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MARY.

BY CHARLES WOLFE.

IF I had thought thou couldst have died, I might not weep for thee;

But I forgot, when by thy side,

That thou couldst mortal be:

It never through my mind had past,
The time would e'er be o'er,
And I on thee should look my last,
And thou shouldst smile no ore!
And still upon that face I look,

And think 'twill smile again;
And still the thought I will not brook,
That I must look in vain!

But when I speak-thou dost not say, What thou ne'er left'st unsaid;

And now I feel, as well I may,

Sweet Mary! thou art dead! If thou wouldst stay, e'en as thou art, All cold and all serene,

I still might press thy silent heart,

And where thy smiles have been ! While e'en thy chill, bleak corse I have, Thou seemest still mine own;

But there I lay thee in thy graveAnd I am now alone!

THE ORIGINAL JEREMY DIDDLER.

From Taylor's Records. BIBB, THE ENGRAVER.-How Bibb supported himself, having relinquished engraving, it would be difficult to conceive, if he had not levied taxes upon all whom he knew, insomuch that, besides his title of Count, he acquired that of "Half-crown Bibb," by which appellation he was generally distinguished, and according to a rough, and, perhaps, fanciful estimate, he had borrowed at least L.2000 in

half-crowns.

I remember to have met him on the day when the death of Dr. Johnson was announced in the newspapers, and expressed my regret at the loss of so great a man; Bibb interrupted me, and spoke of him as a man of no genius, whose mind contained nothing but the lumber of learning. I was modestly beginning a panegyric upon the doctor, when he again interrupted me with, "Oh! never mind that old blockhead; have you such a thing as ninepence about you?" Luckily for him, I had a little more.

There was something so whimsical in this incident, that I mentioned it to some friends, and that and others of the same kind, doubtless, induced Mr. Kenny to make him the hero of his diverting farce, called "Raising the Wind." Another circumstance of a similar nature was told me by Mr. Morton, whose dramatic works are deservedly popular. He told me that Bibb met him one day after the successful performance of one of his plays, and, concluding that a prosperous author ought to have plenty of cash, commenced his solicitation accordingly, and ventured to ask him for the loan of a whole crown. Morton assured him that he had no more silver than three shillings and sixpence. Bibb readily accepted them, of course, but said on parting, "Remember, I intended to borrow a crown, so you owe me eighteen-pence."

This pitiful creature, Taylor tells us, died on the same night that the farce of Raising the Wind was brought out. To him, we presume, we may owe the slang verb to diddle, i. e. to cheat out of small sums in a paltry way. Mr. Taylor, who, it will be seen, was a character himself, introduces another family groupe, which might furnish another slang verb, to pinchbeck. In Scotland we have often had families of Pinchbecks, one member a Jacobite, another a fierce Whig, with a steady eye to the family interest, and an excellent understanding at bottom. The Pinchbecks, he says, were three brothers. They had invented the metal which went by their name, and to attract public attention they pretended to quarrel, and advertised against each other, all claiming the invention, and proclaiming the superiority of the article in which each of them dealt. They were, however, upon the most amicable footing in reality, and used to meet every night and divide the profits of the day.

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The places of Unitarian worship are calculated at about 300. It is estimated that the English congregations now amount to a MILLION of communicants. A hundred years ago there was not a single Protestant dissenting college, missionary, tract, or Bible Society-scarcely a Sunday school! Dissenting academies are now established throughout the kingdom, supported by munificent endowments, and large annual donations and subscriptions. Many of the young men annually enjoy the advantages of foreign universities. Upwards of L.200,000 a-year is raised by the Protestant dissenters for public institutions connected with the dissemination of religious instruction. It cannot be denied that the education of the bulk of the people originat ed with the dissenters, and forced the Church, in self-defence, to educate their poor. Most of the great manufactures of the kingdom commenced, and still remain in the hands of the Protestant dissenters; and no small share of

the active capital of the country is vested in the same class They are the leading public men in all our towns-intelligent, public-spirited, active and patriotic. These facts are known to our ministers; but as no cabinet ministers or privy counsellors (except a few Scotch Presbyterians) are dissenters, these facts cannot be too prominently stated, that our rulers may view them in connection with the Established Church. The elements of this vast, increasing, and active influence will soon, if we mistake not, be perceived in active fusion in the reformed House of Commoris.

