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which the law is administered in this country? 1. Was there any thing that evening that caused -Yes, I have heard him pay the greatest en- you to pay particular attention to what Mrr comiums to the administration of the law. He Douglas said ?-No, sir. said he was proud to be a native of a country Do you know a person of the name of James in which the laws were so well administered. Pirie, town-officer ?-Yes."
You never heard him speak of them as ad. : Have you seen him to-day?-_Yes. ministered unjustly ? -No, never.
Was he at church that night ?-He was. Did you ever hear that he had a son tried Wêre any other strangers there?
-There was for fraud or something ?-Yes.
another town-officer there. Did you ever hear him speak of his son's And how did that other employ himselfie trial !--- After he came back from Edinburgh. What was he doing ?--He was sitting beside What did he say?
-That he had never before Maccallum. had the honour of seeing a jury impavelled, Was there another lown-officer?-There was and he had a secret pride in being a native of a third. a country where the laws were so impartially Where was be sitting ?-Up towards the administered.
back of the place of worship. This was after the conviction of his own Did they seem to be paying great attention son ?-Yes.
to Mr. Douglas ?-I did not see what the one About the 9th of last March, or on any who was back did ; but the one in the fore other occasion, did you hear him say that he part sat and wrote at times. thought the prince regent was fitter for a gibbet Do you recollect the subject of discourse than a throne - Never in my hearing, that evening ?-A passage in the 5th of Daniel.
Nor any thing of that purport ?- Never at Was he lecturing upon it, or was it a disall.
course from one text ?-He was lecturing upon If he had said so, could it have escaped it. you ?- I think not so remarkable an expression Had he come to that chapter in the course as that..
of lectures he was delivering, or had he fixed Is there any thing particular about Mr. upon the subject of that night's discourse by Douglas's utterance or mode of speaking ?— itself?-Io the course he was delivering, he He speaks very rapidly sometimes.
took it in rotation. What sort of a dialect or accent has he? How long had he been lecturing in this roAs much Highland as any thing else ?-He has tation in the book of Daniel ?-For two years ; rather a little of the Scottish accent.
at times leaving it and returning to it occaIs he distinctly heard, or is an effort re- sionally. quired to hear him ?-To me he is distinct. And when he had left it and returned to it,
Have you been long accustomed to hear did he return to the place at which he had him ?-- Thirteen months.
stopped ?-Yes. When you heard him for the first time, did Is it the 5th chapter of Daniel which treats you hear him distinctly -Yes, it was so with of Nebuchadnezzar ?-Yes.. me. I always heard him distinctly.
Do you remember particularly what Mr. Did you ever hear him mention the prince Douglas said upon that occasion with regard regent, when speaking of Nebuchadnezzar and to Nebuchadnezzar? Did he mention the Belshazzar?-Yes.
affliction with which he was visited ?-Yes. What did you ever hear him say about the Did he draw any parallel between our prince :--That he is a benevolent prince. sovereign and king Nebuchadnezzar on that
Did you ever hear him say he was a poor occasion ?--I heard him draw one simile or infatuated wretch :-Never.
parallel. A devotee of Bacchus ?-Never.
How did he express himself ?- That as NeA poor bewitched creature ?-No. He said buchadnezzar was raised up from his afliction he was a humane and compassionate prince, to his throne and dignity, if it was the will of having pardoned more criminals since he came God, he hoped that our sovereign might be to his station than had ever been done within raised up to his throne and dignity, and be so short a space he believed.
enabled to adopt the song of the good old William Nisbet sworn.-Examined by
Simeon, “ Lord lettest now thy servant deMr. Grant.
part in peace, for mine eyes have seen thy
salvation." You are a weaver by trade I believe, and Are you positive about these expressions ! reside at Glasgow ?-Yes.
Yes. Are you acquainted with Mr. Douglas the And can swear to their having been used by prisoner?-I know the gentleman.
Mr. Douglas that night?- Many nights. You have attended his chapel ?-For seven Upon that night ?-I cannot say as to that years and more.
particular night, but he always prayed ferDo you remember having been at bis chapel vently in these and similar words. one Sunday in the beginning of last March? And that night, did he draw any parallet I am alınost always there in the evenings. between his majesty and Nebuchadnezzar, cal
Do you remember Sunday the 9th of March? culated and intended to the hurt, prejudice, Yes.
and dishonour of his majestyl-No.
