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ST ANDREW's CHIRCH, WORCESTER, M.W.

band, which he crackothrice in the Thei parinh of St. Andrew, in the

6

Broughton altends at the Church of

Mr. URBAN,

March 21. a

THE

City of Worcester, according Cburch Porch, passes with it. op his to the parliamentary return in 1801, shoulder up the Nave into the Chan- contained 1750 inhabitants. The mocel, and seats himself in the pew of ney raised by the Parish-rates, at 38. the Lord of the Manor, where he re- 6d. in the pound, was 4911. 88. mains until the Officiating Minister is The Church (sce Plate II.) is a Vi. about to read the Second Lesson. He carage, in thegift ofthe Dean and Chapthen proceeds with bis whip, to the ter of Worcester. Its value in the King's lash of which he has in the interim Books is 101. 58. 10d. The Churchasfixed a purse, which ought to con- yard is very large, and was conselain thiriy silver pennies (instead of crated by Bp. Thornborough in 1635. which a 'single half-crown is sub. The Church is supposed to have been sliluled); and, kneeling down on a erected in the eleveoth century; and cushion, or mat, before the reading. was appropriated to the Abbey of desk, bolds the purse suspended over Pershore. But the building is chiefly the Minister's head all ibe tine he is remarkable on account of ils lofly reading the Lesson ; after which he and elegant spire, which is a great returns to bis seat ; and, when the Di. ornament to this antient City. It vine Service is over, Jeaves the whip was built, by Nathaniel Wilkinson, in and purse at the manor house.

1751 ; who gave in its dimensions va It is said that the silver pieces have oath as follows: some refereice to those which Judas

ft. in. received as the wages of his iniquity; The height of the base or tower.. 900 and that the three cracks of the whip The height of the spire from its base 155 in the Church Purch allude to the de

275 nial of our blessed Saviour by St. Peter : but the true rationale of the The diameter of the base of the custom may perhaps be koown, lo spire is 20 ft. and under the cap 6 ft. some of your Readers, of whom I fibs. The spire. is lerminated with venture to request the favour of a Corinthian capital, on which is fixed such farther particulars as may tend the weathercock. to elucidate so extraordinary a cus

The epitaphs in this Church are tom. I believe that an ancient Pric given in Green's History of Worcesory once stood in the Parish of Brough. ter, vol. II. p. cvii.

C. D. lon: had these practices any reference to the Monastic Establishment

Mr. URBAN,

May 12. lientis vested, and by whom is it now T'lar katharine by the Tower holdeo? By whom was the service imposed originally, and is it still per having undergone a repair, I was formed in the manner above describ. greatly disappointed on visiting in, ed, or how otherwise ? are questions to find that not only po restorations wbicb i flaiter so yself that your in.

had been atiempled; but great part dulgence will allow ine respectfully of the few original features of the to put to the circle of your nume

fabrich, which had escaped destrucrous Correspoudents; to whom I have tion in former reparation, have in the been so often indebted for a solution present been obscured or entirely deof my doubts on a variely of subjects slroyed. connected with Literature and Auti

The Norib side of the Nave and its quities, that it would be ungrateful Aile, which till lately was in the oriif I did not mention my obligations, ginal stale, has been modernized. with sentiments of great respect, both The venerable appearance it once to Mr. Urban, and ihose by whom the possessed is hid by a covering of the well-established fame of his Miscel. new-fashioned cement, which has likelany has been so long and so ably wise been applied to the West frorit maintained : and towards which, by and the main Tower attached to it. thus eliciting, or being the means of The smooth even surface of plaster eliciting knowledge, it affords me spread over the walls destroys every great pleasure in the humblest de idea of the antiquity of the building, gree, to contribute.

