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"See the treasures Merlin piled, e toa Portion meet for Arthur's child. botes be
And now the morning sun was high,
And soon he reached a court-yard square,
But full in front, a door,
Low browed and dark, seem'd as it led
Here stopped De Vaux an instant's space,
Who, late at bashful distance staid, Now tripping from the greenwood shade, Nearer the musing champion draw, And, in a pause of seeming awe,
Again stand doubtful now?-
Their raven ringlets reached the waist;
The form and bosom o'er, To win the eye, or tempt the touch, For modesty showed all too muchToo much-yet promised more. XXXI.
"Gentle knight, awhile delay,"
"Then shall she you most approve,
And meet rebuke,
He lacked the heart or time;
Downward De Vaux through darksome ways
Or safe retreat, seem'd none; And e'en the dismal path he strays Grew worse as he went on. For cheerful sun, for living air, Foul pours rise and mine-fires glare, Whose fearful light the dangers show'd That dogg'd him on that dreadful road. Deep pits, and lakes of waters dun, They show'd, but show'd not how to shun. These scenes of desolate despair, These smothering clouds of poison'd air, How gladly had De Vaux exchanged, Though 'twere to face yon tigers ranged! Nay, soothful bards have said, So perilous his state seem'd now, He wished him under arbour bough With Asia's willing maid. When, joyful sound! at distance near A trumpet flourish'd loud and clear, And, at it ceased, a lofty lay Seem'd thus to chide his lagging way. XXXIV. "Son of honour, theme of story, Think on the reward before ye! Danger, darkness, toil despise; 'Tis Ambition bids thee rise. "He that would her heights ascend, Many a weary step must wend; Hand and foot and knee he tries: Thus Ambition's minions rise.
"Lag not now, though rough the way,
It ceased. Advancing on the sound, A steep ascent the wanderer found, And then a turret stair;
Nor climb'd he far its steepy round
Of Europe seem'd the damsels all; The first a nymph of lively Gaul, Whose easy step and laughing eye Her borrow'd air of awe belie;
The next a maid of Spain, Dark-eyed, dark-haired, sedate, yet bold; While ivory skin and tress of gold, Her shy and bashful comrade told For daughter of Almaine. These maidens bore a royal robe, With crown, with sceptre, and with globe, Emblems of empery:
The fourth a space behind them stood, And leant upon a harp, in mood
Of minstrel ecstasy.
Of merry England she, in dress
At once to brave De Vaux knelt down
SONG OF THE FOURTH MAIDEN,
"Quake to your foundations deep,
Thus while she sung, the venturous knight
That bower, the gazer to bewitch,
Between the earth and sky. But what of pictured rich and rare Could win De Vaux's eye-glance, where, Deep slumbering in the fatal chair,
He saw king Arthur's child!
For, as she slept, she smiled.
'Twixt childhood and 'twixt youth, That ivory chair, that sylvan dress, The arms and ancles bare, express
Of Lyulph's tale the truth. Still upon her garment's hem Vanoc's blood made purple gem, And the warder of command Cumber'd still her sleeping hand; Still her dark locks dishevell'd flow From net of pearl o'er breast of snow; And so fair the slumberer seems, That De Vaux impeached his dreams, Vapid all and void of might, Hiding half her charms from sight. Motionless awhile he stands, Folds his arms and clasps his hands, Trembling in his fitful joy, Doubtful how he shall destroy Long-enduring spell; Doubtful too, when slowly rise Dark-fringed lids of Gyneth's eyes,
What these eyes shall tell. "St. George! St. Mary! can it be, That they will kindly look on me!”.
Gently, lo! the warrior kneels,
Burst the castle walls asunder! Fierce and frequent were the shocks, Melt the magic halls away
-But beneath their mystic rocks,
Safe and free from magic power,
popular traditions. He loved fairies, genii, giants, and monsters; he delighted to rove through the meanders of enchantment, to gaze on the magnificence of golden palaces, to repose by the waterfalls of elysian gardens."
The green-wood and the wold;
Bringing, perchance, like my poor tale,
the baron of Triermain.-P. 348.
