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minutio of testator, ib. 4, though in
some cases upheld by the praetor, ib.
6: not avoided by mere intention to
revoke, ib. 7: will of libertus, iii. 7.
1 sq.: testamentum inofficiosum, see
querella: militare, see military tes-
tament.

Tiberius, i. 11. 11: ii. 15. 4.

tignum, meaning of, ii. 1. 29.

traditio, a natural mode of acquisition,
ii. 1. 40: the universal mode of con-
veying res corporales, ib.: may be
made by an agent with owner's con-
sent, ib. 42: e.g. by a general ma-
nager, ib. 43: where not necessary
for transfer of ownership, ib. 44 and
45: to incerta persona, ib. 46.

Trajan, ii. 1f. 1: ii. 12. pr.: iii. 7. 4.

translatio of legacies, ii. 21. 1.

Trebatius, ii. 25. pr.

trespass, in pursuit of wild animals,
ii. 1. 12.

Tribonian, proem: i. 5. 3: ii. 8. 2:
ii. 23. 12.

tributoria praedia, ii. 1. 40.

triplioatio, iv. 14. 2.

tutela, i. 13. pr.: defined, ib. 1: ad-
gnatorum, i. 15: belongs only to the
nearest degree, i. 16. 7: patronorum,
i. 17: parentium, i. 18: fiduciaria, i.
iq: impuberum, based on natural
law, i. 20. 6: modes in which tutela
terminates, i. 22: by pupil's attaining
puberty, ib. pr.: adrogatio, deporta-
tio, capture in war. etc., ib. 1: fulfil-
ment of condition, etc., ib. 2 and 5:
death of pupil or tutor, ib. 3: capitis
deminutio, ib. 4: removal on suspi-
cion, grounds of excuse, etc., ib. 6:
tutela a munus publicum, i. 25. pr.

tutor, i. 13. 2: may be appointed by
will, ib. 3, even to postumi, ib. 4:
to an emancipated child only with
magistrate's approval, ib. 5: who
may be appointed, i. 14: incertae
personae cannot, ii. 20. 25 and 27:
appointment ad tempus, ex tempore,
sub condicione, etc., i. 14. 3: ap-
pointment certae rei or causae not
good, ib. 4: tutor Atilianus, i. 20.
pr.: ex lege Iulia et Titia, ib.: tutors
of these latter kinds often appointed
temporarily, ib. 1 and 2: later mode
of appointment in default of testa-
mentary tutor, ib. 3: in Justinian's
time, ib. 4: responsibility of tutor at
end of term of office, ib. 7: case of
action between tutor and pupil: lat-
ter must have a curator ad litem, i.
21.3: tutoris actor, i. 23. 6: tutorum
satisdatio, i. 24: iv. 11. pr.: what
tutors are exempted from giving sa-

tisdatio, i. 24, pr.: offer of satisdatio
to secure sole administration, ib. 1:
iii. 19. 20: procedure where none of
several tutors offers, i. 24.1: liability
of magistrates who appoint, ib. 2-4:
grounds of excuse from serving the
office, see curator: tutor cannot be
compelled to become curator to same
ward, i. 25. 18, or man to his own
wife, ib. 19: removal of tutor on sus-
picion, i. 26: who can remove, ib. 1,
and be removed, ib. 2: the actio sus-
pecti tutoris quasi-publica, ib. 3, but
cannot be brought by an impubes,
ib. 4: meaning of suspectus, ib. 5. 9
and 13: interdiction of administration
during the action, ib. 7: tutor's obli-
gation to maintain pupil, ib. 9 and
10: punishment of, by praefectus
urbis, ib. 10 and 11: offer of security
by tutor, no bar to his removal on
suspicion, ib. 12: tutor and pupil,
relation between is quasi-contractual,
iii. 27. 2.
Twelve Tables, the, on tutela, i. 15.
pr.: i. 17: on curatio adgnatorum, i.
23. 6: on suspecti crimen, i. 26. pr.:
on the actio de tigno iniuncto, ii. 1.
29: on sale, ii. 1. 41: on usucapio of
res furtivae, ii. 6. 2: on legacy, ii- 22.
pr.: on intestate succession, ii. 13.5:
iii. 1. 1.9 and 15: iii. 2. pr., 3 and ;:
iii. 3. pr. and 2: iii. 5.1 and 5: iii. 7.
pr.: iii. 9. 2: iii. 10. pr.: on iniuria,
iv. 4. "¡: on pauperies, iv. 9. 4: Gaius'
work on, i v. 18. 5.

