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Pf. lxviii. 19, 20. Blessed be the Lord, who daily loads us with Benefits, even the God of our Salvation, &c.
The 19th Question of the HEIDELBERG
ROM whence do you learn all this?
“ A. From the holy Gospel, of which God ¢ himself made the first Discovery, in the earthly « Paradise; and afterwards revealed it by his holy « Patriarchs and Prophets; then he caused it to be “ represented by Sacrifices, and other Ceremonies of “ the Law; and at last fully revealed and fulfilled it “ by his only Son.” Axts x. 43. To him give all the Prophets Witness, that through his Name, whosoever believeth in him, soall receive Remission of Sins. And Heb. i. 1, 2. God, who at sundry Times, and in divers Manners, spake in Times paft unto the Fathers by the Prophets, hath in these last Days spoke unto us by his Son. 6. What do you conclude
from this Demonftration ? A. That our Catechist has fully answered his Intention, by discovering unto the anxious Disciple the true Redeemer and Mediator, in whom his afflicted Soul may fully acquiesce ; whereas in him is all that the Word of God can require, to console a poor and damnable Sinner, as well in his Life as in his Death ; which is also a Proof of the Truth of our Doctrine. Q. What may be inferred from hence
for our Use? A. ift, It is our Duty to have a great Regard for such a Redeemer and Mediator as Jesus Christ, who delivers us from Captivity and Bondage, Giving his Life a Ransom for many, Matt. xx. 28. Who can deliver us from Sin and Hell Matt. i. 21. And Thef.i.
And we may cry out with David, Pf. lxxxix. 6. Who in Heaven can be compared unto the Lord? Who among the Sons of the Mighty can be likened unto the Lord? And with the Bride, Cant. v. 16. He is alto
gether lovely. And Jer. üi. 23. Truly in the Lord our God is the Salvation of Israel. When we were without Strength, utterly ruined, and absolutely helpless; when none in Heaven or Earth could offer us any Succour, then our Lord Jesus Christ, most graciously and seasonably interposed. He said, deliver them from going down into the Pit : I have found a Ransom, Job xxxiv. 24. Laying down his Life, not for amiable Persons, or worthy Creatures, but for vile Earth, and miserable Sinners. Secondly that we endeavour to acquire more Knowledge of such an eminent Person, and all his lovely Properties, out of the holy Gospel, in which his Divine Beauties are excellently described, John v. 39. Search the Scriptures,.for in them ye think ye have eternal Life; and they are they which testify of me. Thirdly, that we strive to Rejoice upon a good Foundation in this Redeemer, that we may say with true Believers, Cant. ii. 16. My Beloved is mine, and I am his. Fourthly, to be thankful to God for all his Mercies bestowed upon us in Christ, his only begotten Son, whose wonderful Love in redeeming us at such a Rate, whose Beneficience fo unmerited, so unequaled, so disinterested, ought never to be forgotten by us, considering that we are bought with a Price; therefore we must glorify God in our Bodies, and in our Spirit, which are God's, 1 Cor. vi. 20.
The 20th Question of the HefDELBERG:
CATECHISM. Q. HATH all Mankind found Salvation by Chri;}
Jefus, as they incurred Damnation in Adam " A. No. None but those only who are incor-
porated with Jesus Christ by a true and lively Faith, " and apply all the Benefits thereof to themselves."
Q. As Jesus Christ is the only Means given for the Salvation of the convinced. Disciple, to what further Light must be be brought?
A. To a true Knowledge of the Means whereby he may be united to Christ, that is, by Faith.
Q. What moved the Catechiser to demonstrate the Nocefsity of Faith, after having exhibited our Redeemer?
Á. The Carelessness and Rashness of a great many external Professors, who will apply Jesus Christ to themselves without any Foundation, and the Ignorance of others concerning Grace and Salvation for Sinners by Christ.
Q. Wherein doth the Ignorance of some in this point A. Some are of Opinion, that every Man, none excepted, shall be saved by Christ; others, that Christ hath satisfied divine Justice for all Men, faving them when they will.
Q. What Pretence have they for their Opinion ?
A. The Reason which St. Paul affigns, Rom. v. 16 to 19 Verses, and 1 Cor. xv. 45, 47. in his Distinction between Adam and Christ, even that they all should be saved by the latter, who by the first are dainned.
