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will make them savoury meat for thy father, such as he loveth: 10 And thou shall bring it to thy father, that he may eat, and that he may
bless thee before his death. 11 And Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man: 12 My father peradventure will feel me, and I shall seem to him as a deceiver ; and I shall bring a curse upon me, and not a blessing.
Jacob objected to the proposed mea- with the great criminality of it. How sure only as impolitic, and does not different is his reasoning from that seem to have been at all impressed of Joseph !-Scott; A. Fuller.
13 And his mother said unto him, Upon me be thy curse, my son : only obey my voice, and go fetch me them. 14 And he went, and fetched, and brought them to his mother: and his mother made savoury meat, such as his father loved. 16 And Rebekah took goodly raiment of her eldest son Esau, which were with her in the house, and put them upon Jacob her younger son : And she put the skins of the kids of the goats upon his hands, and upon the smooth of his neck : 17 And she gave the savoury meat and the bread, which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob.
Travellers inform us that the East- ficiently delicate texture to resemble ern goats have long, fine, and beau- that of a man; so that Isaac might tiful hair, of the most silky softness; easily be deceived, when his eyes were and this being that of kids, would dim, and his feelings no less impaired not be so long, or ample, but of suf- than his sight.-Comp. Bible.
And he came unto his father, and said, My father : and he said, Here an I; who art thou, my son ? 19 And Jacob said unto his father, I am Esau thy firstborn; I have done according as thou badest me : arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me. 20 And Isaac said unto his son, How is it that thou hast found it so quickly, my son ? And he said, Because the LORD thy God brought it to me. 21 And Isaac said unto Jacob, : Come near, I pray thee, that I may feel thee, my son, whether thou be my very son Esau or not.
There is something about falsehood, suspicious, and therefore desires to which, though it may silence, yet will feel his hands; and here the deception not ordinarily satisfy. Isaac is yet succeeded.--A. Fuller.
22 And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau.
How wonderful is that difference, wisdom, power, and goodness of the which there is betwixt the faces and Creator are signally manifested.the voices of the several individuals of Scott. the human species ! Scarcely any two The description here given of Jacob of the innumerable millions are ex- is not unaptly accommodated to the actly alike in either; and yet the dif- character of a hypocrite; his voice, his ference cannot be defined or described. language, is that of a Christian; his In this remarkable circumstance, the hands or conduct, that of an ungodly
man; but the judgment will proceed, voice, but by the hands.-Ibid. as in the present case, not by the
23 And he discerned him not, because his hands were hairy, as his brother Esau's hands : so he blessed him.
A small satisfaction contents those the younger son in the garments of whom guiltiness hath not made scru- the elder.—Bp. Hall. pulous. Isaac believes, and blesses
24 And he said, Art thou my very son Esau ? And he said, I am.
There are certainly some circum- approbation of the thing when done, stances in this affair which may help may be drawn some arguments to a little to excuse Jacob and his mother, lessen their crime. But, on the other though they cannot justify them. The hand, it must be confessed, that the case may be thus stated : It cannot be means used to attain their ends were denied, on the one hand, that both highly criminal. Rebecca was wrong Jacob and his mother were justly to be in her advice to her son, and he was praised for having a due esteem of the wrong in following it; for though God, father's solemn blessing, and for their before he was born, designed him to endeavouring to obtain it; since this inherit the blessing, yet he ought to could proceed from no other motive have waited until the Divine wisdom but a full persuasion of the truth of opened the way, and not have anticiGod's promises and covenant with pated God, and procured the blessing Abraham. And thus, from the good- by an irregular act of his own. Beness of the end, and from Jacob's title sides, both of them, by this act, preto the blessing, as accompanying the sumed to limit the power of God, by birthright; as also from the fore-ap- thinking that fraud was needful to acpointment of God, together with Isaac's complish His purpose.- Bogatzky.
25 And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat of my son's venison, that
bless thee. And he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and he brought him wine, and he drank.
See here the folly of those that are ence from that to which they give nice and curious in their appetite, and a mighty preference. Solomon tells take a pride in humouring it. It is us, Prov. xxiii. 3, • Dainties are deceiteasy to impose on them with that ful meat;' for, in more ways than one, it which they pretend to despise and dis- is possible for us to be deceived by like; so little, perhaps, is its differ- them.-M. Henry.
26 And his father Isaac said unto him, Come near now, and kiss me, my son. 27 And he came near, and kissed him: and he smelled the smell of his raiment, and blessed him, and said, See, the smell of my son is as the smell of a field which the LORD hath blessed : 28 Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine : 29 Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee: cursed be every one that curseth thee, and blessed be he that blesseth thee.
If our heavenly Father smell upon dew, which fell in abundance, both our backs the savour of our Elder Bro- morning and evening, or through the ther's robes, we cannot depart from whole night. Wishing the dews for Him unblessed.—Bp. Hall.
Jacob, was wishing him all the blessAs there was but little rain in Judea, ings which a plentiful country could the lack of this was supplied by the produce.—Anon.
80 And it came to pass, as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting. 31 And he also had made savoury meat, and brought it unto his father, and said unto his father, Let my father arise, and eat of his son's venison, that thy soul may bless me. 82 And Isaac his father said unto him, Who art thou ? And he said, I am thy son, thy firstborn Esau. 88 And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, Who? where is he that hath taken venison, and brought it me, and I have eaten of all before thou camest, and have blessed him ? yea, and he shall be blessed.
