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In scene third, which is again on of them; and there follows a scene of the summit of the Jungfrau moun a wild and wailing pathos, in which tain, Manfred does not appear at all, the misery and despair of Manfred but it is wholly occupied by the Des- bursts forth in the most impassioned tinies and Nemesis. These very aw- exclamations, fearfully contrasted with ful abstractions exult together over the the fixed and mortal silence of the miseries and madness of the world ; ghost. and one of them sings either a trium Man.

- Thou lovedst me phal song upon Buonaparte's return Too much, as I loved thee; we were noť from Elba, and the bloody field of

made Waterloo-or a prophetic strain on

To torture thus each other, though it were his destined escape from St Helena, Say that thou loath'st me not that I do bear

The deadliest sin to love as we have loved. and the rivers of blood which are yet This punishment for both that thou wilt be to overflow France.- His Lordship's One of the blessed and that I shall die, imagination seems to be possessed by For hitherto all hateful things conspire this throne-shattering emperor.

The To bind me in existence ; in a life following passage is a specimen of the Which makes me shrink from immortalitysong in which the Destinies express A future like the past. I cannot rest, themselves.

I know not what I ask, nor what I seek: • First Destiny.

I feel but what thou art, and what I am ; “ The moon is rising broad, and round, And I would hear yet once before I perish, and bright;

The voice which was my musicSpeak to And here on snows, where never human foot

me ! Of common inortal trod, we nightly tread,

For I have called on thee in the still night, And leave no traces ; o'er the savage sea,

Startled the slumbering birds from the hushThe glassy ocean of the mountain ice,

ed boughs, We skim its rugged breakers, which put on

And woke the mountain wolves, and made The aspect of a tumbling tempest's foam,

the caves Frozen in a moment a dead whirlpool's Acquainted with thy vainly echoed name, image ;

Which answered me; many things answerAnd this most steep fantastic pinnacle,

ed me The fretwork of some earthquakewhere

Spirits and men-but thou wert silent all. the clouds

Yet speak to me! I have outwatched the stars, Pause to repose themselves in passing by And gazed o’er Heaven in vain in search of Is sacred to our revels, or our vigils."

thee! Nemesis utters a higher strain.

Speak to me! I have wandered o'er the earth

And never found thy likeness. Speak to me! Nem. “ I was detained repairing shattered Look on the fiends around; they feel for me; thrones.

I fear them not, and feel for thee alone;
Marrying fools, restoring dynasties, Speak to me! though it be in wrath ; but
Avenging men upon their enemies,

And making them repent their own revenge, I reck not what ; but let me hear thee once ;
Goading the wise to madness; from the dull This once-once more !
Shaping out oracles to rule the world

Phantom of Astartè. Manfred !
Afresh, for they were waxing out of date, Man.

Say on, say on ;
And mortals dared to ponder for themselves, I live but in the sound ; it is thy voice!
To weigh kings in the balance, and to speak Phan. Manfred ! To-morrow ends thine
Of freedom, the forbidden fruit.--Away!

carthly ills;
We have outstaid the hour-mount we our

Farewell ! clouds ?"

Man. Yet one word more; am I forgiven? 'In scene fourth, we are introduced Plan. Farewell! into the hall of Arimanes, Prince of Man. Say, shall we meet again ? Earth and Air, who is sitting, sur

Phat. Farewell ! rounded by the Spirits, on his throne,

Man. One word for mercy! Say, thou

lovest me.
a globe of fire.
The seven spirits

Phan. Manfred !”
chant a wild song in his praise the

[ The Spirit of Astartè disappears. Destinies and Nemesis join in the

There is nothing very striking in the glorification; and meanwhile Manfred enters, unappalled by the threatening that conversation between Manfred and

first scenes of the last act, excepting visages of this dread assemblage.

the Abbot, of which we have already Nemesis asks, “ Whom wouldst thou

quoted a part. In that scene it seems Uncharnel ?

to us that the moral purpose of the Man. One without a up drama appears—the explanation, as it Astartè.'

were of all Manfred's misery, wickedAt the invocation of a spirit, her ness, and delusion, The Abbot offers phantom rises and stands in the midst him that which alone can save the

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soul from ruin, religion and the pro- Shone through the rents of ruin;

from afar mise of redemption. This salvation The watch-dog bayed beyond the Tiber; and Manfred is too far gone in anguish,

More near from out the Cæsars' palace came sin, and insanity, to dare or wish to

The owl's long cry, and, interruptedly

Of distant sentinels, the fitful song, accept-and the Abbot leaves him in

Begun and died upon the gentle wind. sullen and hopeless resignation to his Some cypresses beyond the time-worn breach doom. The conclusion of their collo

Appeared to skirt the horizon, yet they stood quy is most impressive.

