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38. Oratory—in all its refinement, and necessary circumstances, belongs to no parnor is it the gift of nature alone; but, like other acquirements, it is the reward of arduskill. Perfection, in this art, as well as in all others, is the work of time and labor, promptthought. 39. The third sound of O is short: dol-o-rous coll-ier trode on the bronz'd ob-e-lisk, and his sol- <i>) made of gor-geous cor-als; the vol-a-tile pro-cess of making to in on.] traor-di-na-ry; the doc-ile George for-got the joc-und copse in his som-bre prog-ress knowl-edge; beyond the flor-id frosts of morn-ing are the sop-o-rific prod-ucts of 40. Dean Kłrwan, a celebrated pulpit orator, was so thoroughly convinced of the iming good, that he carefully studied all his tones and gestures; and his well modulated and his varied emphatic action, greatly aided his wing-ed words, in instructing, melting, auditors. 41. Irregulars. A sometimes has this quar-rel-ing with the wasp wan-der-ing and wab-bling in the swamp 1 it was in a quanthe squash and wash-tub, I war-rant you. Notes. 1. Theo in nor is like o in on and or: and the reabeing formed the lowest in the throat of any of the consonants, partakes more of the properties of the vowel than the rest. 2. 0 par-son, sex-ton, ar-son, bla-zon, glut-ton, par-lon, button, reason, mut-ton, ba-con, treason, reck-on, sea-son, u-mi-son, ho-ri-zon, crimProverbs. 1. A man of gladness—seldom falls into madness. 2. A new broom sweeps makes tools cut. 4. Better go around, than fall into the ditch. 5. Religion—is an excellent arthe trorm. 7. Every one's faults are not written in their fore-heads. 8. Fire and water—are exobstinate people, make lawyers rich. 10. Good counsel—has no price. 11. Great barkers—are well as your own. 'Tis liberty, alone, that gives the flower And we are weeds without it. Man's soul—in a perpetual motion flows,

ticular people, to the exclusion of others; us efforts, under the guidance of consummate ed by true feeling, and guided by correct ON; fore-head, prod-uce; the --J \ ace was a com-bat for om-lets ros-in glob-ules of trop-i-gal mon-ades is exto the moss broth in yon-der trough of the hol-y-days. portance of manner, as an instrument of doand commanding voice, his striking attitudes, inflaming, terrifying and overwhelming his sound: For what was the wad-dling swan da-ry for the quan-ti-ty of wars be-tween son why it appears to be different, is that the letterr, when smooth, is silent in the final syllables of prison, bi-son, dam-son, ma-son, son, les-son, per-son, Milton, John-son, Thompson, &c. clean. 3. A wrhetstone—can't itself cut, yet it mor, but a bad cloke. 6. The early bird—catches cellent serrants, but bad masters. 9. Fools and no biters. 12. Regard the interests of others, as Of fleeting life its lustre, and perfume; And to no outward cause—that motion owes.

Analogies. Light-is used in all languages, as the representative of truth in its power of illustrating the understanding. Sheep, lambs, doves, &c., are analogous to, or represent certain principles and affections of the mind, which are pure and innocent; and hence, we select them as fit representatives of such affections: while, on the other hand, bears, wolves, serpents, and the like, are thought to represent their like affections. In painting and sculpture it is the artist's great aim, to represent, by sensible colors, and to embody under material forms, certain ideas, or principles, which belong to the mind, and give form to his conceptions on canvass, or on marble ; and, if his execution be equal to his conception, there will be a perfect correspondence, or analogy, between his picture, or statue, and the ideas, which he had endeavored therein to express. The works of the greatest masters in poetry, and those which will live the longest, contain the most of pure correspondences; for genuine poetry is identical with truth; and it is the truth, in such works, which is their living principle, and the source of their power over the mind. Anecdote. Ready Wit. A boy, having been praised for his quickness of reply, a gentleman observed,—“When children are so keen in their youth, they are generally stupid when they become advanced in years.” “What a very sensible boy you must have been, sir,”—replied the lad. Varieties. 1. Why is a thinking person like a mirror? because he reflects. 2. Selfsufficiency—is a rock, on which thousands perish; while diffidence, with a proper sense of our strength, and worthiness, generally ensures success. 3. Industry—is the law of our being; it is the demand of nature, of reason, and of God. 4. The generality of mankind—spend the early part of their lives in contributing to render the latter part miserable. 5. When we do wrong, being convinced of it—is the first step towards amendment. 6. The style of writing, adopted by persons of equal education and intelligence, is the criterion of correct language. 7. To go against reason and its dictates, when pure, is to go against God: such reason—is the divine governor of man’s life: it is the very voice of God. Th E. Evex ING Bells. Those evening bells, those evening bells : How many a tale—their music tells Of youth, and home, and native clime, When I last heard their soothing chime. Those pleasant hours have passed away, And many a heart, that then was gay, Within the tomb—now darkly dwells, And hears no more those evening bells. And so it will be when I am gone; That tuneful peal—will still ring on, When other bards—shall walk these dells, And sing your praise, sweet evening bells.

