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Essay of Valour (Morley, p. 101) : ' And to come nearer home, nothing draws a woman like to it, for valour toward men is an emblem of an ability toward women, a good quality signifies a better. Nothing is more behoveful for that sex, for from it they receive protection, and we free from the danger of it; nothing makes a shorter cut to obtaining, for a man of arms is always void of ceremony, which is the wall that stands betwixt Pyramus and Thisbe, that is, man and woman.' 5. Ch. 8. For the metre, see note on 1. 1. 61. And pre , fers that, I 'fore all | the Peoples hands.

GLOSSARY

In preparing this Glossary, the New English Dictionary has, where available, been my chief authority; the Century Dictionary, Schmidt's Shakespeare-Lexicon, and Nares' Glossary have also furnished considerable aid; for other lexicons used, see the Bibliography.

A dagger before a word or definition indicates that the word or definition is obsolete; parallel lines, that a word has never been naturalized; an interrogation-mark, that the sense is doubtful.

A, prep. (A worn-down proclitic thing that diminishes the value.

form of 0. E. prep. an, on.) In. 3. I. 22. 3. 5. 191.

Amber-gris, n. A secretion of Abate, v. *To put down, to do the sperm-whale used in per

away with. (Fig.) 3. 3. 86. fumery. 3. 2. 4 Abuse, v. [To impose upon, cheat, Amphiboly, n. Ambiguous dis

deceive. 1. 6. 26; 3. 6. 28; course ; a sentence which may 4. 4. 44.

be construed in two distinct Accidentall, a. Incidental, sub- ways.

2. 3. 33 sidiary. 3. Ch. 10.

Ana-sarca, n.

Path. A dropsical Accoast, v. To make up to, and affection producing a very speak to. 2. 4. 23

puffed appearance of the flesh. Accompt, v. [Form of account.] 2. 3. 15. Arch. 2. 5. 67.

And, conj. If. 1. 4. 8; 2. 3. 8. Acquaintance, coll. n. Persons Animadverting, ppl. a. Express

with whom one is acquainted. ing censure or blame. 2. 6. 122. I. I. 16.

Anon, adu. Immediately, straight Advance, v. fTo benefit. 4. 6. way, at once. Ind. 86; 1 Ch. 27.

42. Advise, v. To consider, ponder. Apparance, n. [Form of tappa3. 3. 19.

rence). The earlier form of the Affected, ppl. a. Disposed, incli- sb. answering to adj. 'appaned. 2. 6. 126.

rent,' which was subseq. reAfore, prep. Before, in front of. fashioned as · Appearance,' by Arch. or dial. I. 2. 47

assimilation to the vb. ‘appeAgain, prep. Opposite to. 13. 1. ar.'

Apparence' survived, 30.

esp. in sense, which connected Against, conj. adv. ? By, before. it more closely with ' apparent' 2. 3. 38.

than appear.'-NED.; talse Against, prep. ? In preparation show; apparition. 4. 7. 44. for. 2. 3. 38

Appeale, v. *Law. To accuse of Aldermanity, n. [In humorous crime which the accuser

imitation of 'humanity.') 5. 7. undertakes to prove. 5. 10. 68. 82.

†Apperill, n. Peril, risk. 5. 10. fAllay, n. Admixture of some- 50.

a

Appoint, v. 1. To fix by appoint- Beholden, ppl. a. Obliged, inment the time or place of a debted. 1. Ch. 53; 1. 3. 19: meeting. Arch.

I. 4. 48. 2. To settle, arrange definitely. Beholdingnesse, n. Obligation, 3. 3. 42.

indebtedness. 4. 2. 21. Apprehension, n. The anticipa- Being, ppl. a. Absol. Seeing, tion of what is still future; since. 2. 5. 30. chiefly of things adverse. 3. 5. Bencher, n. . One of the senior 143

members of the Inns of Court, Argument, n. The summary of

who form for each Inn a selfthe subject-matter of a book. elective body, managing its Ind. 117; 5. 7. 23.

affairs, and possessing the priAs, adv. fAs if. I. 7. 34, 35- vilege of "calling to the bar. As, conj. fResult: That. Ind. NED.

4. 2. 46. 107; 1. 1.9; 2 Ch. 34, 36; 4. 3. Beside, prep. †Beyond the range 43; 4. 8. 41.

or compass of; utterly apart Ascites, n. Path. Dropsy of the from. (L. præter). I. 5. 23. abdomen. 2. 3. 17

Betimes, adv. In good time, in Assure, v. f1. To convey pro

due time. I. 2. 9. perty by deed. 5. 80. 59. Betrothed, ppl. a. Pledged, 72. To make sure by marriage; plighted.

