Page images


habit of talking Latin I would have said et tu ator from Massachusetts [Mr. Wilson) has dition of the surrender of the rebellion? Not Brute; or have pronounced the last word as a been pleased to allude to resolutions adopted at all. I say that the man or the party who monosyllable. (Laughter.] If I remember | by the Legislature of Wisconsin in relation to stands up to say that that is a part of the creed aright there was a caucus of the Republican | myself. It is not my purpose to speak upon of the great Union party which put Mr. John. party, and that caucus decided to repeal the that subject to-day; but those resolutions are son in power speaks falsely. It is not true. I obnoxious fugitive slave law of 1850. As a of such a character that I shall ask the indul hurl back the charge. It is he who undertakes member of that caucus I adhered to its deter gence of the Senate on some proper occasion to to insert this new programme that is false to mination, as I believe I did in all cases where I speak on them and give my views at length. the party, false to the creed npon which it won I did not give notice that I would not. It came I shall not, therefore, dwell upon that subject || its victory. Whether it was urged from Enginto the Senate and it was characterized by a There is, however, one point which I || land, in the letter of Newman, whether it was most spicy and vigorous debate, in which our wish to mention before I take my seat-a point | urged by Wendell Phillips, of Massachusetts, present Presiding Officer, not the Senator now not stated by the honorable Senator from Penn whoever has urged this new idea, it has been in the chair, [Mr. ANTHONY,] but the Presi- || sylvania.

war upon the creed of the Republican Union dent pro tempore of the Senate, [Mr. Foster,] In the convention of 1864, upon the platform | party of 1864, upon which Mr. Johnson was took the side of the caucus, and the honorable of which Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Johnson were elected; and therefore those who undertake to Senator from Massachusetts who sits on the elected, the Union party assembled at Balti- | charge him with betraying the cause or the outer ring [Mr. SUMNER] took the other side. more declared solemnly in the face of the world creed of the party because he refused to assume The law of 1850 was repealed, but, without any the terms on which the rebels should submit, that great power in his hands to enforce negro cause and without any consultation with the and declared for an amendment to the Consti- suffrage upon the people of the South against members of the party, over-zealous gentlemen || tution of the United States which they would the will of the States, and who assert that he insisted upon repealing the old fugitive slave press; and because they stated the terms and is false to the great idea of the party, or false law which had the signature of Washington || stated the amendment to the Constitution upon to human freedom, make a charge that is utterly upon it, which had been made by the very which they would insist, and stated no other without foundation. The charge rests on those founders of the Government, and which had terms and no other amendment, the man or who make it. been hallowed by fifty-seven years of undisputed the party that stands up now to insist upon What has Mr. Johnson said abont the quesand indisputable operation in this country. additional terms or additional amendments is tion of suffrage in the southern States?He

Mr. SUMNER. The fugitive slave law | going beyond the platform of the Union party has said always just what Mr. Lincoln said: it “hallowed !!

which elected Mr. Johnson and Mr. Lincoln. is a question which belongs to the States; it Mr. COWAN. The fugitive slave law was Mr. President, I do not stand here to charge belongs to the States of the South, and it behallowed by fifty-seven years of undisputed | other men that they are false to the Union | longs to the States of the North. They are to sway in this country.

party or the creed of that great party which judge for themselves. If they choose to exMr. SUMNER. That is a confusion of gave us power; but I stand here to resist that I tend suffrage to the negroes, it is well; if they terms.

charge when it is brought against me, or brought refuse it, the responsibility is on them alone; Mr. COWAN. There is no confusion of against the Administration or the President. the Federal Government has not the constituterms when you stand upon the bargain ; but When it is averred by gentlemen on this floor || tional power to assume to enforce it. Sir, this it was a confusion of terins for the honorable that he proves false to his party, false to its | whole war upon the Administration, as well as Senator to take the oath at the desk to support | creed, false to its fundamental ideas, I hurl the war upon myself as a humble supporter' the Constitution of the United States, and then back the charge and say to those gentlemen, it of the policy of Mr. Lincoln, which was inherdeclare, as I understood that he did, that he is you who abandon the creed of the party and ited by Mr. Johnson on this very question, has was not to be bound by the fugitive slave clause. not the President. The first resolution of the grown out of the fact, and that alone, that so A gentleman making a bargain ought to stand Baltimore convention states that “it is the || far as I am concerned, in the State of Wisconupon it; and if he does not stand upon it, if | highest duty of every American citizen to main sin, in the convention of the Union party which he does not intend to stand upon it, he ought tain against all their enemies the integrity of laid down its principles last fall, I as a mem.. not to make it. That was the law. It was a the Union and the permanent authority of the ber of that convention and as chairman of the law that had not been complained of; nobody | Constitution and laws of the United States; committee on resolutions refused to adopt had complained of it. It was due to the bor and that laying aside all differences and politi- || what certain men, in my judgment carried der States, who were standing by us in the cal opinions, we pledge ourselves" to the away by their fanaticism, if not almost insane contest, to retain it. I voted against the re prosecution of the war upon this basis alone. on this subject, insisted that we should adopt, peal of that law; and the whip of the majority, || The Constitution, the integrity of the Union, a resolution declaring in favor of universal cracked sharply as it can be cracked upon that the supremacy of both, was our platform, and

negro suffrage at the South as a conditionsubject, had no terrors for me. I voted against we asked all men to vote for our candidates || precedent to the southern States being recog. the repeal of that law, and would vote against || and fight our battles to victory upon that basis. nized and their representatives admitted into the repeal of it to-morrow, because the repeal What terms did we say were to be given to the the Congress of the Union. was utterly and totally useless and unneces rebels? What does our platform say about the Sir, the Senator from Massachusetts wonders sary. It was done, perhaps, by way of saying | terms? In 1864, in the midst of this gigantic | why it is that God, in His inscrutable provi. to the South, “Now we've got you; see what war, and when we were pressing the rebels to dence, has suffered this great affliction to come we can do!" I would rather they had been the point of surrender, what did we say? What upon us, that Mr. Johnson should stand upon here when we did it

were the terms? That is the question. the same ground which was occupied by Mr. Now, Mr. President, I presume that will set *Resolved, That we approve the determination of Lincoln, refusing to exercise the power which tle this account so far. The honorable Sen the Government of the United States not to compro the Constitution gives to no department of the ator from Massachusetts [Mr. Wilson] has

miso with rebels, or to offer any terms of peace except
such as may be based upon an unconditional surren-