Within a bow-shot where the Cæsars 26 Man. Look on me! there is an

Iwelt, order

And dwell the tuneless birds of night, aOf mortals on the earth, who do become

midst Old in their youth, and die ere middle age, A grove which springs through levelled Without the violence of warlike death,

battlements, Some perishing of pleaure-some of study And twines its roots with the imperial Some worn with toil—some of mere weari.


Ivy usurps the laurel's place of growth ; Some of disease--and some insanity But the gladiators' bloody circus stands, And some of withered, or of broken hearts; A noble wreck in ruinous perfection ! For this last is a malady which slays While Cæsar's chambers, and the Augustine More than are numbered in the lists of Fate,

halls, Taking all shapes, and bearing many names. Grovel on earth in indistinct decay.Look upon me! for even of all these things And thou didst shine, thou rollingmoon,upon Have I partaken ; and of all these things, All this, and cast a wide and tender light, One were enough; then wonder not that I Which softened down the hoar austerity Am what I am, but that I ever was, Of rugged desolation, and filld up, Or, having been, that I am still on earth. As 'twere, anew the gaps of centuries ; Abbot. Yet hear me still.

Leaving that beautiful which still was so, Man. Old man! I do respect And making that which was not, till theplace Thine order, and revere thine years; I deem Became religion, and the heart ran o'er Thy purpose pious, but it is in vain : With silent worship of the great of old ! Think me not churlish ; I would spare thy The dead, but sceptred sovereigns, who still self,

rule Far more than me, in shunning at this time Our spirits from their urns. All further colloquy-and so-farewell.

'Twas such a night! {Exit Manfred.'Tis strange that I recall it at this time; The final catastrophe is now at But I have found our thoughts take wildhand, for the hour of his dissolution,

est flight, foretold by the phantom of Astartė, Even at the moment when they should array is come: he is in his solitary tower at Themselves in pensive order." midnight, with the Abbot, when the

The Spirits enter ; and while they spirits commissioned by Arimanes come

are threatening to tear him to pieces, to demand his soul. The opening of Manfred meets them with taunts and this scene is perhaps the finest de mockery, and suddenly falls back and scriptivé passage in the drama ; and expires in the arms of the Abbot. its solemn, calm, and majestic cha

We had intended making some obracter throws an air of grandeur over



this extraordinary the catastrophe, which was in danger of production, but, to be intelligible,

we could not confine them within the appearing extravagant, and somewhat too much in the style of the Devil limits which necessity imposes. On and Dr Faustus. Manfred is sitting length into the philosophy of the sub

some other occasion we may enter at alone in the interior of the tower. “ Manfred alone.

ject; but we have given such an ac

count as will enable our readers to The stars are forth, the moon above the tops

character. of the snow-shining mountains Beautiful! comprehend its general I linger yet with Nature, for the night

One remark we must make on the Hath been to me a more familiar face versification. Though generally flowThan that of man; and in her starry shade ing, vigorous, and sonorous, it is too Of dim and solitary loveliness,

often slovenly and careless to a great I learned the language of another world. degree; and there are in I do remember me, that in my youth When I was wandering, upon such a night, the plainest rules of blank verse,

finest passages, so many violations of

that I stood within the Coloseum's wall,

we suspect Lord Byron has a very 'Midst the chief relics of Almighty Rome;

imThe trees which grew along the broken perfect knowledge of that finest of all arches

music, and has yet much to learn beWaved dark in the blue midnight, and the fore his language can be well adapted stars

to drainatic compositions,

he very

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Reviewers, "respecting the geography

