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in the lowest degree claimants with this royal bird to LATR1A i
Club. You seem to'use reason in your argument, and would be of weight, did the brightness and strength of our philofophy depend solely on weight, measure, and quantum of brains. But there is a great degree of force to be granted to the state and degree of mixture and refinement of the paste or matter to this fource or first mover of wisdom. The faculty heretofore thought a ioul is formed. The reafon we assume, to get rid of this difficulty, is, the texture, quality, and firmness -of man's nature might be the cause of this superior degree of knowledge in him preserable to every other animal. For it is too glaring to deny that fome little and molt frequent headed men, with very large bodies, have more understanding than little bodies with great heads. Some fay, there may be more brains and better compacted in a small head than within a great skull. But this is not proved, and the dignity of philosophy is to affirm nothing but what is proved by a mathematical .demonstration, as a philofopher should glory in truth.
lust, if we reser to reason and truth, the two' grand bases and pillars of found philosophy, we shall deseat your new, or rather old, exploded twofold heresy; philofophical and religious being opposte to truth and order. Other animals art equal in their creation with man, and-yet, for near fix thousand years, cannot be produced one fingle instance above their natural or general instinct, unless some anticks or
traintraining, by the ingenuity or contrivance of man. Name me one, but man, thac has made use of reafon, to transmit, to the latest times, by writing, hierogliphicks or tradition, the different arcs and sciences, or other usesul knowledge, and whatever they judged requisite to transmit or hand down to posterity. No animal, but man, was ever known to contrive or form instruments of various forts for various purposes, to extend and assist them in the arts and sciences, and their other pursuits and purposes. No animal, but man, was ever known to build ships to transport themselves in search of nations to them unknown, as Columbus and many others. Never was ic known that the ape, parrot or any other animal, but man, carried their knowledge to the heavenly bodies, measuring their distances, considering and marking out their morions and periodical revolutions. Myself have spent much time at sea, with fome improvement in navigation, which has communicated and improved my ideas. It is there, in a particular manner, by experience, we fee the wonders of the almighty and superior knowledge of man, travelling many thousand miles through an extensive and trackless ocean, having no guide but the skill of man, assisted with the sun and stars for observation, compass, and chare to direct, and log-line to measure his distance, which insure him his desired haven. Bur in all my voyages never espied one single vessel guided by monkey, parrot, dog, hog, or other animal, but man. Let us now return to land, and take a
view View of empires and kingdoms, their regulations, laws, and government, both civil and military^ general, and particular, offensive and desensive, politics, alliances, commerce, &c. manœuvring and marshaling armies; the laws of prurience in erecting fortifications, offensive and desensive, and a thousand other requisites, in a well-ordered government, cities, towns, architecture, of various forts and high finishings, and this regulated according to order, rule, and precision. All this is peculiar to man and him alone-, to him the world is put under subjection. I do not exaggerate when I affirm, that both earth and heaven were made for man; who sees nor, that all matters of state, commerce, or anv other contract among men, are marked out and regulated according to the periodical movements of the Great Luminary? One half of man explore the vast bofom of the de<-p, bending to their use, sun and stars, to , escort, convey, and guard them on their road. I am travelling in an inexhaustible ocean, of man's extension in power, glory, greatness, nobility, wisdom, knowledge, 'perspicuity; and perfection, which labyrinth, to be properly set forth, would require volumes, and for transcending my inability and illiterate conceptions. But thus sar, for the honour of my species, I have endeavoured to shew the absurdity in advancing tenets the most base and humiliating to -man, that could be contrived byarr, degeneracy, malice and folly; the whole acting against reason and common sense.
Club. Your argument seems to carry weight, fortified with reason, to those os little brains; i}ut to us seniors, who possess a sull quantum, in measure, weight, and quality, isof no force. You cannot catch old birds with chaff, neither will you frighten us with raw head and bloody bones, or any other such spiritual snare, or artsul contrivance, that impress and seduce weaklings and children ;* but we that have sprung and got quit of your snares, stand fearless free from remorse or stings of heart, we were-heretofore assailed with, aster feasting ourselves on the good things of the earth, which was and is rivetted innate and clenched in the inner recesses of our hearts, from which glut of pleasure, like the bee, we will never recede until for want of breath we can hold out no longer, when we Iball return each element'its proper gin.
Host. This membrane, or web, that I now produce, was all the contents contained in a small-cavity, in the head of a sea toad, or tortoise, the head being all to the caviiy silid. This creature weighed one hundred and fifteen pounds, without brains or marrow, the bores being folid as the head, all but the aforesaid cavity.
Club. What you advance reminds us of the surprifing latitude travellers assume and think yourselves entitled to be credited. . Host. What I advance is known to several that will testify the same, an i yourselves will be pleased to examine and give testimony that
it it is nothing but a web consisting of nothing spore than fibres.
Club. What you produce resembles tarantula sheath or web, free from brains or other matter or contents.
Host. The singular instinct: of the tortoise, in her care at the time of her depositing her eggs, to prevent the vigilance of her adversary (the turde) from robbing her nest, or making a prize of herself, brings her the nearest to man of any other animal. Rabbi Moses, whose character you are no stranger to, will give the surprising instinct and many particulars relating to this animal, and this from his own inspection, in the West-Indies, where they are produced.
Club. Rabbi Moses is a character of distinguished merit, on whose veracity we are agreed. We would think ourselves happy in making several enquiries from fo worthy a character, who, according to report, has been in search of truth to all quarters of the world, from his youth, possessed of whatever is worthy praise, in fortune, goodness, refined sentiments, and strong understanding; but there arises a doubt his being of the Jewish persuasion, who are a people not easily deluded or drawn from even error, as they are ridiculously fo, most absurdly. We will cast in our minds the utility of seeing this good and intelligent man, and if we suppose it not hurtful to our light, raising doubts that there is a God, and spiritual intelligences, who watch our actions with an eye sar more clear and penetrating than the sort at noon-day, and that man is composed of two substances; one