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(7.)

(8.) From 917144045605 3562176255002

Take 40600832164 1285271082165
Rem.
(9.)

(10.) (11.) (12.)
From 100000 2521665 200000 10000
Take 65321 2000000 99999
Diff.

13. From 360418, take 293752. Ans. 66666. 14. From 765410, take 34747. Ans. 750663. 15. From $41209, take 198765. Ans. 142444. 16. From 100046, take 10009.

Ans. 90037. 17. From 2537804, take 2576982. Ans. 260822.

18. From ninety thousand, five hundred and forty-six, take forty-two thousand, one hundred and nine.

Ans. 48437. 19. From fifty-four thousand and twenty-six, take nine thousand two hundred and fifty-four. Ans. 44772.

20. From one million, take nine hundred and ninetynine thousand.

Ans. One thousand. 21. From nine hundred and eighty-seven millions, take nine hundred and eighty-seven thousand.

Ans. 986015000. 22. Subtract one from a million, and shew the remainder.

Ans. 999999.

QUESTIONS. 1. How much is six hundred and sixty-seven, greater than three hundred and ninety-five ? Ans. 272.

2. What is the difference between twice twenty-seven, and three times forty-five?

Ans. 81. 3 How much is 1200 greater than 365 and 721 added together?

Ans. . 114. 4. From New-London to Philadelphia is 240 miles. Now if a man should travel five days from New-London towards Philadelphia, at the rate of 39 miles each day, bow far would he then be from Philadelphia.

Prs. 45 miles.

5. What other number with these four, viz. 21, 52, 16 and 12, will make 100 ?

Ans. 19. 6. A wine merchant bought 721 pipes of wine for 90846 dollars, and sold 543 pipes thereof for 89049 dollars; how many pipes has he remaining or unsold, and what do they stand him in? Ans. 178 pipes unsold, and they stand him in 1797 dols.

SUBTRACTION OF FEDERAL MONEY.

RULE. Place the numbers according to their value ; that is, dollars under dollars, dimes under dimes, cents under cents, &c. and subtract as in whole numbers.

EXAMPLES.

$. d. c. m. From 45, 4 7 5 Take 43, 4 8 5

Rem. $1,990 one dollar, nine dimes, and nine

cents, or one dollar, and ninety-nine cents.

8. d. e. $. d. c. in. 6. d. c.m. From 45, 74

46, 24 6 211, 110
8 9
S6, 164

111, 114 Rem.

Take 15,

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11. From 125 dollars, take 9 dollars 9 cents.

Ans. 115 dolls. 91 cts. 12. From 127 dollars 1 cent, take 41 dollars 10 cents.

19. From $65 dollars 90 cents, take 168 dols. 99 cents.

Ans. $196, 91 ots. 14. From 249 dollars 45 cents, take 180 dollars.

Ans. $69, 45 cts. 15. From 100 dollars, take 45 cts. Ans. 899, 55 cts

16. From ninety dollars and ten cents, take forty dole lars and nineteen cents.

Ans. $49, 91 cts. 17. From forty-one dollars eight cents, tuko one dollar nine cents.

Ans. $59, 99 cts. 18. From 3 dols. take 7 cts. Ans. $2, 93 cts. 19. From ninety-nine dollars, take ninety-nine cents.

Ans. $98, 1 ct. 20. Fron twenty dols. take twenty cents and one mill.

Ans. &19, 79 cts. 9 mills. 21. From three dollars, take one hundred and ninetynine cents.

Ans. $1, 1 ct. 22. From 20 dols. take 1 dime. Ans. $19, 90 cts.

23. From nine dollars and ninety cents, take ninetynine dimes.

Ans. O remains. 24. Jack's prize money was 219 dollars, and Thomas received just twice as much, lacking 45 cents. How much money did Thomas receive ? Ans. $437, 55 cts.

25. Joe Careless received prize money to the amount of 1000 dollars; after which he lays out 411 dols. 41 cents for a span of fine horses; and 123 dollars 40 cents for a gold watch and a suit of new clothes; besides 359 dols. and 50 cents he lost in gambling: How much will he have left after paying his landlord's bill, which amounts to 85 dols. and 11 cents ?

Ans. 820, 58 cts.

a

SIMPLE MULTIPLICATION, TEACHETH to increase, or repeat the greater of two numbers given, as often as there are units in the less, or multiplying number; hence it performs the work of maпу. additions in the most compendious manner. The number to be multiplied is called the multiplicand. The number you multiply by, is called the multiplier.

The number found from the operation, is called the product.

NOTE. Both multiplier and multiplicand are in general called factors, or terms.

CASE I.

When the multiplier is not more than twelve.
RULE.

Multiply each figure in the multiplicand by the multiplier; carry one for every ten, (as in addition of whole numbers) and you will have the product or answer. PROOF.

Multiply the multiplier by the multiplicand.

EXAMPLES.

What number is equal to 3 times $65 ?

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Thus, 365 multiplicand.
S multiplier,

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224061s
12

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4320
10

4684114
12

9075

6

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CASE II.

When the multiplier consists of several figures.
RULE.

The multiplier being placed under the multiplicand units under units, tens under tens, &c. multiply by each significant figure in the multiplier separately, placing the first figure in each product exactly under its multiplier ;

* Multiplication may also be proved by casting out the 9's in the two factors, and setting down the remainders; then multiplying the two remainders together; if the excess af 9's in their product is equal to the excess of 9's in the total product, the work is supposed to be right,

then add the several products together in the same order as they stand, and their sum will be the total product.

EXAMPLES.

What number is equal to 47 times 365 ?
Multiplicand 365
Multiplier

4 7

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11714545804

34293
74

1246038849 2001049068

2555 1460

17 15 5 product

47042
91

2537682

261986

7638

2193

4072

8929896

4280822

92883780

40634

42068

9876

9405

1709391112

918273645

1003245

921253442978025

14. Multiply 760483 by 9152. Ans. 6959940416. 15. What is the total product of 7608 times 365432? Ans. 2780206656. 16. What number is equal to 40003 times 4897685 ? Ans. 195922093055.

1

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