« PreviousContinue »
tion,” not merely “round the land," are at present more particularly conbut well nigh from pole to pole ; as cerned; but we cannot take up every though he could not endure that important topic which even they Rome should have the sole glory of would suggest. The Jerusalem bicursing all heretics at once and toge- shopric opens a wide field for disther, but was ambitious of sharing it cussion : it is a subject full of interwith her. He has, however, explained est, in every point in which it can himself in a subsequent pamphlet to be viewed; but all our space would the satisfaction of some, though, we be required to do it justice. So, believe, only some, of his friends. again, of the remarks in which Dr. No. 16 is a very interesting produc- Pusey has chosen to indulge at the tion, marked by manly eloquence, expense of the Methodists; and broad views, good temper, and quiet which are very important, as show
Professor Maurice has ing what kind of treatment we must bis crotchets; nevertheless, not expect at his hands, and those of many writers carry the reader with his brethren and disciples. Nothing them more pleasantly. No. 19 an- can be more pitiful than the littleswers to its title exactly. It is a ness of his views, and his unwillingcompendious statement in the words ness to listen to explanation. But of the Tractarians themselves, drawn we reserve any notice that it may be out and arranged under proper thought necessary to take of these heads; so that those who have not matters, till another opportunity. opportunity to read at length There is something more important, what they have written, may here in our judgment, even than Method find a correct account of their sys ism itself; and that something is at tem. Mr. Goode evidently thinks stake. The PROTESTANTISM that the “ vice” of Tractarianism, ENGLAND is, according to our solike some others, “to be hated, lemn conviction, in greater peril needs but to be seen;" and he has than it has been since the days of taken laudable pains to display it in James I. Events are developing its proper colours. We fear that it themselves with astonishing rapidity takes too firm a hold upon our cor in one direction; and we deem it rupt nature to be dislodged by such the part of true wisdom to make the means. But, as conveying accurate, measure of Romish exultation the and even extensive, information in a measure of our sincere, prayerful, small compass, Mr. Goode's work is and intense solicitude. invaluable; and we only regret, that It may contribute to a right apprethe price fixed upon it is such as ciation of our present circumstances, must confine its circulation within to look back a little, and remark the comparatively narrow limits. A view which was taken of this move. cheap edition would serve the cause ment by our enemies; to inquire of truth most extensively, and, we what they, or rather the best inbelieve, repay the author also. formed among them, now think of
No. 20 may be mentioned, as an it. The extent of the mischief which able reply to Dr. Pusey on such has been wrought, may be best points as Mr. Davies adverts to; but gathered from the statements of he does not attempt to follow the those who have a direct interest in Professor. The general tone of his minifying it: and with this view we elaborate performance is, however, request the reader's attention to the well stated by Mr. Davies; and the extracts that follow, only premising insolent and menacing attitude that the italics are mostly our own. which he assumes towards the bench 1. The Dublin Quarterly Review, of Bishops, is well brought out into a periodical which is the avowed contrast with the smoothness of his organ of the Romanists of this emlanguage, and with those loud pro- pire, was first published in the year fessions of reverence for the Episco- 1836 ; and, contrary to the usual pal office, in which Tractarians have practice of such persons, its editors 80 long abounded.
avowed their names. These, if we It is with Nos. 17 and 21 that we recollect right, stood as follows'a
N. Wiseman, D.D.; Daniel O'Con- age took orders in the Church. We nell, Esq., M.P. ; and M. J. Quin, asked him, on one occasion, by what Esq., Barrister-at-Law. The first course he had been brought to emNumber of this periodical contained brace our religion, with so many an article on the controversy con sacrifices. He informed us, that he cerning Dr. Hampden, which was had always been a zealous High. generally ascribed to the first-named Churchman, and had studied and of the three editors ; and which held the opinions of the old English drew a faithful portrait of the school Divines. He had thus firmly upin divinity to which Dr. Hampden's held the authority of the Church; leading opponents belonged. Among he had believed in the real presence other just and striking remarks on of Christ's body and blood in the the leading Anglo-Catholics, whose blessed eucharist; he had regretted fame as Tractarians was, at that the destruction of ceremony and retime, but very litele known, the Re- ligious symbols in worship, and had viewer says, “ We see learned and fully satisfied himself, on the authorzealous-and, we have reason to be- ity of his leaders, that many Catholic lieve, in some instances, amiable, practices, usually much decried, men contending, in the spirit which were blameless, and might be even belongs to a better Church and a salutary. His religious principles better cause, in favour of a rigid being thus framed upon the doctrines adherence to principles and doctrines of that school, he could not avoid which we must approve.”......“ If noticing, that, practically, they were they would fearlessly pursue their not held by the Church in which he own doctrines to their farthest con. had learnt them : he looked around sistent conclusions, they would him for some place where they might surely find that they have unguard- be found; and, to his astonishment, edly, perhaps unknowingly, rejected discovered that among Catholics his the principles of the Reformalion, and theory of Christianity alone existed returned to thoughts and feelings in a perfect and harmonious scheme. which belong to other times, or at HE HAD LITTLE OR NOTHING least to another Church." This was CHANGE ; he merely transferred his written, we repeat, in 1836; and allegiance from a party to a Church, these sentiments were not even then and became a Catholic that he might mere speculation; they were deduced remain a consistent Protestant!" from actual observation and experi Five years afterwards, when the ence, as what follows will show.