Did he use this expression, that his majesty To whom ?-To the ministers of the Gospel. was like Nebuchadnezzar, driven from the To what description of the ministers of the society of men for his infidelity and corrup- Gospel ?-He was applying the words of. tion !-No.
Scripture to them. Did he use any words of this import ?--No. What are these words ? --All those that do
Did you ever hear him use words of that not enter by the door to the sheep-fold, but import?--No.
climb up some other way, are thieves and Did you hear him make mention of the robbers.. prince regent upon that occasion !-He always Was Mr. Douglas in favour of patronage in mentioned the prince regent.
the Church, or against patronage ? — The voice · In what way?- In praying for him. of the people, according to the word of God,
Did he, upon that occasion, say any thing as he held forth, was the door, about any body being an infatuated wretch,
John Rentoul sworn.--Examined by a poor infatuated devotee of Bacchus !--No. Did you ever hear him apply these or
Mr. Jeffrey similar expressions to his - royal bighness the You are a candle-maker ?-Yes. prince regent ?-No.
Do you know Mr. Douglas ?-Yes. Did you ever hear him speak of the prince Do you attend his place of worship? regent in terms at all of that import ?-No. Yes.
Did you ever hear him say that the prince Have you done so long ?-A dozen of regent was fitter for a gibbet than a throne ?– years. No, never.
Have you attended pretty regularly ?-Yes, Are you quite sure of this? -Yes.
I think I have. Could he have made use of this expression I ask you, in particular, were you regular in without your having observed it?-No. attendance since the beginning of this year, in • Could he have used those other expressions February and March?— Yes, I have heard without your observing it ?—No.
him three times every day when he was And you now swear, upon your solemn preaching. oath, that you never heard him make use of All the Sunday evenings ?-I am certain I the expressions which I have mentioned ?- bave. No, I never did.
Do you remember that about that time he Were you there every Sunday evening in was lecturing on the book of Daniel ?-I mind February and March lasi ?—No, I cannot say that well. I was.
Do you remember his coming to the history How many nights were you absent ?–I can- of Nebuchadnezzar and Belshazzar ?-Yes, i not recollect but of one.
think I do. You can speak to the night when you saw Do you remember upon that occasion his Pirie there !-Yes, I am very certain as to making any kind of parallel between Nebuthat night, Mr. Douglas did not use such chadnezzar and George the Third ?-No. expressions.
Did he make any mention of the king upon Did you ever hear him mention the fate of that occasion ?-Nothing farther than mentionthe Babylonian empire, in the course of his ing his name. I cannot exactly say what were lectures ? -Yes.
the words that he used. He did not then make use of any of the ex Did he make any observation as to the king pressions which I have mentioned - No. being, aflicted with a malady ? - Never in any
Did you hear him talk of the administration reproachful way. I have heard him often of justice in this country ?-Yes.
praying he might have a lucid interval before İn what terms I-With great praise.
he died. Did you ever hear that he had the misfor. Do you remember his making allusion to "tune of having a son tried for any offence ?- Nebuchadnezzar's restoration to his throne ?Yes.
I do not recollect. Did you hear him preach after his son's trial Do you recollect his ever saying that our had taken place? --I did.
king had been driven from the society of men, Did he make any allusion to the adminis on account of conduct like Nebuchadvezzar's ? tration of justice upon that occasion ?-He-Never. extolled the just laws of our country.
Did you attend to his discourse at that time? Did he make use of any particular expres--Yes. sions or remarks ?-He said it was a great Could be have used such an expression blessing to live in a nation in which such without you observing it? I don't think he laws were observed, that no man could be could. I have heard him say that infidelity harmed without proof being regularly led of prevailed from the palace down to the street his guilt.
scavengers. Did you ever hear him talk of the members Could you swear he did not make use of of the House of Commons as thieves and the expression to which I have already alluded? robbers ?-No.
-It was not done to my knowledge. Did you ever hear him apply these epithets You mentioned he was in the habit of to any description of persons - Yes.
praying for the kingi-Yes.
