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by not allowing any expression of jealousy As soon as the novitiate had expired, to escape her, gave him no cause for and the day of investment arrived, the separation. The reproaches she uttered whole court appeared amongst the specwere unanswerahle; they proceeded all tators. She was then in the 29th year from the lips of patient and suffering of her age. The latent fire of her heart, love.

without which she could not have venAt length, when the king almost trod tured upon such a step, suffused now for in the very footsteps of Montespan, the last time her otherwise pale cheek wherever she went and stood, La Vallière with a dazzling colour. Even the could no longer conceal the deep morti. courtiers could not refrain from tears at fication she felt. She complained with the sight of the beautiful victim. In the bitterness of his treatment; and the king woolly garment of her order, she took was exactly in one of those moods in which the solemn vow with a joyful voice; lived bitterness is insupportable.

with her slender frame in the severest “ You know that I love you!" he ex- penance and solitude for thirty-five years; claimed in an imperious tone, “but you and died, beloved and admired by all her shall not be suffered to dictate to me. sisters of the convent, in the year 1710,

This was certainly an intimation that and in the 64th of her age. might be considered as conclusive, and

J. J. B. La Vallière determined to withdraw altogether from the court. The wily HISTORIC GLEANINGS. Montespan, however, deemed it to her advantage that she should remain, and History is philosophy, teaching by example. one friendly word of Louis persuaded

Lord Bolingbroke. her to all.

Day after day, passed in sorrow and weeping, soon destroyed the health of the The following interesting particulars are poor sufferer, and she began to sink under taken from Mr. Riddell's legal and histhe weight of a gloomy melancholy. torical tracts, the publication of which Incapable of remaining any longer in the must prove a rare treat to the antiquary. neighbourhood of the court, she again 66 One of the most atrocious actions in sought refuge in the convent. But even the reign of Richard II., was the murder here the insatiable pride of her rival of his uncle, the Duke of Gloucester, granted her no rest. The king, who had chiefly perpetrated by William Serle, a been persuaded that this sudden disap- servant and yeoman of the robes to the pearance would create a bad impression king-one of those creatures, in whose abroad, sent some of the most influential society the monarch, who was fond of of his courtiers to bring her back. But low company, occasionally demeaned this time in vain! He at last wrote to himself. Serle, along with Fraunceys, her with his own hands, and La Val- yeoman of the chamber to the Earl of lière returned.

Rutland, suffocated the Prince, by throwIn the meantime, after many round- ing a feather-bed upon him, which they about ways, Louis gained his object with pressed with the full weight of their Montespan. His example was soon fol- bodies, until he was bereaved of existence. lowed by the whole court; every one He, Serle, was a man of the most spoke and dreamt of amours and intrigues. depraved character, and, according to La Vallière, who had always been of a Walsingham, a cotemporary, an object religious turn, considered that duty now of execration to the whole kingdom. required of her, what she had hitherto With Richard's secrets, habits, and mandone solely from despair. After due ners, no one could be better acquainted deliberation she again escaped to the -a circumstance, as will be afterwards convent of Chaillot; and her resolution seen, of which he did not fail to avail was taken, to atone for her supposed himself. He had at one time or other sins as a nun of the severest Carmelite contrived to steal Richard's signet, so order.

that, with the addition of a little forgery At the king's earnest request she and address, he was well able to impose returned once more to the court; but upon people by means of suppositious neither request nor entreaty could prevail letters from the Prince. When Richard's on her stay. The laws of religion would catastrophe happened, a total reverse, of not allow too lively representations to be course, followed in his fortunes — his made, to withhold from the holy order a previous dependence upon Richard, so treasure, which now seemed to belong to far from benefiting him, made him unit from an inward call. La Vallière be- popular, and an object of distrust; and came novice.

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finally, the apprehension of Hall, a party impression of his seal, had considerable in Gloucester's murder, but not so guilty success in England, and induced those to as himself, with his full confession of all whom they were addressed, to believe in the particulars, rendered a stay in England his survival. The juncture, too, was not no longer safe, and he, therefore, wisely unfavourable; the beginning of a usurpalost no time in escaping to France. tion, like Henry the Fourth's, is liable

“In this manner, a wretched outcast, to plots and intrigues of all kinds—there without certain means of livelihood, it is were persons dissatisfied with the rewards not to be supposed that a man so un- by which their services were requited, principled, and capable of any act, would and the natural fickleness of the English allow his peculiar talents to remain un- inclined them to innovation. Yet it is exercised. Not only his own interest, remarkable that the intelligence did not but a natural thirst of revenge, would produce the great excitement that might tempt him to devise projects that might have been expected; although generally disturb the present order of things; and discussed, it chiefly found favour among accordingly, we find him identified—and the vulgar, and the friends and partizans this, it is conceived, is a circumstance of of Richard II., as might equally have great importance, with the very first notice happened in the case of any favourable that is preserved of the Scottish Richard.

