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God; yet we have reason to acknowledge, that most of us dig for til have not endeavoured, with that reality, sincerity, and constancy that did become us, to preserve the work of reformation in the kirk of Scotland: many have satisfied themselves with the purity of the ordinances, neglecting the power thereof; yea, some have turned aside to crooked ways, de structive to both. The profane, loose, and insolent carriage of many in our armies, who went to the assistance of our brethren in England, and the tamperings and unstraight dealing of some of our commissioners, and others of our nation, in London, the Isle of Wight, and other places of that kingdom, have proved great lets to the work of reformation and settling of kirk-government there, whereby error and schism in that land have been increased, and sectaries hardened in their way. We have been so far from endeavouring

i the extirpation of profaneness, and what is contrary to the power of godliness, that profanity hath been much winked at, and profane persons much countenanced, and many times employed, until iniquity and ungodliness hath over the face of the land as á flood; nay, sufficient care hath not been had to separate betwixt the precious and the vile, by debarring from the sacrament all ignorant and scandalous persons, according

to the ordinances of this kirk. Neither have the privileges of the Parliaments and liberties of the subject been duly tendered; but some amongst ourselves have

laboured to put into the hands of our King an arbitrary and unlimited power, destructive to both; and many of us have been accessory of late to those means and ways, whereby the freedom and privileges of Parliaments have been encroached upon, and the subjects oppressed in their consciences, persons, and estates; neither hath it been our care to avoid these things which might harden the King in his evil way; but, upon the contrary, he hath not only been permitted, but many of us have been instrumental to make him exercise his power, in many things tending to the prea judice of religion, and of the Covenant, and of the peace and safety of these kingdoms ; which is so far from the right way of preserving his Majesty's person and authority

, that it cannot but provoke the Lord against him, unto the hazard of both ; nay, under a pretence of relieving and

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doing for the King, whilst he refuses to do what was necessary for the house of God, some have ranversed and violated most of all the articles of the Covenant.

Our own conscience within, and God's judgments upon us without, do convince as of the manifold wilful renewed breaches of that article which concerneth the discovery and punishment of malignants, whose crimes have not only been connived at, but dispensed with and pardoned, and themselves received into intimate fellowship with ourselves, and intrusted with our counsels, admitted into our Parliaments, and put in places of power and authority, for managing the publick affairs of the kingdom; whereby, in God's justice, they got. at last into their hands the whole power and strength of the kingdom, both in judicatories and armies; and did employ the same unto the enacting and prosecuting an unlawful engagement in war against the kingdom of England, notwithstanding of the dissent of many considerable members of. Parliament, who had given constant proof of their integrity in the cause from the beginning; of


faithful testimo-nies, and free warnings of the servants of God; of the supplications of many synods, presbyteries, and shires, and of the declarations of the General Assembly and their Commis-. sioners to the contrary; which engagement, as it hath been the cause of much sin, so also of much misery and calamity unto this land; and holds forth to us the grievousness of our sin, of complying with malignants in the greatness of our judgment, that we may be taught never to split again upon. the same rock, upon which the Lord hath sei so remarkable a beacon. And after all that is come to pass unto us because of this our trespass; and after that grace hath been shewed. unto us from the Lord our God, by breaking these men's yoke from off our necks, and putting us again into a capacity to act for the good of religion, our own safety, and the peace and the safety of this kingdom, should we again break this commandment and covenant, by joining once more with the people of these abominations, and taking into our bosom those serpents, which had formerly stung us almost unto death ; this, as it would argue great madn ss and folly upon our part, so, no doubt, if it be not aromley. will.provoke the 15.


not only seeking gre

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defection to the contrary part: many have turned off to four unfeigned a detestable indifferency and neutrality in this cause, which brown sins, and so much concerneth the glory of God, and the good of these our undervaluing as they might comply with all times, and all the revolutions received Christ in rage, intrust, and einploy such only, as from their hearts did and endeavour, frtimes have been discouraged, and their hands weakened, which we owe t their sufferings neglectedl, and themselves slighted; and the one to go many, who were once open enemies, and always secret ul-ommation, that derminers, countenanced and employed: nay, even those beaty indignati who had been looked upon as incendiaries, and upon whom truth and peace the Lord has set marks of desperate malignancy, falsehood, live walked 1 and deceit, were brought in, as fit to manage publick affairs: Wang disgos

Besides these, and many other breaches of the articles of the Covenant in the matter thereof, which it concerneth

IS; so have many of us failed exceedingly in the manner of

tar following and p Lord against us, to consume us, until there be no. remnant

PIE norising in the land.

And albeit the peace and union betwixt the kingdoms u prirate interests be a great blessing of God unto both, and a bond which trends

, and follower we are obliged to preserve unviolated, and to endeavour publick good; but r

nour of God, and g that justice may be done upon the opposers thereof; yet some in this land, who have come under the bond of the rest

, until we migh Covenant, have made it their great siudy how to dissolve and designs. It hat this union; and few or no endeavours have been used by sa to rely upon the any of us for punishing of such.

