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ral; for instance, from the common charge of personal rapacity during his first campaigns in Italy. He avers, that if the conqueror plundered the Italians as Cortez did the Mexicans, he did not reserve any considerable share of the spoil for his own use, though the opportunity was often afforded. He does not suppress the answer of Bonaparte to the offer of four millions of francs, for his private acceptance, made by the Duke of Modena's brother and envoy—"I thank you, but I will not, for four millions, place myself in the power of the Duke of Modena." A present of seven millions tendered by the Venetians, and still larger bribes proffered by Austria, were rejected in like manner. In relation to this imputation of an "itching palm," a curious piece has been lately given to the world. We refer to a confidential report to the Directory, dated Milan, 7th Dec. 1796, from General Clarke, afterwards Napoleon's favourite minister of war, but who was then the secret agent, alias chief spy, of the Directory, at the head-quarters of the army of Italy. We presume that Sir Walter's fourth volume was finished before this document appeared; for, otherwise, he would have availed himself of its tenor. Acknowledgments are made in it of gross malversation, serious discord, and an increasing immorality among the commissaries and other functionaries; but the general-in-chief is fully acquitted. As we have been occupied with his first exhibition on the theatre of Italy, and as whatever places his conduct and character while he was there in strong and just lights, must be deemed relevant and interesting, we shall, before we conclude, submit to our readers the subjoined version of that section of General Clarke's Report which is devoted to Bonaparte exclusively :—

"the General In Chief. "This general has rendered the most important services. He

froves himself to be worthy of the glorious post which he fills. He is the man of the Republic. The fate of Italy has several times depended on his skilful and scientific arrangements. Every one here looks upon him as a man of genius; and he is so in fact. He is feared, beloved, and respected in Italy. All the little arts of intrigue miscarry before his discernment . He maintains a great ascendancy over the individuals who compose the Republican army, because he apprehends or divines instantaneously their characters, or thoughts, and directs them unerringly to the ends which they are best adapted to promote. A sound judgment and clear perceptions, enable him to distinguish what is true from what is false. His cmip-d'oeil is sure; his determinations are pursued by himself with energy and vigour. His coolness in the sharpest engagements and most trying conjunctures, is as remarkable as his extreme promptitude in altering his plans when unexpected circumstances require it. His mode of execution is scientific and thoroughly studied."

[graphic]

"Bonaparte can move with success in more than one career, by means of his superior talents, and his acquirements. / believe him to be attached to the Republic, and ambitious only of preserving the glory which he has earned. It would be a mistake to suppose him a party-man. He belongs neither to the Royalists, who calumniate him, nor to the anarchists, whom he dislikes. The Constitution is his guide. Adhering, as he will, to it and to the Directory, who wish its preservation, / believe that he will be always useful and never dangerous to his country. Do not imagine, citizen directors, that I speak of him from enthusiasm—I write dispassionately, and have no interest in the case but that of apprizing you of the truth. Bonaparte will be classed by posterity with the greatest of men."

"I have ascertained here that the commissary of the government, Garreau, did not mean to implicate the general in any suspicion of a want of probity. Bonaparte is too mindful of his fame, too indifferent to little things, to be occupied with the idea of enriching himself. The persons with whom I have conferred on the subject, such as citizen Garreau and General Berthier, have confirmed me in this opinion. The intendant-commissarygeneral, Denize, who passes here for a very upright man, has expressed himself, in my hearing, to the same purport . I have myself questioned Bonaparte on this head: he has answered me in a manner that seemed to me perfectly frank, and fitted to extinguish all suspicion. He appeared not to be ignorant that some individuals had profited too much by the conquest of this country; but I believe that he yields to those whom he suspects, only the degree of esteem which they deserve for other more useful qualities."

"I have heard it surmised here, that the commander-in-chief of the army of Italy had employed secret proxies in contracts and purchases; and that C was his man. I have not had leisure to investigate fully these charges. I have, however, looked into them, and they have appeared to me to be groundless. The intendant-commissary Leroux, whom the minister of war has

sent into Italy, has in his hands the accounts of C , which

are clear and exact on the face of them, but which he will unsparingly scrutinize."