42. Yield implicit obedience to all rules and principles, that are founded in nature and science; because, ease, gracefulness, and efficiency, always follow accuracy; but rules may be dispensed with, when you have become divested of bad habits, and have perfected yourself in this useful art. Do not, however, destroy the scaffold, until you have erected the building; and do not raise the super-struct-ure, till you have dug deep, and laid its foundation stones upon a rock. 43. U has three regular sounds: first, NAME sound, or long : MUTE: * I June re-fu-ses as-tute Ju-ly the t juice due to cu-cum-ber; this feu- /s =\ daicon-nois-sieur is a suit-i-bie | < X. co-ad-ju-tor for the cu-ri-ous \so man-tua-ma-ker; the a-gue and [U in MUTE.] fe-ver is a sin-gu-lar nui-sance to the a-cumen of the mu-lat-to; the cu-rate cal-culates to ed-u-cate this lieu-ten-ant for the tribu-nal of the Duke's ju-di-cat-ure. 44. Elocution, is reading, and speaking, with science, and effect. It consists of two parts: the Science, or its true principles, and the Art, or the method of presenting them. Science is the knowledge of Art, and Art is the practice of Science. By science, or knowledge, we know how to do a thing; and the doing of it is the art. Or, science is the parent, and art is the offspring; or, science is the seed, and art the plant. 45. Irregulars. Ew, has sometimes this diphthongal sound, which is made by commencing with a conformation of organs much like that required in shorte, as in ell, terminating with the sound of 0, in 00:e; see the engraving. Re-view the dew-y Jew a-new, while the cat mews for the stew. In pronouncing the single sounds, the mouth is in one condition; but, in giving the diphthong, or double sound, it changes in conformity to them. Notes. 1. U, when long, at the beginning of a word, or syllable, is preceded by the consonant sound of y: i.e. it has this consonant and its own towel sound: as; tı-ni-verse, (yu-mi-verse,) pen-u-ry, (Pen-yu-ry,) stat-u-a-ry, (stat-yu-a-ry,) ewe, (yu,) tol-ume, (vol-yume.) na-ture, (natyure,) &c.; but not in col-umn, al-um, &c., where the u is short. 2. Never pronounce duty, docty; tune, toon; news, noos; blue, bloo; slew, sloo; dews, does; Jews, Joos; Tuesday, Tbosday; gratitude, gratitoode, &c. 3. Sound all the syllables full, for a time, regardless of sense, and make every letter that is not silent, tell truly and fully on the ear: there is no danger that you will not clip them enough in practice. Anecdote. A Dear Wife. A certain extravagant speculator, who failed soon after, informed a relation one evening, that he had that day purchased an elegant set of jewels for his dear wife, which cost him two thousand dollars. “She is a dear wife, indeed,”—was the laconic reply. Knowledge—dwells In heads, replete with thoughts of other men; WisDox1, in minds attentive to their own.

Proverbs. 1. Fools make fashions, and other people follow them. 2. From nothing, nothing can come. 3. Give but rope enough, and he will hang himself. 4. Punishment—may be tardy, but it is sure to overtake the guilty. 5. He that plants trees, loves others, besides himself. 6. If a fool have success, it always ruins him. 7. It is more easy to threaten, than to do. S. Learning—makes a man fit company for himself, as well as others. 9 Little strokes fell great oaks. 10. Make the best of a bad bargain. 11. The more we hare, the more we desire. 12. Genteel society—is not always good society.

