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THE

REGISTER OF PENNSYLVANIA.

DEVOTED TO THE PRESERVATION OF EVERY KIND OF USEFUL INFORMATION RESPECTING THE STATE.

EDITED BY SAMUEL HAZARD.

VOL. II.-NO. 24.

PHILADELPHIA, DEC. 27, 1928.

NO. 52.

AN EULOGIUM

no gun mounted on the battery, and no vessel launched of the brave men who have fallen in the contest with upon the stream. Great Britain. Delivered by Judge BRACKENRIDGE,

The power of Britain, on the other hand, was well on Monday, July 5, 1779, before a numerous and re- known, and by the lightning of her orators, in a thou. spectable assembly of citizens and foreigners, in the sand writings and harangues, had been thrown, in full German Calvinist Church, Philadelphia.

force, upon their minds. They were taught to believe

her, (what indeed she was) old in arts and in arms, and Heroes then arose;

enriched with the spoils of a thousand victories. EmWho, scorning coward self, for others livd,

braced with the ocean as her favourite, her commerce Toil'd for their ease, and for their safety bled.

was extensive, and she sent her ships to every sea.

Thomson. Abounding in men, her armies were in full force; her It is the high reward of those who have risked their feets were completely manned, her discipline was relives in a just and necessary war,* that their names are

gular, and the spirit of her enterprise, by sea and land, sweet in the mouths of men, and every age shall know had, in most cases, insured her successes. their actions. I am happy in having it in my power, deed great-but the mighty soul of the patriot drank it

The idea of resistance to the power of Britain was inbefore a polite assembly, to express what I think of I know my abilities rise not to a level with so great a which he meant to soar. those who have risked their lives in the war of America. in, and, like the eagle on the mountain top, collected

magnanimity from the prospect of the height from subject, but I love the memory of the men, and it is my the distant ground with his fierceness* he attempts the

Like the steed who swallows hope that the affections which I feel, will be to me instead of genius, and give me warm words to advance career, and poured himself upon the race. their praises.

The patriot quits his easy independent walk of life, I conceive it as the first honour of these men that, be- his shop, his farm, his office and his counting house, fore they engaged in the war, they saw it to be just and and with every hope, and every anxious thought prenecessary. They were not the proud vassals of a chief- extracted from the earth, the bayonet is anvilled out;

The materials of gunpowder are tain rousing them, in barbarous times, by the blind im- the fire arm is manufactured in the shop; the manual expulse of attachment to his family, or engaging them to ercise is taught; the company is formed in battalion; his hall. They were themselves the chieftains of their the battalion is instructed to manæuvre on the field; the own cause, highly instructed in the nature of it, and brigade is drawn forth, and the standard of defiance is from the best principles of patriotism, resolute in de planted on the soil. fence. They had heard the declaration of the court the sword was drawn, and the first blood was shed; and

Shall I mention the circumstances of the day when and parliament of Great Britain, claiming the authority shall I trace the progress of the war in the course of of binding them in all cases whatsoever. They had ex five campaigns? The narration would require the tion, groundless, as to its nature, tyrannical, and in its space of an entire day: I can mention but the sum of consequences, ruinous to the peace and happiness of things; and only tell you, that the inroad of the foe has both countries. On this clear apprehension and deci- been sustained upon the plain; and the forward and ded judgment of the cause, ascertained by their own

impctuous bands liave been driven over the disdaining reason, and collected from the best writers, it was the ground which they had measured in advance. The noble purpose of their minds, to stand forth and assert foe has been taught to understand, that the valor of

hill has been defended, and the repulsed and rallying it, at the expense of fortune, and the hazard of their America was worthy of the cause which her freemen lives. These brave men were not soldiers by profession, in the march. It has been fought, foot to foot, and

have espoused. The wilderness has been surmounted bred to arnis, and from a habit of military life attached to it. . They were men in the easy walks of life; mechanics point to point, in skirmishes, and night surprises, and in of the city, merchants of the counting-house, youths en.

pitched battles, with alternate hope and dubious sucgaged in the literary studies, and husbandmen, peace, second, and beaten in the second, he has returned to

cess. The enemy, beaten in one state, has retired to a ful cultivators of the soil. Happy in the sociability and the first; beaten in every state he has sought the water, conversation of the town, the simplicity and innocence and like a sea monster rolling to the deep, has washed of the country village, or the philosophic ease of aca, his wounds in the brine of the ocean. Rising from the demic leisure, and the sweets

of rural life, they wished ocean he has sought the land, and advanced with a slow not a change of these scenes of pleasure, for the dangers and suspicious step upon the hostile territory: War is and calamities of war. and of freedom, burning bright within their minds, that again arisen, and it has been fought from spring to aualone could engage them to embark in an undertaking tumn, and from autumn to spring, through the heat of

of , of so bold and perilous a nature.