"Some military chests have been carried off in an irregular manner. I know that General Bonaparte has disposed of the contents of some, for public purposes; and particularly those which General Massena has displaced, and of which a part has been applied to the payment of the army expenses during the march, and the residue employed in certain gratifications, which the commander-in-chief thought it his duty to bestow upon different officers; and in compensations for espionage. General Berthier has assured me that vouchers and details can be produced when necessary."

"If General Bonaparte had been guilty of peculation or waste, I would remind you, citizen directors, of Marshal Villars's one hundred thousand crowns for vinegar contracts; for, it would be difficult to find a substitute for Bonaparte in the post which he fills; but I do not believe that he has sinned, and he cries out too loudly, and takes too vexatious measures, against rogues, not to be aloof from their recriminations."

"He has been accused of interfering in the administrative or commissariat department; this is true, but he did so because the commissaries of the government provide for nothing; because the bad health, perhaps the moral weakness, of the commissary general, prevent him from keeping in action a machine so vast and ill-contrived as the commissariats of the army of Italy. Let able men be placed over them, and the commander-in-chief will never meddle with their details. I have this assurance from himself."

"General Bonaparte is not, hotvever, without faults. He does not enough spare those with whom he has to deal; he does not always speak to the members of the army who approach him, with the temperance which becomes his character. Sometimes he is harsh, impatient, precipitate, or haughty. Often, he exacts difficult things, with too much quickness of manner; and the style in which he requires to be done what may be good, prevents the persons who transact business with him, from suggesting to him means of accomplishing something better than he himself proposes."

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INDEX

To THE

FIRST VOLUME

oP THE

AMERICAN QUARTERLY REVIEW.

A.

Albategni, Arab prince, master of tri-
gonometrical knowledge of the
Greeks, 44.

Allen, William, A. M. his Biographical
and Historical Dictionary, notice of,
6.

Mmack's; or Fashionable Life, re-
viewed, 222—reputation of the Wa-
verley novels has given a direction to
taste, ib.—analysis of Almack's, with
remarks, 224—234.

Al-Mamoun, Arab founder of a school
of Mathematics, 44.

Alvinzi, defeated by Napoleon at Ar-
eola, 589-592.

America ,- or, a General Survey of the
Political Situation of the several
Powers of the Western Continent,
with Conjectures on their Future
Prospects, by a Citizen of the Uni-
ted States, &c. reviewed, 494—ana-
lysis of the work, 495—520—au-
thor's review of the events of the
last five years, 496—498—remarks
on his eulogies on Canning, 498—
518—his view of the form and spirit
of our political institutions,499,500—
remarks on professor Cooper on the
Constitution of the United States,
500—502—Hopkinson's New Hoof,
502, 503—internal situation and po-
licy, 503—510—protecting duties,
506—509—morals of manufactures,
509—causes of the struggle for In-
dependence in South America, its

history and present condition of go-
vernment, 510-514—European co-
lonies in America, 514—on the fo-
reign policy of the two Americas,
514,515—internal relations of them,
515, 516— death of Adams and Jef-
ferson, 517—prospects of Ameri-
ca, ib.—Mr. Owen, 517, 518—Au-
thor's idea respecting religion, 519,
520.

Amulet, The, reviewed, 397—Hour of
Prayer, 298—Lament, by Mrs. Opie,
with extract, ib.—Address to the
Evening Star, commended, with ex-
tract, 299—the Shipwreck, com-
mended, with extracts, 299, 300.

Australia, see Capt. King's Narrative,
&c. 473.

Auto-biography, remarks upon, 3. Avrigney, M. D. notice of, 555.

II.

Barker, James N. his Marmion, and
Superstition, reviewed, 352-356.

Ban-as, brings Napoleon into notice,
581.

Bartlett, Josiah, notice of, 436.

Beaulieu, defeated by Napoleon at
Monte Notte, 585.

Biography (American), remarks upon,
1-6—Allen's Biographical Dictiona-
ry, 6—Dr. Eliot's Biographical Dic-
tionary, ib.—Delaplaine's Reposito-
ry, ib.—Biography of the Signers of
the Declaration of Independence,
ib.-40l T. .T. Horlgers's Dictionary,

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