The Protestant dissenters will no longer endure the fiscal extortions which tax them for the support of a state religion, that can no longer claim a majority of adherents. Most ardently do we hope that this all-important and pressing subject will receive the early and bold attention of minis ters. Such scenes as those enacted at Birmingham demand immediate attention, or the reformers of that town will agitate a second great national question. Church reform must demand the most early and mature consideration. The monopoly of the Church must follow to the tomb of the Ca pulets that of the Bank, the East India, and corporate monopolies. Religion suffers under the restrictive system: what the people demand, and will obtain, is a free trade in religion, as far as is consistent with existing beneficial institutions. We trust that some measures will be taken to prevent the enforcement of the law against the Birming ham rate-payers. No good can result from coercion. The law will only add "fuel to the fire."

The following passage in Mr. Sharon Turner's History of England, in relation to the contests between the Puritans and Episcopalians, bears strongly on the pending ques tion of Church reform :-" The Commons were not discouraged. They represented again that divers men of Holy Church had not been resident on their livings; and expressly added, that, by this neglect, the people had fallen into Lollardies and heresies, for default of teaching. The govern ment was as unable as unwilling to remedy the evil, and chose therefore to meet this last application by an assertion, that the existing laws were sufficient, if executed, and to join the Church in repressing its opponents. the only weapons they ought to have used-reason, law, crown did not choose to be neuter, and leave the church to and wise reformation. The crown determined to fight the battle for it, and fell with its steadiest supporters.

The

THE CHURCH AND THE DISSENTERS. Paragraph from the St James's Chronicle, in 1787. "Some years ago, the Dissenting Ministers applied to

Parliament for relief from subscription to the articles of the Church of England, and were twice refused. But they persevered, and their third application was attended with success. Their petition occasioned several debates in both Houses. In the House of Peers, Lord Lyttleton urged, among other things, in favour of Dissenting Ministers, the manifest integrity and disinterestedness of their conduct. Dr. Drummond, Archbishop of York, observed, that they were men of close ambition. Lord Chatham said, "After such proofs of honesty, to suspect men of close ambition, is to judge uncharitably; and whoever brings this charge against them without proof, defames," (here he made a short pause, and the eyes of all were turned to the Archbishop, who made no reply.) Lord Chatham then repeated his words, and added, "The Dissenting Ministers are represented as men of close ambition; my Lords, their ambition is to keep close to the College of Fishermen, not of Cardinals, and to the doctrine of inspired apostles, not to the decrees of interested aspiring Bishops. They contend for a Scriptural creed, a Scriptural worship. We, my Lords, have a Calvinistical creed, a Popish Liturgy, and an Arminian clergy. The Reformation has laid open the Scriptures to all; let not the Bishops shut them again. Laws, in support of ecclesiastical power, are pleaded for, which it would shock humanity to execute. It is, that religious sects have done great mischief when they were not kept under strict restraint. My Lords, history affords no proof that sects have ever been mischievous, when they were not oppressed and persecuted by the ruling Church."

BISHOP BURNET'S ADVICE TO BISHOPS.-I wish the pomp of living and the keeping high tables could be quite taken away it is great charge, and no very decent one; a great devourer of time; it lets in much promiscuous company and much vain discourse upon you: even civility may carry you too far in a freedom and familiarity that will make you look too like the rest of the world. I hope this is a burden to you: it was, indeed, one of the greatest burdens of my life to see so much time lost-to hear so much idle talk, and to be living in a luxurious waste of that which might have been much better bestowed. I had not strength enough to break through that which custom has imposed on those provided with plentiful bishoprics. pray God to help you to find a decent way of laying them

I

down.

SIMON PETER'S SHIP. SIMON PETER was the owner

Of a goodly bark, though small; He to his successors left her

As she stood a fishing yawl. But so cunning fishers were they,

And so great their booty grew, That ere long they found, unless they Should enlarge, 'twould never do.

Hence the boat became a galleon,

Next she to a frigate passed, Then, with deep mouth'd thunder bellowing, Bounced a man of war at last.