Government, to impose upon the States of the referred to my own State; he has referred to der of their hostility and a return to their just alle Sonth the conditions of suffrage. Why, he the action of a Republican convention there; giance to the Constitution and laws of the United

asks, has God, in His providence, suffered this he has referred to the action of the Legislature States, and that we call upon the Government to

great affliction to come upon us? Mr. Presiof that State. I suppose that he is correctly

the utmost possible vigor to the complete suppression dent, I do not deem it an afliction. That there informed of the action of those bodies; but I of the rebellion, in full reliance upon the self-sacriháve not been. I have not been officially infice, patriotism, heroic valor, and undying devotion

is a President occupying the presidential chair of the American people to their country and its free

this day who believes and maintains the rights formed of any such transactions as those to institutions."

which the Constitution reserves and defends in which he alludes. If the Legislature passed We declared what the erms should be to the the several States, that he is willing to defend any resolution reflecting on me, they never rebels-no compromise, but surrender to the the rights of the States, is in my judgment one gave me a copy of it. If the convention did Constitution and the laws; and we determined of the greatest blessings that God, in His provso, they did not give me a copy of it. I feel, to prosecute the rebellion' to the end on that || idence, ever vonchsafed to this country. however, that at some time or other I may be basis, and upon that alone. We went further, Sir, this country has been in great peril, obliged to say something in reply to those res and declared in reference to an amendment to peril of dissolution, a peril out of which we olutions, taking them merely from rumor. I the Constitution what we would demand and have escaped at last; but a peril equally as believe they made a request with which I have all that we demanded; and what was it? great is impending over it. What is that peril? not complied, and I suppose that there are " Resolved, That as slavery was the cause and now Not a separation of the territory which convery few members of the body who would com constitutes the strength of this rebellion, and as it stitutes the Union, but the wiping out of the ply with a request of that kind, drawn up very

must be always and everywhere hostile to the prin-
ciples of republican government, justice and tho

States, the destruction of the rights of the politely, that they should leave their seats and

national safety demand its utter and complete extir States, the trampling under foot of that which give them up to some other man who had a pation from the soil of the Republic; and that while is absolutely essential to the liberty of the citimajority of the Legislature all ready to elect

we uphold and maintain the acts and proclamations him. No doubt it would have been very comby which the Goveryment in its own defense has

I tell the Senator from Massachusetts aimed a death-blow at the gigantic evil, we are in

that there is, and there can be, no liberty for fortable to those who get up the request; but favor, furthermore, of such amendment to the Con the individual citizen unless you defend the I did not look at it in that light. I did not stitution, to be made by the people in conformity rights of the States. In defending the rights feel that my duty to my constituents obliged prohibit the existence of slavery within the limits of of the States you defend the liberty of the me to be so deferential to a packed Legislature || tho jurisdiction of the United States."

citizen, for there alone can it be defended. This as to yield to a request of that kind, and I trust That is the amendment we demanded; we Government cannot defend the rights of the to appeal from Philip drunk to Philip sober on did not demand any other. In the platform of individual citizen; it covers a whole country; that question.

1864 did we demand suffrage, unqualified and it is impossible in the nature of things that it Mr. DOOLITTLE. Mr. President, the Sen universal, to the negroes of the South as a con can defend the individual citizen all over the


[ocr errors]


country. He must be defended by domestic “I have personally known of cases of vagabonds withhold their consent from constitutional

from the North arrested by State laws for actual legislation, the municipal tribunals, the local

amendments. crimes, yet appealed to and received military prolaws, the independence and action of the juditection on the false plea of persecution because of

Mr. CONNESS. Mr. Presidentciary and the officers of his own State. northern sentiments! Because a landlord would not

Mr. DOOLITTLE. No; I do not propose Sir, as I read the providences of Almighty allow a black man to eat at his table with his white

to be interrupted now, as I am nearly through, guests, his hotel was closed by an officer." God that are transpiring before us in this great

and the Senator can then take his time. crisis, I look upward toward heaven and thank

But not to be toolengthy, I assure you, sir, that this

Mr. CONNESS. The Senator does not the Almighty Ruler of the universe that He terrific public ion that is driving the North to the understand me. do not wish to interrupt

support of the startling and dangerous centralization does permit now to occupy the presidential

him; I was about to ask him whether he deof power in Congress is based upon falsehood and mischair a man who from his convictions and by representation.

sired to finish to-night, and if not, I would all his education is determined to protect, pre

*As I expect to be judged by my Maker at the great move to proceed to the consideration of execserve, and defend the rights which belong to

day of final judgment, I stato to you solemnly that
from extensive travels in these States, from conversa-

utive business. the States under the Constitution. That is the tions with all classes and colors, and after listening

Mr. DOOLITTLE. It is too late to conway I read the teachings of Providence in this to hundreds, I believe before high Heaven that all sider executive business to-day, and I am will. great crisis.

these newspaper reports of hatred to and outrages
upon blacks by whites and of the molestations of

ing to come at once to the close of my speech Mr. President, I had occasion to remark

northern settlers are baseless, wicked fabrications, if we can come to a vote. If the Senate is ready and for it I have personally been criticised concocted and reported expressly to create this fear to vote I will sit down now. [“No, no."'] very much by some of the public press and ful public opinion which should sustain the change

Mr. CONNESS. My purpose was not to of the fundamental principles of the Constitution, other persons in my own State-that the

devised by our forefathers with a wisdom and fore interrupt the Senator at all. people of the northern States to a very great sight they themselves scarcely comprehend."