The Innocent and Guilty. If those, only, who sow to the wind—reap the whirlwind, it would be well ; but the o's is—that the blindness of bigotry, the madness of ambition, and the miscalculation of diplomacy—seek their victims, principally, amongst the innocent and unoff, nding. The cottage—is sure to suffer, for every error of the court, the cabinet, or the camp. When error–sits in the seat of power and authority, and is generated in high places, it may be compared to that torrent, which originates indeed, in the mountain, but commits its devastation in the vale below.

Eternal Joy. The delight of the soul— is derived from love and wisdom from the Lord ; and because love is effective through wisdom, they are both fixed in the effect, which is use : this delight from the Lord flows into the soul, j descends through the superiors and inferiors of the mind—into all the senses of the body, and fulfills itself in them; and thence jo." joy, and also eternal—from the Eternal.

Varieties. 1. Gaming, like quicksand, may swallow up a man in a moment. 2. Real independence—is living within our means. 3. Envy—has slain its thousands; but neglect, its tens of thousands. 4. Is not a sectarian spirit—the devil's wedge—to separate christians from each other 2 5. That man is little to be envied, whose patriotism— would not gain force on the plains of Marathon; or whose piety would not grow warm-. er among the ruins of Ionia. 6. Rational evidence—is stronger than any miracle, whenever it convinces the understanding; which miracles do not. 7. Man, in his salvation, has the power of an omnipotent God to fight for him; but in his damnation, he must fight against it, as being ever in the effort to save him.

The seasons.

These, as they change, Almighty Father! these Are but the varied God. The rolling year Is full of thee. Forth in the pleasing spring Thy beauty walks, thy tenderness and love. Wide flush the fields; the soft’ning air is balm; Echo the mountains round; the forest smiles, And ev'ry sense, and ev'ry heart is joy.

Even from the body's purity—the mindReceives a secret, sympathetic aid.

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dous tur-tle; the coun-try urchin pur-chased a bunch of mush and tur-nips, with an ef-ful-gent ducat, and burst with the bulk of fun, because the um-pire de-murr-ed at the suc-co-tash. 48. Lord Mansfield, when quite young, used to recite the orations of Demosthenes, on his native mountains ; he also practised before Mr. Pope, the poet, for the benefit of his criticisms ; and the consequence was, his melodious voice and graceful diction, made as deep an impression, as the beauties of his style and the excellence of his matter; which obtained for him the appellatiou of “the silver-toned Murray.” 49. Irregulars. A, E, I, O, and Y, occasionally have this sound: the wo-man's hus-band's clerk whirled his com-rade into a bloody flood for mirth and mon-ey; sir squir-rel does noth-ing but shove on-ions up the col-lan-der; the sov-reign monk has just come to the col-ored mon-key, quoth my won-dering mother; this sur-geon bumbs the hor-ror-stricken bed-lam-ites, and covets the com-pa-ny of mar-tyrs and rob-bers, to plun-der some tons of cous-ins of their gloves, com-fort, and hon-ey; the bird envel-ops some worms and pome-gran-ates in its stom-ach, a-bove the myr-tle, in front of the tav-ern, thus, tres-pass-ing on the cov-er-ed vi-ands; the wan-ton ser-ton encom-pass-es the earth, with gi-ant whirlwinds, and plun-ges its sons into the bottom-less o-cean with his shov-el. Notes. 1. E and U, final, are silent in snch words as, borue, vague, eclogue, synagogue, plague, catalogue, rogue, demagogue, &c. 2. Do justice to every letter and word, and as soon think of stepping backward and forward in walking, as to repronounce your words in reading: nor should you call the words incorrectly, any sooner than you would put on your shoes for your hat, or your bonnet for your shawl. 3. When e or i precedes one r, in the same syllable, it generally has this sound: berth, mirth, heard, vir-gin, &c., see N. p. 18, 4. Sometimes r is double in sound, though written single. Could we—with ink—the ocean fill, Were earth—of parchment made; Were every single stick—a quill, Each man—a scribe by trade; To write the tricks—of half the sex, Would drink the ocean dry :Gallants, beware, look sharp, take care, The blind—eat ony a fly.

