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Martial censured on the memory of Domitian, 70.
Martyrdom, why considered as a standing miracle, 433, &c.
Martyrs, what the primitive Christians thought of them, 434. Their
miraculous support proved from the nature of their sufferings, 435.
Mary Magdalen, the deserts rendered famous by her penance, de-
scribed by Claudian, 147.
Matthew (St.) his gospel, a supposition how it came into India, 429.
Mauritania described on a medal, 85, &c.
Maximilian, the first founder of the Austrian greatness, 356.
Medalions described, 105.
Medals, ancient, dialogues on their usefulness, 3.
Medals, Roman, illustrated by the Latin poets, 80.
Medals, a parallel between the ancient and modern ones, 102. Why
the ancients made them of brass or copper, 103. When they passed
as current coin, 104. Their mottos or inscriptions enquired into,
109, &c. Account of French ones, 115. Medallic history of the
popes, 117. Pope's verses on the treatise of medals, 1.
Medallists, who are the most skilful in the world, 283. Usefulness
of the medallic science, 284.
Medicis family, account of it, 315.
Meldingen, a little republic in Switzerland, the model of its govern-
ment and the business of its councils of states, 339,
Meleager, his statue and story, 269.
Mercator, his character, 397.
Mercury's rod, or Caduceus, described on a medal, 56, &c.
Mevania furnished all Italy with herds for their sacrifices, 207.
Milan described by Ausonius, 167. Its great church, 157, 159. Re-
lics and great riches in it, 159, 160. The citadel, and situation of
its state, 163, 164. Affectation of the French dress and carriage in
the court, 164.
Military fury shut up in the temple of Janus, 68.
Mincio river, described by Virgil and Claudian, 168, 169.
Miracles of our Saviour, how represented by Celsus, 409. The cre-
dibility of those confirming Christianity, 418.
Misena, its cape and set of galleries described, 254.
Modena, extent of its dominions and condition of its inhabitants, 313,
Monaco, its harbour described by Lucan, 149.
Monte Circejo, why supposed by Homer to have been an island, 259.
Æneas's passage near it described by Virgil, 259, 260.
Monte Novo, how formed, 240.
Morge, its artificial port, 331.
Morpheus, why represented under the figure of a boy, 311. In what
manner addressed to by Statius, ibid.
Mosaic work much improved, 296.
Naples, 224. Its many superstitions, ibid. Its delightful bay, 225.
Described by Silius Italicus, &c. 231, 232. Its pleasant situation,
227. Litigious temper of the inhabitants, 223. Different from
what it was in Statius's time, ibid. The great alteration of the ad-
jacent parts from what they were formerly, 234. The natural cu-
riosities about it, 232, &c.' Policy of the Spaniards when they go-
verned it, 230. Severity of the taxes there, ibid. Why called
Narni, why so called, 211, 212.
Naval force, its dependence on commerce, 369.
Neapolitans, addicted to pleasure, and why, 231.
Nemæan games, what was the reward of the victor, 91.
Nemisis of the good and the wicked, 262.
Nemi, why so called, 296.
Nero, explanation of his medal on his marriage with Octavia, 62, &c.
Nettuno, for what remarkable, 260.
Neufchattel, dispute about the succession to it, 350.
Nile, why its statues are black, 312.
Nisida island, 254.
Nyon, supposed to have been the Colonia Equestris of Julius Cæsar,
Oaken garland on old medals explained, 53. &c. When distributed as
a reward, 54.
Oericulum, its ruins, 212.
Olives, abundance of them in Spain, 87.
Origen, his character, 424, 425. His observation on our Saviour's
prediction of the fate of Jerusalem and his disciples, 436 to 441.-
On the reformation of the Pagans, 442.
Ostia described by a medal, and Juvenal, 263.
Otho, two medals of his, 319.
Padua, its university and cloth manufacture, 178. The original of
Padua from Virgil, 179.
Pagans, how they came to be informed and convinced of the truth of
our Saviour's history, 415, 420, &c. The names of several of their
philosophers who were Christian converts, 416, &c. Motives of
their conversion to Christianity, 418, &c.
Palæstrina described, 296.
Palm-tree, why represented on coins relating to Judea, 35.
Parker, an English ecclesiastic, his epitaph on his tomb in Pavia, 156.
Parma, its famous theatre and gallery, the extent of its dominions and
condition of its inhabitants, 318.
Parsley, a garland of it the reward of the victor in the Nemæan
Parthia described on a medal, and by the poets, 96.
Parthians, a medal on Lucius Verus's victory over them, 63, 70.
Panl the hermit, some account of him, 425.
Pavia its description, 155. Why called Ticinum by the ancients, 156.
Pausilypo's grotto, 232. "The beautiful prospect of its mount, 254.
Peace described on a medal, 26, 56.
Pendentisque Dei, in Juvenal, explained, 270.
Persius a better poet than Lucan, 99, 101.
Persona. See Larva.
