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The representatives are chosen every second year. Every county is entitled to at least one representative; but the whole number can never exceed 100. The senators are elected for four years, the seats of one half being vacated every second year. The constitutional number is, not less than 14, nor more than 33. They are chosen by districts, and are apportioned according to the number of free, white inhabitants. The elections for representatives and senators are held biennially on the first Monday in August. The executive power is vested in a Governor, who is elected for four years, on the first Monday in August; and he is ineligible for the next four years after the expiration of his term of service. At the time of the election of Governor, a Lieutenant Governor is also chosen, who is, by virtue of his office, President of the Senate. The Legislature meets every second year (at the City of Jefferson), on the first Monday in November. The right of suffrage is granted to every white, male citizen, who has attained the age of 21 years, and has resided in the state one year before an election, the last three months thereof being in the county or district in which he offers his vote. The judicial power is vested in a Supreme Court, in a Chancellor, Circuit Courts, and such other inferior tribunals as the General Assembly may, from time to time, establish. The judges are appointed by the governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; and they hold their offices during good behavior, but not beyond the age of 65 years.
John Miller, Governor; (term of office expires on the 3d Monday in November, 1832); - - - salary $1,500 Daniel Dunklin, Lieutenant Governor. The present number of Senators, 13; Representatives, 49. Pay of the Lieutenant Governor, and each of the Senators and Representatives $3 a day during the session of the legislature.
Salary Matthias McGirk, Presiding Judge, - - - $1,100 George Tompkins, JAssociate Judge, - - - 1,100
Robert Wash, do. - - - 1,100
- Circuit Courts. Judges. W. C. Carr, D. Todd, J. D. Cook; one vacancy. Salary of each $1,000. .*. The Bank of the United States has an Office of Discount and Deposit at St. Louis. There is no other bank in the state.
A college has been founded in this state, and 9 academies incorporated. A portion of the public lands has been granted by Congress for the support of schools; but no provision for education has been made by the legislature of the state, except the passing of some laws relating to the lands granted by Congress.
XXV. DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
THE District of Columbia is a tract of country 10 miles square, situated on both sides of the Potomac, comprising two counties, Washington and Alexandria. It was ceded to the United States in 1790, and is under the immediate government of Congress. The city of Washington, which is included within this District, became the seat of the government of the United States in 1810; and it is the residence of the President and the other chief executive officers, of whom an account has been already given.
The Congress of the United States meets every year, at Washington, on the first Monday in December, unless it is otherwise provided by law, (see page 134); and the Supreme Court of the United States meets here, annually, on the second Monday in January (see pages 140 and 144).
JUDICIARY. The Circuit Court for the District of Columbia, is held at Washington on the first Monday in May and the third Monday in December; and at Alexandria on the second Monday in April and the fourth Monday in November; and the District Court, on the first Mondays in June and December.
William Cranch, Washington, - Judge.
- Salary. William Cranch, Washington, Chief Judge, $2,700 Bucknor Thurston, do. .Assistant Judge, 2,500 James S. Morsel, Georgetown, do. 2,500 Thomas Swan, - Washington, JAttorney, Fees. Tench Ringgold, do. JMarshal, do.
William Brent, - do. - Clerk, do.
Samuel Chase, Washington, Judge, - do. Christopher Neale, Alexandria, do. do. BANKs.
.*, The Bank of the United States has an office of Discount and Deposit at Washington; and besides this, there are 13 other banks in the District, at Washington, Georgetown, and Alexandria.
Columbian College, a seminary chiefly under the direction of the Baptist denomination, is situated near Washington; Georgetown College, a Roman Catholic institution, at Georgetown; and an Episcopal Theological Seminary in the vicinity of Alexandria.
* XXVI. FLORIDA.
FLORIDA was conquered by the Spaniards as early as 1639. In 1763, it was ceded to Great Britain, and divided into East and West Florida ; but in 1781, it was again recovered by Spain.
In 1821, it was ceded by Spain to the United States; and in 1822 both parts, East and West Florida, were formed into one government or province, under the name of The Territory of Florida.
Government. William P. Duvall, Governor, first appointed in 1822; reappointed in 1825 and 1828; salary - s - - $2,500 James D. Westcott, Jun., Secretary; salary - - 1,500 The Legislative Council consists of 16 members, and meets at Tallahassee on the first Monday in January.