parties alluded to above had become “ Divines of this class, whether abundantly notorious, and the Tracts living or dead, have been more than were at an end, Dr. Wiseman wrote once subservient to the spread of as follows, in a letter to the editor Catholicity. The late Mr. Vaughan, of the “ Tablet” (Roinish) nervsof Leicester, was ever most assidu. paper :ous in preaching to his Pro
late occurrences at Oxford Alock on the High-Church doctrine cannot fail to excite the interest of of authority in matters of faith, on the Catholic public.......I own the sin of Dissent, and the unsafety that, from the beginning, I have of those who submitted and adhered watched the progress of the Oxford not to the Church; and the conse movement wiih a growing interest, quence was, that several of his con because I thought I saw in it the gregation, convinced by bis argu surest guarantee and principle of ments, but following them up to final success, gradual and steady their real conclusions, passed over growth and developement, and a to the Catholic faith, and became continued approximation towards zealous members of our holy reli- unity and truth. From the first ! gion. We had the pleasure of being have ever considered those engaged acquainted with one who, for years, in it as men guided by a zeal and had exercised the ministry in the uprightness worthy of the better established religion, but became a side ; and by a disinterested desire convert to the truth, and in his old to promote, by what they considered
the best means, the cause of religion. (Page 13.) “That the feelings which I own, however, that I regretted the have been expressed in favour of a apparent slowness of their progress return to unity by the Anglican towards the end we desired, and the Church, are every day widely spreadnecessary inconsistencies of a theo. ing and deeply sinking, no one who logical system which had not purged has means of judging, I think, can the truths it had revived of the alloy doubt. Those sentiments have a of error with which they were mixed. silent echo in hundreds of sympathizIt seemed a duty to lend a helping ing bosoms; and they who receive hand toward the happy consumma them, as sounds dear to them, are tion, and to advance the work by not idle in communicating their own pointing out what remained to be thoughts to many more over whoin accomplished. At the same time, it they have influence; and thus has a appeared the labour of years, and far more general sense been awakbeyond all present expectation. ened, than appears at first sight, to
“In the mean time an ever-ready, the religious state of things. There overruling power has descended io are many evidences (which it would the work ; unexpected circumstances be hardly proper to detail) that have matured what our efforts could Catholic feelings have penetrated not have etfected; and, in a few deeper into society than at first one weeks, more has been done towards would suspect. Whole parishes have advancing our desires, than we could received the leaven, and it is ferhave promised ourselves in our genera- menting ; and places where it might tion."
least be expected, seem to have reMore than twelve months ago the ceived it in more secret and mysteconductors of the above-nained rious ways." (Page 21.) “ Experijournal expressed themselves as fol. ence has now shown, that the counlows:-"The writers of the Tracts” try population are ready to receive, (for the Times) “were able, if uncon without murmuring,-indeed, with scious, auxiliaries of ours. They pleasure,--the Catholic views prohave done more than can well be calpounded froin Oxford; and, indeed, culated to bring this wild, untilled even more, when taught through recountry into a state fit for the recep- gular parochial instruction.” (Pages tion of the good seed of faith. 40, 41.) Looking at the effect of their writ We may take this opportunity of ings on the rising generation, it can adverting to a foolish opinion which not be denied that they have been seems to be gaining currency. Mr. adınirable pioneers of truth. Whe. Watson, in his “ Letter,”—following ther willing or not to advance to Dr. Pusey in his “ Letter to the the ultimate goal of their own rea Bishop of Oxford,”-intimates his sonings, they have yet thoroughly belief that these rejoicings are only succeeded in opening a road, and feigned ; that the “real Romish giving an impulse in the right direc- feeling” is of an opposite description....... They have accomplished tion ; for that Dr. Wiseman both something which will go on. Where fears and dislikes the Tractarian there was, ten years ago, one person party.