and natural history of the great desert 1. An Authentic Narrative of the of Africa, amounts to very little, and Loss of the American Brig Commerce, that little not very accurate.”-A large wrecked on the western coast of Africa, portion of this article is occupied with in the month of August 1815, 8c. By the travels of Sidi Hamet, Riley's masJAMES Riley, late Master and Super- ter, who remained for a fortnight in cargo.--The sufferings which Riley Mr Willshire's house, and who, be and his crew endured, at the time of sides entertaining them with an ac their shipwreck and afterward, while count of his expeditions to Tombucthey remained in captivity among the too, introduced them to the knowArabs, were só severe, that the Re- ledge of a country to the south-east viewers would have felt inclined to of it, wholly new to Europeans, conwithhold their belief from some parts taining the city of Wassanah, situated of the narrative, if they had not been on the Niger, above sixty days joursatisfied with regard to the writer's ge- ney from Tombuctoo, and twice its neral veracity, from the well authenti- size. Upon the authority of the same cated documents which they possess. traveller, the Reviewers proceed to Nothing can place in a stronger light offer some speculations regarding the the miserable condition to which these course of the Niger. There is a strong unfortunate men had been reduced, presumption, they think, that the than the following extract from the Niger, or Nile of the Negroes, has narrative itself: At the instance of two courses, one from west to east Mr Willshire,” (the British vice-con- by Silla and Tombuctoo ; the other sul at Mogadore, by whom they were from east to west, through Wangara; ransomed), “I was weighed," says Ghana, and Kassina. This Sidi HaRiley, « and fell short of ninety met is altogether a very respectable pounds, though my usual weight, for sort of person. “ Your friend." (Mr the last ten years, had been over two Willshire) said he to Riley at parting, hundred and forty pounds; the weight “ has fed' me with milk and honey, of my companions was less than I dare and I will always in future do what is to mention, for I apprehend it would in my power to redeem Christians from not be believed, that the bodies of slavery;" a promise which, to a cermen, retaining the vital spark, should tain extent, he is known to have since not weigh forty pounds! This ex- performed. We have met with a gentraordinary emaciation was effected in tleman belonging to the Surprise of about two months, the period which Glasgow, to which the Reviewers alintervened from their shipwreck until lude, who gratefully acknowledges the they arrived at Mogadore, where every personal kindness he received from comfort was most humanely provided Sidi Hamet in the deserts of Africa. for them by the gentleman whom we 2. Ambrosian Manuscripts. The have just mentioned. Were we not so Reviewers begin by discouraging the positively assured by the Reviewers of too sanguine expectations that have Mr Riley's veracity, there are one or been entertained of the researches of two points which might excuse a little antiquaries, in bringing to light the scepticism ; on one occasion, we read of precious relics of Greek and Roman an immediate interposition of Divine literature ; and they then endeavour Providence in behalf of the desponding to account for the imperfect and musufferers; and at another time, Riley, tilated state in which some of the an.. in a comfortable dream,' saw a young cient authors have come down to us. man, who spoke to him in his own “ The truth, after all,” they say, “iss language, assuring him that he should that of the Latin writers not many again embrace his beloved wife and have perished whose loss we need children, and whose features he after- greatly regret." The discoveries rewards recognised in Mr Willshire.-- cently made by M. Angiolo Mai, pro“The addition which Mr Riley has fessor of the oriental languages in the afforded to our information,” say the Ambrosian library at Milan, consist of

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fragments of six orations of Cicero, of what the book contains. The Rea and of eight speeches of Symmachus, viewers tell us what course the travel- ninety-six Latin epistles to and from ler took, what he saw and did, and Fronto, with two books “ de Oratio- some of the incidental observations nibus," several fragments, and seven which he made on the appearance of epistles written in Greek ---fragments the country, and on the condition of of Plautus, and some commentaries on the various races of its population. Terence,--the complete oration of Isæ- The most interesting features in the us, de hereditate Cleonymi, of which state of society seem to be, the ignobefore we possessed about one-third, rance and superstition of all classes

oration of Themistius,--and the feeble administration of the laws lastly, an epitome of part of the Anti- and that hospitality to strangers, which quitates Romanæ of Dionysius Hali- is one of the characteristics of a thinly carnessensis, extending from the year peopled agricultural country, aboundof the city 316 to the year 685, which ing in the necessaries of life, and unis valuable, inasmuch as this portion contaminated by the selfishness and of the original work is not known to luxuries of the higher classes of civiexist. We may judge of the labour lization and refinement. The inhawhich M. Mai has undergone in his bitants of the provinces are said to be researches, when we are told that all greatly superior, in their moral chathese relics (with the exception of the racter and in their habits, to their oration of Isæus) were elicited from Spanish neighbours. Slavery, it would what are called palimpsesti, or rescrip- appear, assumes a mild form in Brazil ; ti, that is, ancient MSS., which, from though the inhumanity with which motives of economy, had been partly the Portuguese carry on the slave effaced, and then used by the Monks, trade is well known to have imprinted in the middle ages, on which to trans an indelible stain on the national cha cribe the works of a very different de racter. Praise is liberally bestowed scription of writers. His discoveries, on the Jesuits for their efforts in bethe Reviewers add, are curious and half of the Indians, who are said to interesting to the classical antiquary, have now, in many places, relapsed but they are not of that importance into barbarism. That which is partiwhich the learned editor attaches to cularly interesting to this country, them; nor do they satisfy the expec- especially since recent events have protations which the first intelligence of mised to effect a very important change them had excited in our minds.”-M. in the American possessions of PortuMai is preparing for publication, a fac- gal as well as of Spain, is the growing simile of a very ancient MS., contain- demand for British manufactures, and ing about 800 lines of the Iliad, with the freedom of intercourse which an paintings illustrative of the descriptions enlightened policy may be expected to of the poem. On one side of the leaf of ensure. Both the author and the Rethis MS., which is of parchment, are viewers assures us of this increasing the paintings, on the reverse the poem demand for our commodities, several try; but this reverse had been cover- years before the present revolutionary ed with silk paper, on which are movements began in Portuguese Amewritten some scholia, and the argu- rica; and there is sufficient evidence ments of some books of the Iliad. M. in the account which Koster has given Mai separated the paper from the us of his progress through the proparchment; which last he thinks, was vinces, for a course of upwards of 1000 written on at least 1400 years ago. miles, that this demand must, for a

