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sity. What we have most to fear is, the energetic and almost insane rivalry that is so universally exerted against us all over the Continent. When will Europe be sensible enough to look upon her nations as one family, and thus let each supply the other what she most wants, and thus extend riches and happiness to an unlimited degree. To bring about this consummation all the energies of our statesmen and representatives should be directed.
PRICES OF THE PUBLIC FUNDS,
On Monday, 27th of June.
Portuguese Bonds, Five per Cent., 82 oneone-eighth.--Three per Cent., Reduced, 91 one
quarter.-Colonbian Bonds, 1824, 31 one-half. eighth.-Three and a Half per Cent., Redaced,
-Dutch, Two and a Half per Cent., 57 one99 seven-eighths - Exchequer Bills, 13 p.lodia Bonds, 1 p.
eighth. Spanish Bonds, Active, 42 three-eighths.
MONEY MARKET REPORT.-The settlement on the 23d of last month passed over without any defalcation; after which the Money Market, as far as the English securities were concerned, looked up, Consols being at 92, though Exchequer Bills and India Bonds were rather flat. The foreign market up and down, with nothing like stability ; Spanish Bonds one day as low as 39, then went up to 423. Railways generally lower,-a sure indication that people are, if not getting back their money, at least, some small portion of their senses. Towards the middle of the month, the English Consols rose to 994 ; foreign securities swayed up and down by every passing report. About the 23d, Consols were steady at 924; Exchequer Bills at from 11 to 13 premium, and India Bonds from 1 discount to i premium. All the South American republican bonds very low ; the continental generally supporting their credit. Russian Stock 1104; Dutch Five per Cents, 101 to 102; Belgian, 101 to 102 ; Danish, 763; Brazilian Bonds, 87. Home speculations in mines and shares look rather better generally than they did at the beginning of the month. The above is the quotations of the various prices on
FROM MAY 24, TO JUNE 17, 1836, INCLUSIVE.
May 24. - J. Hagger, Richmond, Surrey, cordwainer.-J. Palmer, Sydney Street, Mile End, carpenter.- J. Potts, Swan Bank, Congleton, Cheshire, tailor.-G. Wootton, Redboorne, Lincolnshire, coal dealer.-K. Shaw, Land Énd, Stoke-opon-Trent, Staffordshire, ma pufacturer of cbina.
May 27.-J. H. Skelton, Piccadilly, Manchester warehousemall.-J. & E. Sims, Strond, common brewers.-J. Kymer, Mincing Lane, London, merchant.-E. Staples, Castle Street East, Oxford Street, Oilman.-J. Cosgrave, Raven Row, Mile End Old Town, rope maker. -W. Chifaey, Wood Ditton, Cambridgeshire, horse dealer.-W. Pissey, Rayleigh, Essex, draper.-W. Pickles, Blackburn, Lancashire, linen draper. - J. Blyth, Langham, Essex, miller.-J. Sharp, sen., Leamington Priors, Warwicksbire, printer.-J. Wade, Lynn Regis, Norfolk, stationer.
May 31.-J. Yeoland, Oxford Street, straw hat maker.-E. F. Grant, Clarendon Square, Somers' Town, surgeon. -J. Ewen, East
Knoyle. Wiltshire, shopkeeper.-R. D'Oyly,
June 3.-J. Snow, Timberhani, Charlwood,
June 7.-E. Rapallo, Walout-Tree-Walk, Lambeth, merchant.-J. Harwood, Chatham, Kent, grocer.-J. Walton, Redditch, Worcestershire, victoaller.-C. J. Berrie, Tamworth, Warwickshire, grocer.
June 10,-W. and R. Dadds, Leadenhall June 17.-D. Mahomed, St. James's Place, Street, grocer.-J. Nicholson, High Street, St. James's Square, pertumer.- J Taylor, Pall Southwark, linen draper.-S. Pearse, Tunbridge Mall, picture dealer. - J. Piper, Prince's Wells, Kent, stonemason.-W. Aspell, Nouting. Wharf, Lambeth, Sorrey, coal mercbant.-P. ham, music seller.-E. Markland, Great Yar Shaw, Eltham, Kent, shipowner.-J. Hogy, month, chemist and draggist.-J. S. Graham, Mathon, Worcestershire, victualier.-M. MatNorthampton, ironmonger.-M. Calvert, Man lington, Nottingham, joiner.-J. Haworth, chester, linenyaru dealer.
