Page images


church to hold fast, and be diligent for God. | son, now offered on the sacrifice of faith, Tell Kaitara (his brother deacon) to be to the arms of a Father, who is present in strong in the Lord, and active in bis cause; every region. Mr. Colman uttered some also to Tupai.' Then to me he said, with expressions as the ship was moving, but his dying breath, Aua koe e taitaia, •Be they were not distinctly heard. About the not cast down.'

same time Mr. Wheelock was understood “ I had not long arrived home, ere his to say, “ If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let son came to say that his bappy spirit had my right hand forget her cunning. If I fled, I doubt not to be with Him whom he do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave loved. Thus lived, and thus died, a man to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not of God, the first deacon of the church in Jerusalem above my chief joyGnatangia, and the first member of that

Public prayer meetings the Sabbath bechurch at its formation. Few such men fore the vessel sailed, were held in Boston, are to be found. • Mark the perfect man, New York and Philadelphia. At an early and behold the upright; for the end of that season, another prayer meeting was held man is peace.'

by our Boston friends, at which the brethren officiating enjoyed unusual enlargement, and the congregation, though the services

were protracted until ten in the evening, The following account of the embarkation of were unwilling to break up. Sacred conMessrs. Colman and Wheelock, with their solations! how do they attend and recomwives, in 1817, will be read with interest, we pense missionary endeavors! What a feast doubt not, by at least such of the two hundred of sympathy and joy do they spread for who are said to have witnessed the scene, as Scenes, snch as these we describe, must

every enlightened and benevolent mind! are still left among us. It may be well too, for interest the transports of cherubim, and us all to recur to first principles, and catch, if command the gracious smiles of that Rewe can, the spirit that seemed to animate our deemer, whose name they are designed to friends in the origin of our missionary enter-honor! prize. Colman and Wheelock were the first Baptist missionaries that sailed from this port. This account was communicated by a correspondent to the Latter Day Luminary, then

A pious young gentleman found some published in Philadelphia, from which we

difficulty in comprehending this text of make the extract.

scripture,-" The meek shall inherit the The morning on which the anchor was earth.” How shall the meek inherit the weighed, about 200 of the brethren and earth, he said to himself, they are the chilsisters assembled at the ship. Suitable dren of God, and the Lord's people are not lines were sung and a prayer presented by well portioned in houses and lands; indeed Dr. Baldwin, in which every bosom joined, they are generally poorer in the wealth of for their safety and usefulness. The this world than those who live without breezes of heaven blew fresh and fair. It God. One day as he was riding out and is supposed that during the first twenty-four meditating on this subject, he heard the hours, they had made, at least, 180 miles voice of some person speaking with much of their passage. The parting was unusu- earnestness, and approaching a cottage ally tender. All seemed agitated and in from whence the sound proceeded, beheld tears, excepting the dear missionaries them- an aged woman kneeling before a small taselves, in whom all other ideas appeared ble, on which were placed a cup of water, lost, excepting such as were connected with and a morsel of bread. She raised her the honor of becoming missionaries of the hands and eyes to heaven, and feelingly cross, and the prospect of doing good to uttered, “0 Lord, thou hast given me millions of degraded and perishing Burmans. Jesus, and all this beside!” The inquirer

Mrs. Colman observed to a sister present, here found the desired explanation, and that she would not exchange her situation retired, fully convinced that the poor of with any. One circumstance mentioned this world are heirs of the kingdom, and by br. Sharp, was of a nature peculiarly that having nothing, they possess all things. affecting. The father of Mr. Wheelock, just before the vessel moved, cried out, “My dear Willard, let me see thy face Good and upright is the Lord: therefore once more!" Wheelock came to the side. will he teach sinners in the way. His father saw him, and unable to sustain The meek will he guide in jndgment, and the sight, ran through the crowd, and has the meek will be teach his way.—Ps. IIV. tened to his habitation to commend his dear 8: 9.




creased facilities, and with diminished exDomestic.