Mr. ‘DOOLITTLE. Mr. President, my extent were being imposed upon by false re Mr. President, the reports of General Grant, friends will find, when they come to deal with ports that are coming up from writers, corre the reports of General Sherman, the reports me on this question, that I am neither to be spondents of newspapers and others from the of General Steedman, the reports of those men driven from the doctrines of the Union party South; men some of whom are engaged in the who have been sent as agents, traveling through because they attack me and charge me with business of plunder, who desire this state of out the South in all its length and breadth, treason, nor am I to be driven from the docanarchy to continue, who fear that if the Gov- | speak in very much the same character of the trines and the platforms of that party because ernment is perfectly restored their occupa mass of the people of the South. There are the Democracy now resolve in favor of the tion, like Othello's, will be gone; men who are exceptions, it is true. There is anarchy in some same doctrines and the same platform. I am plundering in cotton and the other products of || places. Bad men, wicked men, drunken men neither frightened by the one nor by the other. the South. I made this statement and I be may engage here and there in riots and in op I have stood in the midst of rising and dislieve it to be true, and the remark which I pression, but the great mass of the people of solving parties. I have been at their birth and made in reading an extract from what was the South this day accept the terms which we at their funeral ; and these charges which are stated by a gentleman of the State of Alabama, laid down in the platform of 1864; that is, made here upon me of desertion of party arə who in his letter to me said that the state of unconditional surrender to the Constitution as the idle wind when I stand by the principles opinion and feeling at the South was being and laws of the United States. They have of the Constitution and those great principles caricatured at the North, drew from Colonel gone further, they have adopted the amend to which during my life I have been devoted; Tarbell of the State of New York, of the New ment to the Constitution of the United States and what I say of myself I can say with a York volunteers, a letter from which I will forever abolishing slavery, and putting it out great deal more force of him who is the subread a few extracts. I never read letters with of the power of any State to establish slavery ject of continual denunciation in both Houses out mentioning the name, for the reading of forever. They have done allthat we demanded of Congress. I refer to the President of the anonymous communications is a practice that in the platform of 1864. More than that, sir, United States; a man who acts from convicI never indulge in. I refer to it as evidence | under the advice of Mr. Johnson, as President, tion, in my judgment; with whom his belief of the fact which I stated. I say this state while they were reorganizing their governments, that a thing is right or a thing is wrong, that a ment which I made on a former occasion called they went further; they repudiated the rebel thing is constitutional or a thing is uncon. from him this letter :

debt by their constitutions. They accepted the stitutional, is like a religion. He will stand "DEAR SIR: Allow me to say that I have been in the situation, accepted it in good faith.

upon his belief, though you may take him to States of Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi sinco I undertake to say, therefore, Mr. President, the scaffold or the cross. That is the kind of December last; that I was a Whig and am a Repub that all this war which has been waged upon material that he is made of, and I thank God lican, and hence looked closely at southern society. I have no hesitation in denouncing the reports in

Mr. Johnson and his policy since the present for it. northern newspapers of outrages upon the blacks and Congress began its session has been a war Mr. President, the pending amendment is upon northern settlers as utter fabrications or mali without cause. He has stood upon the policy based upon the idea of an attack upon the cious exaggerations. I traveled by rail, by water, on horseback, on foot, in company and alone, by day of his predecessor on the points to which I President of the United States. It means that; and by night, totally unarmed except a pocket knife, have referred. He has stood upon the platform it means nothing else. It grows out of a fear was a 'Yankee and Black Republican. I met others

of 1864. I carry the war into Africa, and I say that the present Executive will exercise the who had traveled on horseback from Florida to Mis you are the men that are betraying your party same power which every Executive has exersissippi, who, like me, were Republicans, and I do and your creed in making these charges against cised from the beginning of the Government. assure you I would sooner travel throughout the

Mr. Johnson and his policy. South than the North, so far as personal safety is con

It is not founded on principle. It is founded cerned.

Mr. SUMNER. I wish the Senator would on a fear that is unfit, in my judgment, to con"To go from here to the South is like passing out carry Africa into the war.

trol the minds of statesmen in a great erisis. of the work of the week into the Sabbath; all is

Mr. DOOLITTLE. I do not precisely un. quiet, all are trying to work for a living, for all are

It is based upon the idea of attacking the Preson a level and compelled to work with their own derstand the force of that great witticism of my | ident, attacking his administration, of throwhands. Yankee land does not present a more active; friend from Massachusetts, but I presume it is ing around this Executive some kind of cords industrious scene than the whole South, nor could Yankees display more energy, ingenuity, recuperaall right.

or leashes that have never been thrown around tive power in starting on nothing.

Mr. SUMNER. The Senator says he wishes any others. That is the way it originates. It To say that the South is 'caricatured' in the North to carry the war into Africa. I merely wish is unjust toward the President. It is not wardoes not express it; she is slandered, vilified, wickedly, infamously belied. Were the South to come

that he would carry Africa into the war. ranted by anything that he has done, and it is North she would not recognize herself; if she did she

Mr. DOOLITTLE. Mr. President, I have]) what we ought not to enter upon or suffer would disown herself. Were the North to go South said nothing in relation to the resolutions of || ourselves to be drawn into. she would be astounded at the misrepresentations and falsehoods and with the cruelly unjust and er

Wisconsin to-slay. As I have stated, on some Mr. NYE. The question before the Senate, if roneous sentiments provailing here. The North is

occasion I purpose
take up those resolutions

my memory serves me, on an amendment to all wrong, not in its consistent anti-slavery senti to discuss them so far as they have bearings a bill making appropriations for the Post Office ments, but in its impressions of southern character. Thcnegroes are neither hated norill-treated.northern

upon me personally; and when the question Department. I think that a stranger, who had settlers are not molested; the South accepts the sit goes home to the people of Wisconsin, I shall not been present at the time the amendment uation in good faith."

look with confidence to their decision. I know was introduced and discussed, would be at a I will not read all this letter, but one or two that the convention of the Union party of Wis loss to determine what the question under conmore extracts. The writer


further: consin last fall unanimously resolved in favor | sideration was for the last two days. As was “There are just grounds of complaint against the

of the resolutions submitted by me in that con suggested by my friend from Oregon, [Mr. Freedmen's Bureau officers. Most of them are inter vention, one of which was that the doctrine that | Nesmith,] most of the gentlemen engaged in ested in plantations, and so many are corrupt and incompetent that the service, the Government, and

these States are out of the Union is absolutely the debate have got so far from the post office the North are scandalized by their conduct."

