
so, that it would bleed to death, bad it not the power of givity, When the Tellina has occasion to move, she puts herself
up the limb in the strange manner described by naturalists. l! into a certain position, which occasions her to spring out
one of the outer joints of a small leg be bruised, and the creature
be laid on its back, it shews uneasiness at first, by moving it with considerable force to a distance. When the Scallop about, afterwards it holds it quite still, in a direct and natura finds herself deserted by the tide, it jerks itself forward by position, without touching any part of the body, or of the other opening and shutting its shell in a singular manner! When legs with it. Then, on a sudden, with a gentle crack, the the Razor Shell-fish, finds itself deceived by the fisherman, wounded part of the leg drops off; the effect will be the same when he decoys it from its subterraneous habitation by a
with the great leg, only it is thrown off with greater violean, Will succeed a second time! When part of the legs of the line is by degrees produced, which gradually attains the size of sprinkling of salt, and has time to retreat, no such attempt Having got clear of the injured part, a mucus now overspreade Sea Hedge-hog are at work carrying him forward, the horns the former. that are nearest in that direction are busily employed in making soundings or feeling the way. The Muscle, when and this accounts
for them being so often found with limbe of
Lobsters have also the power of reproducing an injured be she has commenced spinning her cable, will make trial of a unequal sizes--the small ley must be a new one, which baš nei thread by drawing it out strongly towards her, before she attained its full growth. proceeds to stretch out a second ! The Limpet, when she (e )With this soft and yielding instrument, the indefatigable ad has occasion to unmoor, finds means to disengage herself persevering Pholas perforates" marble and the hardest stones without any great effort
, and to move from her place by and when small and naked, it has effected an entrance ; it dhe the same muscle by which she adhered so firmly to her enjoys a life of secuity and ease, existing upon sea water that anchorage. Even oysters are said not to be destitute of the enters at the aperture, and increasing its habitation as it is power and the instinctive sagacity to turn themselves round
creases in size. when thrown irregularly into a vessel of water, so that the ments of motion, is thus beautifully delineated by the description
(f The natural sagacity of the Nautilus, in the use of his instit concave shells may remain downmost, in order to retain pen of Hervey. their favourite liquor.
forms a natural boat) unfurls a membrane to the wind, which
serves him instead of a sail. He extends also a couple of arms From the number of animals which prey upon insects, with which, as with two slender oars, he rows himself alors it was inferred, that the principal object the Creator had
When he is disposed to dive, he strikes sail ; and without an in view in the formation of these, was the subsistence of apprehension of teing drowned, sinks to the botiom. Where
the weather is calm, and he has an inclination to see the world
, , insects) and everywhere abound among the beds of the ocean, chart or compass ; in himself the vessel, the rigging, and the and the extraordinary digestive faculties of the finny tribes, | pilot.” we have reason to conclude, that the former were princi. When the sea is calm, numbers of these animals are said to pally intended and brought into existence for food to the be seen sailing on its surface ; but at the approach of a sterim latter
. (1) I shall, however, mention a few particulars in they fold in their legs, and swallowing as auch water as will serviceable. and highly delicious food, has become such a valuable article fitted up with conyenjencies for importing them alive. The naked and delenceless state, exposed to the dog-fish, and a molto Land Crab (which is also
a native of the deep) is said to be I citude of other depredators. Pane this situation they do not.
USES OF SHELL-FISH.
however, long continue ; for the new covering is formed, and INTERESTING REFLECTION.- We do not see nature completely hardened, in little more than forty-eight hours. from merely looking at it. We fancy that we see the
(h) This has been tried by marking a crab, carrying it two or whole of any object that is before us, because we know no three miles, and leaving it among other crabs. The crab bas
more of it than we see. The rest escapes us, as a matter afterwards found its way home, and been caught in its old abode.
