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tised so much, as to neglect the great and weighty business of state, and leave every


** pursuing some wild beast, for the cruel fatisfaction of '* destroying it; an amusement which renders the body "robust and active, and leaves the mind fallow and *' uncultivated. Sportsmen, perhaps, will reproach me "here with gravity and preaching, and alledge, that I ** assume the prerogative of a priest in his pulpit, who "may assert whatever he pleases, without being afraid ** of contradiction. Hunting, fay they, is the noblest "and most antient of all amusements; the patriarchs "and many other eminent men were hunters; and by ** this we continue to exercise that dominion over the "beasts, which God vouchfafed to give Adam. But ** no folly is the better for being antient, especially "if it is carried to extravagance: many great men, I "own, have been passionately fond of this diversion; "but these had their weaknesses as well as perfections: "Let us imitate their great qualities, without copying f* after their little and idle occupations. The fame pa"triarchs were not only given to hunting, but to po"lygamy, nay, would marry their own sisters, and "had many other customs which favoured of the barK barous ages wherein they lived. They were rude, ig*' norant, and uncultivated idle men, who, to kill time, "employed it in hunting, and threw away those mo"ments in useless amusements, which they had no ca"pacity to employ in the company and converfation os' "men of understanding;. Let me now ask whether ** these are examples to be imitated ; whether these bar"barous ages, or others that were more resined, ought "to be the model of the present f To enquire whether "Adam received dominion over the beasts, would be "foreign to my subject; but it is well known, that "men have been always more cruel and ravenous than "the beasts themselves, and make the most tyrannical "use of that dominion they pretend to. If any thing "gives us advantage over these animals, it is certainly

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thing of consequence to be transacted by his council, to his no small dishonour.


"our reason; but prosesied hunters, for the most part, "have their heads surnished with nothing but horses, "dogs, boars, stags, and the like. They are some"times as wild andfavage themselves as the beasts they "pursue; and it may well be seared lest they should be"come as inhuman to their sellow-creatures, as they *' are to their sellow-animals, or at least that the cruel "custom of persecuting and destroying these, may take away their sympathy for the misfortunes of the others. '' And is this so noble an occupation, so worthy *' of a thinking being? It may be objected that hunt"ing is an healthsul exercise, and that those who are "given to it live to a great age, as appears by experi"ence; that it is a harmless amusement, and very pro"per for sovereigns, as it displays their magnificence, *' dissipates their cares, and in times of peace presents "them with an image of war. I would be far from "condemning a moderate use of this exercise, but let "it be remembered, that exercise in general is hardly "necessary to any but the intemperate. Never prince "lived longer than cardinal Fleury, cardinal Ximenes, "or the late pope, and yet neither of the three was a "hunter. But is it necessary to chuse an employment "which has no other merit but that of promising long *' lise? Monks commonly live longer than other men; *' must a man therefore become a monk? there is no *' need of leading an indolent and useless lise, as long as *' that of MethufaUm: the more a man improves his "understanding, and the more great and usesul actions "he performs, the longer he lives. Hunting, besides, *' is of all amusements that which is least proper for a "prince- he may display his magnificence a thousand "ways, that are all more usesul to his subjects: and if "it should be found, that the peafants were ruined by "the too great number of wild beasts, the care of de"stroking these might be committed to prosessed huri

* ' texs


He had a vehement desire to be thought learned, and master of the controversies then on foot, which made him expose himself much in the conference at HamptonCourt (nn), between the episcopalians and


"ters hired for that purpose. The proper employment "of a prince is that of improving his own mind, and "governing his people, in order to acquire more know*' ledge, and consequently be able to accommodate his "government to their interest. It must not be omitted, *' that to be a great general, there is no need of being "a hunter. Gu/lavus Æolpbus, marshal Turenne, the *' duke of Marlboroughy and prince Eugene, whose ** characters as able generals and illustrious men, will *' not be questioned., were not hunters; nor do we read

"of the huntings of Alexander, Cafar, or Scipio.