Did he pray earnestly for him ?--Earnestly, How did you yourself take him up at first ? more so than any minister I ever heard. --Not well at first, but I now follow him
Did you ever hear him use disrespectful pretty well. terms in speaking of the king ?-No, never. Are you acquainted with Mr. Douglas in
How did he speak of him ?-He always private life?-A little. spoke of him with respect.
You have attended his ministry for twelve Do you remember his saying any thing as years, and know him a little in private ; what to the prince regent in going over this chapter! sentiments has be been in the habit of express-I really cannot remember. I cannot being as to his majesty and the constitution ?--I positive what he did say about him.
have always heard him speak favourably of Did he call him a worshipper of Bacchus? | them. --Never.
Have you ever heard him recommend the An infatuated prince or poor wretch!- use of violence or force in procuring a reform Never,
in Parliament ?-I never did. If he had used these expressions you must Did you ever hear him say it would be a have heard him ?-I think so; but I never good or a bad thing to use such means heard him, to my knowledge.
About the time of drawing up petitions for Have you heard him speak of the House of reform, he exhorted the people to conduct Commons ?— Yes, I have heard him.
themselves aceably and to act constituDid you ever hear him speak of the mem- tionally. bers being corrupt or unjust ?-I heard him To avoid all disorder ? Yes. once mention, that if he could believe the
David Young sworn.-Examined by public prints, a member of the House had
Mr. Cockburn. offered to prove that there had been seats bought and sold.
Do you know Mr. Douglas who is sitting Did you ever hear Mr. Douglas call mem- between the soldiers there?-Yes, I know him. bers of the House of Commons thieves or Do you attend his chapel ?-I do. robbers ?--No.
How long had you attended there before he Did you ever hear him apply these epithets was apprehended ?- About six years. to any other description of persons ?- I have Did you attend regularly in February and heard him make some observations on the way March last?—I did. ministers were thrown by patronage into some How often ?-Generally three times a-day. places of the country.
Did you attend every evening during that And he used these expressions in reference time! -Every evening except one, I could not to that circumstance ? That was my opinion get in, early in March. of it.
Do you remember his being apprehended? Did you ever hear him say any thing in his - Yes. discourses about the administration of the law Did you hear him the Sunday evening bem in this country ?-He commended it fre-fore he was apprehended ?-Yes. quently
Had you heard that spies had been sent to Often ?-I could not say how often. He hear his discourses ?-Yes. said he was happy to live in a country where And you were there at that time?-Yes. the law was so justly administered.
On what portion of Scripture did he disDid you ever hear him make any ob- course ?-On the fifth chapter of Daniel. servations of an opposite tendency ?-I never About Nebuchadnezzar and Belshazzar? did.
Yes. Do you happen to know he had a son tried Do you remember his comparing our king to for some offence last summer?-Yes.
Nebuchadnezzar -No. Do you remember Mr. Douglas making any Did he speak of Nebuchadnezzar at all ? — remarks after his return from Edinburgh on Yes. that occasion ?-I do not remember the exact What did he say?-In his prayer, he prayed words he used, but he was thankful that justice that our king, like Nebuchadnezzar, might be was administered so fairly.
restored to his throne, and that his last days That was the substance of what he said ?- might be more glorious than the first. That was the way I took it up:
Did he say that Nebuchadnezzar was driven Do you know whether Mr. Douglas was a from his throne on account of his sins ?-Yes. reformer, whether he wished a reform of par- that Nebuchadnezzar was. liament or not?- I have heard him speak of That George the Third was ? -No. effecting reform in a constitutional manner. Did he use disrespectful language towards
Do you remember his saying any thing as to the king ?—The very reverse. : the manner in which it should be pursued ?-I If not upon that night, did he upon any cannot say exactly.
occasion use disrespectful language towards Was there any thing particular in Mr. the king ?-On the contrary, he sometimes Douglas's manner of delivery in the pulpit? prayed for him three times a day, and recom· Did he speak fast or slow ?- I don't think a mended loyalty and obedience to the law. stranger could make much of him the first Did he mention Belshazzar upon this occatime of hearing him.
sion ?-He did.
Did you hear him compare any body to him? His lectures about Nebuchadnezzar and BelNo. I did not hear him compare any body shazzar?-Yes, I heard some of his discourses to him.
upon that subject. • Did he compare the prince regent to him?