But, alas! a crazy sheer hulk,

Of each true blue tar the sport,
Now is all you may see of her,
Rotting day by day in port.
Times a thousand she's been keel-hauled
All in vain, so an't it better

To skuttle her at once, and take to
The good old yawl of Simon Peter.
CURATE.

THE LARCH. Larch timber was first introduced into this country by the late Duke of Argyll. The two first ing at Dunkeld; they have been transferred from the of this species implanted by his Grace are still grow reenhouse to the open air, and are said to be magnificent cimens; although some of their offspring growing in the ighbourhood of Blair, in Scotland, are much more so, ving attained the height of 120 feet.

MEDICAL SELECTIONS.

AIR.* THE researches of modern chemistry have determined that the atmosphere is not a uniform fluid, but a mixture of two principal elastic fluids, with a few others in very minute proportions, and that it holds in solution a varying quantity of watery vapour. The composition of one hundred parts of atmospherical air, freed from all adventitious mixture, is seventy-nine parts of a gas called azote, or nitrogen; and twenty-one parts of another gas, named oxygen gas. Atmospherical air is indispensably necessary for the breathing of animals; and atmospheric air may also be considered as the great supporter of combustion; though inflammable bodies will burn in some other gases, yet these gases are uncommon, except when artificially produced. When, by various methods familiar to chemists, the oxygenous portion of the atmosphere is separated from the azotic, it is found that an animal dies, and a burning body is extinguished in azote: we hence conclude that it is only the oxygenous part of the atmosphere that is fit for the purposes of respiration and combustion. Air is, by these probreathing. It is a curious, but difficult subject of investicesses, continually becoming more and more unfit for gation, by what means purity is restored to the air, and how it continues to be fit for the respiration of animals, believed, that this is owing to the functions of the leaves though exposed to many sources of contamination. It is of plants. When they are exposed to the bright light of day, they are continually absorbing the carbon of the carbonic acid which exists in the air and water on which they feed, and giving out oxygen gas. By this means the purity of the atmosphere is preserved with wonderfully little variation.

been long unchanged, in which one or more human bodies Change of AIR in apartments necessary. —Air that has have been confined, is possessed of qualities highly dangerous and even destructive; as we see in many instances from the fevers and other ailments which arise in jails, ships, and other confined apartments. Hence the necessity and propriety of free ventilation in houses of every description; of daily admitting a thorough current of air into sleeping-rooms, and indeed into every room of the house. From the neglect of this ventilation, arises the dangerous and malignant fevers in the confined and illventilated dwellings in the closes, alleys, and courts of large towns. Since attention has been called to this circumstance, how seldom do we hear of the ship or the jail fevers. Though the fever, which was formerly so fatal in ships and jails, is still lamentably prevalent somewhere or other, and though we still hear of towns or tracts of territory being visited with its depopulating scourge, it is not in ships or jails that it is suspected to take its rise, but in the abodes of slothful and squalid poverty, where no judicious and directing mind enforces the necessity of ventilation and cleanliness.

Even in the apartment where a patient is in bed, the fear of his catching cold should not prevent us from occasionally changing the air of it, by opening the doors and windows for a few minutes at a time, taking care not to expose the sick person to the current of air, but closing the curtains, and using such other precautions as common sense will readily suggest.

Means of purifying the AIR from Contagion.-There are various methods practised, to correct the bad air in sick-chambers, and if possible, to destroy its power of proMorveau in France made many experi ducing diseases. ments on the best means of disinfecting the air, and Dr. Thomson, in his Chemistry, gives the result of these ex&c. have no effect whatever. Odorous bodies, as benzoin, aromatic plants, periments. There are four substances which have the power of destroying contagious matter and Vide Hints for Invalids, Schoolmaster, page 61,-East Wind, page 39.

of purifying the air, viz. acetic acid, or vinegar, nitric acid, muriatic acid, and chlorine. Acetic acid cannot easily be obtained in sufficient quantity, and in a state of sufficient concentration, to be employed with advantage. Nitric acid may be attended with some inconvenience, because it is almost always contaminated with nitrous gas. Muriatic acid and chlorine are not attended with these incon veniences; the last deserves the preference, because it acts with greater energy and rapidity.

