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Emperor of Fez and Morocco, or of his subjects, if the captain thereof shews a pass, signed by the governor of the city he belongs to, with a certificate from the English consul, or, in case of his death or absence, from the major part of the English merchants residing there, he shall be permitted to pursue his voyage with out impediment or injury.

: XXI. It is also agreed, that the subjects of his Bria tannic Majesty shall not be obliged to present themfelves before the magistracy of the country, to be judged, under any pretence; and their causes, suits, or differences, which may happen with the Moors, or any other subjects whatsoever, living in the dominions of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, shall be judged and determined only by the governor of the city and the English consul.

XXII. It is also agreed, that in case any ship or ships of war, or others, at enmity with his Britannic Majesty, shall be in any port of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, where at the same time there shall be ships belonging to the subjects of his Britannic Majesty, the said cruizers shall not be permitted to offer any violence to them, nor to fail under forty hours after the said ships shall be departed; and it is moreover agreed, that the peace shall commence from the signing of this treaty, after which, no subject of his Britannic Majesty shall be bought, fold, or made a Nave of, in any part of the dominions, or under the jurisdiction of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco ; and this shall be ratified within six months, or sooner if possible, and in case, in the mean time, any prize shall be made by either of the two parties with loss, reparation shall be made according to the shares, and as the ship or effects shall have been sold ; and the part which shall remain entire, shall be immediately restored in its own species; the people shall be set at liberty. Vol. II.



XXIII. It is agreed and concluded (in order that there be no excuse made, or ignorance pretended of this peace) that the twenty-five articles following and before mentioned, shall be declared and published to all the subjects of each Power, which declaration shall be signed by each party, and shall be observed by them, to avoid disputes; and that they shall be translated immediately, by the Emperor's order, into the Arabic language; that copies of them shall be sent to all the Alcaides and officers of all the ports of the dominions of his Imperial Majesty, to be read publicly by the judge, and afterwards to remain deposited in the hands of the said judge, or the Alcaide of the port, for occasions that may offer; and, to prevent all other troubles, that every captain of a ship of war, or cruizer, of the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, shall be provided with a copy of them, which copy shall be actually on board the said ship or cruizer, in order to make this peace the more inviolable; and that the ratification of the said articles shall be in the Spanish language, which shall be received, and of equal force, as if it was in either language of the two na, tions.

XXIV. And lastly, it is agreed and concluded, that when his Excellency Mark Milbanke, Esquire, his Britannic Majesty's ambassador, arrives at court, or where he shall receive his audience, or during the time he stays in the dominions of the Emperor, he shall never, in any manner, be asked or interrogated by the Emperor, his servants, or any other person, either Christian, Moor, or Jew, relating to any prize or prizes made by his Britannic Majesty's ships of war, or privateers, neither shall he meet with any insults or affronts, by applications on that or any other matter; it being clearly understood, that the twenty-five thoufand pesos duros, which are paid (exclusive of the two hundred thousand pesos duros for the redemption) are for the entire satisfaction of all difficulties, differ


ences, pretensions, disputes, of any forts, depending between their Imperial and Britannic Majesties, their subjects, or the inhabitants of their dominions, and to cement a true and inviolable peace and friendship between the two nations. And it is further agreed, that the consul or consuls of his Britannic Majesty shall not pay any duties for their furniture, cloaths, or baggage, or any other necessaries, which they shall at times have occafion to bring to the Emperor's dominions, for the consumption of them, or their families, in their houses.

Additional Article. IT is moreover agreed, that if any of the governors of Gibraltar, or Minorca (when it shall be again in the poffeffion of the English) shall desire four or wheat, for. the troops of the said garrisons, that his Imperial Majesty permits them to buy the fame, in any places of his Imperial Majesty's dominions, and to carry them away, paying a fixed duty; but it is understood, that the Emperor does not grant the faid privilege to any merchant to carry away the said articles to fell. And it is

permitted, that the ships of war may buy the said articles for their own use, in any port of his Imperial Majesty's dominions, without paying any duty or imposition. Given and signed in our Royal court of Fez, the 28th of July, 1760.

WE having feen and considered the above-written treaty, have approved, ratified, and confirmed the lame, in all and singular its clauses, as, by these prefents, we do approve, ratify, and confirm the same, for us, our heirs and fucceffors, engaging and promising, on our Royal word, sacredly and inviolably to perform and observe, all and singular its contents, and never to fuffer, as far as in us lies, any person to violate the såme, or in any manner to act contrary thereto. In witness whereof, we have caused our great feal of Great Britain to be affixed to these presents, figned with our Royal hand. Given at our palace at St. James's, the

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· fifth

fifth day of August, in the year of our Lord 1761, and of our reign the first.


[The following is printed from the original tranf

lation.] A Copy of the Additional Articles of Friendship and

Commerce, made by the Emperor of Morocco with the King of Great Britain; concluded with Sir Roger Curtis, his Britannic Majesty's Ambassador to Mo

rocco, 2412 May, 1783. In the name of God, Amen. Nothing can be done buc

with the help of God. From the slave of God, Mahomet Ben Abdallah. God is his master.

(L, S.) THESE are the articles of friendship and peace made and concluded between us and the great King of the English, George the Third, through the hands of his Excellency Sir Roger Curtis, the ambassador which he fent unto us.

1. There is peace and friendship between us, agreeable to former treaties, nor has it been otherwise, The English merchants have free liberty to come to all our ports, there to trade, and to buy, and to sell, like other nations: and we also give leave to the merchants, our subjects, to repair to and trade at all English ports, These are our orders. Dated the 23d day of the month Jumet, the 2d in the

year Thanks be to God alone. (L.S.) II. All English subjects, who have debts or demands in our dominions or ports, have free liberty to come and recover the same, and to be paid even to the last blanquin, But if any have claims upon such as are bankrupt and unable to pay, their money is unavoidably lost ; for we have heretofore often signified, to all

of God 1197)

the merchants who traded to our ports, not to sell their goods but for ready money, or to persons of established credit. And these are still our orders. And we also give the same orders to our merchants who trade to foreign ports, not to sell but for ready money, or with people of credit; and if they dealed with infufficient persons, they must lose their money. These are our orders. The 23d of the month Jumet, the 2d in the year of God 1197.

Thanks be to God alone, (L. S.) III. We grant to the English the house at Tangier, where the English vice-consul used to live; but as to the house of Elihu, the Jew, where Logie used to live, it is agreed with the said Elihu, that if he suffered any Christian, of whatsoever nation, to live in the said house, it shall be taken from him and forfeited to the public treasury of the Mussulmen; and all the furniture and other effects of Logie, which was in the said house, we have ordered to be restored again, without any thing being lost; and if any thing shall be missing, our servant Alcaide Mahomet Ben Abdelmaleek, the governor of Tangier, is to pay for it. These are our orders. The 23d of the month Jumet, ad in the year of God 1197

Thanks be to God alone. (L.S.) *IV. We grant to the English our house at Tangier, where Benido used to live, and after him our servant Alcaide Abdelhazed Fenish. We give it to you.

* V. We promise to build a house for the English agent at Marteen. The rooms on the ground-Hoor shall be for lodging the stores of our fhips, and the upper part shall be for the habitation of whoever the English fends. These are our orders. The 238 of the month Jumet, in the year of God 1197.

Thanks be to God alone. (L.S.)

These two articles are under the fame seal.

VI. The

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