Did you hear him make any comparison be -No.
tween the case of our king and NebuchadnezDid he call any body a poor infatuated
zar?-I do not remember of any comparison wretch ?-No.
between the two. I heard him pray fervently Or devotee of Bacchus ?-No.
that the king might be restored to his reason Then he did not call the prince such?—No. and his government.
If such an expression had been used, must Upon what occasion ?-Upon the occasion you have heard it ?-Yes.
above alluded to. And he prayed fervently You know his mode of speaking ?-Yes.
that the affliction might be sanctified for the 1. Were you quite within hearing of him?- instruction of the nation and his own son, and Yes.
that we might all learn to fear God and reve- Did he say any thing that night, or upon rence the king. any occasion you ever heard, against the mode
Did he say the malady was the consequence in which the law is administered ?-The
very of infidelity and wickedness ? - I never heard reverse. The first time he preached after his him use such an expression. son's trial, he spent a whole discourse upon
Did he pray for the king ?-Fervently, for the justice and equity of the law, and the im. his temporal and spiritual welfare ; and he repartial administration of it in the kingdom, commended to his hearers to do so likewise. and more especially in this high Court.
Did you ever hear him use terms of disreDid you ever hear him use language incon- spect or reproach towards the king ?-Never sistent with that which you have mentioned towards his majesty, his person or government. I never did.
Towards the prince regent ?-I do not re.Did you hear him upon the occasion when member of any expressions of disrespect tothe spies were there, say any thing of the wards him. He prayed ferrently for him, that House of Commons ?—I do not remember that he might reign for the glory of God, and the I did.
good of his people over wbom he presided. • You did not hear him call any of the mem
Did you ever hear him call him an infatuated bers of the House of Commons thieves and wretch ?-I never heard him use any words robbers ? —No.
like that. Did you ever hear him use that express the House of Commons ?-I remember some
Did you ever hear him say any thing about sion!- As to clergymen who come in by patronage.
thing about that. He said there were some Did you ever hear him say that seats in the things about the House of Commons that he House of Commons were sold like bullocks in thought it would be of benefit to have reformed. a market? - No.
He professed himself a well-wisher to the Do you know Mr. Douglas in private life ? minority in the House. He mentioned it was I have had a good deal of private conversa.
stated in the newspapers that seats were sold tion with him.
as in a market; and he said this certainly was Is he peaceably disposed ?—He is peaceably
Did he point out in what way a reform Is he a friend to reform ? - Yes.
should be set about ?-I do not recollect what How did he wish to get it ?-By petition- he said as to that. He exhorted the people to ing.
petition in a legal and constitutional form. Bid he recommend violence ?—The very by violence or force ?-The reverse. lle al
Did he ever hint that good was to be done reverse.
Did you ever hear him discourage it?- ways recommended loyal and peaceable mea-
people from having any thing to do with either the administration of the laws –I do not re
Did you ever hear him say any thing about riots or private meetings.
collect of him speaking of that particular point. Court.--By private you mean secret meet Is there any thing particular in his manner ings - Yes
of delivery ?--I was several days hearing him John Chalmers swor.–Examined by
before I could understand his mode of delivery. Mr. Jeffrey.
It was difficult for me also to follow him, his
views being different from those to which I Do you know Mr. Douglas ?-Yes, I do. had been accustomed. I heard him several
Have you been in the habit of attending his times before I was able to understand him. chureh ? Yes. I have heard him often these Does he speak fast?- The peculiarity of his six months past.
delivery arises rather from his age and frailty. Were you there the Sunday evenings in Fe- He is nervous, and his voice is extended too bruary and March last ?-Some of them. high and then falls away. On account of the
Were you there when he was lecturing upon infirmity of his voice, he endeavours to raise it. the fifth chapter of Daniel --I heard some of his lectures upon it.
