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U. States'

UNITED STATES. LAND-BOUNTY. land bounty,

The resolutions of congress of the 16th of Sepe tember, 1776, above referred to provide for the raising of eighty-eight battalions, to serve for the war. In addition to a money boynty, of twenty dollars to each noncommissioned officer and private soldier, it was resolved,," that congress make provision for granting lands, in the following proportions, to the officers and soldiers who shall epgage in the service, and continue therein to the close of the war, or until discharge ed by congress, and to the representatives of such offi

cers and soldiers, as shall be slain by the enemy.
1776, Sep. 16 "Such lands to be provided by the United States,

and whatever expense shall be necessary to procure
such land, the said expense shall be paid and borne by
the states, in the same proportion as the other expen-
ses of the war, viz.
To a colonel,

500 acres.
To a lieutenant colonel,

450 Tn a major,

400 To a captain,

300 To a lieutenant,

200 To an ensign,

150 Each non-commissioned officer and soldier 100." 1776, Sep. 18 On the 18th of September, 1776, the following reso

lutions were adopted:

“That the bounty and grants of land offered by congress, by a resolution of the 16th Instant, as an encouragement to the officers and soldiers to engage to serve in the army of the United States during the war, shall extend to all who are, or shall be, eplisted for that terin; the bounty of ten dollars, wlich any of the soldiers have received from the continent, on account of a former enlistment to be reckoned in part paymeirt of the twenty dollars offered by the said resolution.

"That po officer in the continental army be allowed to hold more than one commission, or to receive pay

bút in one capacity, at the same time." 1780, Aug. 12

The resolution of the 12th of August, 1780, referred to, is in the words following:

"That the provision for granting lands, by the resolution of September 16th, 1776, be and is hereby extended to the general officers,' in the following proportion:

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To a major general, one thousand one hundred acres, Land-Boun.

ties a brigadier general, eight Hundred and fifty do." With respect w the resolution of the 22d of Septem- 1780. Aug. 22 her, 1780, 'the following appears on the journals of congress:

* Congress resumed the consideration of the report of the committee on the medical department; and, on the consideration of the following paragraph, viz:

“That the several officers, whose pay is established as above, except the clerks and stewards, shall, at the end of the war, be entitled to a certain provision of land, in the proportion following, to wit:

“The director to have the same quantity as a brigadier general; chief physicians and purveyor, the same as a colonel; physicians and surgeons, and apothecary, the saine as a lieutenant colonel; regimental surgeons and assistants to the purveyor and apothecary, tlie same as a major; hospital and regimental surgeons' maies, the same as a captain.“ STATE LA D-BOUNTY.

State IsndVirginia, holding immense tracts of inappropriated boundy. land, very soon adopted the idea suggested by congress, of granting land-bounties to her officers and soldiers, both on the state and continental establishmenis. ' And having it more in her power, more liberal than congress, in those grants.

In the preamble to an act of Ociober, 1776, for rais. Oct. 1776, ch. ing six additional regiments (then called battalions) on 11. the continental establishment, the resolutions of congress, offering a land-bounty, are recited. (See' vol. 9, pa. 179.) By an act of October, * 1778, for speedilý Oet, 1778, ch. recruiting the Virginia regiments on continental éstab- 45 lishment, besides other inducements to enlist for three years, or during the wat, the continental bounty of lands is expressly stipulated. (Seė vol. 9, pa. 586, 589.) "By act of May, 1779, chap. vi, "concerning offi- May 1779, ch, cers, soldiers, sailors, and marines," a bounty of 100 6. acres is promised to each private at the end of the war, and to the officers the like quantity as is allowed to officers of the same rank, in the Virginia regiments on continental establishment. (See vol. 10, pa. 24.) By the same law 200 acres are given to each volunteer soldier who served under Col. George Rogers Clarke, until the reduction of the posts in the Illinois country, (Ibid, pa. 26,) and to each soldier who should re-enlist

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VOL. XI.

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Land-Boun. for the protection of the Illinois country, 100 acres, ties.

(Ibid, pa. 27,) and the like quantity to each trooper of eavalry, who should enlist for the war, for the defenee of the eastern frontier. (See vol. 10, pa. 27.) A quantity of land, not exceeding 150,000 acres, was reserved to satisfy the officers and soldiers, under Col. George Rogers Clarke, in our cession of the North Western Territory. (See vol. 10, pa. 565.) Note. The above act of May, 1779, chap. vi, was taken from the Revised Bills, presented to the Legislature, at that session, by Thomas Jefferson, esq. then governor, who was one of the revisors. In its passage through the parliamentary forms, it doubtless received some additions, particularly in relation to Col. George Rogers Clarke, his officers, and men. When the collection of Revised Bills reported in 1779, was printed in 1784, the title of this only, “A bill for the enlistment of soldiers, sailors and marines," was printed, with the following note: “ This was a bill designed to answer a temporary and occasional purpose, during the war, and was incorporated into a law in the May session, 1779, entitled 'An act concerning officers, soldiers, sailors, and mariners. It is now expired, and was deemed unnecessary to be here inserted." (See Revised Bills of 1779, chap. xv, pa. 12.) In the Chancellors' Revisal, printed in 1785, this act is omitted, the title only being published, with a note in the margin “Executed.”