“The fact is," he affirms, labouring to disseminate their princi " that the virulence with which the ples, there are now ten."
Evangelical party within the Church Our last extract of this description have taken up the cry of the Disis from Dr. (now Bishop) Wiseman's senters without, as to their Popish recently published “Letter to the tendency, has emboldened the more Earl of Shrewsbury on Catholic long sighted of the Romish Clergy Unity :"
to speak with favour of what, if they "It seems impossible to read the be sincere in their obedience to works of the Oxford Divines, and Rome, they must in reality have a especially to follow them chrono- deep-rooted horror.” (Page 42.) This logically, without discovering a daily appears to us to be dealing very approach to our holy Church, both hardly with the Romanists. If the in doctrine and affectionate feeling.” Tractarians claim to be considered Vol. XXI. Third Series. Avgust, 1842.
sincere when they praise Rome, and true faith, and which difference bewhen they praise England too, as comes less and less every day.” And they often do on succeeding pages,
the “faithful ” are called upon to if not on the same page, they may “redouble their prayers, that these well be content to give their adver- happy dispositions may be in. saries credit for sincerity in praising creased.” Oxford, though they adhere to II. We now direct the attention Rome. And the insinuation appears of our readers to the passages of his unworthy of credit, when it is shown “Letter” in which Dr. Pusey has (as above) that the Romanists have again and again admitted the existnot changed their note. They say ence of a tendency to Romanism in 1842, neither more nor less than aipong English Churchmen. they said in 1836 and 1838, as to the tendency of the Tractarian sys
“ There is yet another point, upon tem. The attempt to get rid of their
which it seems a duty to speak distestimony, by imputing duplicity to
tinctly, however reluctant I may be....... them, only gatisfies us that those
That subject is the temptation to young against whom it is adduced have no
or susceptible minds to forsake our
communion for that of Rome :.....the other means of rebutting it.
real, actual temptations to which, in the Because this is a point of some
present state of things, a certain class of importance in the advancing stages min
minds is exposed; and in that I say of the Tractarian controversy, it the present state of things,' I mean may be well to add, that similar that they are not inherent in our Church, views have long since been promul- but incidental only to her present condigated both in Paris and Rome, tion; in that I speak of temptations,' where the motives of writers can
I imply that it would be sinful to yield scarcely lie open to the same suspi
to them.” cion as among ourselves. No evan
(“ Letter to the Archbishop of Canter
bury," page 8.) gelical party exists in those cities, with whom Papists may co-operate, He goes on to speak of the influto raise an outcry against the Eng
ence which Romish books of devolish Establishment : yet in a period- tion had exercised, prefacing his ical published at Paris, as long since statements with, as January 13th, 1838, there was a notice of the “Tracts for the Times," “ The following is not an ideal pic. which contained the following sen ture of what is calculated to influence ; tences :
it is a statement of what I know to have “Il est curieux d'observer les aveux influenced persons, and to be felt. I do qu'ils rendent à la vérité : il ne faut not then suggest temptations, but state pas s'étonner que ces dissertalions
what exist." (Ibid., page 11, note.), aient été dénoncées par beaucoup de
“It is necessary to appreciate that Protestans comme prouvaut une défec- the wish in individuals to be joined to
there are temptations and trials ; that tion totale des doctrines de la Réforme,
the Roman Church does not necessarily et un rapprochement trop manifeste de arise in undutifulness to our own, alla croyance Catholique." (L'Ami de la though one may generally trace some Religion, Samedi, 13 Janvier, 1838.)