Proverbs. 1. Like the dog in the manger; he will neither do, nor let do. 2. Many a slip between the cup and lip. 3. No great loss, but there is some small gain. 4. Nothing venture, nothing have. 5. One half the world knows not how the other half lives. 6. One story is good till another is told. 7. Pride—goes before, and shame—follows after. 8. Saying and doing, are two things. 9. Some—are wise, and some—are otherwise. 10. That is but an empty purse, that is full of other folk's money. 11. Common fame is generally considered a liar. 12. No weapon, but truth; no law, but love. Anecdote. Lawyer’s Mistake. When the regulations of West Boston bridge were drawn up, by two famous lawyers, one section, it is said, was written, accepted, and now stands thus: “And the said proprietors shall meet annually, on the first Tues-day of June; provided, the same does not fall on Sunday.” Habits. If parents—only exercised the same forethought, and judgment, about the education of their children, as they do in reference to their shoemaker, carpenter, joiner, or even gardener, it would be much better for these precious ones. In all cases, what is learned, should be learned well ; to do which, good teachers—should be preferred to cheap ones. Bad habits, once learned, are not easily corrected ; it is better to learn one thing well, and thoroughly, than many things wrong, or imperfectly. Varieties. 1. Is pride—an indication of talent? 2. A handsome woman—pleases the eye; but a good woman the heart: the former—is a jewel; the latter—a living treasure. 3. An ass—is the gravest beast; an owl—the gravest bird. 4. What a pity it is, when we are speaking of one who is beautiful and gifted, that we cannot add, that he or she is good, happy, and innocent / 5. Don’t rely too much on the torches of others; light one of your own. 6. Ignorance—is like a blank sheet of paper, on which we may write; but error—is like a scribbled one. 7. All that the natural sun is to the natural world, that—is the Lord—to his spiritual creation and world, in which are our minds— and hence, he enlightens every man, that cometh into the world. Our birth—is but a sleep, and a forgetting; The soul, th’t rises with us, our life's star, Hath had elsewhere—its setting, And cometh from afar; Not in entire forgetfulness, And not in utter nakedness, But trailing clouds of glory—do we come From God, who is our home. And 'tis remarkable, that they Talk most, that have the least to say. Pity—is the virtue of the law,. And none but tyrants—use it cruelly. 'Tis the first sanction, nature gave to man,

Each other to assist, in what they can. c 2

50. It is not the quantity read, but the manner of reading, and the acquisition of correct and efficient rules, with the ability to apply them, accurately, gracefully, and involuntarily, that indicate progress in these arts: therefore, take one principle, or conbination of principles, at a time, and practice it till the object is accomplished : in this way, you may obtain a perfect mastery over }. vocal powers, and all the elements of nguage. 51. The third sound of U is short : FULL; cru-el Bru-tus rued the crude fruit bruised for the pud- t ding; the pru-dent ru-ler woundthis youth-ful cuck-oo, be: cause he would, could, or should not im-brue his hands in Ruth's #: pre-par'd for a faith-ful su in FULL) ru-id; the butch-er's bul-let push-ed poor uss on the sin-ful cush-ion, and graceul-ly put this tru-ant Prus-sian into the pul-pit for cru-ci-fia-ion. 52. Avoid rapidity and indistinctness of utterance; also, a drawling, mincing, harsh, mouthing, artificial, rumbling, monotonous, whining, stately, pompous, unvaried, wavering, sleepy, boisterous, labored, formal, faltering, trembling, heavy, theatrical, affected, and self-complacent manner; and read, speak, sing, in such a clear, strong, melodious, flexible, winning, bold, sonorous, forcible, round, full, open, brilliant, natural, agreeable, or mellow tone, as the sentinent requires; which contains in itself so sweet a charm, that it almost atones for the absence of argument, sense, and fancy. 53. Irregulars. Ew, O, and Oo, occasionally have this sound: the shrewd woman es-chewed the wolf, which stood pulling Ruth's wol-sey, and shook Tru-man Wor-ces-ter's crook, while the brew-er and his bul-ly crew huz-za'd for all; you say it is your truth, and I say it is my truth; you may take care of your-self, and I will take care of my-self. Notes. 1. Beware of omitting vowels occurring between consonants in unaccented syllables: as history, for his-to-ry; litral for lil-e-rai; vot'ry, for to ta-ry; pastoral, for paw-to-ral; numb|ring, for numa-l-or-ing; corporal, for cur-po-rul; gen'ral, for gen-o-ral; memory, for men-o-ry, &c. Do not pronounce this sound of u like on in loom, nor like u in mute; but like win full: as, chew, not cho, &c. 2. The design of the practice on the forty-four sounds of our letters, each in its turn, is, besides developing and training the voice and ear for all their duties, to exhibit the general laws and analogies of pronunciation, showing how a large number of words should be pronounced, which are often spoken incorrectly. Anecdote. Stupidity. Said a testy lawyer-" I believe the jury have been inoculated for stupidity.” “That may be,” replied his opponent, “but the bar, and the court, are of opinion, that you had it the natural way.” Othere are hours, aye moments, that contain Feelings, that years may pass, and never bring.