of course; and we easily conclude, that the idea in our (i) When it has overgrown, or otherwise has occasion to change minds, and the image in nature, are one and the same. the shell, the litttle soldier is seen busily parading the shore, But in fact we only see a very small part of nature, and but still dragging its old habitation along, unwilling to part make an imperfect abstraction of the infinite number of with one, until it has found another shell more convenient for particulars which are always to be found in it, as well as its purpose. It is seen stopping at one shell, turning it, then
Some do this with more or less accuracy than going on to another, looking at it a while, then slipping its tail others, according to habit or natural genius. A painter, for from the old hubitation to try on the rew. This is sometimes instance, who has been working on a face for several days, found to be more inconvenient, in which case, it quickly re
still finds out something new in it which he did not notice turns to its old shell, and goes in quest of another more roury before, and which he endeavours to give, in order to ipake and commodious. But it is not till after many trials and fre his copy more perfect, which shews how little an ordinary quent combats, that the soldier sometimes finds himself com
and unpractised eye can be supposed to comprehend the pletely equipped; for there are frequent contests betwixt two of this species, for some well-looking and commodious shell; whole at a single glauce. A young artist, when he first and it is from this circumstance, perhaps, the soldier crab de begins to study from nature, soon makes an end of his rives its name. When two of them meet with the same object, sketch, because he sees only a general outline, and certain each strives to take possession ; they strike with their claws; gross distinctions and masses. As he proceeds, a new field they bite each other till the weakest is obliged yield. It is opens to him, differences crowd upon differences ; and as then the victor takes possession, and parades in his new con his perceptions grow more refired, he could employ whole quest, backwards and forwards upon the strand before his en- days in working upon a single part, without satisfying him. vious antagooist.
(k). These creatures commence their expedition in the months self at last. No painter, after a life devoted to the art, and of April and May. At that time the whole ground is covered with the greatest care and length of time given to a single study this numerous band of adventurers. The sea is the place of their of a head, or other object, ever succeeded in it to his wish, destination, and to that they direct their march. No geometri- or did not leave something to be done. The greatest artists cian could send them by a shorter course. They never turn that have ever appeared are those who have been able to aside to the right or to the left, if they can possibly avoid it, embody some one view or aspect of nature, and no more. whatever obstacles intervene. If they meet with a house, they Thus Titian was famous for colouring ; Raphael for draw. will attempt to scale the walls, in order to keep their ranks, and ing; Correggio for the gradations ; Rembrandt for the if the country be intersected by rivers, they vind along the extremes of light and shade. The combined genius and course of the stream. They are commonly divided into three powers of observation of all the great artists in the world battalions, of which the first consists of the strongest and boldest males, that, like pioneers, march forward to clear the route, tained in any one object in nature; and yet the inost vulgar
would not be sufficient to convey the whole of what is conand face the greatest dangers. They are often obliged to halt spectator thinks he sees the whole of what is before him, at for want of rain. The main body is composed of females, which never leave the mountains till the rain is set in, and then once, and without any trouble at all.-Hazlitt. descend in regular order, in columns of fifty paces broad, and ON A MOTHER'S TOMB-STONE, IN THE BURIAL GROUND three miles deep, and so close, tbat they almost cover the ground. Three or four days after this, the rear-guard follows, a si raggling
OF ST. LOUIS, PARIS. and undisciplined tribe, consisting of males and females ; but
MOTHER--sweet mother,—thou can'st never know neither so robust, nor so numerous as the former. The night That yearly, thus, I deck thy mossy bed is their chief time of proceeding, but if it rains by day, they do With the first roses of the Spring that blow, not fail to profit by the occasion. When they are terrified,
And tears of fond affection shed. they march back in a disorderly manner, holding up their pippers, with which they sometimes tear off a piece of the flesh of
Mother-sweet mother,--though I knew thee not, an assailant, and leave the weapon where they inflicted the
I feel that one I love is buried here; wound. They even try to intimidate their enemies, by clatter And though this grave by others is forgot, ing their nippers together, which, considering their number, To me it shall through life be dear-most dear. must have a powerful effect. When they bave arrived at the shore, which sometimes takes them three months, they prepare
Ah! who that gazes on the lights of life to cast their spawn, by eagerly going to the edge of the water,
Man in his might, and woman in her bloom and letting it wash several times over their bodies. At the ex
Can think that, after some brief years of strife, piration of some days, spent on the land, after this washing,
We sink for ever in the silent tomb. chey again seek the shore, and shaking off the spawn into the Shall fears of senseless slumber then enthral water, leave it there. The sea, to a great distance is black with the eggs, and shoals of hungry fish attend, and devour a
The soul, when death dissolves the form we seeconsiderable quantity of them; those that escape are hatched
O never, never,—for our spirits shall under the sand ; aod soon after millions at a time of these little
Burst then their bonds, and from earth's follies flee. crabs, are seep quitting the shore, and making their way slowly to the mountains.