Haslingden, Lancashire, cotton inanufactarer. June 14.-1. Moger, Holborn Hill, cheese. -J. Borke, Standish-with-Langtree, Lancamonger.-J. Hayton, Newcastle upon Tyne, shire, shopkeeper.-J. W. Webster, Salford, grocer.-J. Hayton, Wigton, Cumberland, ship Lancashire, currier. - W. and J. Robinson, owner.-J. Hébblewhite, Kingston-upon-Hull. Sheepridge, Yorkshire, manufacturers of fancy -R. Cooper, Bristol, jeweller.
goods.-J. L. Lucas, Birmingbau, sorgeo.
The warmth of the day is observed by means of a Thermometer exposed to the North in the shade, standing about four feet above the surface of the ground. The extreme cold of the night is ascertained by an horizontal self-registering Thermometer in a similar situation. The daily range of the Barometer is known from observations made at intervals of four hours each, froin eiglet in the morning till the same time in the evening, The weather and the direction of the wind are the result of the most frequent observations. The rain is measured every morning at eight o'clock.
W. Preston, of Sunnyside, Lancashire, Operative Calico Printer, for certain improvements in printing of calico and other fabrics. April 28th, 6 months.
J. B. Smith, of Salford, Lancashire, Cotton Spinner, for certain improvements in the machinery for roving, spinning, and twisting cotton and other fibrous substances. April 30th, 6 months.
J. Whiting, of Rodney Buildings, New Kent Road, Surrey, Doctor of Medicine, for an improvement or improvements in preparing certain farinaceous food. May 3rd, 6 months.
J. Macneill, of Parliament Street, Middlesex, Civil Engineer, for improvements in making or mending turnpike or common roads. May 3rd, 6 months.
W. Sneath, of Ison Green, Nottinghamshire, Lace Maker, for certain improvements in machinery, by aid of which improvements, thread work ornaments of certain kinds can be formed in net or lace made by certain machinery, commonly called bobbin-net machinery. May 3rd, 6 months.
W. A. Howell, of Ramsgate, Kent, Smith and Ironmonger, for certain improvements in the construction of springs for doors. May 3rd, 6 months,
T. H. Russell, of Took's Court, in the City of London, Tube Maker, for improvements in making or manufacturing welded iron tubes. May 3rd, 6 months.
E. Pontifex, of Shoe Lane, in the City of London, Coppersmith, for an improvement in the process of making and refining sugar. May 5th, 6 months.
J. Banister, of Colchester, Essex, Watch Maker, for improvements in watches and other time-keepers. May 7th, 6 months.
J. Elvey, of the City of Canterbury, Kent, Millwright, for certain improvements in steam engines. May 7th, 6 months.
M. Hawthornthwaite, of Kendal, Westmoreland, Weaver, for a new mode of producing certain patterns in certain woven goods. May 7th, 6 months.
T, Taylor, of Banbury, Oxfordshire, Saddler and Harness Maker, for certain improvements in saddles for riding. May 7th, 6 months.
L. Hebert, of No. 20, Paternoster Row, in the city of London, for improvements in horse collars. Communicated by a foreigner residing abroad. May 9th, 6 months.
J. Hague, of Cable Street, Wellclose Square, in the parish of St. George in the East, Middlesex, Engineer, for an invention for raising water by the application and arrangement of a well-known power from mines, excavations, holds of ships, or vessels, and other places where water may be deposited or accumulated, whether from accidental or natural causes; and also applying such power to, and in giving motion to certain machinery. May 9th, 2 months.
R. Waddington and J. Hardman, of Bradford, Yorkshire, Iron Founders, for an improved method of making and constructing wheels for railway carriages. May 10th, 6 months.
R. Birkin, of the parish of Basford, Nottinghamshire, Lace Manufacturer, for certain improvements in machinery for making lace, commonly called ornamented bobbin-net lace. May 11th, 6 months.