Triermain was a fief of the barony of Gilsland, Cumberland; it was possessed by a Saxon family at the time of the Conquest, but, "after the deata of Gilmore, lord of Tryermaine and Torcrossock, Hubert Vaux gave Tryermaine and Torcrossock to his second son, Ranulph Vaux, which Ranulph afterwards became heir to his elder brother Robert, the founder of Lanercost, who died without issue. Ranulph, being lord of all Gilsland, gave Gilmore's lands to his own younger son, named Roland, and let the barony descend to his eldest son Robert, son of Ranulph. Roland had issue Alexander, and he Ranulph, after whom succeeded Robert, and they were named Rolands successively, that were lords thereof, until the reign of Edward the fourth. That house gave for arms, Vert, a bend dexter, chequey, or and gules."-Burn's Antiquities of Westmoreland and Cumberland, vol. ii, p. 482.
This branch of Vaux, with its collateral alliances, is now represented by the family of Braddyl of Conishead priory, in the county palatine of Lancaster; for it appears that, about the time above-mentioned, the house of Triermaine was united to its kindred family Vaux of Caterlen, and, by marriage with the heiress of Delamore and Leybourne, became the representative of those ancient and noble families. The male line failing in John de Vaux, about the year 1665, his daughter and heiress, Mabel, married Christopher Richmond, esq. of Highhead castle, in the county of Cumberland, descended from an ancient family of that name, lords of Corby castle, in the same county, soon after the Conquest, and which they alienated about the 15th of Edward the second, to Andrea de Harcla, :arl of Carlisle. Of this family was sir Thomas de Raigemont, (miles auratus,) in the reign of king Edward the first, who appears to have greatly distinguished himself at the siege of Kaerlaveroc, with William baron of Leybourne. In an ancient heraldic poem now extant, and preserved in the British Museum, describing that siege, his arms are stated to be, Or, 2 Bars Gemelles Gules, and a Chief Or, the same borne by his descendants at the present day. The Richmonds removed to their castle of Highhead in the reign of Henry the eighth, when the then representative of the family married Margaret, daughter of sir Hugh Lowther, by the lady Dorothy de Clifford, only child by a second marriage of Henry lord Clifford, great grandson of John lord Clifford, by Elizabeth Percy, daughter of Henry (surnamed Hotspur) by Elizabeth Mortimer, which said Elizabeth was daughter of Edward Mortimer, third earl of Marche, by Phillippa, sole daughter and heiress of Lionel, duke of Clarence.
NOTES TO CANTO 1.
1. Like Collins, ill-starr'd name!-P. 348. COLLINS, according to Johnson, "by indulging some peculiar habits of thought, was eminently delighted with those flights of imagination which pass the bounds of nature, and to which the mind
The third in descent from the above-mentioned John Richmond, became the representative of the families of Vaux, of Triermaine, Caterlen, and Torcrossock, by his marriage with Mabel de Vaux, the heiress of them. His grandson Henry Richmond died without issue, leaving five sisters co-heiresses, four of whom married; but Margaret, who married William Gale, esq. of Whitehaven, was the only one who had male issue surviving.
is reconciled only by a passive acquiescence in She had a son, and a daughter married to Henry
gently sloping hill, called Mayburgh. In the plain which it incloses there stands erect an unhewn stone of twelve feet in height. Two similar masses are said to have been destroyed during the memory of man. The whole appears to be a monument
Curwen of Workington, esq., who represented the county of Cumberland for many years in parliament, and by her had a daughter, married to John John, son and Christian, esq., (now Curwen.) heir of William Gale, married Sarah, daughter and heiress of Christopher Wilson of Bardsea of druidical times. hall, in the county of Lancaster, by Margaret, aunt and co-heiress of Thomas Braddyl, esq. of Braddyl, and Conishead priory, in the same county, and had issue four sons and two daughters:-1st, William Wilson, died an infant; 2d, Wilson, who, upon the death of his cousin, Thomas Braddyl, of such great depth, and so completely hidden without issue, succeeded to his estates, and took from the sun, that it is said its beams never reach the name of Braddyl, in pursuance of his will, by it, and that the reflection of the stars may be seen the king's sign manual; 3d, William, died young; at mid-day. and 4th, Henry Richmond, a lieutenant-general of the army, married Sarah, daughter of the Rev. R. Baldwin; Margaret married Richard Greaves Townley, esq. of Fulbourne, in the county of Cambridge, and of Bellfield, in the county of Lancaster; Sarah married to George Bigland, of Bigland hall, in the same county.