Pertinax, two medals of his, 319.
Pesaro town, 204.
Pescennius Niger, his medal, 313.
Peter's (St.) church at Rome described; the reason of its double dome,
and its beautiful architecture, 216.
Phaëton's sisters, the poets blamed for turning them into poplars, 320.
Phenix described on a medal, 36 to 39.
Philip II. a gold medal of his weighing, 221b. 103. A medal of his
on Charles V. resigning the crown to him, 111.
Pietists, a new sect in Switzerland, 351.
Piety described on a medal, 34.
Pillars of Trajan and Antoninus the noblest in the world, 288.
Pisa, a large but not populous city, 305.
Pisatello. See Rubicon.
Pisauro, doge of Venice, his eulogium, 183.
Plane-tree, Cicero's observation on it, 101.
Plenty described on a medal, 27, 28, 55, 56.
Po, described by Lucan, 192. Scaliger's critique upon it, 193. De-
Rome described, 89. Its commonwealth represented by a stranded
vessel, 74, 75.
Rome, modern, stands higher than the ancient, 264. The grandeur
of the commonwealth, and magnificence of the emperor differently
considered, 265, 266. Its rarities, and considerations here upon,
266, &c. Why more frequented by the nobility in summer than in
winter, 298. Its antiquities, Christian and Pagan, 265. Its an-
cient armour and garments, 276, 277. Sculptures, 274 to 283.
Medals and coins, 283, &c. Columns, 286 to 290. Why so few
sects in her church, 352, 353.
Romulus's cottage described by Virgil, 207.
Rottenbourg castle, 358.
Rotunda at Rome, its beautiful architecture, 217.
Rubicon, called at present Pisatello, described by Lucan, 197, 198.
Sagulum, mentioned by Virgil, described on a medal, 88.
Salforata, a stinking river, 292.
Salt-works. See Hall.
Sannazarius's verses upon Venice, 191. His tomb, 226. Verses on
a temple in Naples, ibid.
Satire, what it delights in, 269.
Scales on old coins explained, 52.
Schomberg, Duke of, where interred, 331.
Scripture, its harmony with church tradition in the early times of
Security described on a medal, 31, &c. 73.
Sheep, the emblem of France, 87.
Ships of the Romans, a conjecture that they had their tutelar deities,
Shipwrecks described, 50, &c.
Sibyls temple and grove, where they stood, 293.
Sicily described on a medal, 93.
Sienna, its cathedral, 300.
Simeon, one of the seventy disciples, an account of him, 427.
Sistrum, or timbrel of the Egyptians, 84.
Slaves, how they became citizens of Rome, 46.
Smalte, of the Italians, what it is, 296.
Smyrna described on a medal, and by the poets, 97.
Snow, monopolized at Naples, 243.
Soleure, the residence of the French ambassadors, 338.
Soracte, called by the modern Italians St. Oraste, 213.
Spaniards, their policy in the government of Naples, 228, &c.
Spain described on a medal, 86, &c. Abounds with rabbits, ibid.
Spain, the importance of disuniting her from France, 367, &c.
Sphinx, description of that monster, 76.
Spintriæ, medals dug up, 251.
Spoletto, its antiquities, 207.
Standard-bearer, Roman, described, 57, 58.
Suffolk, Duke of, buried in Pavia, with the inscription on his tomb,
155. His history, 156.
Suggestums, old Roman described, 198.
Sun, why represented on medals by Corona Radiata, 78.
Switzerland, its wonderful tranquillity, and the reason of it, 344. Its
inhabitants thrifty, and why, 345. Their dress, 347. Their cus-
tom in bequeathing their estates, 349. Their notion of witchcraft,
350. The reason of its periodical fountains, 328, 337. Their sol-
diers, 338. Scholars, 340. Granaries, 348.
Tariff, Count, his trial and conviction, 393. His dress and character,395.
Terni, why formerly called Interamna, 208.
Tertullian, his character, 406.
Teverone river, 294.
Theatins, their convent in Ravenna, 196.
Thunderbolt on old medals explained, 53,
Tiber, Virgil's account of it, 202, 263. Its great riches, 280.
Tiberius, a coin of his explained, 67.
Tiberius's medals, 235, 252, 310
Ticinus or Tessin, a river near Pavia, 156. Described by Silius Ita-
licus, 157, and Claudian, 169.
Timavus, described by Claudian, 169.
Timbrel of the Egyptians, 84.
Tirol, its valley, 354 to 359. Particular privileges of its inhabitants,
Titus's arch, 290.
Titus, one of his medals explained, 93, &c.
Tivoli, its situation, 293, 298.
Toulon, why the attack in the late war miscarried, 360.
Trajan, a medal on his victory over the Daci, 67. Another of his me-
dals explained, 73, &c.
Trajan's medal, 204. Pillar, 289.
Trees, what will bear grafting on each other, 448.
Typhæus, where placed by the ancient poets, 255, 256.