THE DAISY. The Bahama, and other American islands, produce land crabs Not worlds on worlds, in phalanx deep, ja great abunda nce, where they burrow in pairs in the earth.
Need we to prove a God is here; (?) The digestive faculties of fishes are so extraordinary, that their stomachs are said to bave a power of softening the most
The Daisy, fresh from Winter's sleep, callous shells.
Tells of his hand in lines as clear. * (m) Tortoise-shell is formed into ornamental articles, by first For who but he who arch'd the skies, steeping it in boiling water, till it has acquired a proper softoess,
And pours the Day-spring's living flood and immediately afterwards committed to the pressure of a strong Wondrousalike in all he tries, metallic mould of the form required ; and when it is necessary
Could rear the Daisy's purple bud ? to join the pieces, so as to form a large extent, the edges of the pieces are frut scraped, or thioned, and being laid over each Mould its green cup, its wiry stem; orher during their heated state, are committed to a strong press,
Its fringed border nicely spin ; by which means they are effectually joined, or agglutinated. And cut the gold-embossed gem These are the methods also, by which the various ornaments of
That, set in silver, gleams within ?gold, silver, &c., are fixed to tortoise-shell.
And Aling it unrestrain'd and free, (n) A species, called Rock Oysters, are frequently seen as farge as a plate"; and those which are caught on the coast of Coroman.
O'er hill and dale and desert sod, del, are said to be of so great a size, that one of them will serve
That man, where'er he walks, may see several men for a meal ; but they have not so delicate a flavour
In every step, the stamp of God. as those of the smaller kind.
Dr. Mason Good.
at the incision ; -111001S DE IN V to 3y1002 2001
off by the moALPINE STRAWBERRY.ST.Cabt tion. The branch is then planted as a young tree. It apbett, speaking
that's ever heard of, produces from the seed is raised with the greatest facility, bears more
period would be necessary, vegetation being much
slower in Europe than in India, where I made most of my abundantly, and keeps bearing until the hard frosts come.
experiments." 1am, however, or opinion, from sobie The seeds are so small, that a little pinch of them, between which I have lately made on cherrytrees, that an additional the fingers and be for
method of raising the plant is this : about climate. The advantages to be derived from this method the first week of February, or it may be a little later, fill with fine earth; to within about an inch of the top, a fowers are, that a further growth of three or four years in sufi, pot from 12 or 18 inches over ; take the little pinch of them on their full bearing state, whereas, even in India,
cient, when the branches are of a considerable size, to bring seed and scatter it very thinly over the top of the earth; eight or ten years are necessary with most kinds of fruit
. then put some very fine earth over the seed a quarter of an trees, if raised from the seed.' Wheri 1 was at Prince of inch thick, or rather less. Set the pot in a green-house, or
Wales's Island, I bad an opportunity of seeing this proved in the window of any room where the sun comes, and give by experiment. Some orange trees had been raised by water very carefully and very gently, as occasion may, ie gentleman, from seed sown in 1786, which had not borse quire. When the warm weather coines, the pot should be fruit in 1795, while branches taken off in the Chinese made set out of doors, in a warm place, where there is no heavy in 1791, had produced two plentiful crops. Whether rain ; and should be taken in at night, if there be any forest trees may be propagated in Europe, in the same man." fear of frost. Towards the end of April, the pot may be set out of doors altogether; and small as the plants of it have observed that the roots from a branch under the pro
ner, I have not had sufficient experience to determine 1 shall be, they will be fit to be planted out into the open ground by the middle, or towards the latter end of May. into the rope, when the tree was in leaf, than the contrary ;
cess of abscission; were uniformly much longer in shooting Then digʻa piece of ground deep, and make it extremely hence the spring season seems the most proper for perfora. fine upon the top, and put out the little plants in rows two ing this operation. Horticultural Register. *** feet apart, and two feet apart in the row ; for, though not
HINTS TO HOUSEWIVES.Vessels intended to contain bigger than a thread, each plant will multiply itself into a considerable tuft before the middle of July; and then long as possible at the highest temperature should be con
a liquid at a high temperature, and keep that liquidu they will begin to bear, and will keep on bearing as long structed of materials which are the worst radiators of heal. as the hard frosts keep away. The very runners which proceed from those plants will take root, blow, and have Thus, tea-nrns and tea-pots are best adapted for their purripe fruity during the first Autumn. When the bearing constructed of black porcelain. A black porcelain tes-pot