1. 6. 23. betroth or engage. 5. 10. 93. Bevy, n. A company of maidens Attendance, n. {The action or or ladies. 5. 5. 17.

condition of turning one's ener- Bird, n. A maiden, girl. [Con

gies to; assiduous effort. 1.7.5. fused often with fourd, a poetic Auditorie, Auditory, n. An audi- word for woman,' 'lady';

ence. Ind. 129; 3 Ch. 9. and with bride.] 2. 5. 78. Avise, n. (Form of Advice.) Legal Blacks, n. (pl.) Black clothing, counsel. 1. 7. 41.

especially that worn as a sign Ayiso, n. fA motification, dis- of mourning.

patch, or formal advice. 1. 7. Blade, n. 1. A bravo, Hector; a 41.

fierce man, Arch. 2. 6. 147

2. A gallant; a fellow; generBaggage, a. Worthless. 3. 5. 69. ally familiarly laudatory, soBatchler, n. [Form of Bachelor.] metimes good-naturedly con

A single woman. 2. 2. 20. temptuous. 3. 5. 160. Bate, v. [Form of bait.) To set Blancks, n. [Form of Blanks.]

on dogs to bite and worry (an Blank verse; esp. the iambic animal). Fig. To worry or

pentameter or unrimed heroic, torment; to harass. I. 5. 28. the regular measure of English Bate, v. To make a reduction in, dramatic and epic poetry. to lessen. 5. 19. 121.

2. 37. Baud, n. [Form of bawd.) A Blow, v. Said of flies and other

go-between,' a pander. 2. 6. insects: To deposit their eggs. 96; 4. 4. 2.

5. 7. 2. Beagle, n. A small variety of Blowne, ppl. a. Fig. Inflated hound, tracking by scent. Fig. with pride.

Arch. 3. 5. 135. use. 5. 5. I.

Bomb, n. [Form of bum.] ProBeget, v. f1. To get, to acquire tuberance, swelling. 2. 3. 20. (usually by effort).

1 Ch. 19; | Brace, n. A pair, a couple. Ind. 2. 6. 127.

51 ; 2. 6. 117; 4. 8. 43. 2. To produce, occasion. 1. 1. 66. Brake, n. A clump of bushes,

I. 2. 22.

1. I.

7. 69.

2. 7.

[ocr errors]

I. I.

brushwood, or briers. 5. 7. By-chop, n.

A bastard. 4. 7. 18.

24. Brancht, ppl. a. 1. Spread out, By, o' the, Phr. 1. fIncidentally, voluminous. 1. 5. 22.

with little effort. 1. I. 67. +2. Divided, distributed. I. 5. 2. †As a matter of secondary 22.

or subsidiary importance. Brave, adj. 1. Finely-dressed; showy. Arch. Ind. 30.

3. As an addition on the side ; 2. A general epithet of admi- a minor item. 2. 6. 24. ration or praise. 2. I. 10; 4.

Cabinet, n.

1. A case for the safe Bravery, n. fA gallant, a beau. custody of jewels, letters, or 2. 3. 71.

other valuables. Breake, n. [Form of break.] A 2. Politics : The council cham

collection of money. Slang. ber. Play on these two mean5. 10. 112.

ings. I. 7. 45. Breed, n. †Birth, natal or racial Call, n. A roll-call; the reading origin. i Ch. 58.

aloud of a list of names. 2. I. 6. Breeding, vbl. n. Creating, cau- Callot, n. The coif worn on the sing. 2. 6. 129.

wigs of our judges, or serjeants +Breeks, n. Pl. of Breek. North at law. G. 1. 7. 68.

Eng. and Sc. variant of Breech. Can, v. [O. E. cunnan, pres, Ind. A garment covering the loins can.] Trans. To know. 1. 2. and thighs. 5. 5. 2.

28; 1. 5. 37 Bring off, Phr. To bring away Caract, n. [Obs. Form of carat.]

from (a position or condition); Fig. Estimate; value. esp. by boat

from a ship, 44; 1. 7. 38. wreck, the shore.' NED. Card, n. An instrument used to Fig. To rescue, deliver, save. part, comb out, and set in Arch. I. I. 38; 3. 6. 31.

order the fibres of wool, hemp, Bring on, Phr. †To lead forward etc. Ind. 121. or on; conduct.

3. 4. 29. Carpet, n. A thick fabric, comBrooch, n. †A jewel, an ornam- monly of wool, used to cover ent of jewels. 1. 7. 33.

tables, beds, etc. 4. 8. 43. Brook, v. To endure, tolerate. Carriage, n. f Manner of con1. 3. 27

ducting oneself socially. 1. 1. 6. Bruit, n. Noise, din, clamour. Case, n. I. A state of matters Arch. 1. 6. 17.

relating to a particular person. Buffon, n. [Form of Buffoon.] 1. 5. 6o.