penditures. A new mission also, in an opposite quarter of the globe, if the business

be entrusted to the same hands, may be Shall the Baptists of the United States

commenced and sustained at a diminished oontinue their united efforts for evangelizing rate of expenditure. These considerations the heathen? We propose briefly to con are in favor of combination. A single sider this question. It requires but little church cannot accomplish this object; nor discernment to perceive, that the advan- could all the churches in a single state, tages arising from such a combination of were they united in the effort, accomplish effort must be very great. These benefits it. Economy, therefore, as well as a rea-' may be contemplated in two lights:-1. As sonable expectation of ultimate success, reit regards the direct influences that arise quires that as many as possible be associatfrom a union of effort, in giving enlarge-ed together. Economy at home as well as inent and perinanency to the enterprize it- abroad, requires this. To prosecute these self; and 2. As it regards the reflex influ- labors an establishment at home is needed. ences that must be exerted on all who are There must be agencies for the collection thus associated.

of funds, for holding correspondence, for The work of foreign missions is of such purchasing and transmitting supplies; all a nature that it requires a very large amount which presuppose the existence of a place of capital to prosecute it successfully. This of business, involving the expenses of rent, is necessary, even, for the establishment of insurance, &c.; they presuppose the exista single mission. In the commencement ence of some central point to which certain of a mission, a family must be sent forth; things shall be transmitted, and from which they must be provided with an outfit; they certain things shall emanate. Now a mulmust be transported to a distant land, and tiplication of these points for doing the same furnished with a habitation and the means of amount of business, involves, necessarily, support among the heathen. The language additional expenses, and a diminished effiof the people must be acquired, and the ciency. Were we also to speak of prayer, scriptures translated and published, in small and of christian sympathy, both of which portions at least, before the work can be com- are indispensably necessary to the success menced. Thus much having been accom- of the missionary enterprize, the result plished, there must be a large reinforce would be in favor of union of effort. ment of laborers for the purpose of preach Before we proceed to consider the reflex ing the gospel, establishing schools, &c.; influences of a missionary association, it and if the mission be prosperous, there will may be well to inquire, whether a people so be raised up native preachers who will need numerous and so remote from each other a support. The expenses of publishing the as are the Baptists in the United States, scriptures, tracts, and other books, must be embracing as they do such variety in manlarge. To do this, we say—to establish a ners and in sentiment, can be expected to single mission, will require great expendi- co-operate harmoniously in the prosecution tures; and if the requisite funds are not of any undertaking. In nothing could we placed at the disposal of its managers, by unite more readily, it is believed, than in an which they can maintain a sound commer- effort to send the gospel to the heathen. cial credit with agents, through whom This object is simple, and can be readily their business must be transacted and funds comprehended by the mind even of a child. transmitted, the work cannot be carried If a person can sympathize in any measforward.

ure with the condition of the heathen in When one mission has been established, their present state of moral degradation, another in the same section of country may and has knowledge enough of the gospel to be commenced and prosecuted with in- perceive that the heathen would be benefit



od by it, if its divine precepts were com- of this association is, first, to collect the mạnicated to them, he has all that is indis- pecuniary means necessary for sending the pensable for membership in such an asso- gospel to the heathen, by soliciting all ciation. He has not every thing that is whomsoever it pleases to contribute for this desirable, certainly, for such a service; to object; and in the second place, to select render one most effective as a fellow la- such agents for communicating the gospel borer in the missionary enterprize, he must to the heathen as are deemed competent. have experienced a gracious change—he The constitution of the Baptist General must have been made alive from the dead, Convention provides that any man who and have associated himself with those considers himself as being associated with who were bound by their profession, to the Baptist denomination, whether be be a live not unto themselves, but unto Him member of the church or not, may become that died for them and rose again; but it a member of the Convention, with full certainly is not an indispensable qualifica- | powers, by paying annually the sum of one tion for membership in a missionary asso- hundred dollars. Missionary societies, asciation, that a man be a christian. Such sociations, state conventions, &c., may manifestly was the view taken of this sub- send one delegate for every three hundred ject by the framers of the constitution of dollars contributed, and they may send the Baptist Triennial Convention. They whomsoever they please. named as the persons to be associated, Such being the broad principles upon members of the Baptist denomination, in- which our Missionary Convention is associcluding both churches and congregations. ated, we see no objection to union; none