The discovery of the imposture must instant, account for all his feelings : have been a great shock to the pa- it was to him like a place where two triarch Isaac. To ascertain the sen- seas met, or as the union of subterrasations of which it was composed, we neous fires and waters, the commotion must place ourselves in his situation. of which causeth the earth to tremble. As an aged and afflicted man, the im- It must have appeared to him as a position practised on him would excite strong measure, permitted of God for his indignation. Yet a moment's re- his correction; and that He had thus flection would convince him, that the caused him to do that against his transfer of the blessing must have choice which should have been done been of the Lord ; and consequently, with it. Viewing it in this light, and that he had all along been acting knowing the blessing to be irrevocable, against His will in seeking to have it he, like a good man, acquiesced in the otherwise. Two such considerations, will of God, saying, “Yea, and he shall rushing upon his mind at the same be blessed.'-A. Fuller.
34 And when Esau heard the words of his father, he cried with a great and exceeding bitter cry, and said unto his father, Bless me, even me also, O my father. 35 And he said, Thy brother came with subtlety, and hath taken away thy blessing.
The' error persone,' says Mr. Bax- matter. Thy brother came with subter, caused by Jacob's own deceit, did tlety, and hath taken away thy blessnot nullify the blessing, because it ing. The blessing belonged to Esau, was fixed on the determinate person but Jacob by his diligence made it his that it was spoken to.-L.
The offer of mercy is to the There are men that strive at the biggest sinner, to the biggest sinner throne of grace for mercy, by pleading first; but if he forbear to cry, the sinthe greatness of their necessity. Now ner that is a sinner less by far than their plea, as to the prevalency of it, he, both as to the number and the nalieth not in their counting up the num- ture of his transgressions, may get the ber, but in their sense of the greatness blessing first, if he shall have grace to of their sins, and in the vehemency of bestir himself well; for the loudest their cry for pardon. There is a hea- cry is heard furthest, and the most lavenly subtlety to be observed in this mentable pierces soonest.—Bunyan.
36 And he said, Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he hath supplanted me these two times : he took away my birthright; and, behold, now he hath taken away my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me? 87 And Isaac answered and said unto Esau, Behold, I have made him thy lord, and all his brethren have I given to him for servants; and with corn and wine
have I sustained him: and what shall I do now unto thea, my
38 And Esau said unto his father, Hast thou but one blessing, my father ? bless me, even me also, O my father. And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept.
V. 38. It is the folly of most men say, 'I will take up with any; though that they are willing to take up with I have not the blessing of the church, any good (Ps. iv. 6), as Esau here; yet let me have some blessing.'who desired but a second-rate blessing, M. Henry. a blessing separated from the birth- Who would have looked for tears right. Profane hearts think any bless- from Esau ? or who dare trust tears ing as good as that from God's oracle. when he sees them fall from such Hast thou but one?' as much as to graceless eyes ?—Bp. Hall.
39 And Isaac his father answered and said unto him, Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above; 40 And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother; and it shalt come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.
Egypt, says Mr. Savary, would be one would imagine that rain had fallen aninhabitable, did not the nocturnal during the night. This is the reason dews restore life to vegetables. These why the Scripture promises the Isdews are so copious, especially in sum- raelites, who inhabited a climate simimer, that the earth is deeply soaked lar to that of Egypt, the dew of with them, so that in the morning heaven' as a signal favour.-L.
11 And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob. 42 And these words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah : and she sent and called Jacob her younger son, and said unto him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, purposing to kill thee. 43 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; and arise, flee thou to Laban my brother to Haran : 4 And tarry with him a few days, until thy brother's fury turn away ; Until thy brother's anger
from thee, and he forget that which thou hast done to him: then I will send, and fetch thee from thence : why should I be deprived also of you both in one day? 46 And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of
life because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these which are of the daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me?
We see here the bitter fruits which and will never see him again in this Rebekah begins to reap from her world, though she thinks of sending crooked policy. She must part with shortly to fetch him home.-A. Fuller. her favourite son to preserve his life,
CHAP. XXVIII. ND Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, and
said unto him, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of
10 And 11 And
Canaan. 2 Arise, go to Padan-aram, to the house of Bethuel thy mother's father; and take thee a wife from thence of the daughters of Laban thy mother's brother. 3 And God Almighty bless thee, and make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou mayest be a multitude of people : * And give thee the blessing of Abraham, to thee, and to thy seed with thee; that thou mayest inherit the land wherein thou art a stranger, which God gave unto Abraham. 5 And Isaac sent away Jacob: and he went to Padan-aram unto Laban, son of Bethuel the Syrian, the brother of Rebekah, Jacob's and Esau's mother. 6 When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, and sent him away to Padan-aram, to take him a wife from thence; and that as he blessed him he gave him a charge, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Canaan ; ? And that Jacob obeyed his father and his mother, and was gone to Padanaram; And Esau seeing that the daughters of Canaan pleased not Isaac his father ; 9 Then went Esau unto Ishmael, and took unto the wives which he had Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael Abraham's son, the sister of Nebajoth, to be his wife. Jacob went out from Beer-sheba, and went toward Haran. he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep.
V. 11. Jacob appears to have ar- • And he took of the stones,' &c.rived too late to be admitted into the a custom to this day observed by the city gates, the sun being already set; Arabs; they first, however, wrap their he therefore lodged in the city porch. heads in their mantles.-Old Bible.
12 And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it. 13 And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed; 14 And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south : and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed. 15 And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of.
Jacob saw in his vision angels as- angels, are not suddenly to leap, or cending upon a ladder to heaven. hastily to climb up to places of preWhat ! angels go by steps into hea- ferment, but to ascend by degrees, ven?
One would think that, being when God setteth a ladder for them to spirits, they might easily mount thi- go up by.—Daniel Featly. ther and back again in an instant. We might have been at a loss in asSurely it is not without a mystery- certaining the meaning of this ladder, showing that magistrates and minis- if the great Medium of communion ters, who are in Scripture styled between heaven and earth had not al