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It shall be ratified by the President of the United States, by and with Tob.r.tn«i.itk- the. advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by His »te-moaih"- Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, and the ratifications shall be exchanged within ten months from the date of its signature, or earlier if possible.
In faith whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed this convention, and have hereunto affixed their seals. Done in duplicate, at Washington, the twenty-first day of March, one stoKtun., M.rch thousand eight hundred and sixty, and the eigbty-fourth si, i860. vear 0f the Independence of the United States.
LEW. CASS. [seal.]
SWEDEN AND NORWAY, 1869.
CONVENTION AND PROTOCOL BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND SWEDEN AND NORWAY, RELATIVE TO NATURALIZATION. SIGNED MAY 26, 1869; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED JUNE 14, 1871; PROCLAIMED JANUARY 12, 1872.
The President of the United States of America and His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, led by the wish to regulate contnctntputH* ^e citizenship of those persons who emigrate from the United States of America to Sweden and Norway and their dependencies and territories, and from Sweden and Norway to the United Sta'tes of America, have resolved to treat on this subject, and have for that purpose appointed Plenipotentiaries to conclude a convention, that is to say: The President of the United States of America, Joseph J. Bartlett, Minister Resident; and His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway, Count Charles Wachtmeister, Minister of State for Foreign Affairs; who have agreed to and signed the following articles:
Citizens of the United States of America who have resided in Swe^ den or Norway for a continuous period of at least five years. ih.L^rJsup,TM and during such residence have become and are lawfully woTo^swedli ud recognized as citizens of Sweden or Norway, shall be held by the Government of the United States to be Swedish or Norwegian citizens, and shall be treated as such. Reciprocally, citizens of Sweden or Norway who have resided in the United States of America for a continuous period of at least
When citizens of„ i i • I ■ -t i_ i ■
swciTM „„d Nor»v five years, and during such residence have become natural
citiioaa of the United
ized citizens of the United States, shall be held by the Government of Sweden and Norway to be American citizens.
and shall be treated as such.
The declaration of an intention to become a citizen oftheone
tent not to alfett Or the other country has not for either party the effect of
naturalization. ... i • I n • i *
citizenship legally acquired.
A recognized citizen of the one party, on returning to the territory of the other, remains liable to trial and punishment for an N.t»TMii««i cut action punishable by the laws of his original country, and "°*,''Sbe'f "Vf.'iS committed before his emigration, but not for the emigration TMStodrb?f£S itself, saving always the limitation established by the laws •m]—umof his original country, and any other remission of liability to punishment.
If a citizen of the one party, who has become a recognized citizen of the other party, takes up his abode once more in his origi- rrovi,io„ „ ,„ „. ual country, and applies to be restored to his former ","TM'r° ,00rfji"0Ti citizenship, the Government of the last-named country is C0UnUTauthorized to receive him again as a citizen, on such conditions as the said Government may think proper.
The convention for the mutual delivery of criminals, fugitives from justice, in certain cases, concluded between the United Con»mtioniorthe States on the one part and Sweden and Norway on the ""d^?n USS other part, the 21st March, 18C0, remains in force without "ot to b«h""«t<Jchange. *
The present convention shall go into effect immediately on the exchange of ratifications, and shall continue in force for ten years. ConTen,io„ wh„ If neither party shall have given the other six months' previous notice of its intention then to terminate the same, it shall further remain in force untd the end of twelve months after either of the contracting parties shall have given notice to the other of such intention.
The present convention shall be ratified by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, siom and by His Majesty the King of Sweden and Norway; and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Stockholm within twenty-four months from the date hereof.
In faith whereof the Plenipotentiaries have signed and sealed this convention.
Stockholm, May 26, 1809.
JOSEPH J. BARTLETT.
DONE AT STOCKHOLM, MAY 26, 1869.
The undersigned met to-day to sign the convention agreed upon in conformity with their respective full powers, relating to the citizenship of those persons who emigrate from the United States of America to Sweden and Norway, and from Sweden and Norway to the United States of America; on which occasion the following observations, more exactly defining and explaining the contents of this convention, were entered in the following protocol:
I. Relating to the first article of the convention.
It is understood that if a citizen of the United States of America has been discharged from his American citizenship, or, on the
TV" additional five - . . v-" n . , , 'a. *- _ j
»TMr.' t,. j. nr» m,t other side, if a Swede or a Norwegian has been discharged noun.), when, tc ^om g^edjgh or Norwegian citizenship, in the manner legally prescribed by the Government of his original country, and then in the other country in a rightful and perfectly valid manner acquires citizenship, then an additional five years' residence shall no longer be required; but a person who has in that manner been recognized as a citizen of the other country shall, from the moment thereof, be held and treated as a Swedish or Norwegian citizen, and, reciprocally, as a citizen of the United States.
II. Relating to the second article of the convention.
If a former Swede or Norwegian, who under the first article is to be held as an adopted citizeu of the United States of America. tuK,? mc".n has emigrated after he has attained the age wheu he be
United Stattw and , • . »■■•« ■ t • v ■
returnTM to iwir comes liable to military service, and returns again to his Si""1 T(morth'-'r original country, it is agreed that he remains liable to trial miutirjKrv.ce, &c au(j pUnishment for an action punishable by the laws of his original country and committed before his emigration, but not for the act of emigration itself, unless thereby have been committed any punishable action against Sweden or Norway, or against a Swedish or Norwegian citizen, such as non-fulfilment of military service, or desertion from the military force or from a ship, saving always the limitation established by the laws of the original country, and any other remission of liability to punishment; and that he can be held to fulfil, according to the laws, his military service, or the remaining part thereof.