This is a broad platform, upon which all which the most scrupulous can urge as a may stand. Such is the nature of this ground of conscientious objection. The work that the most of those who will be churches in one section of the country may attracted to it will be a devoutly pious have reason to believe that those in another people, but if any should come with their section are infected with the error of Arofferings, who have not yet attained to the minianism, and those thus suspected may liberty of the sons of God, let them not be suppose that their brethren, who are disfrowned away. It is the altar that sancti- affected towards them, are leaning to the fieth the gift.

opposite error of Antinomianism ; and We do not admit the truth of the senti- notwithstanding these differences of opinment, current with some, that by allowing ion, both of these sections of country may an individual thus to associate with us, unite in an effort to send the gospel to the we sanction whatever of error in sentiment heathen; and their intercourse with each or practice he may have embraced upon other, upon a subject in which they are other subjects. With as much trath might agreed, would have a tendency to correct it be maintained, that our Savior in eating whatever was erroneous in the doctrinal with publicans and sinners sanctioned, as belief of either party. being right and proper, every thing that The Missionary Convention differs matewas vile in those characters. He associat- rially from an Association. An Association ed with them in a thing that was right in is composed exclusively of church members, itself, and yet was “undefiled;” and by and has for its object the welfare of the thus associating with them, he put himself churches. The Missionary Convention, ou in a position of easy approach to them. the other hand, is composed of all who

We associate in the missionary enter- choose to enter it in the prescribed form; prize, not upon the basis of church fellow- and it has for its object the moral improveship, nor even of christian fellowship, but ment of those who are debased by ignoas the friends of humanity and religion, forrance and sin. An Association partakes the single purpose of sending the gospel to more of the nature of an ecclesiastical orthe destitute in foreign landa. The design ganization, and yet an association has no

So long

power to make laws for the regulation of highest, noblest, parest character. It prothe charches. Like all other voluntary as- poses to do good to those who are poor, sociations, it may say who shall be admit- ignorant and degraded, and who are reted to the privilege of membership in the moved from their benefactors at a distance body; and it may suggest what it pleases of many thousand miles. It proposes to do for the general good, to be received or not good for the sake of doing good, without 3s each church may see fit. The Mission- any earthly hope of reward. It has no ary Convention corresponds more exactly power by which it can influence others, to one of our congregations, which is made except what christian principles and a pious up of believers and unbelievers, associated example give to one mind over another. for the simple purpose of maintaining the The expenditures of the Convention are neworship of God, and in which the pious cessarily regulated by the receipts, and orhave a predominant influence. The Trien- dinarily correspond very exactly the one to nial Convention, as now constituted, sym- the other; and it is compelled, by public bolizes exactly with the true congregational opinion, to limit the support of those in its principle. It claims not a particle of eccle- employ, whether at home or abroad, to the siastical authority; and in no other form, smallest practicable amount. it is believed, could the Baptists be asso

The Triennial Convention is an instituciated. Presbyterians, Methodists and tion of the Baptist denomination. It has Episcopalians, who respectively have their hitherto attracted, and will, we believe, so ecclesiastical judicatories, can be otherwise long as it keeps to its legitimate object, in associated for missionary purposes. Our all future time attract to it the best gifts churches are absolutely independent, and and the purest hearts among us. none are admitted to membership in them, as the Convention keeps to its original debut credible believers on a profession of sign, it will never engross the attention of their faith. There is, therefore, a consid- the ambitious and the designing. Should erable portion of our congregations compe- it seem to be in the way of such, in the tent to this work, and not embraced in our prosecution of their schemes, they may churches, who ought to be called into ser- seek to destroy it, but never will they seek vice, and who, upon our principles, can be to take possession of the convention, with readily associated