false and unfounded, and that there is not a that it will trouble them to get their mails.

sane man to be found North or South who will [Laughter.] "Let me go further, and assure you tbat the South advocate that doctrine. That was one of the As to the amendment

proposed by the Sen. cannot be forced into another outbreak. The south

resolutions of the Union party of Wisconsin. ator from Illinois, [Mr. TRUMBULL,] I have no ern people are loyal.".. 'You will also perhaps remember the report of

They are sustained, and sustained even by the particular anxiety, and certainly no fears. It the seizure of a boat laden with cotton on the Tom action of the reconstruction committee, for they is a question that I am ready to vote upon. I bigbec river, which was charged to the account of abandon this idea that they are States out of am in favor of the amendment, because I have guerrillas. Having been in the vicinity, I am enabled to state authoritatively that politics had nothing to

the Union, recognize them as States in the | always believed since I have been able to redo with the affair. The fact was that the party was

Union to which they propose to submit some flect upon the question that the power of a combination of northern and southern men to constitutional amendments for their ratifica absolute removal and appointment should be steal on a grand scale. It was simply the culmination of a grand system of cotton stealing in which

tion, recognizing them as States, organized as limited. I have no particular fears, and I menUnion officials had participated."

States, with the power of States to give or to tion this to quiet the nerves of my apparently


agitated friend from Wisconsin, that the pres President were to come in to-morrow, I sup taken by the Union party of this country. Who ent President would abuse this function. I do || pose the first speech we should hear after that did do it? The rebels. My friend undertakes not believe that the simple removal or appoint sad event would be one in defense of the in to show from the Baltimore platform that when ment of an officer gives much additional | coming or the in-come President.

they had complied with a certain condition strength to bim, but I know from sad expe Mr. "DOOLITTLE. Certainly, if he was which he read, the war should be over. Sir, rience that it brings a horde of additional || right and was attacked.

a platform is a kind of constitution for a party; weaknesses.

Mr. NYE. I do not need any indorser. it never goes into special enactments. I do I would not occupy a moment in this debate Mr. DOOLITTLE. And I should defend

not suppose that the Baltimore platform any after it has been so long protracted were it not the Senator from Nevada if he were unjustly more than the Chicago platform-if it is proper for the fact that I have been an ardent and attacked.

to use that expression now-attempted to setearnest supporter of the Union party of this Mr. NYE. Thank you for that. Sir, there tle the details and point out the manner in nation. I was born into the party that begot || is something the matter, or my friends from which this controversy should be settled. it, as early as the distinguished champion of Pennsylvania and from Wisconsin would not And right here, sir, let me say, that my all the Presidents, the Senator from Wisconsin. be so nervous. There is some parting of old | friend, in order to a successful defense of the I entered this list in 1848, and the Senator ties; there is something in the breeze that they || present Executive, deems it important over from Wisconsin was with me in that early || snuff; there is something in the signs of the || and over again in this body to show that he is struggle.

times that agitates them, for my oracular friend || treading in the footsteps of his illustrious predMr. DOOLITTLE. If the honorable Sen from Pennsylvania is never moved by usual

Once for all I wish to say that Mr. ator will allow me, I will state that I drew up in breezes. As his colleague said, he was elevated Lincoln had no policy upon the reconstruction the convention at Syracuse, New York, and above the breezes of the earth and shook the of these States based upon the condition of introduced the "corner-stone” on which the tag of some department here so high that the things when we mourned his untimely taking Free-soil organization of 1818 was founded. winds did not affect it. [Laughter.] Then, | off. He had tried the Louisiana policy of one

Mr. NYE. It is quite likely that the Senator sir, it becomes us to inquire what is the matter. tenth of loyal men, and the result demonstrated drew it, as he is the author of most good things, I have heard it rumored that the President was that the policy of allowing one out of ten to in his own judgment. Whoever drew it, or not acting in consonance with Congress. I govern a State was a fallacy. He was honest whoever introduced it, I believed it then and presume that same rumor has reached the ears at the time in attempting to gather in from this have ever since. As the Senator has drawn of his two distinguished champions here, or wild waste of States some one that was loyal me into this point, he will pardon me for say. they would not be so ready in his defense. If and would come back. The effort was laudaing that there was a period when he slipped a that be true, what is the reason ? What has ble and commendable, but it failed. Beyond little off the

corner-stone,” in the State of Congress done? Over and over again I have | that, I assert, from the nature of things, that Wisconsin, and was elected by the Democratic heard it reiterated—and my distinguished col Mr. Lincoln had no policy. The shouts of party a judge in that State.

league chimed in beautifully the other day with rejoicing had not yet died away; this nation Mr. DOOLITTLE. I desire to say to the that—that Congress had done nothing. Then was literally intoxicated with joy over the surgentleman that the Democratic party in the the sin of Congress is the sin of omission, not render of the wicked foe; and while we were State of Wisconsin had adopted that corner of commission.

in the midst of this rejoicing, even his selfstone resolution as a part of its creed.