These brave men were not unacquainted with the cir- and unshaken perseverance. What tract of country has cimstances of their situation, and their unprepared state ground has not been cut with trenches! What hill has

not been marked with the vestiges of war? What of war. Not a bayonet was anvilled out, not a fire arm was in their possession. No redoubt was cast up to been made the scene of the engagement? 'What soil of

not been covered with redoubts? What plain has not secure the city, no fort was erected to resist invasion,

• Tacitus.

VOL. II.

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our whole earth has not been sowed with ball?

Sons! whose heroic fathers have early left you, and These have been the toils of the heroes of our army; in the conflict of war, have mixed with departed heroes: but the brave men whom we this day celebrate, have be congratulated on the fair inheritance of fame which added to their toils the loss of life. They have fallen you are entitled to possess. If it is at all lawful to in the contest: These of them in the long and laborious array yourselves in borrowed honour, surely it is best march: These by the fever of the camp: These have drawn from those who have acted a distinguished part in fallen, when advancing on the enemy—they have re- the service of their country. If it is at all consistent ceived the bayonet in their breast; or in hope

with the feelings of philosophy and reason to boast of and anxious of victory, they have dropt by the cannon lineal glory, surely it is most allowable in those who or the musket ball.

boast of it as flowing from such a source. We despise the For what cause did these brave men sacrifice their uninstructed mind of that man who shall obtrude upon lives? For that cause which, in all ages, has engaged our ears the ideas of a vain ancestral honour; but we the hopes, the wishes, and endeavours of the best of love the youth, and transfer to him the reputation of menthe cause of liberty. Liberty! thou art indeed va- his father, who, when the rich and haughty citizen shall luable; the source of all that is good and great upon the frown upon him, as ignobly descended, shall say, "I carth!- For thee the patriot of America has drawn his had a father who has fallen in the service of his counsword-has fought-and has fallen!

try.” What was in our power we have done with regard to When after times shall speak of those who have risen the bodies of these men. We have paid them military to renown, I will charge it to the golden-winged and honours-we have planted them in the native earth- silver-tongued bards, that they recollect and set in order and it is with veneration that we yet view their tombs every circumstance, the causes of the war; early and just upon the furzy glade, or on the distant hill. Ask me exertions, the toils, hazardous achievements, noble resonot the names of these. The muses shall tell you of lution, unshaken perseverance, unabated ardor; hopes them, and the bards shall woo* them to their sons. The in the worst of times; triumphs of victory; humanity to verse which shall be so happy as to embrace the name an enemy. All these will I charge it that they recollect of one of them shall be immortal. The names of these and set in order, and give them bright and unsullied to shall be read with those of Pelopidas, Epaminondas, and the coming ages. The bards I know will hear me, and the worthies of the world. Posterity shall quote them you my gallant countrymen will go down to posterity for parallels, and for examples. When they mean to with exceeding honour. Your fame shall ascend on the dress the hero with the fairest praises, they will say he current of the stream of time: It shall play with the was gallant and distinguished in his early fall, as Warren; breezes of the morning. Men, at rest, in the cool age prudent and intrepid as Montgomery; faithful and gene- of life, from the fury of a thousand wars, finished by rous as Macpherson, he fell in the bold and resolute ad their fathers, shall observe the spreading ensign. They vance, like Haslet and like Mercer. He saw the honour shall hail it as it waves with variegated glories; and which his valour had acquired, and fainted in the arms feeling all the warm rapture of the heart, shall give their of victory like Herkimer. Having gallantly repulsed plaudit from the shores, the foe, he fell covered with wounds, in his old age, like (Miles's Principles and Acts of the Revolution. Wooster! The names of these brave men shall be read, and the