QUESTOR. and gives tbis antieol Church the GENT. Mac. June, 1820.

appear.

appearance of a fantastic Gothic erec- Church to be disgraced by the burtion of yesterday:

lesque restorations of Parish CarpenThe South side of the Nave and ters and Plasterers. Aile being less exposed than the op- I have strictly confined myself to posite one, instead of the compo the innovations of the last repair. is merely washed over with a dirty. With those of former voes I have no white composition ; and the Choir, thing to do al present. So devoted which has long since been rebuilt to improvement has this edifice been with brick, and most required the duriog a century back, that Do part application of the cement, remains in of the antient fabrick exists, excepting the same disgraceful state as formerly. the great arches and pillars, which has

The inside of the Cburch is io lits not in some way or other beeo motle better condition than the exterior. dernized.

E. I. C. The windows have been despoiled of their original mollions and Tracery; ACHOUNT ON THE ANTIENT SCULP. and in their stead are occupied by a TURBS IN THE ROYAL MUSEUM AT clamsy imitation of the former ones, PARIN WITH REMARKS BY MR. copied from a bad restoration of an FOSBROOKE. No. IV. older date in the West front (coeval nle double with the Tower) rather W the seasons

(Resumed from p. 326.)

E now proceed to the Hall of than from originals still remaining at the Eastern end of the Ailes. In XXXV. Venus GENÉTRII. The the Clerestury the wiodows contain figures of Venus, with the suroame only plain mullions, witbout even the of Genetrix, which we see upon the Jarge quatrefoils that appear io the Imperial coins, present to us that lower lier. In addition, the windows Goddess, regarded by the Romans as have been new glazed in tbe modern the inother of their ancestors, prestyle. By this improvement, several cisely in the sanie altitude as this coats of arms, iu stained glass, which fine 'statue. She appears dressed in were to be seen before these repairs, a transparent tunick, which is scarcely are totally lost.

detached from the graceful contour Tbe walls and pillars are covered of her limbs, and she holds in her with a yellow wash, the peculiar co- hand the apple of Paris. Her ears Huuring of garrets and stables; except are pierced; for it was usual lo susthe mouldings of the arches, the ca. pend valuable peodants from the ears pitals to the columns, and different of statues wbich represented Godlines of the building, which are white- desses. This statue of Parian marble washed.

orpamented the Gardens of the VerThe antient Stalls (though little sailles. (Visconti, p. 16.) There is · care is bestowed in their preserva- considerable difficully on the subject

tion), I am happy to add, have es- of these Venuses. Cæsar first called caped the varnish brush. But the her Venus Genelrix, as the common Exeter Monument has not shared mother of his family, and Lessing their good fate, baving received a thioks that she was represepled as a coarse coat of whitewash, greatly to Venus Victrix, but he observes, that the detriment of the curious and de- many Venuses have been so denomilicale sculpture of the canopy, and nated by the Restorers merely placso thickly applied as to fill up the ing an apple in the hand. The best accumulated initials which the idle explanation of those accompanied and mischievous had cut upon the with Cupid is, that they were in hoeffigies.

pour of ihe'accouchemens of the Emí ani not aware whether this re

presses.. Armed Venuses are of Grepair has been at the expeoce of the cian antiquity. Chapter or the Precinct. If the lat. XXXVI. ČOMMODUS. A Bust. The ter, as, judgiog by the work I should ferocious visage of this Emperor anpronounce it to be, the Antiquary vounces his character. (Visconti, p. will bave great cause to lajent the 17.) It was in this reign, says Winckelapathy of the Master and Brethren man (Art, VI. 7) that the Arts beof the Hospital af St. Kalherine, who, gan to decline. His portraits are at a period which produced so many very rare. One exceedingly five is good revivals of this neglected style at ihe Capitol : another at the Far. of Architecture, suffered iheir antient desè Palace; a third in the Pio-Cle.

mentine

BEARD

mentine Museum, and two in the XLII. ENEAS. A Bust. This war. French ; une brought from the Pa- rior, whose head is covered with a lace of Modena, the other from the helmet, and who seems to direct surVilla Albani. After his busts, all towful looks to Heaven, has been those of ibe following Emperors de taken for a wounded Diomede, im. cline in meril.