the view of performing those heaven ape We can see no just ground of objection pointed labors for the conversion of the to this form of association. A provision is world. made for an equitable representation of the We have spoken, be it remembered, exinterests of every man and every body of clusively of the Triennial Convention. The men. If an individual pays one hundred Convention appoints a Board of Managers dollars per annum, he is entitled to a seat to attend to its business during the recess in the Convention, or if one hundred indi- of three years, which Board, under cerviduals pay this sum, they are entitled to a tain general instructions, is required to representation; and these representatives report its proceedings to the general body constitute the Convention, each individual at the close of every term of service. having an equal right of discussion and of It is required in the constitution that no suffrage. The Convention thus constituted person shall be eligible to membership in bas absolute power; a bare majority elects the Board, “except he be a member of a Board of Managers, and a majority of some Baptist church.” It was providtwo thirds may amend, or repeal any fun- ed originally in the Constitution, adoptdamental principle.

ed in 1814, that no persons should be The security that the Convention will al- employed as missionaries, except those ways be found in the hands of good men, only who “ are in full communion with arises from the nature of the institution some church of our denomination, and itself. It is a benevolent association of the furnish satisfactory evidence of genuine


piety, good talents, and fervent zeal for dence—which, to those who have received the Redeemer's cause."

it, has all the certainty of a demonstration. We proceed to speak of some of the All who have been particularly active in reflex tendencies of our Missionary Conven- | these services have this kind of evidence; tion, an association in which are united it is what they have seen and felt. When brethren from every section of the Union. assembled in convention, with brethren from We shall not, at this time, dwell upon the extremities of the Union, they have those happy effects that always accrue to witnessed and felt the light of one mind personal character when one is engaged beaming upon another; the sympathies of from right motives, in acts of benevolence, one heart have enkindled another. As except to remark, that whatever of good brethren from the North and the South, influences upon the heart and character the East and the West, have in their wismay be derived from labors in the work of dom proposed their respective plans for the foreign missions, they can be secured to the general good, they have been kindly remembers of our congregations only by this ceived, and have been made the common combination of effort. Destroy combina- property of the whole body. On these occation, and you destroy the power to act. sions, too, there have been manifested such The hearty cooperation of all our congre- christian affection and brotherly kindness, gations in the land, is to the success of this that all hearts have been melted and cast enterprize what the healthful action of into the same mould. each member of a church is to the prosper Could we summon before us the sainted ity of that church. A church may have a spirits of Furman, and Baldwin, and Rice, measure of prosperity, while but a portion and Staughton, and Knowles, and Mercer, of its members are attentive to their duties; and Chaplin, and many others who have so the Convention may have a partial suc- gone to their rewards in heaven, how gladcess, while, as yet, but a portion of our ly would they testify to these facts. But people are associated.

we need not appeal to those who have deNo one suitably informed upon the sub-parted, there are hundreds of living witject, will undertake to deny, that our for- nesses who can testify to the things which eign missionary operations have had a most they have seen and felt. Neither have happy influence upon our churches at these influences of which we are now home. Since 1814, when the Baptist Tri- speaking been confined to occasions when ennial Convention was formed, the denom- the Convention has been assembled, nor ination has enjoyed a measnre of prosperity have they emanated exclusively from a conbefore unknown; and we account for this templation of the more immediate objects fact by ascribing it, mainly, to the reflex of the association ; many advantages have influence of missionary labor abroad. We arisen from this general intercourse. On know of no method of accounting for the these occasions the best gifts in our minisfact so satisfactory as this. Such a result try, and some of the choicest spirits among is just what might have been expected; our brethren, have been brought together and it might have been predicted with as upon terms of free and familiar intercourse; much certainty as may the future obscura- and by these means a happy impulse has tion of one of the planets; and with equal been given to all our various plans of becertainty may it be predicted that disaster nevolence. The ministry has come to be will follow, should anything be allowed to better supported, and, consequently, has interrupt this union. Should this offence been more fully devoted to its appropriate come, which may kind Heaven prevent, work. Plans have been matured and carwo unto him by whom the offence cometh. ried into effect for the better education of

There is, however, another ground of the ministry; other national societies have evidence by which this fact may be estab- been originated ; and a spirit of general lished—shall we call it the internal evi- benevolence h-s been awakened and foster

« PreviousContinue »