Mr. Tytler lays much stress It is proved by two English documents, upon the Countess of Oxford having in June 1402, that there was then in given it her countenance,—but was she Scotland, a person bearing a kind of not, it may be asked, the most likely resemblance to Richard, and that Serle person in the world to do so—the mother was with him, who, it is further stated, of the minion Oxford, a relative of was making due preparations for his hos- Richard, whom that monarch had, in a tile ingress into England. At the same manner, raised to the rank of a prince, time, it is instructed by other authorities, under the titles of Duke of Ireland, that Serle had dispatched letters to per- Marquis of Dublin, &c.—whom he had sons in that country intimating that loaded with rewards and benefits of all Richard II. was alive, and about to kinds, and for whose sake he had sacri. proceed to England for the recovery officed his own popularity, and sunk himhis crown. of the means he possessed self in the esteem of the nation. She is to do so, there can be no doubt, owing a partial testimony in the strictest sense, to the circumstances stated of his theft and would evidently have grasped at any of Richard's signet, which Walsingham straw that might have favoured the de. expressly informs us he used; and we lusion. * thus discover the origin of the next im- “ The year 1402 seems to have been posture, attempted through the medium the time when the rumour of Richard's of an entirely new party, to personify survival, countenanced by the Scots, Richard.

made the greatest sensation; in 1403 we “ From what has been detailed, there hear but little of it; and, in 1404, the is much reason to believe that Serle, rest- political atmosphere improving, Henry less and discontented in his exile, was IV. was induced to grant a general parthe exclusive author of the new design, don to all state offenders, but from this so well adapted to his means and re- act of clemency he specially excepts sources, and the most likely method by William Serle,',and • THOMAS WARDE which he could restore his fallen fortunes. de Trumpington que se pretende et feigne He therefore, it is conceived, proceeded d'estre Roy Richard.' The pardon, under from France to Scotland, in company the same exception, obtained the sanction with the puppet who has been mentioned, of parliament, and, in consequence, the and by means of their joint agency, parties in question were notoriously atalthough principally by Serle's, the ru- tainted and outlawed. mour that Richard was still alive, and “ The person last mentioned was no had fled to the latter country, came first other than the Scottish, or pseudoto be circulated.

Richard, an Englishman by birth, and, “ The Scottish nation would be the as will be afterwards seen, the owner of last either to check or deaden an attempt a pendicle of land, with whose name, and that might, in an emergency, be useful identical connexion with the act of imto them, and therefore it is not to be posture, we are in this manner presented. wondered at that letters from Serle, who His being conjoined with Serle upon the had the best means of judging in such a occasion, while equally excepted from case, with others forged by him in the the pardon, evidently shews that they name. of Richard, containing the very were implicated in the same crime, and

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the old man,

this, with Warde being expressly said to tesy, and readily obliged me with the have personified Richard, clearly identify following narration. him with the previous phantom of royalty “ Arnaud Magnier, who is at this moin 1402—who, as has been proved, had ment under trial, is a retired veteran, then attempted the same thing, and was whose spirit is as loyal and true to hoinstigated and assisted by the former. nour, as his temper is quick and violent. : The conclusion the more inevitable He had an only son, a young man of follows, from its appearing by no autho- about nineteen, who, inheriting the enrity, and never having been maintained, ergetic character, without the rectitude that after Maudelaine's imposture there of his father, early became the slave of was more than one supposed Richard.” corrupt and degrading passions. Fre

Serle was finally taken by Sir William quent complaints had been laid before Clifford, governor of Berwick, and sent

of his son's excesses, and to London, where he was "drawen and more than once he had inflicted upon hanged.”

him severe punishment; which, so far

from working a reformation, only seemed A MODERN BRUTUS. to harden the spirit of the incorrigible (From the French.)

offender. One evening, Magnier received

a visit from an old and valued friend, It was in the summer of 1819, that the M. Duval, the proprietor of an extensive incident occurred which I am about to manufactory at some distance from the relate, and which agitated all that part city, who had accepted the invitation of of France which was the scene of its his ancient comrade, with the intention enactment. I was studying the antiqui- of returning home at night. ties of Rouen, that beautiful city, on “ Edward, the son, who had for some which the character of the middle ages time apparently renounced his dissipated is so deeply imprinted. I had already and licentious habits, was present, and surveyed and admired its wonderful cheerfully aided his father in fulfilling cathedral, its castles, its fountains, and the duties of hospitality. The cheerful its venerable crosses, when I found my- glass and merry jest went round, and the self, one morning, before the hall of fight of time was unheeded, until at justice. Crowds were flocking to it from length the eyes of M. Duval chanced to every quarter, the expression of whose fall upon the mantel-clock, which indi. eager faces seemed to announce the ex- cated the hour of eleven; he arose hastily, pectation of some deeply interesting ju. and, resisting the entreaties of his friend dicial drama. The doors were not yet to pass the remainder of the night under opened, and I awaited patiently the mo- his roof, fastened on his belt, from which ment which should give entrance to the the clink of gold was distinctly heard, multitude, and leave me to the uninter- mounted his horse, and set off for home. rupted enjoyment of my antiquarian re- “He had proceeded nearly half a mile, searches, and of the reflections on the past, and was about entering a little wood, which they should call up in my mind. through which the road was carried,