We have suffered many of our brethren, in several parts, and stained the of the land, to be oppressed by the common enemy, without canal confidence compassion or relief. There hath been great murmuring past the counsels o and repining, because of expence of means, and pains in de rules of policy doing of our duty. Many, by persuasión or terror, have so men than un suffered themselves to be divided and withdrawn, to make albeit we made s

, kingdoms; nay, many have made it their study to walk so, thereof. It hath not been our care to countenance, encou; affect and mind God's work; but the hearts of such many d elarge, bot many have been the lets and impediments that have been cast in the way, to retard and obstruct the Lord's work ; and some have kept secret, what of themselves they were not able to suppress and overcome. every dne of us to search out and acknowledge before the Lord, as we would wish his wrath to be turned

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our following and pursuing the duties contained therein ; not only seeking great things for ourselves, and mixing of

our private interests and ends concerning ourselves, and w friends, and followers, with those things which concern the

publick good; but many times preferring such to the ho-. nour of God, and good of his cause, and retarding God's work, until we might carry along with us our own interests and designs. It hath been our way to trust in the means, and to rely upon the arm of flesh for success, albeit the Lord hath many times made us meet with disappointment therein, and stained the pride of all our glory, by blasting every carnal confidence unto us: we have followed for the most part the counsels of flesh and blood, and walked more by the rules of policy than piety, and have hearkened more unto men than unto God.

Albeit we made solemn publick profession before the world, of our unfeigned desires to be humbled before the Lord for our own sins, and the sins of these kingdoms, especially for our undervaluing of the inestimable benefit of the gospel, and that we have not laboured for the power thereof, and received Christ into our hearts, and walked worthy of him in our lives, and of our true and unfeigned purpose, desire, and endeavour, for ourselves, and all others under our power and charge, both in publick and private, in all the duties : which we owe to God and man, to amend our lives, and each one to go before another in the example of a real reformation, that the Lord might turn away his wrath and heavy indignation, and establish these kirks and kingdoms in truth and peace; yet we have refused to be reformed, and have walked proudly and obstinately against the Lord, not valuing his gospel, nor submitting ourselves unto the obedi. ence thereof; not seeking after Christ, not studying to honour him in the excellency of his person, nor employ him in the virtue of his offices ; nor making conscience of publick ordinances, nor private nor secret duties; nor studying to ediły one another in love. Ignorance of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ, prevails exceedingly in the land; the greatest part of masters of families, amongst Noblemen, Ba. rons, Gentlemen, Burgesses, and Commons, neglect to seek God in their families, and to endeavour the reformation:

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roured by us before all wc

Se of God; but not only those who have been neutral ketinomianism, Arminianis

indifferent, but disaffected and malignant, and others libertinism, Scepticism, at prejudice of the cause of God, the great scandal of the besties of the kirk, we pel, and the great increase of looseness and profanity Sirk of Scotland, in all ho Dughout all the land. It were impossible to reckon up all who shall oppose or abominations that are in the land; but the blaspheming Breupon, under any PP Ind because it is needful for those who find mercy, not

cof; and albeit it hath been much pressed, yet few of and all the snares and tentation nobles and great ones, ever to this day, could be per

to testify the integrity of our ed to perform family-duties themselves, and in their own

may be the better enabled ons; which makes so necessary and useful a duty to be wength to perform the sa: egarded by others of inferior rank; nay, many of the

Sean League and Coren ility, Gentry, and Burrows, who should have been ex

make conscience of all the du les of godliness and sober walking unto others, have been all the heads and articles leaders of excess and rioting. Ålbeit we be the Lord's dat follow. ole, engaged to him in a solemn way; yet to this day we

1. Because religion is of e not made it our study, that judicatories and armies

und precious, the advancii uld consist of

, and places of power and trust be filled with, deaf against all ungodlin of a blameless and Christian conversation, and of known a preserving the purity i grity, and approven fidelity, affection, and zeal, unto the all schism, and namely

! have been profane and scandalous, have been intrusted:on the work of unifori vhich it hath come to pass, that judicatories have been seats of injustice and iniquity; and many in our armies

, as the King, ourselves their miscarriages, have become our plague, unto the he name of God, swearing by the creatures, profanation he Lord's day, uncleanness, drunkenness, excess and ing, vanity of apparel, lying and deceit, railing and cur3, arbitrary and uncontrouled oppression, and grinding of

faces of the poor by landlords, and others in place and ver, are become ordinary and common sins; and besides these things, there be many other transgressions

, whereof lands wherein we live are guilty. All which we desire to nowledge and to be humbled for, that the world may bear me and confusion of face unto us, as appears this day. ness with us, that righteousness belongeth unto God, and y to confess, but also to forsake their sin; therefore, that reality and sincerity of our repentance may appear

, we do olve and solemnly engage ourselves, before the Lord, ofully to avoid for the time to come all these offences, wcu we have now made sclem publick acknowledgn:cent

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