usucapio, a civil mode of acquisition,
ii. 6. pr.: Justinian's changes in the
law of, ib.: what cannot be acquired
by, ib. 1 and 2: of moveables, rare,
ib. 3: cases of it, ib. 4, 5 and 6: of
immoveables, easier: how effected, ib.
7: of res furtivae or vi possessae, how
possible, ib. 8: of res fisci, ib. 9: the
thing to be acquired must have no
vitium, ib. 10: error falsae causae,
fatal to, ib. 11: continuatio temporis
in, ib. 12 and 13.

usus, a personal servitude created and
extinguished in same ways as usus-
fructus, ii. 5. pr.: a less right than
the latter, ib. 1: rights of usuary of
a house, ib. 1: usus intransferable,
ib. 3: usus of slave, ib.: of cattle, ib.
4: not extinguished by capitis demi-
nutio minima, iii. 10. 1.

ususfructus, ii. 1. 36: duty of usu-
fructuary to act as bonus paterfami-
lias, ib. 38: defined, ii. 4. pr.: modes
of creating, ib. 1: modes of extinc-
tion, ib. and 3: of things quae ipso
usu consumuntur, ib. 2, only a quasi-
usufruct, ib. : effect of determination
of usufruct, ib. 4: rights of usufruc-
tuary, ii. 5. 1: he has not possession,
ii. 9. 4: usufruct not extinguished by
capitis deminutio minima, Hi. 10. 1.

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Vespasian, ii. 23. 5.
viatores, iv. 6. 24.

vindicatio, denned, iv. 6. 15: in cases

of theft, iv. 1. 19.
vis maior, iii. 14. 2.

W.

witnesses to a will, must have testa-
menti factio, ii. 10. 6: who cannot
be, in any case, ib. and 7: others
excluded on grounds of relationship,
ib. 9 and 10.

X.

Xenophon, iv. 18. 5.

GENERAL INDEX.

( The references are to the pages.)

Acceptilatio, 450-452.

Accessio, 190, 191, 196, 197.

temporis or possessionis, 220, 221.

Accrual between co-legatees, 283; be-
tween co-heirs, 296, 354.

Acquisition, modes of, 188; civil
modes, 215.

Acta intervenientia, 133, 539, 569.

Actio, meaning of the term, 489, 528:
Justinian's divisions of actions, 491 sq.

Actio ad exhibendum, 546.

ad supplendam legitimam, 270.

aestimatoria, 423.

bonorum vi raptorum, 509.

. calumniae, 600.

confessoria, 530, 629.

de dote, 285.

de effusis et deiectis, 526.

de eo quod certo loco, etc., 392.

de in rem verso, 486, 557, 558.

de pauperie, 564, 565.

de peculio, 557, 558.

de pecunia constituía, 534.

de rationibus distrahendis, 156.

de tigno iniuneto, 194.

doli, 550.

ex stipulatu, 630.

exercitoria, 486, 556.

familiae ereiseundae, 444, 604.

fiduciae, 316.

finium regundorum, 538.

furti, 501.

hypothecaria, 533, 594.

in factum civilis, 386, 387, 633.

institoria, 486, 556.

legis Aquiliae, 514, 537, 539.

negatoria, 530, 629.

Pauliana, 532.

positi aut suspensi, 526.

praescriptis verbis, 386, 387, 633.

Publiciana, 188, 208, 317, 327,

53о. 531. 582. 63i. 635.

quasi institoria, 486.

quasi-Serviana, 533.

quod iussu, 555.

quod metus causa, 541, 550.

reeepticia, 534.

redhibitoria, 423, 537.

rei uxoriae, 543.

Actio servi corrupti, 539.

Serviana, 533, $94, 631.

suspecti tutoris, 169, 170.

tributoria, 556.

tutelae, 155, 444.

Actiones adiectitiae qualitatis, 477,
486, 492- 555.

arbítrame, 545"547.б3о. °34, 635.

bonae fidei, 541, 542, 624, 630,

634. б35.

certae and incertae, 629, 630.

civiles and honorariae, 632.

direetae and utiles, 518, 630, 633.

fictitiae, 631.

in bonum et aequum coneeptae,

543-

in factum, 518.

in ius and in factum coneeptae,

629-632.

in rem and in personam, 529.

legitimae, 632.

noxales, 561 sq.

perpetuac and temporales, 573,

574-

populäres, 169, 526, 574, 575.

praeiudiciales, 535, 536, 636: see

praeiudicia.

stricti iuris, 541, 542.