R. Wilson, of Blyth Sheds, Northumberland, Builder, for improvements in making or manufacturing fire-places, slabs, columns, monuments, and cornices, such as have heretofore been made of marble. May 12th, 6 months.
T. Grahame, of Nantes, in the kingdom of France, but now of Suffolk Street, Pall Mall, Middlesex, Gentleman, for improvements in passing boats, and other bodies, from one level to another. May 13th, 6 months.
J. Ashdowne, of Tunbridge, Kent, Gentleman, for improvements in apparatus to be added to wheels to facilitate the draft of carriages on turnpike and common roads. May 13th, 6 months.
W. Kirk, of Commercial Street, Leeds, in the West Riding of Yorkshire, Music Seller and Manufacturer of Piano Fortes, for certain improvements in pisno fortes. May 14th, 6 months.
j. Whitworth, of Manchester, Lancashire, Engineer, for certain improvements in machinery for spinning and doubling cotton, wool, and other fibrous substances. May 17th, 6 months.
July 1836.--VOL. XVI.-NO. LXIII.
D. Fisher, of Wolverhampton, Staffordshire, Mechanic, for an improvement in steam-engines. May 17th, 6 months.
H. W. Wood, of 29, Austin Friars, in the City of London, Merchant, for certain improvements in certain locomotive apparatus. May 17th, 6 months.
J. Brown, of Esk Mills, in the parish of Pennycuick, North Britain, Paper Maker, for a certain improvement or certain improvements in machinery or apparatus for mak. ing paper. May 18th, 6 months.
T. Beck, of the parish of Little Stonebam, Suffolk, for new or improved apparatus, or mechanism, for obtaining power and motion to be used as a mechanical agent generally, which he intends to denominate rota vivæ. May 18th, 6 months.
P. B. G. Debac, of Brixton, Surrey, Civil Engineer, for improvements in railways. May 18th, 6 months.
H. Elkington, of Birmingham, Warwickshire, Gentleman, for an improved rotary steam-engine. May 23rd, 6 months.
W Watson, of Leeds, Yorkshire, Dyer, for an improvement in dying hats, by the application of certain chemical matters never before applied to that purpose. May 24th, 6 months.
LEARNED SOCIETIES. MEDICO-BOTANICAL SOCIETY- Address of Earl Stanhope, President for the Anniversary Meeting.–At a meeting of tbis Society, held at the Royal Institution on the 11th of May, the annual oration was delivered before the members by the President, the Rt. Hon. Earl Stanhope. This address, on the motion of Sir Henry Halford, Bart., seconded by G. G. Sigmond, M.D., and unanimously carried, is now printed for distribution amongst the Fellows. After returning thanks for his re-election, and congratulating the society upon the additional fame wbich it continued to acquire, he proceeds to remark on the utility, and to define the nature of the connexion of Botany and Chemistry with the Therapeutic art. At the same time that the analogy afforded by analysis, he observes, was a most excellent criterion on which to form a judgment of the effects of a remedy, where Botany and Chemistry were un. known: the value of a remedy could be known only by experience, and this formed a just ground for inquiring into the real merits of popular remedies, possessing established reputation, the value of which had been establisbed by long experience. In noticing the various papers wbich bad been read at the different meetings during the session, and the several new remedies, or applications of such, which had been elicited in its Transactions, he continued to enlarge on the utility of the objects which the society more immediately embrace. These remarks appear to us judicious and well timed, and to convey, in neat language, a severe satire upon the system of superficial trifling pursued by some eminent Botanists, who are incessantly searching for new plants so térmed, but which serve no other purpose than to swell the catalogues with bare descriptions of their external characters, or further confusing the subject with affected new names and arrangements, and this without any regard to their intrinsic properties or uses. The imperfection of the present nomencla. ture and classification, as evinced not only by the multitude of synonyms, but also by innumerable cases in which plants are arranged by some Botanists in different genera, and promoting that uncertainty and confusion which is so injurious to Botany itself, and so inconvenient to those who study it, is next pointed out, and a mode of classification in which the investigation might be facilitated by analogy, is considered to be most desirable. On the present rage for isolating the active principles of vegetable remedies, and disengaging the alkaloid from those combinations on which its medicinal efficacy may wholly or in part depend, the noble Earl makes some just comments, which ougbt to be read by every Pharmacologist. As somewhat analogical with this, be instanced the very complex composition termed mithridate, which was ridiculed and at length expunged from the Pharmacopeia, whilst it has been stated by several English physicians of emi. nence that it was found in many cases to operate as an anodyne, wben all other remedies had failed ; and it might almost be doubted whether the boasted refinements of modern science had not been of dis-service to medicine by causing many useful and valuable remedies to be expunged from the Materia Medica. The allusions to the recent decease of several eminent members of the Society, amongst whom was that ornament of humanity and his profession, the late Professor Burnett, are feelingly made, together with a brief notice of their scientific labours. In conclusion we cannot but congratulate the profession and the society upon the possession of a President whose talents confer honour upon bis rank, and whose exertions in behalf of its objects are so laudable and efficient.