6. Though never sunbeam could discern The surface of that sable tarn.-P. 349. The small lake called Scales-tarn lies so deeply embosomed in the recesses of the huge mountain called Saddleback, more poetically Glaramara, is
NOTES TO CANTO II.
Wilson Braddyl, eldest son of John Gale, and grandson of Margaret Richmond, married Jane, of 1. From Arthur's hand the goblet flew.-P. 353. daughter and heiress of Matthias Gale, esq. The author has an indistinct recollection of an Catgill hall, in the county of Cumberland, by Jane, daughter and heiress of the Rev. S. Bennet, D. D.; adventure somewhat similar to that which is here and, as the eldest surviving male branch of the ascribed to king Arthur, having befallen one of families above-mentioned, he quarters, in addition the ancient kings of Denmark. The horn in which to his own, their paternal coats in the following the burning liquor was presented to that monarch, order, as appears by the records in the college of is said still to be preserved in the Royal Museum at Copenhagen.
Tintadgel's spear.-P. 350. Tintadgel castle, in Cornwall, is reported to have been the birth-place of king Arthur.
8. Caliburn in cumbrous length.-P. 351. This was the name of king Arthur's well-known sword, sometimes also called Excalibar.
2. Nor tower nor donjon could he spy,
"We now gained a view of the vale of St. John's, a very narrow dell, hemmed in by mountains, through which a small brook makes many meanderings, washing little inclosures of grassground, which stretch up the rising of the hills. In the widest part of the dale you are struck with the appearance of an ancient ruined castle, which seems to stand upon the summit of a little mount, the mountains around forming an amphitheatre. This massive bulwark shows a front of various towers, and makes an awful, rude, and Gothic appearance, with its lofty turrets and ragged battlements; we traced the galleries, the bending arches, the buttresses. The greatest antiquity stands characterized in its architecture; the inhabitants near it assert it is an antediluvian structure.
"The traveller's curiosity is roused, and he prepares to make a nearer approach, when that curiosity is put upon the rack by his being assured, that, if he advances, certain geuii who govern the place, by virtue of their supernatural art and necromancy, will strip it of all its beauties, and, by enchantment, transform the magic walls. The vale seems adapted for the habitation of such beings; its gloomy recesses and retirements look like haunts of evil spirits. There was no delusion in the report; we were soon convinced of its truth; for this piece of antiquity, so venerable and noble in its aspect, as we drew near, changed its figure, and proved no other than a shaken massive pile of rocks, which stand in the midst of this little vale, disunited from the adjoining mountains, and
have so much the real form and resemblance of a
castle, that they bear the name of the Castle Rocks of St. John."-Hutchinson's Excursion to the Lakes, p. 121.
1st, Argent, a fess azure, between 3 saltiers of the same, charged with an anchor between 2 lions heads erazed, or,-Gale.
2d, Or, 2 bars gemelles gules, and a chief or,Richmond.
3d, Or, a fess chequey, or and gules between gerbes gules,-Vaux of Caterlen." 4th, Gules, a fess chequey, or and gules between 6 gerbes or,-Vaux of Torcrossock.
5th, Argent, a bend chequey, or and gules, for Vaux of Triermain.
6th, Gules, a cross patonce, or,-Delamore. 7th, Gules, 6 lions rampant argent, 3, 2, and 1, -Leybourne.t
3. And his who sleeps at Dunmailraise.-P. 349.
Dunmailraise is one of the grand passes from Cumberland into Westmoreland. It takes its name from a cairn, or pile of stones, erected, it is said, to the memory of Dunmail, the last king of Cumberland.
4. Penrith's Table Round.-P. 349. A circular entrenchment, about half a mile from Penrith, is thus popularly termed. The circle within the ditch is about one hundred and sixty paces in eircumference, with openings, or approaches, directly opposite to each other. As the ditch is on the inner side, it could not be intended for the purpose of defence, and it has reasonably been conjectured, that the inclosure was designed for the solemn exercise of feats of chivalry; and the embankment around for the convenience of the spectators. 5.-Mayburgh s mound and stones of power.-P. 349. Higher up the river Eamont than Arthur's Round Table, is a prodigious inclosure of great antiquity; formed by a collection of stones upon the top of a
• Not vert, as stated by Burn.
This more detailed genealogy of the family of Triermain was obligingly sent to the author, by major Braddyl of Conishead Priory.
3. The Saxons to subjection brought.—P. 353. Arthur is said to have defeated the Saxons in