AIR, considered with reference to the cause, the cure, or the mitigation of diseases.-Many circum-mies, and meant to express the last degree of whatever was stances connected with air, which chemistry is unable to ruffianly and opprobrious. "He was," his son writes, "a trace or explain, are much to be attended to in a me- Jacobin, marked as such, and hunted, literally hunted out dícal point of view. Under the article AGUE, we have of society on that account. The yeomanry used to amuse already mentioned the bad air from marshy grounds; themselves, periodically, by backing their horses through and in the article immediately preceding, we have stated his windows. I," says Elliott, "I have not forgotten the the danger of other fevers from the malignant effluvia from English Reign of Terror; there you have the source of animal bodies; we have also to mention that the air seems my political tendencies." This holds in thousands of in to carry the infection of other diseases, as small-pox, stances besides that of Mr. Elliott. The blood of the mar measles, hooping-cough, scarlet-fever, &c. Some of these tyrs of freedom, in the end of the last century, has been the contagions, as the small-pox, taint the air with a peculiar fruitful seed of liberty in this. The children of the perse disagreeable smell; but in general, the sense perceives no- cuted then, are among the most determined of the Radicali thing different from common air. The air of certain places now. -Tail's Edinburgh Magazine. is justly supposed to have an influence in giving a tendency to certain diseases, or even to bring them on. The crouped is frequent in cold damp situations, exposed to the east wind, or near the sea. The sea air is unfavourable in certain states of consumption; or in affections of the breast, which would probably end in that disease. The mild equable air of the country, unloaded with the endless variety of matters mixing with the air in the neighbourhood of large towns, is favourable to recovery from many ailments, as indigestion, dropsy, jaundice, breast complaints, asthmas, the wasting disease of children, as also to that feeble state of constitution which has not received any appropriate name. It is remarkable that some persons in asthma are not better in air which we should think the purest. Change of air, even to a worse, has been found of service in hooping-cough; but it is useless to attempt a cure by this at an early period of the disease, as it is hardly possible by any means to prevent it from running on a considerable time. In general, it is hardly worth while to try a change of air, till the cough has continned distinctly at least a month or six weeks, with the back draught.

A good deal of the influence of the air on the skin and lungs must depend on its degree of moisture or dryness. When there is much watery vapour in the air, it is less able to receive more: and the perspirable matter from the skin not being carried off, we shall appear to perspire more, though in reality the perspiration is less. In like manner, the watery vapour which is continually thrown off by the lungs is not carried away fast enough by a heavy moist atmosphere; and in certain diseases of the lungs, in colds, consumptions, asthmas, &c., some patients, according to the quantity of watery vapour or mucous exhaled from the lungs, will be benefited either by dry air or the contrary. It is wrong, therefore, to lay down any general rule about a particular spot or climate, as its good or bad effects will vary according to the state of the disease in each particular patient.-Macaulay's Medical Dictionary.

SCRAPS.

Original and Selected.

ANECDOTE OF SIR WALTER SCOTT.-The following anecdote may help to show that Sir Walter had at times a very high opinion of his own dignity. The writer of this had often occasion, in the course of business, to write to him. On one occasion he sent Sir Walter a card, fastened with a wafer. Sir Walter immediately returned it, folded inside out, with a cross at the wafer, and this pithy reply, "I am not a particular man, but I detest wafers."

THE AUTHOR OF THE CORN-LAW RHYMES.-Elliott was born rather more than fifty years since, in a village near the town of Sheffield. There, we use his own strong words, and none can be found so fit, he is still "a dealer in steel, working hard every day; literally labouring with head and hands, and alas! with my heart too! If you

think the steel-trade, in these profitless days, is not a heary, hard-working trade, come and break out a ton." A man of his knowledge and energy was not likely to remain the mere workman of another. Elliott, though labouring with his hands and head, is his own master, as well as his children's provider. But we must briefly advert to his origin and his youth. His father, a man of education and of great natural humour, was a commercial clerk in an iron establishment, and also a Jacobin,-the name given in those days to the friends of liberty by the artifice of its ene