Now, I wish to ask my distinguished friend poised mind was incapable of framing and had Mr. NYE. Quite likely, and it has not from Wisconsin a question. Did he expect, not time to frame a policy upon the condition adhered to it much longer than the gentleman | when this country was turned upside down, when of things at the period of that surrender. did. When I read that, knowing he was the it was upheaved in every part, that it would Sir, it I had any fault to find with the Presiauthor of the corner-stone, I asked myself the be quieted and settled by the word either of dent, whom the Senator has so ably defended, question that was asked Peter when the Saviour | Congress or the President? When it has been it would be this: that having started out to came from the garden and found him off guard, tossed on the stormy billows of a tempestuous

establish what he called in his message an whether he could not watch with me one hour. sea for four years, and when the storm that experiment, it has now become a settled pol

Mr. DOOLITTLE. I have watched almost woke those billows had been gathering for | icy, and whoever differs from that policy is twenty years for this, and fought for the vic- || thirty, years or more, did my distinguished alien from him and from the Union party. I tory, too.

friend, who boasts so much of his faith, ever have never come to the conclusion that all of Mr. NYE. I understand perfectly well the believe he could step forth upon those troubled the head or heart of the Union party was in history and origin of the Union party, and its waters and with a word speak peace and quiet

I have never had an aspiration to faithful servants. I say I should not have been to an upheaved continent? If his faith leads | imagine how I would feel if I were President; drawn into this discussion now were it not for him up to that point, mine never has so led but it seems to me that if I were, I should come the sensitiveness that I feel in regard to the I have expected that long months and here to this Chamber and to the other end of honor of that party. Sir, since the formation | perhaps long years would be necessary to heal the Capitol, or send for them to come to me, of parties in this country there has been no and cicatrize the wounds that this wicked re the selected representatives of a great party, party, and there never will be another, that bellion imposed upon us; and whoever has and see what it was best to do under the dirhas crowned itself with as unfading glory as dreamed that “my policy'' or yours was to cumstances. I can pick twenty men in this the Union party of this nation. I admire all calm the troubled waters in a day has dreamed circle who are not inferior in intelligence or of its adherents, and the Senate will bear me of a thing as possible as for the Senator less earnest or honest in their convictions than witness that in the heat of all this debate I from Wisconsin to speak a world into exist the President of the United States. I can point have not uttered one word prejudicial to the

out twenty men in this circle who have kept integrity, honor, or loyalty of the distinguished Peace, said the distinguished Senator, is their fingers upon every position of the Union gentleman of whom my friend from Wiscon what the country wants and demands. Sir, | party from the time it was born until it was sin appears to be the special guardian. I am peace, with all her beauties, was what we had victorious-men that have watched it and its going to watch, and while I watch I shall not when this wicked storm was evoked by spirits | interests while the present Chief Magistrate of forget to pray that he never may be guilty of as devilish as they who heated the furnace this nation was denouncing its organization. I that unpardonable error, that one unpardon seven times hot through which Meshach, Sha make no war with him on that subject. I thank able sin of bringing a wound or a stain upon drach, and Abed-nego passed. They lighted the God that if he is born again, it was not to the character of that party that has elevated lurid torch of war. Were the Republicans to oppose but to share in its glories; but above him to the proudest position on earth. I am || blame for that? My distinguished friend says, all men on this earth, he should be the last to going to watch, not without anxiety, to see and no doubt truly, that he had the honor of tarnish its luster or weaken its power. I do who brings the first wound upon this party | making the first speech for the congressional not say that he is going to do it, but there are that has saved the nation, and has given to the amendment, though I have searched the Globe a few suspicious circumstances. world a lively demonstration of the word that | carefully and cannot find it; the index does My friend from Delaware, (Mr. SAULSBURY] my distinguished friend from Pennsylvania said not give it; but I ask him, had he any part in -and I know he will pardon me for alluding he had been looking for, liberty,

evoking this war? No. Had the Republican to him-but a few months ago was hurling all Having forgotten the principle he had for or Union party any part in it? No. They manner of anathemas at Mr. Lincoln, and in gotten also the name, [laughter,] and I was walked steadily forward in the pathway of doing so he honestly conceived that he was glad that he read an anti-slavery paper to find constitutional right and elected a President in right. What has put a new song in his mouth the word that he had been so long looking for, || accordance with the provisions of the Consti when your President and mine is pursuing liberty. To him it was lost. I advise him to tution. I had labored with my friend from | exactly Lincoln's policy? The moment that I consult more the anti-slavery papers to refresh 1848 to produce that result, and often have I make rebels feel good with any political action his memory upon the principles on which he heard his eloquent notes and when I say they | of mine-and I have no reference to my friend was sent to this Senate.

were out in their full force anybody who was from Delaware-I shall think that I have done Mr. President, it seems to be the especial not within hearing it was not worth while to something wrong. charge of the Senator from Wisconsin to defend summon, for he was not within the jurisdiction Sir, the day has not arrived when the chief the President. One year ago last February I of the court [laughter]–loud, sonorons, long, executive officer of this nation constitutes the came into this august hody, and the first speech || showing the wicked iniquity of the slave nation. I read in my younger days, with some I listened to was a speech from my distinguished | holders, predicting with prophetic

certainty satisfaction,

that that the Congress of the Unifriend defending Nr. Lincoln; the last one I precisely what would occur, that in the end ted States was the breathing, vital, living power have listened to is defending Mr. Johnson; and if they would not listen to the charmer it of this nation, that spoke laws into existence if the angel of death should spread his wings would result in bloody war.

and blotted them out; that it was a selection as over the White House to-night and another Sir, that war has come, by no aid, by no part well chosen in other States as in Wisconsin,

one man.



where their ablest men were selected to come Mr. NYE. Yes,

sir, I do.

things now. I assert that none others have here--for what? To do as the President tells Mr. DOOLITTLE. Rebels, as a matter of attempted to form a State government except you, so help you God? No, sir; I never took course, are those who have adhered to this the men who come within this description, who, any such oath, and do not intend to do so; but rebellion against the Government of the United the President says, should not share in it. to come here and frame such laws as the inter States.

That being the case, what does he mean when ests of the hour demand.

