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That death be not one stroke, as I suppos’d
813. -Aye me, that fear This must be the printer's blan&c.] This is somewhat like the der, though all editions patronfamous soliloquy of Hamlet, ize it. All languages agree, that act iii.
when singular and plural are so Aye, there's the rub, &c.
joined, the latter must govern. He
gave it therefore, Comes thund'ring back with
-both Death and I dreadful revolution
Are found eternal. On my defenceless head ;]
Bentley. The thought is fine as it is na- 816. and incorporate both,) tural. The sinner may invent Lodged both together in one never so many arguments in mortal body, as St. Paul says, favour of the annihilation and Rom. vii. 20. O wretched man utter extinction of the soul; that I am, who shall deliver me but after all his subterfuges and from the body of this death? evasions, the fear of a future Hume. state and the dread of everlast- 817. Nor I on my part single, ing punishment will still pursue in me all him: he may put it off for a Posterity stands cursd :] time, but it will return with And this curse was the patrimony dreadful revolution ; and let him which he was to leave his sons. affect what serenity and gaiety The author had in view 2 Esdr. he pleases, will notwithstanding vii. 48. O thou Adam, what hast in the midst of it all come thun- thou done? for though it was dering back on defenceless head. thou that sinned thou art not
815. -both Death and I fallen alone, but we all that come Am found eternal,]
Me now your curse! Ah, why should all mankind
825. But all corrupt,] For, in the other : and that much is as Job says, xiv. 4. Who can well thrown in, and raises the bring a clean thing out of an sense greatly; the burden is not unclean ?
only heavier than the earth to 834. So might the wrath.] So bear, it is heavier than all the is used in the sense of wishing, world, nay, it is much heavier. as in iii. 34.
840. Beyond all past example and
futúre,] As Adam is here speakSo were I equall'd with thein in ing in great agonies of mind,
he aggravates his own misery, 835. -heavier than the earth and concludes it to be greater to bear,
and worse than that of the fallen Than all the world much hea- angels or all future men, as havvier,]
ing in himself alone the source We quote this only that the of misery for all his posterity ; reader may observe the beauti- whereas both angels and men ful turn of the words, heavier had only their own to bear. the first in one line and the last Satan was only like him, as
To Satan only like both crime and doom.
Thus Adam to himself lamented loud
being the ringleader, and this Sat in their sad discourse, and va. added very much to bis remorse,
rious plaint, as we read in i. 605. The ac
Thence gather'd his own doom ; cent upon the word future is and the next morning, while thie indeed very uncommon, but it sun in Aries rose, ver. 329. he is the Latin accent, and there met Sin and Death in their way is a like instance in Fairfax's to earth; they discourse togeTasso, cant. xvii, st. 88.
ther, and it was after Sin and
Death were arrived in Paradise, But not by art or skill, of things that the Almighty made that
futúre Can the plain troth revealed be and speech from ver. 616, to ver. told.
641. and after that the angels
are ordered to make the changes 846. Through the still night,] in nature: so that this, we conWe can hardly suppose this to ceive, must be some other night be the night immediately after than that immediately after the the fall; for that night Satan fall. overheard Adam and Eve dis- 854. —why comes not death,– coursing together, ver. 341. But death comes not at call,]
Sophocles Philoctetes, 793. -return'd By night, and list’ning where the Ω Θανατι, θανατε, πως αει καλυμένος hapless pair
Ούτω κατ' ημας, ον δυνη μελιν σιτε;
Justice divine not hasten to be just ?
song Whom thus afflicted when sad Eve beheld,
859. her slowest pace] Pede had now gained the dominion pæna claudo. Hor. Od. iii. ij. 32. over him. The following pasThe most beautiful passages sage, wherein she is described commonly want the fewest as renewing her addresses to notes: and for the beauties of him, with the whole speech this passage, we are sure, the that follows it, have something reader must not only perceive in them exquisitely moving and them, but must really feel them, pathetic : if he has any feeling at all. Nothing in all the ancient tra
He added not, and from her turn'd;
but Eve &c. gedies is more moving and pathetic.
Adam's reconcilement to her is 860. O woods, fountains, worked up in the same spirit of
hillocs, dales, and bowers, tenderness. Eve afterwards proWith other echo late I taught poses to her husband, in the
blindness of her despair, that to To answer, and resound far prevent their guilt from descendother song.]
ing upon posterity they should Alluding to this part of Adam's resolve to live childless; or if morning hymn, v. 202.
that could not be done, they Witness if I be silent, morn or even,
should seek their own deaths by To hill, or valley, fountain or fresh violent methods. As those senshade
timents naturally engage the Made vocal by my song, and taught reader to regard the mother of his praise.
mankind with more than ordiThyer.
nary commiseration, they like863. Whom thus afflicted when wise contain a very fine moral. sad Eve beheld, &c.] The part The resolution of dying to end of Eve in this book is no less our miseries, does not show such passionate, and apt to sway the a degree of magnanimnity as a reader in her favour. She is resolution to bear them, and represented with great tender- submit to the dispensations of ness as approaching Adam, but Providence. Our author has is spurned from him with a therefore, with great delicacy, spirit of upbraiding and indig- represented Eve as entertaining nation, conformable to the na- this thought, and Adam as disture of man, whose passions approving it. Addison.
Desolate where she sat, approaching nigh,
Out of my sight, thou serpent; that name best
872. -lest that too heav'nly Milton himself explains this form, pretended
phrase, p. 809. Tol. Edit. - but To hellish
falsehood,snare them.] ecclesiastical is ever pretended to Pretended to signifies here, as in political. Thus Quintil. Pref. the Latin tongue, held or placed to l. i. Vultum et tristitiam et before : so we have in Virgil's dissentientem a cæteris habitum Georg. i. 270. segeti prætendere pessimis moribus prætendebant, sepem; and in Æn. vi. 60. pre- speaking of the false philosotentaque Syrtibus arva. So Pliny phers. Richardson. in his Epistles, lib. i. ep. 16. 883. And understood not] The says, nec desidiæ nostræ præten- construction is, I was fooled and damus alienam. Pearce.
beguiled by thee, and understood Prelended to, held before. So not &c.