CONCISE AND STRIKING. A woman who lately showthe house and pictures at Easton Newton, near Towe ter, the seat of the Earl of Pomfret, expressed herself in these words:"This picture is Sir Robert Turner; lived in the country, took care of his estate, built this house and paid for it; managed well, saved money, and died rich That is his son; he was made a Lord, spent his estate, and died a beggar."

a

INQUESTS EXTRAORDINARY.
Found dead, a rat-no case could sure be harder,
Verdict-Confined a week in Eldon's larder.
Died, Sir Charles Wetherell's laundress, honest Sue,
Verdict-Ennui-so little work to do.-
Figaro in London.

PROLIFIC WALNUT-TREE.-A cottager at Warsop, Mansfield, has gathered from a walnut-tree in his possession 60,000 ripe walnuts, allowing, as they are usually sold, score to the hundred, part of which he sold at one shilling hundred, and the remainder tenpence; therefore, calculating the whole 60,000 to be sold at tenpence only, the tree produce at that rate, L.25. It must also be understood, that, in the pickling season, when green, some thousands were also gathered which are not reckoned in the above calculation.

DOMESTIC YEAST.-Ladies who are in the habit of making domestic bread, cake, &c., are informed, that they can easy directions: Boil one pound of good floor, a quarter of a p manufacture their own yeast, by attending to the following of brown sugar, and a little salt, in two gallons of water, one hour. When milk warm, bottle it and cork it close. will be fit for use in twenty-four hours. One pint of this yes will make eighteen pounds of bread.

CONTENTS OF NO. XVII.

HOLYDAY RAMBLES, No. IV.-The Fildon Hills..
Civilization of Africa...

POPULAR SCIENCE.-On the Formation of Dew-Fixed Stars,
&C..........

A Bachelor's Complaint of the Behaviour of Married People..
STATISTICS-Cattle and Sheep-Irish Trade with Liverpool, &c.263
COLUMN FOR THE YOUNG.-Sir Philip Sydney-Inscription for

954

a Tablet at Penshurst, &c.......

THE STORY-TELLER-Legend of the Rose of Alhambra, 205–

268

Phoebe Dawson..

Cobbett the Younger-Character of a Parish Priest...
Mary-The Original Jeremy Diddler-Dissenters in England..90
Bishop Burnet's Advice to Bishops-Simon Peter's Ship......
MEDICAL SELECTIONS.-Air, &c...
SCRAPS, Original and Selected.-Anecdote of Sir Walter Scott,
&c. The Author of the Corn Law Rhymes, &c.............

....271

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EDINBURGH: Printed by and for JOHN JOHNSTONE, 19, St. Ja
Square-Published by JORN ANDERSON, Jun., Bookseller, 55, Nort
Bridge Street, Edinburgh; by JOHN MACLEOD, and ATKINSON & CO.
Booksellers, Glasgow; and sold by all Booksellers and Venders ©
Cheap Periodicals.

THE

AND

EDINBURGH WEEKLY MAGAZINE.

CONDUCTED BY JOHN JOHNSTONE.

THE SCHOOL MASTER IS ABROAD.-LORD BROUGHAM.

No. 18.-VOL. I. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 1, 1832. PRICE THREE-HALFPENCE.

HOLYDAY RAMBLES.

aught we know, may still be haunted by such unearthly visitants as those who attended True Thomas.

NO. V.

THE EILDON HILLS-Continued.

To the Cowdenknowes we had last week conducted our dear pupils, ranged lovingly around us, on the highest and western summit of the Eildon Hills. We there saw where the Leader fell into "Tweed's fair flood;" let us now trace the Leader upwards. That is the smoke of Earlstown, anciently Erceldoune, the dwelling of Thomas the Rhymer; where the ruins of his tower or castle are still pointed out, with rever. ence due. In him, as in the mighty men of eld--unwire that cork, and in one word

the honour'd name Of prophet and of poet was the same.

