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S4 On the Steaming of Potatoes as a Substitute, Sffc

opinions of all who are concerned or conversant with this method of feeding, completely coinciding with me in favour of it.

The suspension and resuming of the potatoes in the last year, in consequence of the deficient crop, afforded the mos.t convincing evidence of the excellency of the food. As soon as the potatoes were taken from thehorses they began visibly to fail; and their amendment was as apparent on returning to potatoes.' I have this winter fed working oxen on steamed potatoes, mixed with an equal weight of cut straw, with a few turnips and 12lb. of uncut wheat straw. They have kept their condition, and stood their work better than they are reported to have done when fed on hay.







The increased spirit with which agricultural pursuits have been carried on for some years past, in every part of the United Empire, may in no small degree be attributed to the zeal and attention of your Honourable Board.

The encouragement it has held out, has proved a powerful inducement for undertaking different experiments; and by the communications of their results to the public, much useful knowledge has been diffused.

Confiding in your experienced indulgence, and stimulated by the premium offered for the management of winter dairies and supply of milk for the poor, I beg leave to submit, with great diffidence, the result of what I have done in the last two years, towards accomplishing those objects.

The vicinity of a large and populous town had previously afforded me an opportunity of being acquainted

* Communications to the Board of Agriculture.

D S with with the great scarcity of milk, and consequent sufferings of the poor, especially where there are young families, from the impossibility of obtaining., for the greatest part of the year, a supply at any price.

My attention had long been called to the subject, and the accidental perusal of a tract* intended to show the number of lives lost to the community for want of this salubrious aliment for young children, which, united with the encouragement given me by my friend 'Dr. Taylor, Secretary of the Society of Arts, &c. Adelphi, determined me on making the experiment of furnishing a plentiful supply of new milk during the winter.

I am fully aware that, to enable the public to reap any extensive advantage, it must be clearly and satisfactorily proved, that a fair and adequate profit is to be made. To increase the means of subsistence has in all instances a claim to public favour, but to entitle the plan to be recommended to the Agriculturist, it mus* be proved to be individually advantageous. With this view, my first enquiries were directed to ascertain the most usual modes of feeding dairy cows during the winter months, in the neighbourhood of large and populous towns, as also the expense attending it.

I found, wherever any quantity of milk was supplied, that the principal dependence was upon grains got from breweries or distilleries, and there was no other method known by which it could be obtained in any profitable quantity.

* By Samuel Ferns, M.D.

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