pose when constructed of polished metal, and worst when tufts, and let the tufts remain to bear another its material and colour are good radiators of heat, and the year, when their produce is prodigious. But then you must liquid contained in it cools with all possible rapidity. On grub them up for they so multiply their offsets, and cover the ground with their roots, that they almost cease to bear the other hand, a bright metal tea-pot is adapted for the if they remain longer. So that you must have a new plan- fore cools as slowly as possible. A polished silver or bras
purpose, because it is the worst radiator of heat, and tberttation from seed every year; and the seed you may sow
tea-urn is better adapted to retain the heat of the water yourself, by squeezing the prilp of dead-ripe strawberries in than one of a dull
brown colour, such as is commonly used water, which sends the seed to the bottom of the water, | A tia tea-kettle retains the heat of the water boiled in you skim off the pulp, and drain away the water, then turn the seed out in the sun to dry, and then put it up and pre- it be allowed to collect the smoke and soot, to which it is
more effectually, if it be kept clean and polished, cban if serve it for sowing in the winter. There is a red sort and exposed from the action of the fire. When coated with a white bort, which you may keep separate, or sow them this, its surface becomes sough and black, and is a power and plant them promiscuongly...Cobbeti's Register.
ful radiator of heat. A set of polished fire-irous mar a THE CHINESE METHOD OF: PROPAGATING FRUIT- main for a long time in front of a hot fire, without receiving TEEES BY ABSCISSION..
-The Chinese, instbad of raising from it any increase of temperature beyond that of the fruii-trees from seeds or from grafts as is the custom in chamber, because the heat radiated by the fire is all rellected Europe, have adopted the following method of increasing by the polished surface of the irons, and none of it
. alt them. They select a tree of that species which they wish sorbed, but, if a set of rough unpolished irons were simi. to propagate, and fix upon such a branch as will least in. jure or disfigure the tree by its removala si Round the branch; could not be ased without inconvenience.
larly placed, they would become speedily hot, so that they
The polish of and as near as they can conveniently to its junction with
the fire-irons is, therefore, not merely a matter of ornament, the trunk, they wind a rope, made of straw, besmeared with cou-lung, until a ball is formed five or six times the diame but of use and convenience. The rough, unpolished poker,
sometimes used in a kitchen, becomes speedily so hot that ter of the branch. This is intended as a bed, into which it cannot be held without pain. A close stove, intended to the young ones may shoot. Having perfomed this part of the operation, they immediately, under the ball, divide the for in that case it is one of the worst radiators of heat and
warm an apartment, should not have a polished surface bark down to the wood, for nearly two-thirds of the cir- nothing could be contrived more unfit for the purpose to cumference of the branch. A cocoa nut-shell, or small pot, which it is applied. On the other hand, a rough unpei&then hung over the ball, with a hole in its bottom, so
lished surface of cast-iron, is favourable to radiation, and's small that, water put in, it will only fall in drops ; by this fire in such a store will always produce a most powerful the rope is continually kept moist. During three succeed.
effect. ing weeks, nothing farther is required, except to supply the vessel with water. At the expiration of that period, one WOMEN, says Defoe, in my observation of them haver third of the remaining bark is cut off
, and the former inci- little or no difference, but as they are or are not distinguish sion is carried considerably deeper into the wood, as by this ed hy education. Tempers, indeed, may in some degree in time it is expected that some ronts have struck into the fluence them, but the maio distinguishing part is their rope, and are giving their assistance, in support of the breeding. The whole sex are generally quick and sharp branch. After a similar period the operation is repeated, you rarely sec them lumpish and heavy when they are della and in about two months from the commencement of the dren, as boys will often be. If a woman be well-bred, and process, the roots may generally be seen intersecting cach taught the proper management of her natural wil, she prores other on the ti face o dhe ball **l'is a sign that they generally very sensible and retentive ; and a woman of season are sufficiently advhuced to admit of the separation of the and mariners is the finest and most delicate part of God's branch from the trees This is best done by,sawing it off creation, detto