And though the march of intellect has somewhat diverted the current of legendary education in Scotland, yet we cannot doubt but that every Scottish born child knows of True Thomas. We have traced his works and his sayings to the remotest parts of the Highlands. His vaticinations and wonderful performances would fill a volume. Every body knows that his extraordinary powers were derived from the Queen of Fairy Land, to whom he is still a thrall; and that, when he has dree'd his weird, he will return to middle earth. Let us hope that the time of the accomplishment of his penance is at hand, for Scotland never had more need of a wise and powerful leader and champion than now. True Thomas, by the side of the Lord Advocate, might stead us much in the new Parliament.

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Though the name of the Rhymer is diffused over all the legendary traditions of Scotland, it is about the Eildon hills, where he spoke "the word of power," that his fame is concentrated. Every hamlet and brook hereabouts has its couplet, its tale, and story,-nearly as well remembered as those connected with the neighbouring towers of Abbotsford will be, five hundred years hence, unless Biela before then give our globe a hitch. The eastern base of the mountain, on which we stand, is the Delphos of Scotland. The Eildon-tree Stane stands here a monument, which perpetuates the memory of the Eildon-tree, beneath which, like a patriarch of antiquity, the Rhymer gave forth his oracular and mysterious sayings and responses. It is neighboured by the Bogle Burn, which, for

But turn we from obscure and misty tradition to the living beauty of Teviotdale, lying before us in all its glory, an expanse of twenty miles square, beautifully diversified by knoll and glade, meadow and stream, groves and farm-houses, mansions (not too fine), and all that renders a fair broad Scottish strath delightful. We cannot now stop to reckon up all that Leyden, and Pringle, and many others, have said and sung in its praise. So here

The lasses of Tibbydale !
Echo The lasses of Tibbydale!

Now recall we our vagrant thoughts, and in all humility look down on Eildon Hall at our feet there, and commanding so glorious a prospect over the vale of the Te'iot. And there beyond it stands Bowden, or Bothie-den, a hamletship as ancient as Melrose Abbey its venerable self. And there is the Kirk, and the Manse, and there again Moxpople, the residence of the author of Darnley and Richelieu,-and of Charlemagne that is, and The String of Pearls that shall be. Have not we, too, dear reader, been stringing pearls-a pleasanter trade than casting them before- -; but you know the saying. A little to the south-east of this, you may perceive the village of Newton; and then, nearly opposite Dryburgh Lessuden, with its romantic shelving banks hanging over the Tweed, and the famous St. Boswell's Green, of whose caravansaries and great annual sheep fair all the world has heard. Then, again, a little westward, we have the village of Midholm, and Liliesleaf, near which the stream with the tantalizing name of the Ale Water, joins the Teviot at Ancrum ; beyond are the Minto Hills, the invisible Teviot almost laving their feet; and southward Rubislaw rises majestically from the plain, a noble though somewhat aristocratic-looking mountain, permit. ting none other to elbow it, though its beacon blazed far and red on the night of the Reform Jubilee. Now we travel on in this direction, till Dunyon Hill looks over Jedburgh, and "the silvan Jed;" and on still, until the lofty range of the Cheviots bounds the southern horizon. There is Cheviot himself, the "monarch of all he sur

