« PreviousContinue »
increasing the happiness of individuals and society at large?
It would be contrary to all views I have taken of the subject, to make the contributions compulsory; that would destroy the independency of character I could wish to establish; the loss of which is one great and primary cause of many of the evils of the present system.
In seeking to make it a legislative measure, my object would be to obtain a power of granting aid from the parish rates to the funds of the societies. By making them general, it would put it in the power of any individual who contributed to a society, to remove to any other situation, and to transfer the value of his annuity into the funds of the society where he was settled. The effects of this would be to put an end in a very short period, to all the expense and trouble of litigation respecting settlements.
At some given period, (not to bear upon those at present advanced in life) it would be reasonable and just to treat such as become chargable from neglecting or refusing to contribute towards their support, as "culpable poor." In proportion as (he morals and sentiments of the labouring classes were improved and enlightened, so would the fear of disgrace operate as a punishment; and there would be, were the plan of benefit-societies generally established, a fair criterion to distinguish between the meritorious and culpable poor, which does not at present exist, and wichh thereby renders the existing laws on that head nugatory.
Attached to no particular scheme, and having but one object in view, the investigation of truth, I have endeavoured to convey my sentiments honestly, and with the warmest desire to promote the interest and prosperity of the country, founded on tho facts which have occurred within my own experience. Others may have been led to opposite conclusions; and the same credit of good intentions which I am willing to bestow, I desire to claim for myself. The state of the country is unparalleled, and the maxims of political economy which have prevailed in tranquil times, may now be found inadequate for the preservation of an isolated, but proudly independent nation. To avast extension of our agriculture, and to the availing ourselves of all the bounties which a beneficent Providence places within our reach, I look forward with the most ardent wishes 5 and may the advancement of true morality and virtue (those best supports of any government) go hand in hand with the patriotic endeavours of the enlightened and liberal promoters of their country's honour!
Wtrkington Hall, Feb. 10, 180».
ACCOUNTS, 216, 248
Acland, Rev. T. 359
Aldington, Mr. 146
Agricultural meetings, 258
Agriculture, great change in, within the last fifty years, 130
Antijacolin Review, 85
Bailiffs, 233., 250
Barley, consumption of, in this country, 146
—— culture of, 204, 223
Bates, Mr. 135, 138, 185
Boyle, Mr. 135
Beddoes, Dr. 89 note, 102
Bedford, Duke of, 15, 17, 184, 241
Beer inferior to milk as beverage for hard working people, 90
Bell, Mr. 363
Blitb's Survey of Husbandry surveyed, 201
Bolton, Mr. 354 ,
Books on agriculture, 240
Bouyer, Mr. John, letter from, 9?
Breakfast, comparison of milk with tea for, 85
Britain, only danger to, 103
• number of horses in, 142
•• "agricultural commerce of, 145
3 B 4 Britain,
Britain, foreign trade oF, MS
— commercial population of, 149
■ i importance of agriculture to, 150
Butler, method of preventing a disagreeable taste in, 68, note
■' proportion of, to milk, 69, 93, 9*
Cabbages as food for cattle, 41, 43, 44, 62
-culture of, 211, 212, 270, 272
Calves, melasses or brown sugar not fit food for, 92, note
Campbell, Mr. D. 278
Carron company, 16
Carrots, a good substitute for oats, 11, 60, 175
— substituted for potatoes, 29
. their tops good for cows, 166
—— compared with oats, 177 •
- preparation of the seed, 179
culture of, 262
Carls, single horse, preferable to waggons, 18, 251'
sale of, in Smithfield, 131
increase in size of, ib.
«——short-horned, 133, 13$
'kylo, 140, 186
r on soiling, 161, 194
Children, easy and advantageous mode of providing clothing