ploring the protection of Minerva , XXXVII. A Wounded Comba. but the absence of every indication of TANT. A Stalue. The attitude is re- a wound, and the crooked form of the markable. The wounded hero, with top of the helmet, which seems to imione knee on the ground, does not ap. tale the Phrygiau boonet, may rather pear vanquished. (Visconti, p. 17.) induce us to thiok, that it represents It is just as probable that he is in the a Trojan Hero, probably Eneas, who, act of supplicating mercy from his upon the shore of Africa, where he conqueror: unless the statue refers has been thrown by a tempest, is into one of Homer's herocs.

voking the aid of his Goddess mother. XXXVIII. A Young HERCULES (Visconti, p. 18.) This conjecture in WITHOUT A

The bandeau very ingenious, for the helmet of around his head was often given by Boeas is of this fashion in the illumithe Greeks to deified heroes. (VisDations of the Vatican Virgil, supconti, p. 17.) Upon the Palais Royal posed to be of the reigo of Theodo Gems (1. pl. 80.) is a head, very fine, sius, towards the end of the fourth of the young Hercules: but, whether century, and it also occurs upon the young or old, his forehead has the head of the Goddess Rome, in the form of that of a bull: and his hair coins of the family Cornelia. These is curled upon his head.

are the authorities from which the XXXIX. ANTINOUS. A Bust. The presumptive form of the Trojan helIvy crown which encircles his head, met is taken. gives him the character of a Bacchus, XLIII. AN EGYPTIAN GOD. A or Osiris. (Visconti, p. 17.) All the Statue of alabaster.. Egyptian mu. represealations of Antinous are in numents sculptured in alabaster are ibe Egyptian style, as it was modi. very rare. This seated figure is of a fied by the Greeks under the Lagidæ. large dimension and Egyptian work. The iwo finest known heads of him maoship: and is, for its maller and are engraved in the Monumenta In- anliquiiy extremely precious. The edita. Mr. Hope has a fine bust in seat is ornamented with bieroglythe Greco-Egyptian style. The pre- phicks. It is probable that this statended Belvidere Antinous, so common

tue formed the oroament of the Temiin the shops, is a Meleager, or a Mer. ple of Orus, in some lown of Egypt, cury.

perhaps that which the anticot GeoXL. PLANTILLA. A Bust. This graphers called the “ City of Alaundoubted portrait of the wise of Ca. basters." We know that the Egypracalla, is equally perfect in conserva- tians were accustomed to sculp the tion and execution. (Visconti, p. 17.) images of this God of Light upon Qu. if this bust is not unique, or ex. wbite stones. (Visconti, p. 19.) Only cessively rare ? Mongey takes no DO- two other Egyplian slalues of ala. lice of any bust.

baster are known; they are two Isises XLI. BACCHANTE. A Statue. She sealed, holding horns upon their is crowned with vipe leaves, and dra. koces. One is ai the Roman College , ped in two tunics without sleeves, of the other at the Villa Albana. unequal leogth, over which a goat

(To be continued.) skin is vegligently Ibrown. (Visconti, p. 18.) Winckelman says, that the Mr. URBAN,

May 13. face of a Bacchaole expresses the Au- VOME years ago enquiries were rora of Pleasure. They have the an. O made in your Miscellany retient character of comic grace, like spectiog the custom of lighting fires Fauos, a gay smile, delinealed by the on Midsummer Eve, olated to be preangles of the mouth, drawn upwards. valent in the West of England. It Besides this, the fine Bacchante of the seems to be pretty well established, Villa Albani has a flat profile, and the that it is a relique of Pagan worship. eyes elevated, like those of Fauns. Gebelin in bis' Allegories Oricotales, The goal's skin, says Moolfaucon, is Hist. d'Hercule, observes, that at the coipmon.