BATTLE OF THE KEGS. earth shall be sensible of praise wher: their bodies are deposited. Hill of Boston,* where the god of arms gave Account of the unparalleled prowess of his Britannie Ma uncommon valor to the patriot! Here the muses shall jesty's troops in an attack upon å formidable body of observe the night and hymn heroic acts, and trim their Kegs, in the river Delaware. lighted lamps to the dawn of morning: The little babbling mystic brook, shall bear the melody, and stealing possession of Philadelphia, some Americans, up the ri

In January, 1778, whilst the British troops were in with a silver foot, shall tell it to the ocean. Hills with in the prospect of York city, where the enemy rejoic- by the ebb tide, a number of kegs charged with gun,

ver Delaware, had formed a project of sending down ing at his early strength, adventured and fought, or where, refusing the engagement, he fled with precipi- that on the least touch of any thing obstructing their

powder, and furnished with machinery, su constructed tation to his ships! On you, the tomb of the hero is beheld, and fancy walking round covers it with shades. passage, they would immedately explode with great Grounds in the neighbourhood of this city, where the lay at anchor opposite to the city in such numbers that

force. The design was to injure the shipping, which foreigner shall enquire the field of battle, and the citi

. the kegs could not pass without encountering some of zen shall say with conscious pride, as if the honour them. But the very evening, in which those machines were his own, this is the tomb of Witherspoon; that is the ground where Nash fell! Plains washed by the were sent down, the first hard frost came on, and the Ashley and Cooper, and before the walls of Charleston! scheme failed. One of the kegs, howerer, happened to

shipping were hauled into the docks-so that the -Here has the hero fallen, or rather he has risen to explode near the town: this gave a general alarm in the eternal honour, and his birth place shall be immortal. His fame, like a vestal lamp is lighted up: It shall burn city--the wharves were filled with troops, and the with the world for its temple--and the fair assemblies of greater part of a day spent in firing at every chip or the earth shall trim it with their praisc.

stick that was seen floating on the river. For the begs Having paid that respect to the memory of these men, face but a small buoy.

were sunk under water, nothing appearing on the surwhich the annual return of this day demanded, it remains that we soothe the grief of those who have been lication in the New Jersey Gazette:

This circumstance gave occasion to the following pubdeprived of a father, bereaved of a son, or who have lost a brother, a husband, or a lover in the contest. Extract of a letter dated Philadelphia, January 9, 1788.

Fathers, whose heroic sons have offered up their lives "This city hath been lately entertained with a most in the contest; it is yours to recollect, that their lives astonishing instance of the activity, bravery, and military were given them for the service of their country. Fa- skill of the royal army and navy of Great Britain. The thers! dismiss every grief; you are happy in having been affair is somewhat particular, and deserves your notice. the progenitor of him who is written with the beroes of some time last week a keg of singular construction his country

was observed foating in the river. The crew of a

barge attempting to take it up, it suddenly exploded, Plino.

killed four of the hands, and wounded the rest. On | Bunker's Hill

Monday last, some kegs of a similar construction made Philadelphia.

their appearance. The alarm was immediately given.

And some ran here, and others there,

Like men almost distracted.

Various reports prevailed in the city, filling the royal troops with unspeakable consternation. Some asserted that these kegs were filled with armed rebels, who were to issue forth in the dead of night, as the Grecians did of old, from the wooden horse, at the siege of Troy, and take the city by surprise; declaring that they had seen the points of their bayonets sticking out of the bung-holes of the kegs. Others said that they were filled with inveterate combustibles which would set the Delaware in flames, and consume all the shipping in the harbour. Whilst others conjectured that they were machines constructed by art magic, and expected to see them mount the wharves, and roll, all faming with infernal fire, through the streets of the city. I say nothing as to these reports and apprehensions, but certain it is, that the ships of war were immediately manned, and the wharves crowded with chosen men. Hostilities were commenced without much ceremony, and it was surprising to behold the incessant firing that was poured upon the enemy's kegs. Both officers and men exhi. bited unparalleled skill and prowess on the occasion; whilst the citizens stood gaping as solemn witnesses of this dreadful scene. In truth, not a chip, stick, or drift log, passed by, without experiencing the vigour of the British arms. The action began about sun-rise, and would have terminated in favour of the British by noon, had not an old market-woman, in crossing the river with provisions, unfortunately let a keg of butter fall overboard; which, as it was then ebb-tide, floated down to the field of battle. At sight of this unexpected reinforcement of the enemy, the attack was renewed with fresh force, and the firing from the marine and land troops was beyond imagination, and so continued until night closed the conflict. The rebel kegs were either totally demolished, or obliged to fly, as none of them have shown their heads since. It is said that his Excellency Lord Howe has despatched a swift-sailing packet, with an account of this signal victory, to the court of London. In short, Monday the of January, 1778, will be memorable in history for the renowned battle of the kegs.”