Mr. NYE. I thank the Senator for his he talks to us about passing laws here for States Now, suppose this question before it had been definition. Then they are all rebels. That is that are without representation when they are agitated here at all had been put to the plain, just what I was going to assert, and it will have taxed? Does the Senator mean that in order simple people who sent us here, and the ques å double force indorsed as it now is. They to impose taxation upon these rebels they must tion had been asked of them, where is the being rebels, give me the evidence of their necessarily have rebel representatives here? power that is to rebuild these waste places and repentance. What is that evidence? Not a

Who ever heard of a criminal sitting on his own heal these breaches that have been made? In paper comes from the South, and not one of these

jury? These men have been engaged with the their simplicity they would have answered, | pilgrims here who are seeking to get the evi strong hand of arms in tearing down this tem** The power lies in the law-making authority, dence in their pockets to enable them to enroll ple of freedom and of liberty, and who ever in the Congress of the United States.” They || their names upon the muster-roll of American heard of rebels being consulted about the way have no more respect for a President's policy | infamy, but is as loud-mouthed as the Senator the temple should be built up that they had than they have for the Senator from Wiscon- | from Wisconsin in denouncing the action of attempted to destroy? Sir, the whole thing is sin's policy-both ardent, both devoted, both Congress. They do not return as the prodigal || in such confusion that I can see through it. I faithful. The Senator has declared his policy. son returned, and say to this nation, "I have agree with the President that none of these His people reject it. All I ever want, in order | sinned against thee and in thy sight, and am no men should be here; but who come here? to find out what the judgment of the people is more worthy to be called thy son ; let me be Mr. CONNESS. Worse than that; who upon any question, is to get a dozen men to as one of thy servants." They come up here send them here? gether in a neighborhood and talk to them, and in the same spirit that they left. They demand Mr. NYE. Who come here? I am somethey will tell you what the judgment of the that the doors of the Senate of the United | thing of a Yankee myself, and you judge the whole community is. There were more than States shall be thrown open to them, and the package by the sample article outside ; and as a hundred men congregated in the Legislature seats newly cushioned, as a reward for their a sample of one of these reconstructed States of Wisconsin, and their deliberate judgment is, | infamy, their treachery, and their indescrib comes this lean, lank, cadaverous Cassius-lookby a resolution that they passed, that the Sen able cruelty.

ing Stephens, [laughter,] who has got treason ator does not represent the wishes of the people Sir, I am not to be driven from the honest in every lineament of his face, and never laughs. of that State. If that be true of the Senator | discharge of my duty here by an appeal to any Who sent him? Loyal men, do you think? Was from Wisconsin, it is certainly true as it regards inan's policy. My people commissioned me to he, the second in command of this most wicked the policy of the President of the United States, come here to guard against a repetition of this | rebellion, sent here by loyal men? Sir, for their policy is identical. Be it true or false, wieked rebellion, and though the moon may

"Can such things be, I think there is a propriety in consulting this twelve times fill her horn before it can be done, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, body in regard to this great question. yet faithfully will I sit here and guard the very

Without our special wonder?" Sir, there is scarcely a man within this circle || portals of the temple against the admission of O consistency, what a jewel! Alexander H. but wears the outward badge of mourning for men who only await another opportunity, by Stephens as a sample article for loyalty! He victims immolated upon the altar of this ac adopting another set of tactics, to hurl this believes, as he swears now, in that mother and cursed rebellion; and the signs of outward woe temple of liberty and freedom down. Sir, it is | parent of secession, the doctrine that my friend are but a faint representation of the more inde little more than a year since Lee's army sur has become the distinguished champion ofscribable and heartfelt sorrow within. It seems rendered. If I had been going to adopt a policy, State rights. I had hoped that that ghost had to me that the signs of the times and the exi- || I would have hung some rebels first before I disappeared with the rebellion. Heswears that gencies demand that no man should rear a granted one pardon. Would not you? [To Mr. he believed, and his people believed, and believe policy not subject to amendment, not subject to DOOLITTLE.] Upon that point, and to show ex now, in the right of the States to secede; and consultation with others, and make it like the actly what the now President of the United States yet the distinguished Senator from Wisconsin bed of Procrustes, of a certain length and cer- | thought of the Baltimore platform and its duties, comes here and tells us that they accept the tain width, upon which all must lie, or fall under I desire to read an extract from the speech that issue, and reads a letter from Tarbell, whom I the ban of executive power. I do not know he made at Nashville accepting that nomina have known longer than he has, from Smithhow others may feel, but I should not dare to tion. After the eulogy that the distinguished || field, Chenango county, and whose judgment go back to my mountain people and tell them Senator passed upon the talent and honesty of is not worth as much as the Senator's. Tarbell I had been mute here when I saw such an the President, I trust he will not undertake to against Stephens ! Tarbell must go down, of attempt made.

say now that the President did not understand course, for Stephens is the honored representSir, neither the Senator from Wisconsin, nor that platform as well as he does. He said: ative of a loyal State ! the Senator from Pennsylvania, nor any man "And let me say that now is the time to secure these But again, sir, treason is odious and must with brains, has a right to complain of the tar fundamental principles while the land is rent with

be punished. Will the Senator from Wiscondiness of Congress. Rebellion in its worst and

anarchy and upheaves with the throes of a mighty
revolution. While society is in this disordered stato

sin tell me how he proposes to punish it? most aggravated form has shaken the very pil and we are seeking security, let us fix the foundation Mr. DOOLITTLE. I will, if the Senator lars of vur institutions to their base. I tell the of the Government on principles of eternal justice will allow me to answer. Senator from Wisconsin now, and he will find which will endure for all time."

Mr. NYE. Certainly. it to be the truth, that the frosts of ten more I join the distinguished President in that

Mr. DOOLITTLE. Sir, six months ago

I winters will gather upon his brow ere this chasm sentiment; and that is the labor of this Con

introduced a bill, which I had hoped long ere is healed and perfected and closed. gress, to fix these principles upon a basis of

this would have been a law, providing for the back the States. Certainly we will. When? eternal justice that shall abide for all time.

obtaining of juries in criminal cases in United Just as soon as it is safe to take them back.- | Does the distinguished Senator from Wiscon

States courts, which was referred to the ComDoes the Senator from Wisconsin, the advosin mean to assert here that the principles of

mittee on the Judiciary, and has been reported cate of the policy of the lamented Lincoln,

eternal justice would be subserved by per: by them, but has not been acted upon-a bill mean to tell us that his policy was to take back mitting the men whose hands are red with

which provides that when jurors are summoned unwashed, red-handed rebels into the power

the destruction of this Government to come. || by the courts they shall not be declared incomof this Government? He shakes his head. He back here to legislate?

petent by reason of opinions formed upon hisdare not say it.