moment of summer solstice the an.

one

tients were accustomed to light fires And many other fowers faire, nith violets in honour of the New Year, which in their hands; [whosoever stands they held to have origioally con

Where as they all doe fondly thinke that ienced in fire. Nor is there, he as

And thorow the flowers bebolds the flame, seris, any computation of time more

his eyes shall feel no paine,

When thus 'till night they daunced bave, antiently received than that which fixes thc beginving of the year in

They through the fire a main

With striving minds doe run, and all their Jupe. These fires, he proceeds, were herbs they cast therein; accompanied with vows and sacri. And then with words derout, and prayers, tices for plenty and prosperity, with they solemoly begin, dances and Jeaping over the flames, Desiriog God that all their illes may there and each person on his departure confounded be; took a firebrand of greater or less Whereby they thinke through all that magnitude, while the rest was scat. yeare from augues to be free.” tered to the wiod in order that it Vide Strutt's Sports and Pastimes, p. 317. might disperse every evil as it dis- The vestiges of these rites are not persed the ashes.

quite obliterated in South Wales, and Tbe vigil of St. John the Baptist may perhaps be instanced as falling on this day, the Midsummer. amongst many proofs of resemblance Eve rites seem to have been care

between Welsh and Scottish customs. fully practised and handed down by At Port-Einon, a small village in that our more immediate ancestors; for insulated part of Glamorganshire, Stowe and his contemporaries par- called Gower, culm is collected and ticularly describe its' observance. bid against a fire on the 23d of June, Bourne mentions it in 1725, aod Bor- as I had an opportunity of being willase about 30 years later. As to the ness to last year: on enquiry I found universality of this custom through that the custom had been observed out the nations of Celtic origin, we

time immemorial. At Llangeneth, a koow that in the North of England, neighbouring village, the sestival of in Ireland, and in Scotland, it is still the Patrov-saint, or Mabeant, i.e. retained. Aud may perhaps argue holy man, falling on the 24th, the from its name Bellcine-Bel's Beal's, garlands and the poll, as well as the or the Suu's fire-that it is coeval dances and bonfire, are still retained. with the Aboriginals of our Island, This ceremonial is not wholly un. who, as well as almost every other known in Pembrokeshire. It does nation of Idolaters, paid homage to not appear that it was necessary to that glorious luminary. Traces of it light the fire invariably in the same appear in Sweden, where the houses spot, although a conspicuous silu. are ornamented with boughs. Stowe ation was generally chosen. The says they ought to be greene birch, foundations of a small inclosure once Long Feonell, St. Jobo's Wort, Aspin, used for this purpose, may still be While Lillies, and such like, and the traced the turt about a furloog yonng people dance around a poll till from the noted well at the secluded inorning, and even among the Ve village of Newton in Glamorganshire. hosti, a Tartar tribe, subject to Rus. A few of the old people still remem. sia, who assemble, as we are told, ber convening there, and throwing a under a tree at night, and remain till small cheese across through the flame morning on the festival of St. John, on Midsummer's Eve. They report shrieking and singing and dancing that the enclosure was afierwards round a greal fire.

used as a pound, though it seems too The best account of the altendant small for ihal purpose, and that the ceremonies is given by Googe, in 1570,

stones have been taken to mend the iu a translation which he dedicated road that leads to the little barbour to Queen Elizabeth.

below. " Theu doth the joyfull feast of John the

I have only to add, that the lines Baptist take bis luruje,

above cited contain so satisfactory a When bonfires great, with lofty flame, in description of this curious rite, that every towne doe burne,

should it fallinto total disuse, I can still And young men round about with maydes heartily congratulate Morganery and doe dance in every street

her neighbours on being free from With garlands wrought of motherworl, or the evils which it was arst iutended to else of vervaine sweet, deprecate.

H. Nr.

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