(See Chan. Rev. pa. 89.) May 1779,

The act of May 1779, ch. 13, sec, 2, prescribes the ch.13, sec. 2. evidence on which warrants for land bounties shall is

May 1782, sue. (See vol. 10, pa. 51.) By act of May, 1782, ch. ch. 47, Oct'r 1782,

47, sec, 8, it was declared that those warrants should be granted, upon producing to the register, a certifi

cate from the Commissioner of War, and not otherOn what evi dence, and

wise. (See ante pa. 83, 84.) But by act of October, by whom cep. 1782, ch, 14, the office of Commissioner of War, was tificates and abolished, and the duties transferred to the Executive. warrants for land bounties

(See ante pa. 133.) Ever since that period, certifishall be issu- cates for land-bounties have issued by orders of the ed.

Executive-By act of 1815, ch. 12, the executive are authorised to allow claims for land bounty, where satisfactory evidence is adduced that the party is entitled; whiclı, indeed, had been the practice long before, from the impossibility of complying with the requisitions of the former law.

. By the act of May, 1779, ch. 13, sec. 3, referring - May, 1779,

ch 13, sec. S. to a resolution of the General Assembly of the 19th of December, 1778, a tract of country, bounded by the ch. 19, sec 8,

Nov. 1781, Green-river, the Cumberland mountains, the Carolina 9, 12, 13, 14. line, the Tennesseee river and the Ohio river, was re- Oct. 1782, ch. served for the officers and soldiers. (See vol. 10, p. 55, Réservation 56.). A considerable part of this territory having fal- of lands for len into North Carolina, by the extension of the boun- officers and

soldiers. dary line between that state and Virginia, a further tract of land, included within the rivers Mississippi, Ohio and Tennessee, and the Carolina boundary line, was substituted, by the act of November, 1781, ch. 19, sec. 8, in lieu of that so fallen into North Carolina By the same act, sec. 9, provision is made for surveyáng their lands: (further provision by deputation of officers, Oct. 1783, ch. 4, ante pa. 309.) --Sec. 12, de- Rights of clares that the bounties in lands given to the officers state troops. in the Virginia line, in continental service, and the regulations for surveying, shall be extended to the state officers-Sec. 13, gives the cavalry the same advanta- - Cavalry. ges as the infantrymand sec. 14 entitles the officers and seamen of the navy to the same advantages as those in

Navy. the land service. (See vol. 10, pa. 465, 466, 467.)But the act of Oct. 1782, (ante pa. 162) is more explicit, as to the navy, and declares that the officers, seamen and marines, and their representatives, shali be entitled to the same bounty in lands and other emoluments as the officers and soldiers of the Virginia line on continental establishment."

The resolution of the 2d of January, 1781, for ceding the North Western Territory to the United States, provides, “That in case the quantity of good lands of the south east side of the Ohio upon the waters of Cumberland river and between the Green river and the Tennessee river, which have been reserved by law for the Virginia troops upon continental establishment, and upon their own state establishment, should (from the North Carolina line bearing in further upon the Camberland lands than was expected) prove insufficient for their legal bounties, the deficiency shall be made up to the said troops in good lands to be laid off between the rivers Scioto and little Miamis, on the north west side of the river Ohio, in such proportions as have been engaged to them by the laws of Virginia." (See vol. 10, pa. 565.) In the copy of this resolution made for

Land-Boun- the governor, to be sent by 'him to our delegates in ties.

congress, the words and upon their own state establish. ment, it is presumed, were accidentally omitted. (See the note to page 565 of vol. 10, and the note to the

deed of cession, in a subsequent part of this volume.) Oot.1779ch.9. - By the act of October, 1779, chapter 9, the bounty

Chaplain's, in lands, to chaplains, surgeons, and surgeon's mates, surgeons, and surgeon's

serving three years, or during the war, is declared to be equal to commissioned officers, receiving the same

pay and rations. (See vol. 10. pa. 141.) Oct. 1779, ch. - As to the quantity of land, the act of October 1779, 21, sec. 2. Quantity of

ch. 21, 'sect. 2, seems to have been the first law which land allowed fixed, with precision, the proportions of the officers and officers and soldiers; on the coutinental and state establishments, soldiers, in the land ser

and in the navy (See yol. 19, pa. 160.) They are vice and he as follow:

mates.

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