Q. How do you refute this Afertion?
A. If we are not willfully blind, we may plainly see, that the Scope of Paul is only to teach that all. the Children of Adam, i. e. all Men, muft die; and that all the Children of Christ, i. e. all that believe in him, shall be made alive; so that we must observe, that Adam and Christ are made the Representatives of two particular Covenants, and the Heads of a certain People.
Q. Cannot you put this in a clearer Light?
A. Yes, in this Respect, that as Adam was a publick Person, and acted in the Stead of all Mankind, fo Christ was a public Person, and acted in Behalf of all his People, that as Adam was the first general Representative of this Kind, Christ was the Second, and the last : That what they severally did in this Capacity, was not intended to terminate in themselves,
but to affect as many as they respectively represented. Death came even upon those Descendents of Adam,who have not finned in their own Persons; and the Righteousness of Christ entitles to Life even those Believers in Jesus, who have not obeyed in their own Perfons.
Q. What Answer doth the Catechist give to this Error ?
A. He entirely denieth the whole Scope of it, and fhews the Contrary, both by Scripture Testimony, and a Description of the Persons that shall be saved: by Chrift.
Q. Hath the Catechist just Reason to deny it?
A. Yes, certainly; because, ift, All Men are not: given unto Christ, John xvii. 9, 11. 2dly, God's Elect from all Eternity, speaks not of all, but of fome who are chosen, Matt. xx. 16. 3dly, Many there be whichgo in the Way of Destruction, Matt. vii..13, 14. 4thly, The Word of Promise speaks only of a certain Seed, Gen. iii. 15. which Seed is described as the People of Chrift, his Church, who obey him, his Sheep, Matt. i. 21. Ecle. v. 25. Heb. v. 9. John X. II.
Q. Doth it not appear by a Defcription of certain Persons, who are to be saved by Christ?
A. Yes. They are called Believers, Mark xvi.. 16. Afts. xvi. 31. Without Distinction, John iji. 16. Only believers, excluding all others, John iii. 36. Mark xvi. 16.
Q. How do you confirm this position farther ? 1. By the particular Effects of Faith in the Believers. Q. What are the Effeets of Faith?
A. By Faith they are united to Christ, thro' the Holy Ghost, which makes one intimate Relation between Christ and Believers, as there is between the Branch and the Vine, between Man and Wife, Eph. v. 30. For we are Members of his Body, of his Flesh, and of his Bone, Eph. iii. 17. Christ dwells in their Hearts by Faith, they live in him, Gal. vi. 20. And from this Union with Christ, it evidently follows, that his Wisdom is theirs, to inlighten them; his
Righteousness is theirs, to justify them; and his Spirit is. theirs, to fanctify them.
Q. Is this also a Consequence of their Salvation ?
A. Yes. For by this Union they are accounted as humbled, exalted, suffering, and glorified with. Chrift; and that all his Passion and Obedience do as certainly belong to them, as if they had suffered all in their own Persons, and had themselves made Satisfaction to God for their Sins.
Q. What is the second Effect?
A. By Faith they receive Chrift and all his Benefits, Col. ii. 6. John i. 12. 1 Cor. i. 30.
Q. How follows their Salvation from hence?
A. Because they receive Christ as their Saviour, and all his Benefits, which certainly will save them, Aets xxvi. 18. Rom. v. 17. Pf. xxiv. 5. The 21st Question of the HEIDELBERG
CATECHISM. Q. WHAT is true Faith?
46. A.. The true Faith is not only a Know“ ledge or Certainty, whereby I believe all to be true 66. which God hath revealed to us in his Word, but 6. also a certain Confidence which the holy Spirit a produces in my, Heart by the Gospel, that God “ will not only grant to others, but to me also, Re-. “ mission of my Sins, Juftification and eternal Hap
piness; and that purely by Grace, and only in “ Confideration of the Merrits of Jesus Christ.”
Q: How do you comprehend this Description of the Catechift's ?
A. That he speaks of Faith in the highest Degreeg. to defend it against Popery, that the true Believers may not only be assured of their believing Act, but that by their believing Act they are Partakers of Christ, and that they have obtained by him Forgivness. of Sin. Q. What do you call this Confidence in general?
A. A positive