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veys"-broad, deep, massy, and even sublime, in spirited town of Galashiels, where stout-hearted his Alpine grandeur. There, again, farther west is reformers to a man, are giving their honest votes Carter Fell, over which the foray often raged into to Mr. Pringle of Clifton; not because he is England. We pass the Peniel-heuch, or Panier- Mr. Pringle of Clifton-for that matter they heuch, where the late Marquis of Lothian has might like half a dozen other Mr. Pringles quite erected a monument to his Grace the Duke of as well-but because he promises to support the Wellington; considering all such places at pre- cause of the people, and to be a faithful guardian sent as within the Debateable Land. Better do we and representative of their interests. Under the love to gaze on the conglomerated heights to the town, the stream of the Gala, which gives name southwest, and at the head of Liddesdale; and be- | to the most exquisite of the Scottish melodies, fall yond to those of Dumfries and Galloway, fading in-into the Tweed; and up from it, at the ford, near to haze. They recall to us Dandy Dinmont's pasto- the confluence, hid from us, but on our side of the ral farm, and his ride homeward from Stagshaw- river, rises Abbotsford, low in situation relatively, Bank Fair; and his reception, and the dressing yet standing on a gentle slope, hidden on one side of his wounds, and his gallantry and generosity, by the peninsulated banks which divide the and fidelity in friendship. Coming back to the Duke's Tweed and Gala, and on the other by banks and monument, we recall the battle of Ancrum Moor, slopes around the mansion itself. From where we fought near the Duke's present station, by tactics stand, it is, as we said, invisible; and, indeed, it is very different from those which gained Waterloo. so till one is quite upon it, from all points save There the Douglas (Earl Angus) ranges his spear- the ford below the house. Abbotsford has been men in the flat, to wait the assault of Evers and called "a romance in stone and lime." It is, Latoun, as they hurry down yon height; Norman however, only a specimen of the modern Gothic Leslie and the Fife-men support the Douglas in romance of architecture. Better far do we like receiving them, and the tide of battle is stayed; Sir Walter's taste in the real romance-in poesies, the Scotch becoming in turn the assailants. The legends, humanities, than in constructing castelscene of battle is at least nine or ten miles from lated buildings. His finest castles, if not in the where we stand, the time three hundred years air, were either in remote distance, or in illimit back,-yet gazing on it, and remembering the ex- able space. They were Tullyveolan and Tillieclamation of Earl Angus, how livingly it comes tudlem, Ellangowan and Kenilworth. But this before us! A heron, roused by the noise of the was the home of his pride and his affection, and conflict, flew from the marsh, and soared away let all look on it with reverence. above the combatants. "Oh that my good white hawk were here!" cried the Douglas, "that we might all yoke at once!" But

Though we cannot from our 'vantage ground see the edifice, the demesne lies under our eye, stretching from Kaeside, that house on the ridge among the firs, to the moorland height of Bowden Muir, and bounded on the west by that high-lying

We turn in another direction, and look west over piece of water which you see shimmering, and which the multitudinous hills of Selkirk and Peebles-is with much propriety named Cauldshiels Loch. As shire, pointing out to you the most remarkable | far as the estate extends, it is redeemed from a peaks and ridges. There is the Three Brethren state of wilderness and barrenness, and abundantCairn, rising over the Tweed at Yair, another of ly covered with young and thriving plantation. It the delicious nooks of this river; and there, oppo- requires a few generations fully to develop the site to Selkirk, is Peat Law; and beyond, the ideas of a planter and creator of woods. Sir Wal broad-backed, elephantine Minchmuir, many a ter Scott was a greater and more original designer rugged, steep defile, and fantastic summit, hid in woods, than in stone, though a little eccentric from us, though visible from it, as by the CHEESE- in both. He followed his own plan in peopling WELL the wayfarer journeys from Yarrow-ford over his moors with young vegetable life, and that plan to Traquair; this Mons Meg of the southland was, to follow Nature as closely as Art ever can do. mountains occupying the entire space lying be- He planted clumps, masses, grand sweeping lines tween those celebrated places. There, also, is of waving woods; and scattered groups, groves, Newhouse Height, and "the fair Dodhead," and the and thickets, which will yet tell on these hills; hill of Deloraine, and Gilman's Law,—and, rising and he built Modern Gothic, a Scotch Strawberry between the vale of Ettrick and that of Yarrow, Hill. At present, the principal charm of AbbotsThirlestane Heights, and over away those of Buc- ford is that it was his abode. cleuch. And again, in the north-west, Windlestrae Law, and the picturesque heights of Innerleithen, and those of all Peebles-shire to its northern and western verge. But it is a far cry to Loch Awe, so turn we homeward, to the hills opposite us on the Gala Water, with which we could almost shake hands. And see how fine the opening of the valley of the Gala, and the woods and pastures of Torwoodlee. Lower down is the snug, thriving,

Now, call we home our ranging eyes, and fix them as on a cynosure, as near Abbotsford as possible. Near it, though not under its wing, is Chiefswood, a sweet cottage, which has been tenanted by a succession of literary men, and has for some years formed the retreat of the editor of the Quarterly Review. There, again, is Huntly Burn. But more inviting than either of these residences, is Darnick, a beautiful old-English-looking village

"Adieu to bonny Teviotdale,
And Cheviots mountains blue!"

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