*' I conclude therefore, that it is excufable in a prince '' to go a hunting, if it is but seldom, and to refresh *' him after his serious and often melancholy employ'' ments. I fay once more, I object to no honest plea*' sure; but the care of rendering a state flourishing and "happy, and of protecting and encouraging arts and "sciences, is unquestionably a much superior pleasure, "and much fitter employment fora prince; and who"ever betakes himself to any other, neither consults "his pleasure nor his interest (a)." {"} *?'•'


(nn) Which made him expose himself much in the 8vo. Lond. conserence at Hampton Court, &c.J This conserence 174l' was begun Jan. 14, 1603. in pursuance of a proclamation for that purpose, dated Oct. 24, of the same year. The prosessed design of it was to examine into the objections of the puritans, against the doctrine, government, and discipline of the established church, and rectify abuses crept into it. But the king had little of this a: heart; his design was to shew his learning, and mortify the puritans, which he did as well as he could. , G 2 He

the puritans, where he set up for a disputant,

He talked therefore of the name and use of consirmation, and jhe occasions its being sirst brought in ; of absolution, private baptism, and excommunication; poipts well worthy the study of a king, and coming with great propriety from his mouth. "Absolution, *' he declared, was apostolical, and a very good ordi"nance, in that it was given in the name of Christ to "one that desired it, and upon the clearing of his con(a)BarWi" science (a)." He maintained " the necessity of bapaccount of *' tisin, where it might be lawfully had, id est, miKn«"as" "nistred bv ,awful ministers, by whom alone, and by Hampton- "no private person, he thought it might not in any Court, in ** cafe be administred. After which he learnedly obthe PhenU,*'^erved> tnat though the minister be not of the esp. 145.8vo!" fence of the facrament [of baptism] yet he is of the Lond.17o7.* * essence of the right and lawful ministry of the facrasi) W.p. "ment (b)." These discourses passed between the king J47* and bishops alone on the sirst day, greatly, I dare fay, to their rejoicing. On the second day, the ministers who were to propose the demands of the puritans being Called in, viz. Reynolds, Sparks, Knewjlubbs, and Cbadderton, together with Patrick Galloway, sometime minister of Perth in Scotland; and their objections being all reduced into four heads, the king took on him to dispute the matters contained in them, with the ministers. It would be endless to relate all he faid, for he loved speaking, and was in his element whilst disputing. Two or three instances of his ostentatious pedantry shall therefore suffice. "His majesty taxed St. Jeromfor his "assertion, that a bishop was not divina ordinationis; "which opinion he much distasted, approving their "calling and use in the church, and closed it up" with (c) H. p. "this short aphorism, no bifliop, no king (c)." *iJ' *' Dr. Reynolds having made it an objection against

"the Apocrypha (ordered by the Common Prayer to * ' be read) that the author of the book of Ecclesiasti"cus, chap, xlviii. 10. held the fame opinion with the

*' Jews tant, and behaved with a great and visible



"Jews at this day, namely, that Elias in person was

** to come before Christ 5 and therefore as yet Christ,

"by that reason, not come in the flesh: I say Dr. Rey

"nolds having made this objection, his majesty calling

"for a bible, sirst (hewed the author of that book;

"who he was, then the cause why he wrote that book;

"next analized the chapter itself, shewing the prece

"dents and consequences thereof; lastly, unfolded the

"sum of that place, arguing and demonstrating that

"whatsoever Ben Sirach had faid there of Elias y Elias

*' had, in his own person while he lived, performed

"and accomplished (d)." He moreover declared, " that (j) u, p.

"he had never seen a bible well translated into English j,6*, ,6J.

*' that the translation of Geneva was the worst of all;

"that pains should be taken about an uniform tranfla

"tion of it, under certain restrictions, and more espe

"cially that no marginal notes sliould be added, hav

"ing found, faid he, in them which are annexed to

*' the Geneva translation, some notes very partial, un

"true, seditious, and favouring too much of dangerous

*' and traiterous conceits (e)." Thus "James (hewed his M Jj# p,

learning in the midst of the lords of the council, and 157.

the bishops and deans who attended. I doubt not, tho'

Reynolds was awed by the presence, and made not the

sigure he was capable of, that he heartily despised the

prince who could talk after this rate, and dictate in

matters out of his province. . . Let us now fee how

his majesty endeavoured to mortify the puritans.

After expounding the chapter of Ecclesiasticus just mentioned, he addressed himself to the lords, and faid, "what, trow ye, make these men so angry with Ec"clefiajlicus? by my soul I think he was a bishop, or

"else they would never use him so (/)." In answer (/)id.p.

to a question started how far an ordinance of the church 163.
was to bind, without impeaching christian liberty?
"James faid," he would not argue that point, but ant
"swer therein as kings are wont to do in parliament,
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