It came at length, and I was left in when suddenly, at the termination of a solitude. Hours were passed in wander- glade, conspicuously lighted by the ing from one interesting relic to another moon-beams, he saw approaching him a examining, verifying, and comparing man whose face was blackened, and -recalling the scenes and incidents of whose movements indicated a hostile ancient days, and contrasting them with purpose. The merchant drew a pistol what now existed around me; when my from his holster, and giving his steed the attention was awakened by the animated spur, quickly found himself confronted looks and gestures of two advocates, who by the stranger. had halted at the foot of the great stair. " If you would save your life, give up case, and from time to time directed your purse !' exclaimed the latter, in a their eyes toward the hall of justice, hoarse and apparently assumed voice, as if anxiously awaiting the result of presenting a pistol in each hand. M. some important trial. They approached Duval had his finger upon the trigger of me, and the loud tone of their con- his own, and was on the point of firing, versation, made me involuntarily ac- when a sudden thought appeared to quainted with its subject : it was the strike him, and he dropped his hand. judgment of a father, the murderer of • My purse!'he replied ; take it-there his only son. My curiosity was aroused, it is ;' and he detached his belt, and and, yielding to its impulse, I drew near placed it in the hand of the robber. The the speakers, who saluted me with cour- unknown turned, and was quickly out of sight; while the merchant resumed his at length with horror upon a blackened journey, buried in thought, and allowing cloth, a pair of pistols, and the leathern the bridle to hang loose upon the neck of belt which the robber had imperfectly his horse, whose pace gradually dwindled concealed beneath his pillow. to a walk, without appearing to attract “. Still this proves nothing,' exclaimed the notice of the rider.

the merchant, who shuddered at behold. “ Thus he continued to proceed for ing the ghastly workings of the old nearly half an hour, when raising his man's face; ' besides, I was on horseback, head, like one who has arrived at a con- and how could he overtake me on foot?' clusion, M. Duval suddenly checked his «s. There is a foot-path that is much horse, and turning the rein, set off at a shorter,' answered the father, with a full gallop on his way back to the place dreadful look; "and if proof were wantfrom whence he had come. He drew up ing, it is here,' he continued, pointing to in the suburbs of the city, near the house the shoes and gaiters of the young man, of his friend, left the horse at an inn, and which were covered with damp mud. proceeded to the gate, which opened M. Duval cast down his eyes without a upon the garden at the back of Mag- word. nier's dwelling. He entered, and ad- “And he sleeps,' the old man mutvancing with cautious steps to the window tered, while his eyes glowed with a fearof the veteran's sleeping apartment, ful light; then with a desperate hand he which was upon the ground floor, tapped grasped one of the pistols, and before gently against the glass. The signal was the merchant could even move to interheard, and M, Duval speedily admitted. rupt his purpose, he lodged its contents • My friend,' said he to the old man, who in the brain of his guilty son. was impatient to know the cause of his “ This is the crime upon which the quick return, I have been way-laid, court is now engaged in passing judgand robbed-the voice, the figure, and ment, and it is the result of the trial, so far as I could distinguish them under that we, and the crowds whom you have their disguise, the features of the robber seen entering the hall, are so anxiously struck me they have given rise to a awaiting.” strange thought-I may be deceived, but Just then a multitude of people hurmy conviction is strong—the honour of ried down the staircase, and amid the your house

confusion of voices that broke upon my «« What do your words portend? For ear, I heard frequently repeated the heaven's sake, explain.'—

words " banishment for life," J. G. W. Listen-heavy charges are brought against your son— I hope that my suspicions may be wrong-forgive meit is NOTICE OF NEW BOOKS. : my friendship for you'

“. In mercy speak out at once-what would you say??

