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M. L. Morris,
of Polk Co., Librarian,

$ 150 W. E. Leffingwell,

of Clinton Co., Pres't of the Senate, $ 4 a day. James Grant,

of Scott Co., Speaker of the H. of Rep., T. B. Cumming,

of Lee Co., Secretary of the Senate, T. S. Hooten,

of Marion Co., Ch. Clerk of H. of Rep., J. H. Bonney,

of Van Buren Co., Com. Des Moines Impr't, 1,000 George Gillaspy, of Marion Co., Register

1,000 The Legislature meets biennially, on the first Monday in December. The pay of the members is $ 2 a day for the first fifty days, and $1 a day for the rest of the session, with $2 for every twenty miles' travel.

Supreme Court.

Salary. Joseph Williams, of Muscatine Co., Chief Justice,

$ 1,000 George Greene, of Dubuque Co., Associate Justice, 1,000 J. F. Kinney, of Lee Co.,

1,000 D. C. Cloud,

of Muscatine Co., Attorney-Gen. and Reporter, 1,000 G. S. Hampton, of Johnson Co., Clerk,

Fees, The judges of the Supreme Court are elected, by joint vote of the General Assembly, for six years, and until their successors are elected and qualified.

The Supreme Court now holds two sessions annually at Iowa City, on the first Monday in June and December. District Courts.

Salary. R. P. Lowe,

of Lee Co., Judge of 1st District, $1,000 T. S. Wilson, of Dubuque,


1,000 J. P. Carleton, of Johnson Co.,


1,000 W. H. Seevers, of Mahaska Co.,


1,000 William McKay, of Polk Co.,


1,000 A. A. Bradford, of Fremont Co.,


1,000 7th

1,000 W. E. Leffingwell, of Clinton Co.,


1,000 J. S. Townsend, of Monroe Co.,


1,000 The judges of the District Court are elected, by the voters in their district, for five years, and until their successors are elected and qualified.

FINANCES. The funded debt of the State is $81,795, on which the interest is about $ 8,000. The revenue is derived from taxes upon real and personal property. The receipts into the State Treasury for the two years ending Oct. 31, 1852, were $ 139,681.69 In the Treasury, Dec. 1850,


$ 139,683.08 The disbursements during the same period were

131,631.49 Balance in Treasury, Oct. 31, 1852,

$8,051.59 The annual expenses of the State are, for executive, $3,850 ; judiciary, $ 9,000; interest, $8,000; printing, $ 6,500; deaf, dumb, and blind, $1,750. The expenses of Legislature the sessions are biennial - are near $ 17,000. The assessed taxes for 1852 were $ 57,607.05. In 1852 the number of polls was 36,395; number of voters, 43,019; aliens, 7,211; males, 118,769; females, 109,004 ; acres of land, 5,618,207 ; value of same with improvements, $ 20,658,180; capital in merchandise, $ 1,261,532; mills, distilleries, &c., $ 280,438; horses,


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number 61,088, value $2,211,755; value of neat cattle, $ 1,998,489; sheep, number, 171,325, value, $ 172,467 ; swine, number, 277,099, value, $ 291,687. Total valuation, $ 38,427,376,

Common Schools. - It is provided by the constitution, that a Superintendent of Public Instruction shall be chosen by the people for three years, and that all lands granted by Con. gress to this State, all escheated estates, and such per cent. as may be granted by Congress on the sale of the public lands in Iowa, shall constitute a perpetual fund, the interest of which, and the rents of the unsold lands, shall be applied to the support of common schools. The Assembly shall provide for a school in each school district for at least three months in each year; and all moneys received for exemption from military duty, and for fines imposed by the courts, shall be appropriated to support such schools, or for the establishment of school libraries. The money arising from the lease or sale of public lands granted for the support of a university shall remain a perpetual fund to maintain such an institution.

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Godernment for the Year 1855.

Term expires. Salary.
WILLIAM A. BARSTOW, of Madison, Governor, Dec. 31, 1855, $ 1,250
James T. Lewis,

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diem while Legislature is in session. Alexander T. Gray, of Green Bay, Sec. of State f. Auditor, 1855, 1,000 Edward H. Janssen, of Washington Co., Treasurer,

800 George B. Smith, of Geneva, Attorney-General,

800 Hiram A. Wright, of Shullsburg, Sup’t of Public Instr.,

1,000 William Dudley,

Herman Haertel, State Emigrant Agent, Office No. 89, Greenwich Street,

New York City.
William M. Dennis, Bank Comptroller.
A. W. Starks, State Prison Commissioner.

Supreme Court.

Term expires. Salary. Edward V. Whiton, of Janesville, Chief Justice, 1857, $ 2,000 Abram D. Smith, of Milwaukee, Assistant Justice, 1859, 2,000 Samuel Crawford, of Mineral Point,

1855, 2,000 Harlow S. Orton, of Madison, Reporter. Lafayette Kellogg, of Madison, Clerk.

Circuit Courts. Circuit.