(American Museum, 1787.
THE BATTLE OF THE KEGS,

By Francis Hopkinson, Esq.
Gallants attend and hear a friend,

Trill forth harmonious ditty,
Strange things I'll tell which late befel

In Philadelphia city.
'Twas early day, as poets say,

Just when the sun was rising,
A soldier stood on a log of wood,

And saw a thing surprising.
As in amaze he stood to gaze,

The truth can't be denied, sir,
He spied a score of kegs or more

Come floating down the tide, sir.
A sailor too in jerkin blue,

This strange appearance viewing,
First —d his eyes, in great surprise,

Then said some mischief's brewing.
“These kegs, I'm told, the rebels bold,

Pack'd up like pickld herring;
And they're come down t'attack the town

In this new way of ferry'ng."

Some fire cry'd, which some denied,

But said the earth had quaked; And girls and boys, with hideous noise,

Ran thro' the streets half naked.
Sir William* he, snug as a flea,

Lay all this time a snoring,
Nor dream'd of harm as he lay warm,

In bed with Mrs. L*r*ng.
Now in a fright, he starts upright,

Awak'd by such a clatter;
He rubs both eyes, and boldly cries,

For God's sake, what's the matter! At his bed-side, he then espy'd,

Sir Erskine, t at command, sir, Upon one foot, he had one boot,

And th' other in his hand, sir. "Arise, arise,-sir Erskine cries,

The rebels—more's the pity, Without a boat are all afloat,

And rang'd before the city. “The motley crew, in vessels new,

With Satan for their guide, sir, Pack'd up in bags, or wooden kegs,

Come driving down the tide, sir. “ Therefore prepare for bloody war,

These kegs must all be routed, Or surely we despis'd shall be,

And British courage doubted." The royal band, now ready stand,

All rang'd in dread array, sir, With stomach stout to see it out,

And make a bloody day, sir.

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The cannons roar from shore to shore,

The small arms loud did rattle, Since wars began I'm sure no man

E'er saw so strange a battle. The rebel dales, the rebel vales

With rebel trees surrounded; The distant wood, the hills and floods,

With rebel echoes sounded.

The fish below swam to and fro,

Attack'd from ev'ry quarter;
Why sure, thought they, the devil's to pay,

'Mongst folks above the water.
The kegs, 'tis saici, thoʻstrongly made,

Of rebel staves and hoops, sir,
Could not oppose, their powerful foes,

The conqr'ing British troops, sir.
From morn to night these men of might

Display'd amazing courage-
And when the sun was fairly down,

Retir'd to sup their porrage.
A hundred men with each a pen,

Or more upon my word, sir,
" It is most true would be too few,

Their valour to record, sir.

The soldier flew, the sailor too,

And scar'd almost to death, sir, Wore out their shoes, to spread the news,

And ran till out of breath, sir.

Such feats did they perform that day,

Against these wicked kegs, sir,
That years to come, if they get home,

They'll make their boasts and brags, sir, • Sir Wm. Howe.

+ Sir Wm. Erskine.

Now up and down throughout the town,

Most frantic scenes were acted;

FEMALE PATRIOTISM.