The meeting was well attended, and at its conclusion, thanks were voted to his lordship, as well as to the managers of the Royal Institution, for the kind loan of their theatre for that evening. The theatre and adjoining rooms were neatly laid out with numerous growing specimens of exotic medical plants, sent by Mr. Aiton from the Royal Garden at Kew, together with splendid specimens of the materia medica, of which some of those that were upon the table in the theatre, were briefly remarked upon by the learned and indefatigable secretary, Dr. Sigmond, whose zeal and attention to the interests of the society cannot be surpassed. The noble president's address was listened to throughout with profound attention by a numerous audience of ladies and gentlemen, among whom we remarked His Grace the Duke of Somerset, and several others of the nobility, Sir John and Lady Franklin, Sir H. Halford, Bart, Sir J. Eyres, Captain Maconochie, Colonel Galindo, &c., and most of the leading members of the medical profession.
POLITICAL JOURNAL.- June, 1836. House of Lords, May 30.—Their Lordships met this day, but the business transacted was unimportant.
May 31.—The Slavery Abolition (Jamaica) Bill was read a second time and committed.
June 1.--The House did not assemble this day, but several private Committees proceeded with Railway and other Bills.
June 2.-Notbing important.
June 3.-On the motion for the third reading of a Railway Bill, the Duke of Wellington suggested a short delay, to give time for preparing a clause, to be inserted in all Railway Bills, giving Parliament a right of periodically revising tbem. -Lord Melbourne, and other Noble Lords, concurred in the propriety of securing to Parliament this periodical revision, and the third reading of the Bill was deferred.
June 6.-Nothing important.
June 7.-The Royal assent was given by Commission to the following Bills :The Consolidated Fund, the Administration of Justice in the West Indies, the Abolition of Slavery Act Amendment, the Shetland Seamen's, the Universal Life Assurance Society, the Birmingham Coal Company, the Imperial Continental Gas, Gateshead and South Shields Railway, the Teignmouth Watching, Paving, and Lighting, the Dundee Harbour, the Grampound Road, and several private Bills.
June 9.-Some unimportant business was disposed of, and their Lordships ad. journed.
June 10.-The Bishoprick of Durham Bill was further considered in Committee, and the clause abolishing the Local Courts of Chancery and Common Pleas struck out, and the jurisdiction transferred from the Palatinate to the Crown.--Tbe instruments of Sasine (Scotland) Bill, and the Bastards' Testaments (Scotland) Bill, were severally read a second time; and their Lordships then adjourned.
June 15.- The Lord Chancellor moved the second reading of bis Bills for reforming the Administration of the Court of Chancery and altering the Appellant Jurisdiction of the House of Lords and Privy Council.-Lord Lyndhurst, after a most powerful and argumentative speech, moved, as an amendment, that the Bill be read second time that day six months.- The Lord Chancellor replied, and a division took place, wben the numbers were for the amendment, 94 ; for the Bill, 29.-Adjourned.
June 16.-The Marquis of Londonderry baving withdrawn the amendment of which he had given notice, the Bishoprick of Durham Bill was read a third time, and passed.
June 18.--The English Municipal Act Amendment Bill was reported by the Earl of Shaftesbury, and after the despatch of routine business, their Lordships adjourned.