one wrong temper, at least in those who And surely, if we may expect to have forsaken our Church for it.” find “the real Romish feeling” ex
(Ibid., page 19.) pressed anywhere, it is in an Italian “ The same longing which some years journal, published in the city of the past brought very many to the verge of seven hills, where the censorship of Dissent, and often carried them into it, the press is known to be sufficiently is now setting in towards churches, and strict to prevent the publication of is a sore temptation to many to forsake
their Church for Rome." anything disagreeable to His Holi
(Ibid., page 25.) ness. Yet it is affirmed, in the jour
“ It is easy, and not annatural, to nal alluded to, that the Tractarians
ascribe the tendency to Romanism, which “ teach many Catholic doctrines in
has of late burst upon us, to the influsuch sort as to leave but little differ. ence of Tracts, which, by those opposed ence between their opinions and the to hem, have been accused of that lean
ing; but it would be a shallow and blame ; but it is too probably part of untrue account of the matter."
the trial, the fire and water,' through (Ibid., page 29.) which our afflicted Church is to pass,' “ The tendency to Romanism itself before it be brought out into a wealthy is but one phenomenon in the manifold place.' Suffering is the very condition of workings of this eventful day.”
all restoration. The period of restora(Ibid., page 31.) tion, in body, or mind, or spirit, in
individuals, or states, or chu This tendency Dr. Pusey thinks always the most critical. The struggle is, under certain circumstances,
is the sharpest, and the peril and suffer. very likely to increase. It is evi- ing the greatest, when the evil power is dent, that he has many fears as to
about to yield to the divine command,
and quit the body it has possessed. the growth of the evil, or he would
The evil spirit cried, and rent him not write thus :
sore, and came out of him; and he was
as one dead ; insomuch that many said, “I have good hopes, that, if no He is dead. But Jesus took him by the organic change be made in our Church, hand, and lifted him up, and he arose.'
authoritative explanation on the If, then, we are sore rent, so that to wrong side placed upon our Articles, some it seems as if our Church must be and she be committed to no heresy or rent asunder, we may be cheered by our fresh schism, though we
very sufferings, and hope the more that to mourn, as we have mourned, over Satan “hath' the greater 'wrath' with some sorrowful secessions, yet the main because he knoweth that he hath body of our Church will be more stayed but a short time;' we may the more' within her, as, year by year, God's hand hope that He is about to take' us ' by more visibly prospers her, and she yields the hand,' • lift' us up, and’ we shall more signs of a living church......... But arise.' Our Church has been, in part, any step which has a tendency to bring un-Catholicized by those who helped, in her into relations with foreign un a degree, to unsecularise her. As, then, Catholic bodies will be unsettling. Any her former partial restoration was not advance to Protestantism will produce a obtained without the loss of very many counter-movement towards Romanism." of her members, and even her Minis
(Ibid., page 112.) ters, to Dissent, so now it is too likely that “We wish a direction to be given to some will be lost to Romanism." this mighty movement within
(Ibid., pages 151, 152.) Church, which, swelling as it is, month by month, and day by day, cannot be We have given this latter passage checked, cannot be overlooked, but may at length, that the reader may have be guided...... It is too late for any mere a specimen of Tractarian rhetoric. check. It is not by any warning as to It is certainly a bold figure, to any of our supposed tendencies, or by represent the English Establishment cautions as to any particular statement, as a demoniac writhing in the grasp or by silencing any one or more of us, that things can be stayed.'
of some powerful and malicious (Ibid., pages 137-139.)
fiend; and if a Dissenter had ven“ Meanwhile we may have to mourn
tured on such a comparison, we over the loss of individuals to Roman- incline to think that a great outcry ism; and the more if, unhappily, these would have been raised against his miserable divisions, and hard speeches of uncharitableness and irreverence. one Minister against another, be allowed If, however, so pleasant a change to continue ; but let us learn to take has taken place in the condition of them, sorrowfully and in patience, as Dr. Pusey's “revered mother," and God's chastisements, not in wrath against the evil spirit has really passed away one another ; displeased with ourselves, from her, in the shape of certain and our actual state, and our manifold defects, which bring upon us these
converts to Popery, we wonder that tokens of God's displeasure, not wasting
he should disclaim any share in the ourselves in unchastened disputings with process of exorcism. Yet such is whom the fault most lies. They are a
the fact. While admitting that sore trial to families ; they are, proba. secessions have taken place, he thus bly, felt most sorely, and most efforts denies that he and his party have made to prevent them, by those upon had any influence in promoting whom the unthinking world casts the them :