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A MERIC AN AL MAN A C

FOR THE YEAR

1831.

I. THE CALENDAR. AND CELESTIAL PHENOMENA FOR THE YEAR.

SIGNS OF THE PLANETS, &c.

G). The Sun. 8 Juno. ing the same Longitude or ée The Earth. Pallas. Right Ascension. D O O (The Moon. 2 Ceres. [] Quadrature, or differing § Mercury. \!. Jupiter. 90° in Long, or R. A. Q Venus. h Saturn. & Opposition, or differing Mars. H Herschel or Uranus. 180° in Long, or R. A. Westa. C Conjunction, or hav-Q ascend., Ü descend. node.

The sign + prefixed to the latitude or declination of the Sun, &c. indicates that the same is north ; but when the sign — is prefixed, the latitude or declination is south.

The letters M.A. or m. a. are used to denote JMorning and Afternoon.

By reduced latitude is meant the latitude referred to the centre of the terrestrial spheroid. If the earth were a perfect sphere, the common latitude and the reduced latitude would be the same.

CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES.

Dominical Letter - - B | Solar Cycle - - - 20 Lunar Cycle, or Golden Number 8 || Roman Indiction e - 4 Epact . - - • . 17 || Julian Period - - . 6544

SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC,

With the Mean Time (at Washington) of the Sun's Entrance into, and Continuance in, each of them, and the Length of the Seasons.

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Length of the tropical year, commencing at the winter solstice, 1830, and ending at the winter solstice, 1831 Mean or average length of the tropical year

Septuagesima Sunday, January 30.
Quinq. or Shrove Sunday, Feb. 13.
Ash Wed., 1st day of Lent,

February 23d, 25th, and 26th.
May 25th, 27th, and 28th.

EMBER DAYS.

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September 21st, 23d, and 24th.
December 14th, 16th, and 17th.

MOVABLE FESTIVALS OF THE CHURCH IN 1831.

Mid-Lent Sunday,
Palm Sunday, . -
Easter Day,
Low Sunday, . -
Rogation Sunday,

Rogation Monday, May 9.

** Tuesday, “ 10. “ 16. Ascension Day, . “ 12. March 13. Whitsunday, or Pentecost, “ 22. “ 27. Trinity Sunday, . “ 29. April 3. Corpus Christi Day, . June 2. “ 10. Advent Sunday, . Nov. 27.

JEWISH CALENDAR.

The Fasts or Feasts marked with an asterisk are strictly observed.

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17th 44 Fast for the Taking of the Temple “ 28,
1st of Ab - - - - . July 11,
9th “ *Fast for the Burning of the Temple “ 19,
1st of Elul - - - - Aug. 10,
1st of Tisri *Feast for the New Year Sept. 8,
2d “ *Second Feast for the New Year 46 »
3d “ Fast of Gedaljah - - “ 10,
10th “ *Feast of the Reconciliation “ 17,
15th “ *Feast of the Huts or Tabernacles “ 22,
16th “ *Second Feast - - “ 23,
21st “ Feast of Palms or Branches “ 28,
22d “ *End of the Congregation, or Hut-

Feast - - - “ 29,
23d “ *Rejoicing for the Discovery of the

Law - - - “ 30, 1st of Marchesvan - - - Oct. 8, 1st of Chisleu - - e - Nov. 6, 25th “ Consecration of the Temple “ 30, 1st of Thebet - " - - - - Dec. 5, 10th “ Fast for the Siege of Jerusalem “ 14, 1st of Sebat - - - - Jan. 3,

MAHOMETAN CALENDAR.
Names of the Months. Significations.

1st of Regeb - - - • . Dec. 15,
1st of Shaban Month of Hope - Jan. 14,
1st of Ramadan Month of Abstinence . . Feb. 12,
1st of Schewall Month of Rejoicing . . March 14,
1st of Dsu'lkadah Month of Repose - April 12,
1st of Dsulheijah Month of Ceremonies - May 12,
1st of Moharrem Sacred Month - . June 11,
1st of Saphar Month of Study e July 11,
1st of Rabia I. Honored Month - . Aug. 9,
1st of Rabia II. 4& “ . • Sept. 8,
1st of Jomadhi I. Month of Prayer - . Oct. 7,
1st of Jomadhi II. &&. &g - e Nov. 6,
1st of Regeb - - - - . Dec. 5,
1st of Shaban Month of Hope . e Jan. 4,

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1832.

Appearance of the Sun, at the apparent Conjunction of the Sun and Moon, in the Eclipse of the 12th of February, at Petersburg, Va., Cahawba, Siasconset, Halifax, and all other places where the Sun is centrally, or very nearly centrally, eclipsed.

Appearance of the Sun, at the greatest Obscuration, at Natchez, Nashville, Washington, Baltimore, Philadelphia, New York, New Haven, Hartford, Boston, New Bedford, Portsmouth, Portland, and all other places where the Sun will be about 11; digits eclipsed on his South Limb.

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