All ranks of men amongst us are in arms. Nothing

is heard now in our streets but the trumpet and drum; From the Richmond Enquirer.

and the universal cry is “Americans to arms." All your The M. S. of the following interesting letter was po- friends are officers: there are captain S. D. lieut. B. and litely forwarded to us by a gentleman of Baltimore, and captain J. S. We have five regiments in the city and was found among some old papers of a distinguished la- county of Philadelphia, complete in arms and uniform, dy of Philadelphia.—It is a copy of a letter from a lady and very expert at their military manæuvres. We have of Philadelphia to a British officer at Boston, written companies of light horse, light infantry, grenadiers, rifieimmediately after the battle of Lexington, and previous men, and Indians, several companies of artillery, and to the declaration of independence—it fully exhibits some excellent brass cannon and field pieces. Add to the feelings of those times. —A finer spirit never anima- this, that every county in Pennsylvania, and the Delated the breasts of the Roman matrons, than the following ware government, can send two thousand men to the letter breathes:

field. Heaven seems to smile on us, for in the memory Sir-We received a letter from you-wherein you of man never were known such quantities of fax, and let Mr. S. know that you had written after the battle of sheep without number. We are making powder fast, Lexington, particularly to me-knowing my martial spi- and do not want for ammunition. In short, we want for rit—that I would delight to read the exploits of beroes. nothing but ships of war to defend us, which we could Surely, my friend, you must mean the New England he procure by making alliances: but such is our attachment roes as they alone performed exploits worthy of fame- io Great Britain, that we sincerely wish for reconciliawhile the regulars, vastly superior in numbers, were tion, and cannot bear the thoughts of throwing off all obliged to retreat with a rapidity unequalled, except by dependence on her, which such a step would assuredly the French at the battle of Minden. Indeed, general lead to. The God of mercy will, I hope, open the Gage gives them their due praise in his letter home, eyes of our king that he may see, while in seeking our where he says lord Percy was remarkable for his acti- destruction, he will go near to complete his own. It is vity. You will not, I hope, take offence at any express my ardent prayer that the effusion of blood may be sion that, in the warmth of my heart, should escape me, stopped. We hope yet to see you in this city, a friend when I assure you, that though we consider you as a to the liberties of America, which will give infinite sapublic enemy, we regard you as a private friend; and tisfaction to, while we detest the cause you are fighting for, we wish

Your sincere friend,

C. S. well to your own personal interest and safety. Thus far To Captain S. in Boston. (Niles's Acts of Rer. by way of apology. As to the martial spirit you suppose me to possess, you are greatly mistaken. I tremble at the thoughts of war; but of all wars, a civil one: our all is at stake; and we are called upon by every tie

DRY GOODS. that is dear and sacred to exert the spirit that Heaven Prior to '93, and afterwards, that inimitable, native has given to us in this righteous struggle for liberty. artist and carver in wood, William Rush, of this city,

I will tell you what I have done. My only brother I now living, had been delighting and astonishing the nahave sent to the camp with my prayers and blessings; 1 tives, both here and in the English seaports, after the hope he will not disgrace me; I am confident he will peace, by his admirable copies from nature, of ship figure behave with honour, and emulate the great examples heads. In particular, those of the North American Inhe has before him; and had I twenty sons and brothers dian Chief, in the limited varieties of the nose jewell, they should go. I have retrenched every superfluous mocasin and blanket costume. Placing him also, in exexpense in my table and family; tea I have not drank act position, either, as drawing his arrow to the head, since last Christmas, nor bought a new cap or gown at the supposed bounding deer; flourishing his tomasince your defeat at Lexington, and what I never did hawk, with fatal aim, for the distant death blow; or else, before, have learnt to knit, and am now making stock in attitude of solemn thought, with his arms folded ings of American wool for my servants, and this way do within his blanket drawn closely around him, and showI throw in my mite to the public good. I know this, ing exactly the contour of his brawny person and limbs. that as free I can dic but once, but as a slave I shall not the frontiet of distinction fastened upon his forehead, be worthy of life. I have the pleasure to assure you and pinioned behind with the eagle's plume. The head that these are the sentiments of all my sistor Americans. closely shaved, leaving only the single tuft of black hair, They have sacrificed both assemblies, parties of plea- to aid in the scalping. The eye brows drawn closely sure, tea drinking and finery to that great spirit of pa. together, under the compress of thought, emanating, triotism, that actuates all degrees of people throughout as it were, possibly, from the “great spirit;" softening this extensive continent. If these are the sentiments of down within his eye of fame, the native savage fire of females, what must glow in the breasts of our husbands, revenge, cherished by him as a virtue, into gentle pity brothers and sons? They are as with one heart deter- for the devoted object before him; his faithful dog, invamined to die or be free. It is not a quibble in politics, riably in company, crouching at his heels. Each figure a science which few understand, which we are contend- head was so admirably brought out, from its original ing for; it is this plain truth, which the most ignorant block of wood, and coloured to the life, by the painter, peasant knows, and is clear to the weakest capacity, under directions from the sculptor, that the beholder that no man has a right to take their money without would be almost ready to imagine he heard the distant their consent. The supposition is ridiculous and ab- savage yell. He also carved a figure head, as large as surd, as none but highwaymen and robbers attempt it. life, for the ship Washington, of this port, exhibiting a Can you, my friend, reconcile it with your own good capital likeness of the President, in full uniform as comsense, that a body of men in Great Britain, who have mander-in-chief, pointing with his finger at some distant little intercourse with America, and of course know object, and holding a perspective glass grasped in his nothing of us, nor are supposed to see or feel the misery left hand. It was reported here, at the time, that on they would inflict upon us, shall invest themselves with the arrival of this figure head, in the port of London, A power to command our lives and properties, at all it caused no small sensation there, by the perfection ma. times and in all cases whatsoever? You say you are no nifest in all its parts and proportion, as a statue likeness politician. Oh, sir, it requires no Machiavelean head in wood. When here, the ship always attracted crowds to develope this, and to discover this tyranny and op- of spectators to the place, after she bad hauled in at pression. It is written with a sunbeam. Every one Clifford's wharf, near the Old Maid's Dock.” will see and know it because it will make them feel, and About this time, on the arrival of the spring and fall we shall be unworthy of the blessings of Heaven, if we ships from England, the pavements, all along Front ever submit to it,