Joseph L. Smith, Judge, for the Eastern District, $1,500 T. Randall, do. Middle do. 1,500 H. M. Brackenridge, do. Western do, 1,500 James Webb, do. Southern do. 1,500
Bank of Florida at Tallahassee; capital - - $600,000
258 Michigan Territory. ArtRANSA8 Territory.
XXVII. MICHIGAN TERRITORY.
DETRoit, the capital of Michigan, was settled by the French about the year 1670. In 1805, the country was erected by the Congress of the United States into a separate territorial government; in 1812, it was taken by the British under General Brock; and in 1813, it was recovered by the army of the United States under General Harrison.
Governors. William Hull, appointed 1805 | Lewis Cass, appointed 1814
Government. Lewis Cass, Governor; salary $2,000 William Woodbridge, Secretary; do. 1,000
The Legislative Council consists of 13 members, who are elected for two years.
Judges. William Woodbridge, Solomon Sibley, Henry Chapman, and James D. Doty. Salary of each $1,200. BANKs. Bank of Michigan, and Farmers’ and Mechanics' Bank, at Detroit.
XXVIII. ARKANSAS TERRITORY. THIs country was separated from the Territory [now State] of Missouri, in 1819, and erected into a separate government.
James Miller, appointed 1819 John Pope, appointed 1829 George Izard, do. 1825
Government. John Pope, Governor; salary $2,000 William Fulton, Secretary; do. 1,000
There is a Legislative Council consisting of five members; and a House of Representatives comprisng 23 members, who are elected biennially, on the first Monday in August; and they meet in the following October.
Judges. Benjamin Johnson, Thomas P. Eskridge, William Trimble, and J. W. Bates. Salary of each $1,200.
Gover Norts of THE SEVERAL STATES AND TERRITORIEs,
with the Commencement and Expiration of their respective Terms of
Office. Maine, Jonathan G. Hunton, Jan. 1830, Dec. 1830. New Hampshire, Matthew Harvey, June, 1830, June, 1831. Vermont, Samuel C. Crafts, Oct. 1830, Oct. 1831. Massachusetts, Levi Lincoln, May, 1830, May, 1831. Rhode Island, James Fenner, May, 1830, May, 1831. Connecticut, Gideon Tomlinson, May, 1830, May, 1831. New York, Enos T. Throop, Act. Gov. March, 1829, Dec. 1830. New Jersey, Peter D. Vroom, Oct. 1830, Oct. 1831. Pennsylvania, George Wolf, Dec. 1829, Dec. 1832. Delaware, David Hazzard, Jan. 1830, Jan. 1833. Maryland, Thomas King Carroll, Jan. 1830, Jan. 1831. Virginia, John Floyd, 1830, 1831. North Carolina, John Owen, Dec. 1829, Dec. 1830. South Carolina, Stephen D. Miller, " Dec. 1828, Dec. 1830. Georgia, George R. Gilmer, Nov. 1829, Nov. 1831. Alabama, Gabriel Moore, Nov. 1829, Nov. 1831. Mississippi, Gerard C. Brandon, Jan. 1830, Jan. 1832. Louisiana, Jacques Dupré, Act. Gov. Jan. 1830, Jan. 1831. Tennessee, William Carroll, Oct. 1829, Oct. 1831. Kentucky, Thomas Metcalfe, Sept. 1828, Sept. 1832. Ohio, Allen Trimble, Dec. 1828, Dec. 1830. Indiana, James B. Ray, - Dec. 1828, Dec. 1831. Illinois, Ninian Edwards, Dec. 1826, Dec. 1830. Missouri, John Miller, Nov. 1828, Nov. 1832. Florida, William P. Duvall, April, 1828, April, 1831. Michigan, Lewis Cass, Feb. 1829, Feb. 1832. Arkansas, John Pope, Feb. 1829, Feb. 1832.
With respect to those Governors who have been elected more than once, the commencement of the term for which they were last elected, is here given.
S. E. Smith has been chosen Governor of the state of Maine for the year commencing January 1, 1831; Mr. Reynolds has been chosen Governor of the state of Illinois for the term of four years, beginning January 1, 1831; General McArthur is supposed to be chosen Governor of the state of Ohio for two years, commencing in December, 1830; and E. T. Throop, of the state of New York, for two years, beginning January 1, 1831; and A. B. Roman has received a plurality of votes for Governor of the state of Louisiana for the term of four years, commencing January, 1831. 2.
The governors of the Territories are appointed by the President of the United States, with the consent of the Senate, for the term of three years.