Term expires. Salary. 1. James R. Doolittle, of Racine,

1859, $1,500 2. Levi Hubbell,

of Milwaukee,

1857, 1,500 3. Charles H. Larrabee, of Ozaukee,

1860, 1,500 4. Timothy 0. Howe, of Green Bay,

1856, 1,500 5. Montgomery M. Cothren, of Mineral Point, 1858, 1,500 6. Wiram Knowlton, of Prairie du Chien, 1856, 1,500 7. George W. Cate, of Plover,

1,500 8. 9. Alexander L. Collins, of Madison,

1860, 1,500


The judicial power of the State, as to młatters both of law and equity, is vested in a Supreme Court, in Circuit Courts, in County Courts with probate powers and jurisdiction, and in justices of the peace. The Supreme Court, except the power of issuing writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, and the like, has appellate jurisdiction only, and in no case holds jury trials. It consists of one chief justice and two associate justices, whose term of office is six years, and salary $2,000 per annum. At present two terms of the court are held annually, at the seat of government. The State is divided into six judicial circuits. The judges are elected by the voters of each circuit respectively, and hold their office for six years, at a salary of $1,500 per annum. The Circuit Courts have original jurisdiction in all matters civil and criminal within the State (except in a few specified cases), and an appellate jurisdiction from all inferior courts. They have also power to issue writs of habeas corpus, quo warranto, and the like. Terms of the Circuit Courts are held at least twice in each year in every county.

A County Court is established in each county. The judge is elected by the voters of the county, and holds office for four years. This court lias jurisdiction concurrent with the Circuit Courts in all civil actions arising within or without the county when the debt or damages claimed do not exceed $ 500, and exclusive appellate jurisdiction in all cases of appeal or certiorari, from justices of the peace. It has also probate powers and jurisdiction. Justices of the peace are elected in the several towns, hold office for two years, and have jurisdiction throughout their counties in civil matters when the debt or damages claimed do not exceed $ 100.

Wisconsin Institute for the Education of the Blind. — C. B. Woodruff, Superintendent. An institution for the education of the blind was organized in 1850, at Janesville. A tax of one fifteenth of a mill on every dollar of taxable property in the State is levied for its aid. It was opened August 1, 1850. The number of pupils, January 1, 1854, was 13, 7 boys and 6 girls. The expense of conducting the institution for the year was $2,421.88. The State in 1853 appropriated $ 1,500 towards its support.

Deaf and Dumb Institute, Delavan, Walworth Co.-L. Foot, Principal. The institution was established in 1852 A building has been erected 32 X 44 feet, and two stories high, as a wing of a larger structure to be hereafter built as may be required. There were in January, 1854, 14 pupils in attendance. There are about 175 deaf mutes in the State.

State Prison, at Waupun, Fond du Lac Co. - Henry Brown, Commissioner. Number of convicts, April 1, 1852, 15; received to Dec. 31, 1852, 16; in all, 31. Discharged, 3. Escaped, 1. In prison, Dec. 31, 1852, 27, of whom 2 were females. In prison in 1853, 64, of whom 5 were females.

Common Schools. By the report of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, it appears that the capital of the School Fund, Dec. 31, 1853, was $ 1,141,804.28, of which the sum of $1,107,709.36 is drawing interest at 7 per cent., and will give $77,539 for distribution, or a fraction over 56 cents to each child in the State between 4 and 20 years of age. There is, besides, the University Fund, of $ 93,732.40, the income of which is applied for the benefit of the State University. For the year ending August 31, 1853, returns were received from 39 of the 45 counties in the State. Of the 421 towns in the counties heard from, all but 6 made reports. The number of school districts in the reporting towns was 2,072. 95,293 out of the 138,279 children residing in the counties, between the ages of 4 and 20, attended school. 1,534 children under 4 years of age, and 1,008 over 20, attended school. Average monthly wages of male teachers, $ 18.24 ; of female, $ 9.50. Average number of months kept by male teachers, 3.125; by female teachers, 3.57. 8113,788.18 were expended for teachers'


wages, $ 1,646.99 for libraries, and $3,926.48 for other purposes. Number of volumes reported in libraries, 5,723. There are 74 school-houses of brick, 57 of stone, 995 of logs, and 1,069 framed, and all are valued at $ 289,346.89. The highest valuation of any school-house is $ 5,550, and the lowest $0.50.

FINANCES. Total receipts for the year ending December 31, 1853,

$311,633.73 Total expenditures during the same period,

254,197.2 Balance in the Treasury, January 1, 1854,

$57,436.48 The State debt is $ 100,000; annual interest, 8 per cent., thereon, $ 8,000. Chief Sources of Revenue. Legislature,

$ 59,549.90 State taxes, $ 93,621.51 Contingent expenses,

20,559.56 State loan, 53,023.00 Printing,

19,603.09 Bank taxes, 3,535 42 State prison, ·

13,541.94 Judiciary fund, 1,414.00 Geological survey,

1,375.25 School sund, 62,927.61 Emigrant agency,

1,800.00 School fund income, 68,101.69 School fund,

33,609.84 University fund, 9,099.89 School fund income,

56,185.71 Chief Items of Expenditure. University fund income,

3,625.69 Salaries, .