A comic actor, clown; a jester. 2. Physical condition. Play on Arch. I. 2. 42.

these two meanings. 2. 7. 10. Bum, n. A child's word for Cassock, n. A long close-fitting drink. 4. 7. 9.

frock or tunic worn by Anglican Burden, n. [Confusion with Bour- clergymen. I. 5. 22. don.]

Accompaniment sung Cast, v. To diagnose disease by while the leading voice sang inspection of. 3. 4. 67. a melody.] Hence, refrain, Catastasis, n. · The third part gist, theme, leading idea. of the ancient drama; being

that wherein the intrigue is Buzz, v. To spread as a rumour, supported, carried on and heigh

with whispering or talk. tened till it be ripe for the 2. 6. 117.

unravelling in the catastrophe.'

2.

6. 63.

2.

2.

1. 37

NED. from Chamber's Cycl. | Civill, a. [Form of civil.) Well1. Ch. 1o.

bred ; 'polite.' 2. Ch. 32. Catastrophe, n. • The change or Clap, n. fA stroke of misfor

revolution which produces the tune, a sudden mishap. 4. 3. 7. conclusion or final event of a Clap, v. Phr. To clap on : To dramatic piéce.' (J) the de- urge on; to applaude. 5. 10. 95.

nouement. 1. Ch. 9; 4. Ch. 23. Clarke, n. [Obs. form. of clerk.) Catife, a. (Form of caitiff.) Base, 1. 2. 33 ; 2. 3. 52; 4. 6. 4.

mean, despicable. 4. 4. 1. Clearly, adv. Honestly, straight'Cause, conj. [An elliptic use of forwardly, frankly.

2. 5. 4. the noun for ' because.'] Obs. Clerke, n. A clergyman, ecclesi

exc. dial. Because. 2. 28. astic, cleric. I. I. 85. Cave, n. fA hollow place of any Clicket, n. +A latch-key. Fig.

kind, a cavity. Ind. 28. use. 4. 4. 18. Cawdle, n. [Form of caudle.] Close, a. 1. Close-fisted, stingy,

A warm drink consisting of penurious. 1. 4. 62. thin gruel, mixed with wine 2. Reserved, reticent, uncomor ale, sweetened and spiced, municative. I. 7. 25. given chiefly to sick people, 3. Confined or restricted to a esp. women in childbed.' NED. privileged few; exclusive. 4. 7. 7 ; 4. 7. 25; 5. 2. 16.

I. 12. Cellar, n. fa case of bottles. 3. 4. Secret.

2. 5. 52 ; 3. 5. 164;

5. 9. 15. Censure, n. Criticism. 2. Ch. Clot, n. Fig. A dull fellow, a 54; 1. I. 32.

Clod. Dial. I. 6. 26. Censure, v. To express judge Clothing, ubl. n. +Livery, uniment, criticise.

Ind. 116; I form; a Livery Company. 5. Ch. 1.

5. 17. Chance, n. Mishap; accident. Clout, n. A piece of cloth, etc. Arch. 4. 7. 21.

set on to mend anything; a Chant, v. fTo talk, or repeat a patch. Arch. & dial. 3. 4. 27.

statement; to harp upon. 2. Clowne, n. An ignorant, ill-bred 2. 2.

man. I. 6. 26. Cheere, n. fEntertaitment. 1. Colour, n. Fair pretence, pretext. 2. 16.

3. 5. 35. Chime, no Fig. Accord, agree- Comminatory, a. Threatening, ment, harmony. 2. 4. 35.

denunciatory. I. I. 49. fChoke-baile, n. 'An action rais- Compasse, n.

Moderate space, ing so great an issue as to pre- due limits. 3. Ch. 12. vent the possibility of bail Complement, n. fobservance of

being offered.' NED. 3. 3. 33. ceremony in social relations. Cholericke, a. (Form of choleric.] 4. 3. 49.

Hot-tempered, passionate, an- Conceit, n. A conception, idea, gry. 1. I. 48.

thought. Ind. 86. Choller, n. Anger, heat of tem- Conceive, v. To fancy, imagine, per. 3. 3. 79; 3. 5. 63.

think. 1. 2. 31. Chopping, a. Vigorous; strapping Conclude, v. †To lead to a con4. 8. 8.

clusion, be conclusive. 3. 5. 128. Chuck, v. fto chuckle, to laugh Condemn, v. Phr. condemned to inwardly. 2. 3. 33.

be: Accused of being. 1. 4. 56. Cimini, n. pl. of Cimex. A bed- Confederacy, no Conspiracy, colbug. 2. 6. 150.

lusion. 2. Ch. 59.

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