Aotionis editio, 539.

Addictio, 215.

Aditio hereditatis, 157, 235, 256:

how made, 278, 279: effects of, 275,

276.
Adiudicatio, 215, 605, 633.
Adoptio naturam imitatur, 131.
Adoption, 128 sq.: form of, 130.
Adrogation, 129, 331, 371, 372: of

impuberes, 131.
Adsignatio libertorum, 363, 364.
Adstipulatio, 516.
Aedile, 22, 97, 397, 422, 565.
Aequitas as a source of Roman law, 28.
Aostimatum, 387.
Afflrmatores, 164.
Agency in the acquisition of ownership

and possession, 229 sq.: as a species

of contract, 435 sq.: how far the

agent entitles or binds his principal,

483-486: agency in the conduct of

actions, 567-569.

Agnates, defined, 145.

Agnitio bonorura possessionis, 367.

Agri veotigales, 313.

Albi corruptio, 535.

Animus domini, 322.

Appellate Jurisdiction under the Re-
public and the Empire, 639, 640.

Apprehensio, 323.

Aquae et ignis interdiotio, 134.

Aquilian stipulation, the, 451, 452.

Arbitration, its place in the history of
Roman civil procedure, 619.

Arbitria, cf. actiones arbitrariae.

Arra, 417, 418.

Assignment of contractual rights, 465
sq.

Auctoratus, 104.

Austin, Mr., on the law of Persons,
80, and of Things, 176, 180; on
Customary law, 99.

Bankruptoy, 374-377, 640 sq.
Beneflcium abstinendi, 272, 273, 338.

cedendarum actionum, 413, 477.

competentiae, 377, 456, 552, 553.

divisionis, 412, 474, 477.

. inventarii, 277.

ordinis sive excussionis, 413, 474,

533.
Bona fide possessor, 197.
Bona tides (in usucapion), 216.
Bona vacantia, 220.
Bona vi rapta, 48S, 509 sq.
Bonorum addiotio liber tat is causa,

373.

Bonorum oessio, 377, 641.

Bonorum distraotio, 377.

Bonorum possessio, in general, 275,
366 sq.: origin and development of,
457-459: ab intestato, 365 sq.: con-
tra tabulas, 251, 252: cum and sine
rei 267, 368: secundum tabulas, 237,
267.

Bonorum venditio, 272, 375, 376,
641.

Breach of promise of marriage, 120.

Caduoa, 255.

Calumnia, 600, 601.

Capitis deminutio, 146 sq., 172-174,

267, 354, 432. 551.
Capture in .war, 103, 190.
Casus, 471.

Causa oivilis in contracts, 379.
Causae probatio, 127.
Cnutio (bond attesting a contract^,

467, 481.

Cautio damni infecti, 396.

de dolo, 396.

de persequendo servo, etc., 396.

de rato, 397, 570, 571.

• legatorum, 397.

Muciana, 259.

rem salvam fore pupilli, 397.

Censors and the Census, 21, 107.

Centumviri, 624, 626.

Centuries, 8, 9.

Cessio bonorum, 377, 641.

Cessio nominum or actionum, 465.

Chirographa, 479.

Christianity, influence of, on Roman

law, 56.
Clausula codicillaris, 311.
Clientcs, 5.
Code of Justinian, 64, 65, 71, 72: of

Theodosius II, 61, 62.
Codex Alaricianus, 63.

Gregorianus, 63.

Hermogenianus, 63.

repetitae praelectionis, 71, 72.

Codicilli, 299, 309-312.

Codification, 72.

Coemptio, 115, 140.

Cognatio spiritualis, 124.

Cognitio eztraordinaria, 300,642,643.

Cognitors, 568.

Coheirs, 276.

Collatio bonorum, 276, 341.

Colon at us. 104.

Coloniae Latinao, 26.

Colonus, 104, 198.

Comitia calata, 3, 236.

centuriata, 9, 23-25.

curiata, 3, 10, 25.

tributa, 7, 11, 23, 25.

Commercium, 187.
Commodatum. 382, 383.
Commodum repraesentationis, 285.
Compensatio, 543-545.
Composition for wrong, idea of, 616,

617.
Compromissum, 456, 619.
Concubinatus, 126.
Concurrence of actions de eadem re,

565-567.
Concurrence of causae lucrativae,

281.
Condemnatio, 633, 634.
Condlcio, 152, 153; in wills, 258, 259,

287, 291-293; in contracts, 391.

impossibilis, 259, 444.