III. Relating to the third article of the convention.
It is further agreed that if a Swede or Norwegian, who %y«ht7 has become a naturalized citizen of the United States, reren'ew!TM?he!r news his residence in Sweden or Norway without the intent wi'tTth" i.Tent Dot to return to America, he shall be held by the Government United 'States, held of the United States to have renounced his American citi
to renounce their 1 •
Araericsn citizen- ZCnSUip.
The intent not to return to America may be held to exist when the person so naturalized resides more than two years in Swedeu or Norway.
JOSEPH J. BARTLETT. [seal.]
SWISS CONFEDERATION, 1847.
CONVENTION WITH THE SWISS CONFEDEEATION FOR THE MUTUAL ABOLITION OF THE DROIT D'AUBAINE AND TAXES ON EMIGRATION. CON- CLUDED MAY 18, 1847; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED AT WASHINGTON, , MAY 3, 1843; PROCLAIMED MAY 4, 1848.
The President of the United States of America and the Federal Directory of the Swiss Confederation, Animated by the desire rre to secure and extend by an amicable convention the relations happily existing between the two countries, have to this effect appointed as their Plenipotentiaries, to wit:
The President of the United Slates of America, James Buchanan, Secretary of State of the United States; and the Federal v . Directory of the Swiss Confederation, A. 0. Cazenove, Swiss Consul at Alexandria;
Who, after the exchange of their full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon and signed the following articles:
The citizens of each one of the high contracting parties shall have power to dispose of their personal property within the juris- Pe„onal ro diction of the other, either by testament, donation, or ab in- e'"°° testato, or in any other manner; and their heirs, being citi- 4c zensof the other party, shall inherit all such personal estates, whether L>y testament or ab intcstato, and they may take possession of the same, either personally or by attorney, and dispose of them as they may think proper, paying to the respective governments no other charges than those to which the inhabitants of the country in which the said property shall be found would be liable in a similar case; and in the absence of such heir, or heirs, the same care shall be taken r,ov>nsot^M of the property that would be taken in the like case for the preservation of the property of a citizen of the same country, until the lawful proprietor shall have had time to take measures for possessing himself of the same; and in case any dispute should arise ^ between claimants to the same succession as to the property "** *" thereof, the question shall be decided according to the laws and by the judges of the country in which the property is situated.
If, by the death of a person owning real property in the territory of one of the high contracting parties, such property should descend, either by the laws of the country or by testamentary disposition, to a citizen of the other party, who, on account of his being an alien, could not be permitted to retain the actual possession of such property, a term of not less than three years shall be allowed to him to dispose of such property, and to collect and withdraw the proceeds thereof, without paying to the Government any other charges than those which in a similar case would be paid by an inhabitant of the country in which such real property may be situated.
The present convention shall be in force for the term of twelve years Dom,TM or thi. from the date hereof; and further, until the end of twelve narration. mouths after the Government of the United States on the one part, or that of the Swiss Confederation on the other, shall have given notice of its intention of terminating the same. This convention shall be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Washington, within twelve months after its date.
Rat.rk.mons. .» ■ t i"
or sooner if possible. In faith whereof, the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the present convention, and have thereunto affixed their seals.
Done at Washington, this eighteenth day of May, A. D. 1847, and of the Independence of the United States the seventv-first.
JAMES BUCHANAN. [l. s.j
SWISS CONFEDERATION, 1850.
CONVENTION OF FRIENDSHIP, COMMERCE, EXTRADITION, &c, WITH THE SWISS CONFEDERATION, CONCLUDED NOVEMBER 25, 1850; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED NOVEMBER 8, 1855; PROCLAIMED NOVEMBER 9, 1S5S.
The United States of America and the Swiss Confederation, equally animated by the desire to preserve and to draw more closely the bonds of friendship which so happily exist between the two Republics, as well as to augment, by all the means at their disposal, the commercial intercourse of their respective citizens, have mutually resolved to conclude a general convention of friendship, reciprocal establishments, commerce, and for the surrender of fugitive criminals. For this purpose they have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries, to wit:
The President of the United States, A. Dudley Mann, Special Agent of the United States on a mission to the Swiss Confederation; and the Swiss Federal Council, Henry Druey, President of the Swiss Confederation, Director of the Political Department, and Frederick Frey-Heros6e, member of the Federal Council, Director of the Department of Commerce aud of Tolls;
Who, after a communication of their respective full powers, have agreed to the following articles:
The citizens of the United States of America and the citizens of Switcit,«n.tob*ona zerlaiul shall be admitted and treated upon a footing of rooumofewiitr. reciprocal equality in the two countries, where such admission and treatment shall not conflict with the constitutional or legal provisions, as well federal as State and cantonal, of the contracting parties. The citizens of the United States and the citizens of Switzerland, as well as the members of their families, subject to the constitutional i