street, from Walnut to Arch street, used to be lumber,

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ed and strewed before the doors of the Importing Dry Mrs. Holland, in her person, was of vast breadth and Goods Merchants, with boxes and bales of English mer- bulk, and seeming too unwieldy for her vocation as the chandize, landed from the ships Pigou, the Adriana, the “principal salesman,” but she had the name of excelling Washington, and the Grange, from London and Liver in it by her patient devotion to the varied wants and pool. The boxes and bales, every one of them, bearing whims of her customers, and her unceasing fascinating the initials of each importer's name, marked upon them. smiles towards purchasers of the smallest amount. Both The clerks employed by the merchants-Uheir apprentic of these cheap shops used to be crowded from morning ces and subordinates, all busy as bees in their several till night: so much so, that Mrs. Holland never opened vocations; some with sharp knives, and claw hammers, her door until nine o'clock in the morning. ripping and breaking open the bales and boxes, and Mr. John G-st, with a slight halt in his gait, and a others within door exhibiting the goods as salesmen, pleasant smiling countenance, was to be seen of mornwith the emblematical feather, stuck bebind the ear,- ings, here and there, among the stores, or at Connelly altogether forming a pleasant, bustling rivalship, among or Footman's auctions, picking up bargains for the shop. the importers, and competition, in making sales; but no The sales within door, conducted by two sisters, handmonopoly.

some young ladies, “gay quakers,” and designated faThe City Retailers, principally Females, were to be miliarly as the “Miss G-sts;" also by two plainly dressseen, hovering about, as butterflies near the rivulet;— ed young gentlemen, who have since been, both of them, mingling among the men, and viewing with admiration, eminent merchants in the city; but who at that time anthe rich displays of British chintzes, muslins and cali- swered each others call, as Charles and Robert-all of coes of the latest London fashions-all business trans- them very popular among the purchasers, for their se. actions, were computed pounds, shillings, pence, and renity, their affability and pleasantness of manner while farthings, as in Old England, upon the principles taught making sales. by Dilworth's arithmetic, re-printed here, for the use Among the country "store keepers” of the time, and of schools, by Joseph Crookshank, in 1791. Dollars the traders from the "Backwoods” of Maryland, Pennand cents wero only as yet, to be found in the reports sylvania, and the region round about, James Sterling, of of Secretary Hamilton. Among many “signs of the New Jersey, was pre-eminent, and most renowned for times," remembered, but now no more, there were, in the extent of his purchases from the importing merFront street; Stuart & Barr, Thomas Orr, Robert Smith, chants, and the rapidity with which he made them, every Emanuel Walker, Pattison Hartshorne, John Field, spring and fall. His store in Burlington, had the name Clow & Co. Knox & Henderson, Hugh Cochran, Rich- of having every thing to sell, and where any thing and ard Vaux, Drinkerand Thomas, and Jacob Baker; James every thing was to be purchased, from the Jersey plough, I Mazurie for French goods, and Holmes and Rainey down to the triangular goose yoke. As remembered, for Irish linens. In Chesnut street, James Calbraith, James Sterling was of middle height and size, square James Hawthorn, John Shields, John Oldden and John built, strong and active in his movements, plain in his Smith; at the corner of Lodge Alley, in South Second dress, and not of many words; a round full face and san. street, James Smith, Jr. and in North Second street, guine complexion-at first sight, his large grey eyes Thomas Barton and J. W, Gibbs. In Market street, looking at you from beneath his bushy eye brows, indiWilliam Wister, William Chancellor, and George Bick- cated a severity of manner-but no, they only scemed ham. In the city, the shopkeepers were in number, no to say he was a man of business, and not to be trifled more, than as one to one hundred, at the present day. with. His active zeal for "the church,” his "abour of

