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minutio of testator, ib. 4, though in 1 tisdatio, i. 24. pr.: offer of satisdatio
some cases upheld by the praetor, ib. to secure sole administration, ib. 1:
6: not avoided by mere intention to iii. 19. 20: procedure where none of
revoke, ib. 7: will of libertus, iii. 7. several tutors offers, i. 24. 1: liability
I sq.: testamentum inofficiosum, see of magistrates who appoint, ib. 2-4:
querella: militare, see military tes grounds of excuse from serving the
tament.

office, see curator : tutor cannot be
Tiberius, i. 11. II: ii. 15. 4.

compelled to become curator to same
tignum, meaning of, ii. 1. 29.

ward, i. 25. 18, or man to his own
traditio, a natural mode of acquisition, wife, ib. 19: removal of tutor on sus-

ü. 1. 40: the universal mode of con picion, i. 26: who can remove, ib. i,
veying res corporales, ib.: may be and be removed, ib. 2: the actio sus-
made by an agent with owner's con pecti tutoris quasi-publica, ib. 3, but
sent, ib. 42: e.g. by a general ma cannot be brought by an impubes,
nager, ib. 43: where not necessary ib. 4: meaning of suspectus, ib. 5.9
for transfer of ownership, ib. 44 and and 13: interdiction of administration
45: to incerta persona, ib. 46.

during the action, ib. 7: tutor's obli-
Trajan, ii. 11. 1: ii. 12. pr.: üi. 7. 4. gation to maintain pupil, ib. 9 and
translatio of legacies, ii. 21. I.

10: punishment of, by praefectus
Trebatius, ii. 25. pr.

urbis, ib. 10 and 11: offer of security
trespass, in pursuit of wild animals, by tutor, no bar to his removal on
ii. 1. 12.

suspicion, ib. 12: tutor and pupil,
Tribonian, proem: i. 5. 3: ii. 8. 2: relation between is quasi-contractual,
ii. 23. 12.

iii. 27. 2.
tributoria praedia, ii. 1. 40.

Twelve Tables, the, on tutela, i. 15.
triplicatio, iv. 14. 2.

pr.: i. 17: on curatio adgnatorum, i.
tutela, i. 13. pr.: defined, ib. 1: ad 23. 6: on suspecti crimen, i. 26. pr.:

gnatorum, i. 15: belongs only to the on the actio de tigno iniuncto, ii. 1.
nearest degree, i. 16.7: patronorum, 29: on sale, ii, 1. 41: on usucapio of
i. 17: parentium, i. 18: fiduciaria, i. res furtivae, ii. 6. 2: on legacy, ii. 22.
19: impuberum, based on natural pr.: on intestate succession, ii. 13. 5:
law, i. 20. 6: modes in which tutela iii. 1. 1.9 and 15: iii. 2. pr., 3 and 5:
terminates, i. 22: by pupil's attaining iii. 3. pr. and 2: iii. 5. I and 5: iii. 7.
puberty, ib. pr.: adrogatio, deporta pr. : iii. 9. 2: iii. io. pr.: on iniuria,
tio, capture in war, etc., ib. 1: fulfil iv. 4. 7: on pauperies, iv. 9.4: Gaius'
ment of condition, etc., ib. 2 and 5: work on, iv. 18. 5.
death of pupil or tutor, ib. 3: capitis
deminutio, ib. 4: removal on suspi-
cion, grounds of excuse, etc., ib. 6:

tutela a munus publicum, i. 25. pr. usucapio, a civil mode of acquisition,
tutor, i. 13. 2: may be appointed by ii. 6. pr.: Justinian's changes in the

will, ib. 3, even to postumi, ib. 4: law of, ib. : what cannot be acquired
to an emancipated child only with by, ib. 1 and 2: of moveables, rare,
magistrate's approval, ib. 5: who ib. 3: cases of it, ib. 4, 5 and 6: of
may be appointed, i. 14: incertae immoveables, easier: how effected, ib.
personae cannot, ii. 20. 25 and 27: 7: of res furtivae or vi possessae, how
appointment ad tempus, ex tempore, possible, ib. 8: of res fisci, ib. o: the
sub condicione, etc., i. 14. 3: ap thing to be acquired must have no
pointment certae rei or causae not vitium, ib. 10: error falsae causae,
good, ib. 4: tutor Atilianus, i. 20. fatal to, ib. 11: continuatio temporis
pr.: ex lege Iulia et Titia, ib.: tutors in, ib. 12 and 13.
of these latier kinds often appointed usus, a personal servitude created and
temporarily, ib. 1 and 2: later mode extinguished in same ways as usus-
of appointment in default of testa fructus, ii. 5. pr.: a less right than
mentary tutor, ib. 3: in Justinian's the latter, ib. i": rights of usuary of
time, . 4: responsibility of tutor at a house, ib. 2: usus intransferable,
end of term of office, ib. 7: case of ib. 3 : usus of slave, ib.: of cattle, ib.
action between tutor and pupil: lat. 4: not extinguished by capitis demi-
ter must have a curator ad litem, i. nutio minima, iii. 10. 1.
21. 3: tutoris actor, i. 23.6: tutorum ususfructus, ii. 1. 36: duty of usu-
satisdatio, i. 24: iv. 11. pr.: what fructuary to act as bonus paterfami-
tutors are exempted from giving sa- ' lias, ib. 38: defined, ii. 4. pr.: modes

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of creating, ib. 1: modes of extinc. | vindicatio, defined, iv. 6. 15: in cases
tion, ib. and 3: of things quae ipso

and 2: of things quae ipso of theft, iv. I. 19.
usu consumuntur, ib. 2, only a quasi vis maior, iii. 14. 2.
usufruct, ib. : effect of determination
of usufruct, ib. 4: rights of usufruc-

w
tuary, ii. 5. 1: he has not possession,

witnesses to a will, must have testa-
ii. 9.4: usufruct not extinguished by
capitis deminutio minima, iii. 10. 1.

menti factio, ii. 10. 6: who cannot
be, in any case, ib. and 7: others

excluded on grounds of relationship,
v.

ib. 9 and 10.
Vespasian, ii, 23. 5.
viatores, iv. 6. 24.

Xenophon, iv. 18. 5.

GENERAL INDEX.

(The references are to the pages.)

| Actio servi corrupti, 539.
Acceptilatio, 450-452.

Serviana, 533, 594, 631.
Accessio, 190, 191, 196, 197.

- suspecti tutoris, 169, 170.
- temporis or possessionis, 220, 221. tributoria, 556.
Accrual between co-legatees, 283; be – tutelae, 155, 444.
tween co-heirs, 296, 354.

Actiones adiectitiae qualitatis, 477,
Acquisition, modes of, 188; civil 486, 492, 555.
modes, 215.

- arbitrariae, 545-547,630, 634, 635.
Acta intervenientia, 133, 539, 569. - bonae fidei, 541, 542, 624, 630,
Actio, meaning of the term, 489, 528: 1 634, 635.

Justinian's divisions of actions, 491 sq. - certae and incertae, 629, 630.
Actio ad exhibendum, 546.

civiles and honorariae, 632.
- ad supplendam legitimam, 270.

directae and utiles, 518, 630, 633.
- aestimatoria, 423.

fictitiae, 631.
bonorum vi raptorum, 509.

in bonum et aequum conceptae,
calumniae, 600.

543.
confessoria, 530, 629.

- in factum, 518.
de dote, 285.

-- in ius and in factum conceptae,
de effusis et deiectis, 526.

629-632.
de eo quod certo loco, etc., 392.

- in rem and in personam, 529.
de in rem verso, 486, 557, 558. . - legitimae, 6322
de pauperie, 564, 565.

noxales, 561 sq.
de peculio, 557, 558.

perpetuae and temporales, 573,
de pecunia constituta, 534.

574.
de rationibus distrahendis, 156.

- populares, 169, 526, 574, 575.
de tigno iniuncto, 194.

- praeiudiciales, 535, 536, 636 : see
doli, 550.

praeiudicia.
ex stipulatu, 630.

-- stricti iuris, 541, 542.
exercitoria, 486, 556.

Actionis editio, 539..
familiae erciscundae, 444, 604. Addictio, 215.
fiduciae, 316.

Aditio hereditatis, 157, 235, 256 :
finium regundorum, 538.

how made, 278, 279 : effects of, 275,
furti, 501.

276.
hypothecaria, 533, 594.

Adiudicatio, 215, 605, 633.
in factum civilis, 386, 387, 633. Adoptio naturam imitatur, 131.
institoria, 486, 556.

Adoption, 128 sq.: form of, 130.
legis Aquiliae, 514, 537, 539. A drogation, 129, 331, 371, 372: of
negatoria, 530, 629.

impuberes, 131.
Pauliana, 532.

Adsignatio libertorum, 363, 364.
positi aut suspensi, 526.

Adstipulatio, 516.
praescriptis verbis, 386, 387,633. Aedile, 22, 97, 397, 422, 565.

Publiciana, 188, 208, 317, 327, Aequitas as a source of Roman law, 28.
530,531, 582, 631, 635.

Aestimatum, 387.
quasi-institoria, 486.

Affirmatores, 164.
quasi-Serviana, 533.

Agency in the acquisition of ownership
quod iussu, 555.

and possession, 229 sq.: as a species
quod metus causa, 541, 550.

of contract, 435 sq.: how far the
recepticia, 534.

agent entitles or binds his principal,
redhibitoria, 423, 537.

483-486 : agency in the conduct of
rei uxoriae, 543.

actions, 567-569.

Agnates, defined, 115.
Agnitio bonorum possessionis, 367.
Agri vectigales, 313.
Albi corruptio, 535.
Animus domini, 322.
Appellate Jurisdiction under the Re-

public and the Empire, 639, 640.
Apprehensio, 323.
Aquae et ignis interdictio, 134.
Aquilian stipulation, the, 451, 452.
Arbitration, its place in the history of

Roman civil procedure, 619.
Arbitria, cf. actiones arbitrariae.
Arra, 417, 418.
Assignment of contractual rights, 465

sq.
Auctoratus, 104.
Austin, Mr., on the law of Persons,

80, and of Things, 176, 180; on
Customary law, 99.

B.

Bankruptcy, 374-377, 640 sq.
Beneficium abstinendi, 272, 273, 338.
— cedendarum actionum, 413, 477.
- competentiae, 377, 450, 552, 553.

divisionis, 412, 474, 477.
- inventarii, 277.

- ordinis sive excussionis, 413, 474,
533
Bona fide possessor, 197.
Bona fides (in usucapion), 276.
Bona vacantia, 220.
Bona vi rapta, 488, 509 sq.
Bonorum addictio libertatis causa,

373
Bonorum cessio, 377, 641.
Bonorum distractio, 377.
Bonorum possessio, in general, 275,

366 sq.: origin and development of,
457-459 : ab intestato, 365 sq. : con-
tra tabulas, 251, 252: cum and sine
re, 267, 368 : secundum tabulas, 237,

267.
Bonorum venditio, 272, 375, 376,

641.
Breach of promise of marriage, 120.

Cautio damni infecti, 396.

de dolo, 396.
- de persequendo servo, etc., 396.

de rato, 397, 570, 571.
legatorum, 397.
Muciana, 259.

- rem salvam fore pupilli, 397.
Censors and the Census, 21, 107.
Centumviri, 624, 626.
Centuries, 8, 9.
Cessio bonorum, 377, 641.
Cessio nominum or actionum, 466.
Chirographa, 479.
Christianity, influence of, on Roman

law, 56.
Clausula codicillaris, 311.
Clientes, 5.
Code of Justinian, 64, 65, 71, 72: of

Theodosius II, 61, 62.
Codex Alaricianus, 63.
- Gregorianus, 63.

- Hermogenianus, 63.

- repetitae praelectionis, 71, 72.
Codicilli, 299, 309-312.
Codification, 72.
Coemptio, 115, 140.
Cognatio spiritualis, 124.
Cognitio extraordinaria, 300, 642,643.
Cognitors, 568.
Coheirs, 276.
Collatio bonorum, 276, 341.
Colonatus, 104.
Coloniae Latinae, 26.
Colonus, 104, 198.
Comitia calata, 3, 236.

- centuriata, 9, 23-25.
- curiata, 3, 10, 25.

-- tributa, 7, 11, 23, 25.
Commercium, 187.
Commodatum, 382, 383.
Commodum repraesentationis, 285.
Compensatio, 543-545.
Composition for wrong, idea of, 616,

617.
Compromissum, 456, 619.
Concubinatus, 1 26.
Concurrence of actions de eadem re,

565-567.
Concurrence of causae lucrativae,

281.
Condemnatio, 633, 634.
Condicio, 152, 153; in wills, 258, 259,

287, 291-293 ; in contracts, 391.

- impossibilis, 259, 444.
Condictio, 388, 478, 536, 624, 625,
629, 630.
- causa data causa non secuta, 386.

— furtiva, 507, 508, 575.
- indebiti, 381, 382, 445, 464.
Confarreatio, 115.
Confusio, 209, 275, 455.

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C.
Caduca, 255.
Calumnia, 600, 601.
Capitis deminutio, 146 sq., 172-174,

267, 354, 432, 551.
Capture in war, 103, 190.
Casus, 471.
Causa civilis in contracts, 379.
Causae probatio, 127.
Cautio (bond attesting a contract),

467, 481.

D.

Connubium, 119, 120.

| Distress, law of, in primitive societies,
Consistorium, 97.

615-617, 621, 622.
Consolidatio, 209.

Division of inheritance among coheirs,
Constitutions of the Emperors, 94 sq. 257
Constitutum, 415, 479, 534.

Divorce, 121, 122.
- possessorium, 325.

Dolus, 469 sq., 513, 550.
Consuls, 9.

Dominium, Roman conception of, 177,
Contract, development of, 333, 335, 178, 187, 188.

336, 380: Roman notion of, 378, Donatio, 221 sq.
379: place of performance, 392:

inter vivos, 223 sq.
time of performance, 408, 409: how -- mortis causa, 222, 223, 295, 298.
far third persons bound or entitled - propter nuptias, 225, 226.
under contracts, 399 sg.: contract Dos, 123 sq., 553.
and obligation, 180.

Dotis dictio, 387.
Contractual decision of disputes, Duplicatio, 586, 587, 637.
618, 619.

E.
Contraria voluntas as a mode of dis-

charging consensual contracts, 454. Edict of the Praetor, 30-39.
Contributory negligence, 513.

Edicts of the Emperors, 95.
Contubernium, 126.

Edictum Carbonianum, 367.
Correal obligation, 393, 394, 474 sq. - provinciale, 32.
Costs, 601.

- Theodorici, 63.
Cretio continua and vulgaris, 274. Emancipation, 136, 137.
Culpa, 469 sq., 513.

Emperors, their legislative authority,
Cura of minors, 159, 160: of furiosi 42, 94-97.
and prodigi, 160, 161.

Emphyteusis, 315-317, 425.
Curators, 159 sq.

Empire, establishment of, 40.
Customary law, 2, 56, 98.

Emptio sub corona, 215.
Emptio venditio, 201, 417 sq.: see

Sale.

Epistola Hadriani, 412, 583.
Damage to property, law of, 511 sq. Epistolae, 96.
Damages, measure of, in actions, 515. Ereption, 255.
Damnum indirectum, 515.

Exceptio doli, 480, 550, 579, 580, 584.
Damnum iniuria datum, 488, 511 sq. - in factum composita, 579, 584.
Dare, facere, praestare, 461,629, 630. --- iurisiurandi, 580.
Datio in solutum, 450.

legis Cinciae, 225, 583.
Decemviri, 12, 624.

legis Iuliae (de bonorum cessione),
Decreta, 95 sq.

583
Decuriones, 127.

- legis Plaetoriae, 583.
Dediticii, 109: succession to, 363.

-- litis dividuae, 552, 585.
Deductio de peculio, 464.

-- litis residuae, 552, 585.
Defensio, 465.

longi temporis, 578.
Defensor, 572, 573.

- pacti, 580, 584, 637.
Delatio hereditatis, 235.

pecuniae non numeratae, 480-482,
Delict, nature of, 487, 497.
Demonstratio, 628.

praeiudicii, 578.
Deportatio in insulam, 134.

procuratoria, 577, 585.
Depositum, 383, 384.

quod metus causa, 550, 579, 584.
- irregulare, 384.

rei in iudicium deductae, 577, 581.
- miserabile, 384.

rei iudicatae, 577, 581-583.
Dereliction, 202.

SCi. Macedoniani, 560, 583.
Detention, 321, 322.

Sci. Trebelliani, 583.
Dies, 153, 154: in wills, 258: in con SCi. Velleiani, 416, 583, 584.
tracts, 389, 390.

Exceptiones, 493, 577 sq., 636, 637;
Dies cedit and venit, 286, 287.

perpetuae and temporales, 587: pre-
Dies interpellat pro homine, 409. scription of, 585: exceptions opposed
Dies nefasti and fasti, 44.

to ipsum ius, 448.
Diffarreatio, 122.

Execution for debt and in bankruptcy,
Digest of Justinian, 65, 66.

374-377, 640 sq.
Diligentia, 469 sq.

Exheredation, 346-251.

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