Condietio, 388, 478, 536, 624, 625,

629, 630.

causa data causa non secuta, 386.

furtiva, 507, 508, 575.

indebiti, 381, 382, 445, 464.

Confarreatio, 115.
Confusio, 209, 275, 455.

[graphic]

Distress, law of, in primitive societies,

615-617, 621, 622.
Division of inheritance among coheirs,

47-
Divorce, 121, 122.
Dolus, 469 sq., 513, 550.
Dominium, Roman conception of, 177,

178, 187, 188.
Donatio, 221 sq.

inter vivos, 223 sq.

mortis causa, 222, 223, а95, 298.

propter nuptias, 225, 226.

Dos, 123 sq., 553.
Dotis dictio, 387.
Duplicatio, 586, 587, 637.

E.

Connubium, 119, 120.

Consistorium, 97.

Consolidation 209.

Constitutions of the Emperors, 94 sq.

Constitutum, 415, 479, 534.

possessorium, 325.

Consuls, 9.

Contraot, development of, 333, 335,
336, 380: Roman notion of, 378,
379: place of performance, 392:
time of performance, 408, 409: how
far third persons bound or entitled
under contracts, 399 sq.: contract
and obligation, 180.

Contractual decision of disputes,
618, 619.

Contraria voluntas as a mode of dis-
charging consensual contracts, 454.

Contributory negligence, 513.

Contubernium, 126.

Correal obligation, 393, 394, 474 sq.

Costs, 601.

Cretio continua and vulgaris, 274.

Culpa, 469 sq., 513.

Cura of minors, 159, 160: of furiosi
and prodigi, 160, 161.

Curators, 159 sq.

Customary law, 2, 56, 98.

T>.

Damage to property, law of, 511 sq.
Damages, measure of, in actions, 515.
Damnum indirectum, 515.
Damnum iniuria datum, 488,511 sq.
Dare, facere, praestare, 461,629, 630.
Datio in solutum, 450.
Decemviri, 12, 624.
Decreta, 95 sq.
Decuriones, 127.
Dediticii, 109: succession to, 3G3.
Deductio de peculio, 464.
Defensio, 465.
Defensor, 572, 573.
Delatio hereditatis, 235.
Delict, nature of, 487, 497.
Demonstratio, 628,
Deportatio in insulam, 134.
Depositum, 383, 384.

irreguläre, 384.

miserabile, 384.

Dereliction, 202.
Detention, 321, 322.
Dies, 153, 154: in wills, 258: in con-
tracts, 389, 390.
Dies cedit and venit, 286, 287.
Dies interpellat pro homme, 409.
Dies nefasti and fasti, 44.
DifTarreatio, 122.
Digest of Justinian, 65, 66.
Diligentia, 469 sq.

Edict of the Praetor, 30-39.
Edicts of the Emperors, 95.
Edictum Carbonianum, 367.

provinciale, 32.

Theodorici, 63.

Emancipation, 136, 137.
Emperors, their legislative authority,

42. 94-97-
Emphyteusis, 315-317. 425.
Empire, establishment of, 40.
Emptio sub corona, 215.
Emptio venditio, 201, 417 sq.: see

Sale.
Epístola Hadriani, 412, 583.
Epistolae, 96.
Ereption, 255.

Exceptio doli, 480, 550, 579, 580, 584. in factum composita, 579, 584.

iurisiurandi, 580.

legis Cinciae, 225, 583.

legis Iuliae (de bonorum cessione),

583.

legis Plaetoriae, 583.

litis dividuae, 552, 585.

litis residuac, 552, 585.

longi temporis, 578.

pacti, 580, 584, 637.

pecuniae non numeratae, 480-482,

57S.

praeiudicii, 578.

procuratoria, 577, 585.

quod metus causa. 550, 579, 584.

rei in iudicium deductae, 577, 581.

rei iudicatae, 577, 581-583.

SCi. Macedonians 560, 583.

. SCi. Trcbelliani, 583.

SCi. Velleiani, 416, 583, 584.

Exceptiones, 493, 577 sq., 636, 637;
perpetuae and temporales, 587: pre-
scription of, 585: exceptions opposed
to ipsum ius, 448.

Execution for debt and in bankruptcy,
374-377. 640 sq.

Exheredation, 246-251.

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