The soul's dark cottage, batter'd, and decay’d. Still lets in light,thro’ chinks, that time has made.

Proverbs. 1. Airay goes the decil, when the door is shut against him. 2. A liar is not to be believed when he speaks the truth. 3. Never speak ill of your neighbors. 4. Constant occupation, prevents temptation. 5. Courage—ought to have eyes, as well as ears. 6. Erperience— keeps a dear school; but fools will learn in no other. 7. Follow the wrise feud, rather than the foolish many. S. Good actions are the best sacrifice. 9. He who avoids the temptation, avoids the sin. 10. Knowledge—directs practice, yet practice increases knowledge. Duties. Never cease to avail yourself of information: you must observe closely— read attentively, and digest what you read, converse extensively with high and low, rich and poor, noble and ignoble, bond and freemeditate closely and intensely on all the knowledge you acquire, and have it at perfect command. Obtain just conceptions of all you utter—and communicate every thing in its proper order, and clothe it in the most agreeable and effective language. Avoid all redundancy of earpression; be neither too close, nor too diffuse,_and, especially, be as perfect as possible, in that branch of oratory, which Demosthenes declared to be the first, second, and third parts of the science,—action, god-like Actiox,−which relates to every thing seen and heard in the orator. Elocution,-enables you, at all times, to command attention: its effect will be electric, and strike from heart to heart; and he must be a mere declaimer, who does not feel himself inspired—by the fostering meed of such approbation as mute attention,-and the return of his sentiments, fraught with the sympathy of his audience. varieties. 1. Have steamboats—been the occasion of more evil, than good? 2. Those that are idle, are generally troublesome to such as are industriotts. 3. Plato says– God is truth, and light—is his shadow. 4. Mal-information—is more hopeless than noninformation; for error—is always more difficult to overcome than ignorance. 5. He, that will not reason, is a bigot; he, that cannot reason, is a fool; and he, who dares not reason, is a slave. 6. There is a great difference between a well-spoken man and an orafor. 7. The Word of God—is divine, and, in its principles, infinite : no part can really contradict another part, or have a meaning opposite—to what it asserts as true; although it may appear so in the letter: for the letter— killeth, but the spirit—giveth life. They are sleeping! Who are sleeping 1 Pause a moment, softly tread; Anxious friends—are fondly keeping Pigils—by the sleeper's bed: Other hopes have all forsaken, One remains,—that slumber deep; Speak not, lest the slumberer waken From that sweet, that saving sleep.

54. A Diphthong, or double sound, is the union of two ... in one syllable, pronounced by a single continuous effort of the voice. There are {. diphthongal sounds, in our language; long i as in isle; oi, in oil ; the pure, or long sound of u in lure, and ou in our; which include the same sounds under the forms of long y in rhyme; of oy in coy; of ew in pew; and ow in how. These diphthongs are called pure, because they are all heard; and in speaking and singing, only the radical, (or opening fullness of the sound,) should be prolonged, or sung.

