« PreviousContinue »
the Peace, with many of the principal inhabitants of the Tower and Tower Hamlets, and liberties thereof; and at eleven of the clock his Majesty was proclaimed on the parade within the Tower, with the usual solemnities and ceremonies : after which his Lordship proceeded to Great Tower Hill, and the other usual places within those liberties, where his Majesty was proclaimed amidst the loudacclamations of great numbers who attended.”
The proclamation of King George the Third, was made in Edinburgh on the 29th of October, and in Dublin on November the 1st.
The next important ceremonial in the new reign, was the burial of George the Second, of which, as usual, a particular account appeared in the London Gazette, published on Tuesday, November 4th, and from which the following document has been copied.
A CEREMONIAL For the Interment of his late most Excellent Majesty, King GBORGB
the Second, of blessed memory, from the Prince's Chamber to Westminster Abbey, on Tuesday, the 11th day of November, 1760.
The Royal Body being conveyed from Kensington to the Prince's Chamber, near the House of Peers, the night before the Funeral, is to continue there until the time appointed for the interment, and then to be carried from the said Prince's Chamber to the Abbey of Westminster, in manner following, viz.
Knight Marshal's Men with black Staves, Two and Two.
Pages of the Presence.
Pages of the Bed Chamber.
Pages of Honour.
Gentleman Usher Assistant.
Physicians to the King.
Deputy Clerks of the Closet.
Equerries to His late Majesty.
The Master of the King's Household.
Gentlemen Ushers of the Privy Chamber. King's Counsel.
Viscount's Younger Sons.
to their Seniority.
go as a Privy Councillor.
a Privy Councillor. Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench (Lord Mansfield) being a Peer,
to walk as such.
Baron's Eldest Sons.
Viscount's Eldest Sons.
The Treasurer of the King's Household (Lord Edge
with their staves
Household (Earl of Thocombe) being a Peer, to
mond) being a Peer, to walk as such.
walk as such.
Earl's Eldest Sous.
Viscounts of Ireland.
Marquis's Eldest Sons.
Earls of Ireland.
Earls of Great Britain.
Dukes' Eldest Sons.
Dukes, having great Offices.
LORD PRIVY SEAL, (Richard Earl Temple).
(No train borne).
LORD KEEPER, (Sir Robert Henley, Knt.) bearing the Purse.
(No train borne, nor mace carried).
(No train borne).
Master of the Horse (Earl Gower).
Waiter. Lord Chamberlain of the Household, (the Duke of Devonshire).
with his white staff. Supporters of the Pall,
Supporters of the Pall,
a large Pall of Purple Vel-
The Canopy, borne by
Gentlemen of the Privy
Imperial Arms, painted on
Ten Gentlemen Pensioners, with their Purple Velvet.
sioners, with their Axes reversed.
Axes reversed. GARTER Principal King Gentleman Usher of the Gentleman Usher,
Black Rod, (Sir Henry W. Fitzherbert, Esq. (Stephen Martin Leake, Bellenden, Knt.) the
rod to be reversed. Supporter THE CHIEF MOURNER, (His Royal Highness Supporter to the Chief the Duke of Cumberland), his Train to be to the Chief
Mourner, borne by the Dukes of Newcastle and Bridge- Mourner, the Duke of water, assisted by the Vice Chamberlain, the Duke of Richmond. (Rt. Hon. W. Finch, Esq.)
the Chief Mourner.
Lords of the Bed Chamber.
Grooms of the Bed Chamber.
with their Axes reversed.
Procession, are to wear the Collars of their respective orders.
The procession to be from the Prince's Chamber, through the Old Palace-Yard on foot, to the great North door of the Abbey, and the way to he railed in on both sides, and floored twenty feet wide, and to be covered with an awning, with black baize on the floor and under the awning, and the whole way to the Abbey, and in the Abbey to the steps leading to King Henry the Seventh's Chapel, to be lined on each side with the foot guards.
The Procession being entered the Church, is to pass along down to the end of the North aisle, and then cross to the South aisle, and from thence to the said steps, and there to fall off on each side, until the Judges, the Knights of the Bath, the Privy Councillors, the Peers, the Body, and chief Mourners, &c. are placed in King Henry the Seventh's Chapel.
At the entrance within the Church, the Dean and Prebendaries in their copes, attended by the Choir, all having wax tapers in their hands, are to receive the Royal Body, and are to fall into the procession just before Clarenceux King of Arms, and so are to proceed, singing, into King Henry the Seventh’s Chapel, where the Body is to be deposited on tressels (the Crown and Cushion being laid at the head), and the canopy held over it by the Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, while the service, according to the liturgy of the Church of England, is read by the Bishop of Rochester Dean of Westminster, and the Chief Mourner and his two Supporters are seated on chairs placed for them at the head of the corpse, and the Lords Assistants, seated on stools on each side, and the Lords of the Bedchamber, &c. are seated, and the Peers and others take their seats in the stalls on each side of the Choir.
When the part of the service before the interment is read, the Royal Corpse is to be carried to the vault, preceded by the Lord Chamberlain of the Household, the Chief Mourner, his Supporters and Assistants following, Garter going before them, and the White Staff Officers of his late Majesty's Household, and place themselves near the vault.
The Royal Corpse being interred, the Dean of Westminster is to go on with the office of burial; which ended, and an anthem sung in the Choir, * Garter King of Arms proclaims his late Majesty's style as followeth:
Thus hath it pleased Almighty God to take out of this transi
tory life, unto his Divine Mercy, the late Most High, Most Mighty, and Most Excellent Monarch, GEORGE the Second, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, and Sovereign of the Most
* This Anthem was extracted from the Psalms and the Wisdom of Solomon; it was composed by Dr. Boyce, who was then the King's Organist, Composer, and Master of the Band. The vocal parts were performed by the Choirs of the Chapel Royal and Westminster, with the Rev. Mr. Mence, and Mr. Beard of Vauxhall Gardens.
Noble Order of the Garter, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburgh, Arch-Treasurer, and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire.
Let us beseech Almighty God to bless and preserve with long
life, health, and honour, and all worldly happiness, the Most High, Most Mighty, and Most Excellent Monarch, our Sovereign Lord GEORGE the Third, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, and Sovereign of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburgh, Arch-Treasurer, and Elector of the Holy Roman Empire.
GOD SAVE King GEORGE THE THIRD.
Such were the early ceremonials of this reign, but the magnificent proceeding which is the chief subject of this work, did not take place for nearly a twelvemonth afterwards. Delay, however, in many instances, and certainly in the present, served only to raise expectation the higher, and, accordingly, the approaching Coronation was a frequent subject not only in the regular periodical works, but also in the lighter essays of the time. There was likewise considerable interest excited by the expectation of the Queen from Germany, and anticipation was so great, that, says one of the monthly publications for 176), “the impatience of the people for the arrival of their future Queen cannot be expressed.”
It was on the 8th of July in that year, that His Majesty first announced to his Council his intention of demanding the Princess Charlotte of Mecklenbergh, youngest sister of Adolphus IV. Duke of that Principality, in marriage, in the following terms: