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US10071,20

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1837,

By CHARLES BOWEN, in the Clerk's office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

CAMBRIDGE:
FOLSOM, WELLS, AND THURSTON,

Printers to the University.

FEB 14 1917

PREFACE.

In presenting the ninth volume of the American Almanac to the public, we again avail ourselves of the opportunity which the occasion affords, of expressing our grateful acknowledgments to our correspondents, who have kindly forwarded information for the improvement of the work; and we respectfully solicit a continuance of their favors.

This volume will be found to contain the usual quantity and variety of matter; and, as such explanations and remarks, as were deemed useful, in relation to the various subjects treated of, are given in different parts of the work, it is unnecessary to speak particularly of them here. For information relating to the Astronomical Department, the reader is again referred to the Preliminary Observations of Mr. Paine.

All intelligent and judicious legislation must be founded, in a great measure, on statistical knowledge. If the statistics of all the United States, collected and digested on a judicious and uniform plan, - embracing, among other matters, a view of the Population, with the different classes and divisions, - Commerce, Manufactures, and Agriculture, with their various branches, — works of Internal Improvement, as Canals, Railroads, &c., — Crime and Pauperism, - Education and Religion, with their condition, means of support, and the institutions connected with them, were, at regular periods, laid before the public, a mass of information would be presented, which would be of immense advantage to the national government and to the government of the several states ; and the wide diffusion of such information among the citizens at large would be attended with the most salutary consequences. “Knowledge is power"; and such knowledge as this would greatly increase the ability of the national and state governments, as well as of societies and individuals, to promote the interest, and advance the moral civilization and improvement, of the people.

The volumes of the American Almanac contain a good deal of statistical information, which has been collected with much labor and expense. In conducting the work, we have frequently found it impossible to procure the information wanted. The statistics of the whole country can never be collected by one individual, nor by a society formed for the purpose. If the work is ever accomplished in a suitable manner, it must be done under the direction of the government of the United States, And, if the national government should connect this object with the taking of the next Census, the design would certainly commend itself to every man of enlightened views; and it would redound to the lasting honor of the administration that should first introduce the system. Cambridge, Massachusetts,

September 11, 1837,

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