The first fancy retail Hardware Store, with bulk win- love" in lodging, comfortably, the wayfaring itinerant dows, remembered, was the one, opened by James preacher, and washing the saint's feet" whenever neStokes, in what had been the Old Coffee House, at the cessary, was “sounded out” every where, within the south west corner of Market and Front streets. The Methodist connexion at that time. buck handled "Barlow," penknives, the gilt and plated The only public water conveyance between this city buttons, and the scissors, curiously arranged, on circular and Burlington, was by way of “Meyers' Boats,” from cards, (a new idea,) and the bulk windows, lighted up, Arch street wharf. These boats, on Sunday mornings, at night, (a new thing) was a source of great gratifica- in summer time, used to be crowded with all sorts of tion to the boys, and the country market people, loung- people huddled together upon their little decks. From ing about with arms folded, on Tuesday and Friday the wharves, and to the spectators who had seen them evenings.

off under full sail, they seemed at times, to be almost One evening, among a group of gazers from about ready to capsize, on being taken by the first light stagConestoga, one of them exclaimed to the others in Penn- gering breeze, from the westward; while approaching sylvania German, “Cook a mole, har, Cook do!” “mein- the Old Glass House, then in ruins, near Kensington, er sale!”—The first brilliant fancy retail dry goods shop, (now Dyott's,) or bearing away from Point No Point, with bulk windows, as remembered, was opened by a towards the Jersey shore. Compared with the present Mr. Whitesides, from London, as 'twas said, in the true mode of conveyance, on the same route, by the power. “Bond street style," at No. 134 Market street, in the ful steam boat, ploughing the Delaware, at the rate of house now occupied by Mr. Thomas Natt. The then ten miles the hour, against wind and tide, with furrows uncommon sized lights in the two bulks, and the fine of white foam, on each side, and the undulating wave mull mull and jaconet muslins, the chintzes, and linens behind; the splendid dining cabin, decorated with emsuspended in whole pieces, from the top to the bottom, blematic paintings by the first artists; the spacious deck, and entwined together in puffs and festoons, (totally covered with passergers; exhibiting, from a side view, new,) and the shop-man, behind the counter, powdered, to the admiring spectator, standing on the shore, a line bowing and smiling, caused it to be all the stare" for a of ladies, seated and decorated about the head, as taste time. There being too much of the “pouncet box,” in and fancy might suggest—from the white satin, plain the display however, and the “vile Jersey half pence, bonnet, to the whimsical Leghorn, or dashing Navariwith a horse head thereon" being wrapped up, when no; altogether, producing an effect to the eye similar to given in change in whitey brown paper, with a counter a row of variegated tulips, at the hoisted parlour win. bow to the ladies, seeming rather too civil by half for dow; elegantly defended from the heat, by the wide the (as yet) primitive notions of our city folks-it gra- stretched awning over head; dually settled down into plain shop, like other people. The buyers of bargains at this time, were divided in their “For talking age, and whispering lovers made.”

“with seats beneath the shade preferences between the two famous cheap shops, then in full competition--one by Mr. John G-st, at No. 30, Thus compared, the amiable little sloop, or passage. South Second street, and the other by Mrs. Hannah boat, of that day, would sink, into comparative insigniHolland, at No. 2, North Front street, on the east side. I ficance; and yet the scramble to get on board, for a

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