Mr. DOOLITTLE. Certainly not. I have Mr. DOOLITTLE. I will say to the honsaid a hundred times over that only loyal men

tory or newspaper reports. I will state to the

Senator another thing on that point. The orable Senator that neither Mr. Lincoln nor should be admitted,

Supreme Court holds that a civilian or a man Mr. Johnson

Mr. NYE. I am very happy to hear that

not in the Army cannot be tried by a military Mr. NYE. Do not be too fast. I would the Senator agrees with me, and if he will

commission. have excused you if you said no.

I will come

keep agreeing with me I will get him right Mr. HOWARD. I do not understand the right along to Mr. Johnson in a moment. after awhile.

decision to go so far. Mr. DOOLITTLE. I desire to say in rela

Mr. DOOLITTLE. I will say to my hon Mr. DOOLITTLE. The decision goes to tion to that point, if the Senator does not wish orable friend that as far as Mr. Johnson has

just that length. We have got to try them in to misrepresent me, as the charge has been spoken, to my knowledge, he has never inti

court and by a jury; and so far as the Presimade again and again that I am for the admis- | mated that one of these rebels should be ad

dent is concerned, the published documents sion of rebels, that it is not so. All I claim is mitted here. The charge is unfounded.

which we have seen show that he has made that the loyal representatives from these States

Mr. NYE. I am happy, then, to agree with an effort to have a court held where Davis shall be admitted.

the President of the United States and his dis conld be tried for treason. Mr. NYE. Sir, who are rebels? tinguished indorser. Hearken a little further.

Mr. NYE. That answers the question; and Mr. DOOLITTLE. I say the men who come Again he says:

the bill that the Senator introduced was in fact here who are loyal, who can take the oath "But in calling a convention to restore the State,

supplemental to aid in their being acquitted if prescribed by law, should be admitted.

who shall restore and reestablish it? Shall the man Mr. NYE. Will the Senator from Wisconwho gave his influence and his means to destroy the

they were tried. I read that bill with soine Government? Is he to participate in the great work

Will you go down to Virginia and find sin answer me one question: who are rebels? of reorganization?"

twelve men who did not sympathize with this Mr. DOOLITTLE. If the Senator desires Right there I want to call the attention of rebellion, and who would take the oath and an answer I will give it.

the Senator from Wisconsin to the attitude of say they were not prejudiced by these news

6. Take


paper opinions? Not at all. Their minds are from central New York, to ask him to pardon Mr. FESSENDEN. The Senator from made up that no crime has been committed. a man who had served out a part of his time Nevada. has not closed, I understand. Sir, somebody has been at fault; treason has for passing two fifty-cent counterfeit currency Mr. SHERMAN. But I desire to know not been made odious; or we must acknowl- 1 pieces. He was not pardoned when I left

. whether the Senate wish to continue this edge the infirmity of our Constitution and laws Whether he will be or not I do not know. But debate. to punish treason. There is not a hamlet in where is the justice of that Government, where Several Senators. It is half past five o'clock. the State of the Senator but what demands that slumbers its sense of justice, that would incar Mr. SHERMAN. I kuow it is time to adtreason shall be made odious.

cerate a poor man for passing one dollar's worth journ, but I wish to know whether the Senate But, sir, the delay in passing the bill of the of its coin that is comuterfeit, and sets these men desire to continue this debate. Senator from Wisconsin has about done away whose skirts drip with loyal blood at large ? The PRESIDING OFFICER,(Mr. POMEROY with the necessity for its application, because Away with such an administration of justice! in the chair.) The Senator from Massachusetts they are almost all pardoned, and those who It is an outrage upon the sacred name of justice. moves that the Senate do now adjourn. are not are being pardoned every day. The Sir; treason has not been made odious, nor Mr. SHERMAN. As I see my friends are men who have saved their twenty thousand will it be. Is treason made odious when right in favor of continuing this debate, I shall not dollars out of the general wreck, and given the under the very guns of our Ariny, in a captured persist in opposition. balance of their fortune to tear down this city, the city of Mobile, toasts are drunk to the The motion was agreed to; and the Senate Republic are, as we learn from every day's pirate Semmes-let it not be said that I call adjourned. report, and in every newspaper, receiving him a hard name; it is the name designated by executive pardons. The clerk told me the the law; the name written in heaven and on

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. other day there were three hundred thousand earth-and the President of the United States applications for pardons, and if you take three in the same sentence or at the same sitting?

WEDNESDAY, May 9, 1866. hundred thousand of these twenty thousand There is not a traitor on the face of the earth The House met at twelve o'clock m. Prayer dollar men that are left, you need not trouble but would court such odium as that.

by Professor B. N. MARTIN, of New York. yourselves much about the balance.

But let me call the attention of the Senate The Journal of yesterday was read and Mr. DOOLITTLE. I will ask the Senator to another thing. In this city to-day walk men

approved. how many, in his judgment, ought to be tried who have trod the fiery furnace of affliction as

GRADE OF VICE ADMIRAL. and executed.

Union men from 1861 until the rebels laid down Mr. NYE. I shall be entirely satisfied, under their arms at Richmond. They are starving, | morning I asked the unanimous consent of the

Mr. RICE, of Massachusetts. Yesterday the present circunistances, if you try one. begging for employment, while men who were

House to introduce a bill to amend an act to Mr. DOOLITTLE. Then let us pass that | baptized early into this rebellion and who have bill, so that we can have a jury, and no diili

establish the grade of vice admiral in the Unibeen engaged in it throughout are holding of culty in trying a man in any State. fices of power and emolument in this country,

ted States Navy. Mr. NYE. Does the Senator from Wisconsin We are told that Union men cannot be found

The object of the bill is to give to Vice Admean to stand here and say that it needs the to fill them. Let me tell the Senator from Wis.