Mr. Jeffrey. There are other witnesses in
attendance; but it appears to us unnecessary | the weekly power and opportunity of assemto take up the time of the Court by calling in bling and addressing crowded congregations more.
for one lawful purpose only; and the danger Lord Justice Clerk. — You judge rightly; to
of permitting such opportunities to be turned call any more witnesses to the same point must duties of religion, peace, virtue, and charity,
to any other purpose but that of enforcing the be quite unnecessary.
need not be enlarged upon here. Mr. Solicitor General. - From the course The first part of the seditious libel uttered which, in the present circumstances, I deem it by the panel against his sacred majesty and proper to pursue, the duty now to be performed against the prince regent, consists in a 'scripby you will not be attended with that pain or tural allusion ;-in the perversion and misapresponsibility, from which, at the commence- plication of a portion of Scripture, of which, I ment of the trial, I considered it to be itisepa- believe, there are few, either in the ordinary or Table.
more intelligent ranks of society, who are igThe charge against the panel at the bar is norant; and it is just as possible, in this indithat of sedition-a charge of which the rele rect manner, and by preference to particular vancy has been established by a judgment of portions of Scripture history, to utter libellous the Court, and cannot admit of dispute. The or seditious matier, as by the most direct words sedition charged consists—in having uttered which language affords. There is no blasseditious libel against his sacred majesty the phemy or sedition, how abominable and atroking, and against his royal highness the prince cious soever, that may not in this form be regent-in baring uttered à seditious libel spread about. The name, character, and conagainst the House of Commons--and in having duct of his majesty, whether public or private, uttered a seditious libel against the administra- I have been habituated to consider as sacred tion of the laws of this kingdom. And, un- subjects, not to be profaned by investigation doubtedly, if it had been proved, that the panel and discussion, either in parliament, in courts bad endeavoured thus to alienate the affections of law, or in churches. This is the true prinof the people from any or all of these objects of ciple of the constitution; and the whole ienor their allegiance, he would have been guilty of of the evidence of this day's trial shows, that a very heinous offence. If such attempts had it is a principle from which it would be unwise been attended with either partial or total suc- to depart. cess—if the fidelity, reverence, and attach If the case bad stood upon the evidence ment of the people to any or to all of these brought in behalf of the Crown, I should have objects bad been shaken-there would, in the called upon you, without hesitation, for a verone view, have been very little left, and in dict of guilty upon two of the charges stated another view much of those principles would in the libel; first, the charge of uttering a be destroyed, to which the allegiance of the seditious libel against his sacred majesty and subject must be attached, or by which good the prince regent; and, second, the charge of order throughout the kingdom can alone be uttering a seditious libel against the House of maintained.
Commons. With regard to the third and reThe peculiar circumstance with which this maining ground of charge against the panel, sedition is attended, is, that it has been com in the minor proposition of the indictment, mitted by a clergyman-by a person exercisthere has been no evidence brought before you. ing duties of a very important description, At the same time, I must observe, that the which are far removed from any connection evidence on the part of the Crown falls far with political discussions. And if, in ordinary short of what I expected to have laid before situations, and by persons in the ordinary avo- you. The inquiries or precognition taken in cations of civil life, the uttering of a seditious the ordinary course of the duties of local police, libel be criminal, beyond all doubt it must be when the facts were fresh in the recollection of infinitely more criminal in the case of a person the witnesses, and when they had recently whose province it is to impart useful, moral, heard the seditious preachings of the panel, and religious instruction. A person who has exhibited to me a case on which I entertained such duties to perform is, in his unjustifiable not a doubt of the measures to be taken, and and wicked aberrations from his duty, guilty on which I am confident you would not have of a great and dangerous offence. The func- entertained a doubt as to what your duty would tions of a clergyman are among the most im- have required of you. From the interval of portant in civil society, whether the nature time, however, which necessarily has elapsed, and purpose of his duties, or the dangerous the recollections of the witnesses have become facilities and great trust with which he is ne- more imperfect and uncertain. In these obcessarily invested, are considered. His duties servations, I am far from saying, or meaning are, to communicate moral and religious in- to insinuate, that you ought to believe, or be struction; and in proportion to the vital im: at all influenced by any thing which has not portance of these duties and objects when well been laid regularly in evidence before you. I performed, is the criminality of his conduct merely state these things in explanation of the when, under the mask and disguise of his course of conduct which I am in this case to function, be disseminates the poison of dis- | adopt. content and sedition. He is intrusted with On the supposition that full credit is due to VOL. XXXIII.