3. Narrative of a residence in Ire, long period, be limited only by the land, during the summer of 1814, and means which the people have of that of 1815. BY ANNE PLUMPTRE, purchasing All that refines and A work which the Reviewers, ap- embellishes life is wanted in Brazil; parently forgetful of the nec deus in- but the want will be generally felt, tersit, &c. of a very competent judge and the means of supplying it extenin matters of criticism, have thought sively diffused, by a liberal and indeit worth their while to hold up to pendent government, in a country, the scorn and ridicule.

natural resources of which are incal. 4. Travels in Brazil. By HENRY culable.—The Reviewer gives us very Koster.This is a condensed, though little information about Koster him- . sometimes sufficiently minute, account self, except that he resided several

years in the country; and they have has failed indeed, and yet in one displayed a singular degree of forbear sense it has not failed; for the refusal ance, in abstaining from all those spe- of our ambassador to submit to the culations to which the scenes before degrading ceremonies of Chinese etithem were so well calculated to lead,- quette must give the celestial emperor from all retrospect and anticipation,- a very high opinion of the English naand, what was less to be expected tion: a most comfortable illustration perhaps-from any thing like discus- of the well-known fable of the fox and sion, either religious or political.--For the grapes. those general readers who have not 7. Fragments on the Theory and access to the book itself, this article Practice of Landscape Gardening, fc. cannot fail to be a convenient substi- By H. Repton, Esq.-The writer of tute.

this article must be deeply skilled in 5. The Veils, or the triumph of gardens Italian, French, Spanish, Constancy. A Poem, in Six Books. Dutch, German, and Chinese and By Miss PORDEN.—The Reviewers other Asiatic gardens, as well as with speak very highly of the author's the ancient and modern style of land. powers of versification, but express scape gardening in England ; and also their disapprobation of the manner in with all the writers on parterres and which she has chosen to exercise them. vistas, woods and lawns, and grottos, The poem is intended to display the from the times of Virgil and Juvenal “ different energies of nature, exerted downwards. The book is said to be in producing the various changes which both interesting and entertaining. take place in the physical world, but 8. Tales of my Landlord. This and personified and changed into the spirits the elder branches of the same family, of the Rosicrucian doctrine. A system in spite of the uncouthness of the lanwhich, as she observes, was introduced guage of a great portion of them, even into poetry by Pope, and since used by to Scotsmen, and the utter inability of Darwin in the Botanic Garden.” The the mere English reader to enter into greater part of the critique is occupied the spirit of many of the most huwith just animadversions on Darwin's morous and characteristic representapersonifications, so different from the tions, immediately upon their appeartiny playful beings with whom we are ance acquired, and continue to mainso delighted in the “ Rape of the tain, a degree of popularity to which Lock.”

probably no other works of the same 6. Lnou-sing-urh, or An heir in class, and of the same dimensions, have his Old Age,a Chinese Druma. Trans- ever attained. Yet in all these novels lated from the Original Chinese by there are faults or defects, which every J. F. Davis, Esq. of Canton.—This one perceives upon a general survey of drama was written nearly 800 years their texture, and every one forgets in ago, yet it is considered to be a true their perusal. It is one main object picture of Chinese manners and Chi- of the present article to explain the nese feelings at the present time. The causes of this popularity, which many Reviewers, though very moderate in of their admirers are at some loss to their estimate of Chinese literature, account for; to shew that the imperare well pleased with this performance, fection of the stories, and the want of of which, and of the theatrical exhibi- interest in the principal characters, tions of China, this article contains a are more than compensated by the excurious and amusing account. A poem traordinary attraction which their myse called “ London," written by a com terious author has been able to give to mon Chinese, has been also translated the narrative, by his accurate and aniby Mr Davis ; and the specimen of it mated descriptions, and the truth and which the Reviewers furnish might fidelity of his portraits. It was never have made a very respectable appear. doubted, in this part of the Island, ance among the least extravagant effu.. that human beings had actually sat. sions of Gulliver. Nearly half the for these portraits, though there has article is occupied, somewhat incon- certainly been much difference of opigruously we conceive, with particulars nion about their originals; but it is regarding Lord Amherst's embassy, truly mortifying to find a London Res in which, however, we do not find any viewer, even with the acknowledged thing of importance that has not al- assistance of his Scottish correspondready appeared in the newspapers. It ents, coming forward to correct our

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