miral Farragut a secretary. I wish to say now passage of a bill or any new law to convict a consin and those who say that, I can find you

to the House that this eminent and conspicurebel that has declared himself one in this coun one hundred thousand maimed soldiers of ihis

ous officer of the Navy has no assistance whattry-an ex post facto law, that the gentleman or Republic who will go there and fill those oflices

ever in the discharge of his duties. The law his coadjutor bas talked so wisely about to-day? with honor to themselves and fidelity to the

allows him no staff, and all the burdens inci. Mr. DOOLITTLE. Ifthe Senator will allow Government. Why look for jewels in a toad's

dent to his position are cast upon him individ

ually. And although still in the vigor of health, me on that point, this bill is simply in relation head? Why look for men fit to hold offices to the qualitication of jurors; it is not an ex post among those who are yet reeking in the very

his eye-sight has become very much impaired facto law, and not liable to any objection of smoke of the rebellion, and whose only regret

by the service through which he has passed,

and as his correspondence devolves entirely that sort.

is that they failed in the attempt? That is not Mr. NYE. And I repeat, it is a bill to aid making treason odious. That kind of odium

upon himself, it is absolutely necessary that he

should have this assistance. I am certain that in their acquittal.

breaks down the amenities of society and makes Mr. DOOLITTLE. That is not true. Union men seek shelter in the caves and the

no gentleman will object to it. The gentleman Mr. NYE. I say in its effect. I do not say

from Illinois [Mr. Ross] objected to the bill recesses of the mountains. you intend it, by any means.

My distinguished friend from Wisconsin has | yesterday under a misapprehension of its objoet,

and he has consented to withdraw his objecMr. DOOLITTLE. It has no such effect, pointed forward to the day when he shall meet

tion. I ask unanimous consent to introduce either. If the Senate and House of Represent his people in judgment on this question, boast

the bill. atives will pass it, there will be an opportunity ing in his own strength. Let me tell the Sento see whether a man can be tried. ator that there is a more potent power than the

No objection was made, and the bill was Mr. NYE. There is where the Senator from

received and read a first and second time. human voice, a more pungent teacher than Wisconsinstump speakers; and it is the irresistible and

The bill proposes to allow Vice Admiral Mr. DOOLITTLE. These charges resistless power of truth. It finds a lodgment and allowances of a lieutenant of the Navy,

Farragut a secretary with the rank and sea pay Mr. NYE. I believe I have the floor. in every hamlet, around every hearth-stone, and Mr. DOOLITTLE. I do not wish to inter

The bill was ordered to be engrossed and in every heart. Let no man hereafter presume rupt the Senator, but this conversation seems to trifle with the just demands of the American

read a third time; and being engrossed, it was

accordingly read the third time and passed. to be going around.

people. They bring judgment to the question. Mr. FESSENDEN. I call the Senator to

Mr. RICE, of Massachusetts, moved to reThey are hewing their way through the diffi

consider the vote by which the bill was passed; order. culties that surround us, and the men who do

and also moved that the motion to reconsider Mr. NYE. I have a right to say that in my not hew with them, they will hew down. judgment that bill, if it should pass, while I Sir, we have been educated in the deepest

be laid upon the table. charge no such intention upon its author, would and bloodiest calamity. Every hearth-stone

The latter motion was agreed to. be a bill that ought to be entitled "A bill sup: has a tongue, more eloquent than senatorial plemental to aid in the acquittal of traitors." tongue, that tells a story of the outrages and Mr. WILSON, of Iowa, by unanimous conI assert a thing that cannot be gainsaid. There the wrongs of this rebellion. Everywhere the sent, from the Committee on the Judiciary, has not been any efficient effort to make trea. || people cry out against the “deep damnation reported a bill to repeal section twenty-three son odious. Has there? Where is C, C. Clay of the taking off" of the immortal Lincoln. of chapter seventy-nine of the act of the third to-day-a man who was charged, and it was Everywhere they demand that their servants session of the Thirty-Seventh Congress relatreported upon proof ample to hold him, as a shall step to the music of the necessity of the ing to passports; which was read a first and particeps criminis in the assassination of Lin hour. He that falls back will be a straggler second time. coln-a name that I need only mention when and lost. Sir, the party is not behind; the Mr. WILSON, of Iowa. In relation to this an army of associations cluster around him that Union party is going to meet it; it is the party subject I have received the following note from I cannot describe. Where is Clay? Paroled; that is in the advance.

the Secretary of State: which means discharged. Where is Davis ? My distinguished friend from Delaware the

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Pro formát, in prison ; visited by the officers of other day said he rejoiced the time had come

WASHINGTON, April 25, 1866. this Government; with family associations all when the Democratic party could hang out their Sir: I beg leave to call your attention to an act third clustering around him; and let me inform the banners upon the outer wall. That is what session Thirty-Seventh Congress, chapter seventySenator from Wisconsin, he, too, will be paroled

You hang them out, and the people

nine, approved March 3, 1803, relative to the granting

of passports to any class of persons liable to military before he is tried. Where is the attempt at the look for the old stars and stripes and do not duty in the United States." As it was strictly a war fulfillment of that guarantee that treason should see them. They see too many stars and bars. measure, and the cause for which it was enacted has be made odious ?

ceased to exist, I would suggest that it be repealed. Keep your banners in if you want to win, for

I am, sir, your obedient servant,
Mr. President, I do not want blood;

I am a
the moment you hang them out upon the outer

WILLIAM H. SEWARD, man of peace; and I believe I have as much wall, it is an advertisement to the world that Hon. Jagies F. Wilson, Chairman Judiciary Comof the welling up of humanity in me as the dis there is danger of the devil's return to rule.

mittec, House of Representatives. tinguished Senator from Wisconsin. I never [Laughter.] Keep your banners in.

The section which it is proposed to repeal is saw a man in trouble but I sympathized with Mr. SUMNER. If the Senator will give

as follows: him. But, sir, above all these sympathies here way, I move that the Senate do now adjourn.

"SEC. 23. And be it further enacted, That so much of is reared a standard of eternal justice. I called Mr. SHERMAN. Upon that I should like

the act approved the 18th of August, 1856, entitled,

An act to regulate the diplomatic and consular upon the President this morning, with a friend to have a division of the Senate.

system of the United States,' as prohibits the grant39Th Cong. Ist Sess. —No. 157.


ails you.

« PreviousContinue »