Alas, my poor friend; I am forced Miss Pardoe's “ Traits and Traditions to suspect'

of Portugal" is rather an amusing book, “ "Whom? What ? That it was he ?’ though it does not deserve half the praise

« Calm yourself - let us examine which has, with more gallantry than quietly, and if possible convince ourselves justice, been liberally bestowed on it. that it was nothing more than a resem- Ladies generally make good travellers; blance.”

they notice a thousand little peculiarities «• Come,' exclaimed the old soldier, which escape our duller optics, and are taking up the lamp, and led the way to gossiping, graphic, and lively in descripthe chamber of his son. They entered tion. In the work before us, the aucautiously, and found him buried in a thoress is much more entertaining when profound slumber. The old man, whose she gives us her own observations and hand trembled violently, passed the light impressions, than when she dresses up before his eyes, to assure himself that old traditions, with the unfailing accomthe sleep was real, and then turned to his paniments of haughty marquezes, cowled friend with a deep sigh, like that of one monks, tender-hearted beauties, cloaks, who is relieved from a terrible suspense. guitars, serenades, and stilettos, though The merchant bent down over the we must admit that some of these tales sleeper, and doubt and fear again re- display considerable power of language. sumed their sway in the mind of the The work is disfigured, both to the eye unhappy father, whose eyes roamed fear- and the taste, by one vile affectationfully around the apartment--they rested the continual use of Portuguese expres


As a spe



sions. Why give such every-day words ing sweetmeats as they went, to a crowd as cloak, jacket, broom, looking-glass, of dirty children, who thronged the etc., in the original, with the translation entrance---and thus he made his exit in officiously waiting for us, in the shape a manner as anti-bridal as his costume, of a note, at the foot of the page? If leaving the ladies , to follow as they done to shew the world her acquaintance might !-and these people, we were told, with the language, it is bad policy, for were highly respectable, and tolerably such an unnecessary display is always, wealthy. and justly, looked upon as the ostenta- “ It is not only possible, but extremely tion of a smatterer. He who is master probable, that this couple had never exof a foreign language, will fastidiously changed a word in their lives; it being avoid such a barbarous medley. We considered in Portugal, as the height of will not, however, part with our author- indecorum, even for an accepted lover ess in a bad humour. Many of her to visit at the house of his mistress, save sketches are light and pleasing; and she in the lower ranks, where convenience is tells some curious anecdotes of Portu- the step-dame of custom. guese manners and customs,

“ As a proof of this fact, I will adduce cimen of the manner in which they the instance of a family on which (on manage those interesting matters, court- return from Coimbra) we were ship and marriage, the following extract quartered, at the town of Villa Franca. will shew.

The head of the house was a widower,

and the father of four daughters; the “ We arrived in town just in time to elder of whom was married to an attor. accompany the rector to the parish- ney, the other three being still resident church, to witness the ceremonial of a under the paternal roof. They were the Portuguese wedding. When we entered, least attractive specimens of “le sere" the bride-elect was on her knees between that I ever remember to have seen, with her two bride-maids; all three were the same advantages of station and resdressed in black silk, and wore large pectability. Daniel Lambert, en jupon, cloaks with the hoods drawn over their would scarcely have exceeded the elder heads, and long black veils beneath them. in weight and circumference; the second The youngest lady of the party sported was like a leaf of dried tobacco, as long, a pair of white cotton stockings, and pale as thin, and as uninteresting; and the blue satin which was the only other had a form like a feather pillow, attempt at finery amongst them. The and a face like a sheep! bridegroom wore a cloak of brown cloth, “ The centre grace was a bride-elect; with gilt buttons on the shoulders. I and in a fit of extreme courtesy, she one never saw a more anti-bridal costume. day asked me if I should like to see her

“ As we entered the church, each of lover. Of course, I expressed a becoming the gentlemen was presented with a long anxiety on the subject, and I was desired wax candle, ornamented with painted to hold myself in readiness at six o'clock flowers and gold leaf, which he held that evening. I confess that I was somelighted during the whole of the cere- what curious to see the suitor of such a mony. The matrimonial rites were very mistress ; and I accordingly promised to simple: the contracting parties followed be punctual. Six o'clock came, and I the rector to the extreme end of the was astonished, on walking into the apartaisle, close to the door of entrance-a ment usually occupied by the family, to short prayer was read—the lady repeated find the fair one alone; who, having a few Latin sentences after the priest— embraced me, led me to a chair on the and the gentleman followed her example balcony, and established herself as my -one hand of each, during this portion vis-a-vis. She then carefully drew the of the ceremony, being covered up, venetian blind over the balcony, leaving clasped together in the surplice of the us visible only from the two extremities priest; these, at the conclusion of what of the said screen.

All this ceremony we supposed to be the mutual vow of was perfectly enigmatical to me, and I acceptance, he sprinkled with holy water; began to apprehend that I was to have the ladies then knelt down at the church the honour and happiness of being numdoor, while the bridegroom and his ber three, and, consequently, une de trop! friends followed the rector to the altar, in a thorough love-scene; with this before where they remained for about two my eyes, I ventured to inquire whether minutes, when the bridegroom very we should not be more conveniently, deliberately walked out of the church, situated in the room than the balcony ; followed by his two companions, scatter- but the lady looked astonished, as she

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