24,443.27 The aggregate value of the real and personal property in all except 15 counties of the State subject to taxation, for the year 1853, was $21,725,191.34. The six-mill tax upon this amounted to $ 130,353.12. In 1854 there were assessed 8,613,496 acres of land at the value of $51,803,532; village and city lots of the valuation of $6,384,182 ; personal property to the amount of $6,098,000; being in all, $ 64,285,714, upon which the 3.5 mills tax was $ 225,000.

Births, Marriages, and Deaths. — For the year ending July 20, 1853, there were reported 884 marriages, 130 births, and 28 deaths.

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Government for the Year 1855.

Term expires. Salary. John BIGLER, of Sacramento City, Governor, Jan. 1856, $10,000 Samuel Purdy, of Stockton, Lieut.-Gov. &, Pres. of Senate, $ 20 a

[day during session of Legislature. J. W. Denver, of Sacramento City, Secretary of State, Jan. 1856, 3,500 Samuel Bell, Comptroller,

5,000 S. A. M. Means, Treasurer,

5,000 J. R. McConnell, of San José, Attorney-General,

1,000 S. H. Murlett, of San José, Surveyor-General,

500 Paul K. Hubbs, of Mariposa, Sup't of Pub. Instruction,“ 4,500 W.E.P. Hartwell, of Monterey, Translator, Fees $ 1.50 per folio

[of 100 words. Wm. C. Kibbe, of Calaveras Co., Adj. and Q. M. Gen., 2,000 G. Kenyon Fitch, of Sacramento City, State Printer,

Fees. Supreme Court. The Supreme Court consists of a chief justice and two associate justices. It has appellate jurisdiction where the matter in dispute exceeds $ 200, and where the legality of certain acts is questioned, and in certain criminal cases. The justices are elected by the people for six years, and are so classified that one goes out of office every two years. The senior judge in office is the chief justice.


Term expires. Salary. Hugh C. Murray, of San Francisco, Chief Justice, Jan., 1856, $8,000 Alex. Anderson, of Calaveras Co., Assoc. Justice, Jan., 1858, 8,000

Assoc. Justice, Jan., 1860, 8,000 Eugene H. Tharpe, of San Francisco, Clerk, Jan., 1856, Fees. Henry Norton,


District Courts. The District Courts have jurisdiction in law and equity, where the amount in dispute, exclusive of interest, exceeds $ 200. The constitution provided that at the first election the judges should be chosen by the Legislature, but afterwards by the people, and for a term of six years. A county judge is elected in each county for four years, to act as judge of probate, to hold the County Court, and with two justices of the peace to hold Courts of Sessions for criminal business. Clerks of courts, district attorneys, sheriffs, coroners, &c. are elected by the people. Judge. Residence. Salary. Judge.

Residence. Salary. 0. S. Witherby,

San Diego, $ 7,500 Robert Hopkins, Sonoma, $ 7,500 Henry A. Tefft, San Luis Obispo, 7,500

7,500 C. P. Hester,

San José,

7,500 W. S. Sherwood, Hamilton City, 7,500 Delos Lake, San Francisco, 7,500 Barbour, Nevada,

7,500 Charles M. Creaner, Stockton, 7,500 Farwell, El Dorado,

7,500 Lewis Aldrich, Sacramento City, 7,500 Superior Court of San Francisco, John Saterlee, Justice.

Finances. The total debt of the State on the 20th of December, 1853, was as follows:3 per cent. bonds outstanding,

8 4,075.00 Interest to date,


$ 9,576.25 7 per cent. bonds of 1851,

384,000.00 7 per cent. bonds of 1852,

1,422,000.00 State prison bonds, act of 1853,


1,906,000.00 Comptrollers' civil warrants outstanding, December 20, 1853,

161,619.80 Total civil debt,

2,067, 196.05 Amount of war debt, principal and interest,

924,259.65 Debt to the School Fund for land sold,

463,360.00 Debt contracted for Indian expeditions,

934,259.55 Total debt,

$4,389,075.25 It is expected that the war debt and that contracted for Indian expeditions will be assumed and paid by the general government. The receipts and expenditures of the State under the following heads for four years,

from 1850 to 1853, are as follows:


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$ 3,156.27 $ 320,144.46 $ 26,568.30 $ 26,996.50 1851

330,796.45 375,929.23 65,870.00 135,915.00 1852 366,825.07 409 008.82 94,600.00 142,000.00 1853

434,150.00 389,619.48 102,607.04 126,697.09

1,134,927.79 1,494,701.69 289,645.34 431,508.59 Average,

283,731.94 373,675.42 72,411.33 107,877.14 Total expenditure, as above, in the four years was $ 2,215,855.62, averaging $ 553,963.90.

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