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Notes. 1. The radical, or root of this diphthong, commences nearly with 3d a, as in all, and its vanish, or terminating point, with the name sound of e, as in eel; the first of which is indicated by the engraving above. 2. Avoid the vulgar pronuncia. tion of it, for ou; jico, for joint; pint, for point; tile, for boil; jint, for joint; hist, for hoist; pile, for spoil; quate, for quoit; pur-line, for purloin; pi-ren, for poi-son; brile, for broil; clyde, for cloyed, &c.; this sound, especially, when given with the jaw much dropped, and rounded lips, has in it a captivating nobleness; but beware of extremes. 3. The general rule for pronouncing the vowels is-they are open, continuous, or long, when final in accented words and syllables; as a ble, father, aw-ful, me-tre, bi-ble, no-ble, moo-ted, tu-mult, bru-tal, poi-son, ow-ter-most; but they are shut, discrete, or short, when followed in the same syllable by a consonant; as, ap-ple, sev-er, little, Pot-ter, but-ton, sym-pathy. Examples of exceptions—ale, are, all, file, note, tune, &c. 4. Another general rule is—a vowel followed by two consonants, that are repeated in the pronunciation, is short; as, mat-ter, ped-lar, lit-ter, but-ler, &c.

Anecdote. The king's evil. A student of medicine, while attending medical lec. tures in London, and the subject of this evil being on hand, observed—“that the king's evil had been but little known in the United States, since the Revolution.

They are sleeping I Who are sleeping 1
JMisers, by their hoarded gold;
And, in fancy—now are heaping
Gems and pearls—of price untold.
Golden chains—their limbs encumber,
Diamonds—seem before them strown;
But they waken from their slumber,
And the splendid dream—is flown.

Compare each phrase, examine every line, Weigh every word, and every thought refine.

Proverbs. 1. Home is home, if it be ever so homely. 2. It is too late to complain when a thing is done. 3. In a thousand pounds of law, there is not an ounce of love. 4. Many a true word is spoken in jest. 5. One man's meat is another man's poison. 6. Pride, perceiving humility— HoNortable, often borrows her cloke. 7. Saywell—is good; but do-well—is better. 8. The eye, that sees all things, sees not itself. 9. The crow-thinks her own birds the whitest. 10. The tears of the congregation are the praises of the minister, 11. Evil to him that evil thanks. 12. Do good, if you expect to receive good.

Our Food. The laws of man’s constitution and relation evidently show us, that the plainer, simpler and more natural our food is, the more pefectly these laws will be fulfilled, and the more healthy, vigorous, and long-lived our bodies will be, and consequently the more perfect our senses will be, and the more active and powerful may the intellectual and moral faculties be rendered by cultivation. By this, is not meant that we should eat grass, like the or, or confine ourselves to any one article of food: by simple food, is meant that which is not compounded, and complicated, and dressed with pungent stimulants, seasoning, or condiments; such kind of food as the Creator designed for us, and in such condition as is best adapted to our anatomical and physiological powers. Some kinds of food are better than others, and adapted to sustain us in every condition; and such, whatever they may be, (and we should ascertain what they are,) should constitute our sustenance : thus shall we the more perfectly fulfil the laws of our being, and secure our best interests.

Varieties. 1. Was Eve, literally, made out of Adam's rib 7 2. He-is doubly a conqueror, who, when a conqueror, can conquer himself. 3. People may be borne down by oppression for a time; but, in the end, vengeance will surely overtake their oppressors. 4. It is a great misfortune—not to be able to speak well; and a still greater one, not to know when to be silent. 5. In the hours of study, acquire knowledge that will be useful in after life. 6. Nature—reflects the light of revelation, as the moon does that of the sun. 7. Religion—is to be as much like God, as men can be like him : hence, there is nothing more contrary to religion, than angry disputes and contentions about it. The pilgrim fathers—where are they The waves, that brought them o'er, Still roll in the bay, and throw their spray, As they break along the shore :Still roll in the bay, as they roll'd that day, When the May Flower moor'd below ; When the sea around, was black with storms, And white the shore—with snow.

By reason, man—a Godhead can discern:
But how he should be worship'd, cannot learn.

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