Page images

cising the functions of judge advocate and receiving
pay therefor, from the United States to the amount
of $3,000 while receiving his compensation as a mem-
ber of Congress was a violation of the letter or spirit,
or both, of article one, section two, of the Constitu-
tion, I leave others to decide.

As to the animus of Mr. Conkling's calumnious
assault upon me, it is true (notwithstanding his
assertion that he had no personal quarrels with me)
that the differences between him and myself arose
altogether from my unwillingness to gratify him in
certain matters in which he had a strong personal
interest. It is true, also, that he was foiled in his
efforts to obtain undue concessions from my bureau,
and to discrcdit me in the eyes of my superiors.

There have been three main issues between Mr.
Conkling and myself.

The first arose in consequence of the removal of
Captain Richardson, (the first provost marshal of
Mr. Conkling's district,) upon a report of Judge Advo-
cate Turner, that the proofs in his case disclosed a
reckless persistence in fraudulent practices. Mr.
Conkling complained of my action both to the Pres-
ident and War Department, but failed to procure any
modification of my course.

The second issue was as to the restoring of Captain Crandall, (the second provost marshal of the district,) after I had secured his removal from duty on the recommendation of Major Ludington, who thoroughly inspected the district and reported that though not legally guilty he had morally perpetrated a most glaring and inexcusable fraud on the

Government he was sworn to serve, and that he had quieted his conscience by casuistry and regulated his actions by the counsel of unscrupulous legal advisers. Mr. Conkling failed to get Captain Crandall restored, and the officer selected by me continued in charge of the business until the office was closed.

The third issue was as to the Government's employing counsel to defend Captain Crandall after he had been relieved and had carried with him, in violation of the orders of the Department, some twenty thousand dollars, local bounty deposited with him in behalf of recruits, and in regard to which he got into litigation. In this Mr. Conkling failed. Counsel has not, to my knowledge, been authorized, nor have any lawyers been paid by the Governinent in that suit.

In support of his denial of differences with me which
influenced bis action Mr. Conkling states the fact
that we had butone personalinterview. That is true,
but it proves the reverse of what Mr. Conkling asserts,
for it was of such a nature as to render other inter-
views very objectionable. I was called to Mr. Dana's
office to have a verbal discussion with Mr. Conkling
on the questions at issue, but I had by this time
learned too much of this gentleman to transact bus-
iness with him in that way, and I declined to do so.
We had, directly and indirectly,much correspondence,
and generally of an unpleasant character, and I pre-
sumo under such circumstances it will be granted that
men's personal relations will be bad although they
may have had but one personal interview,

Notwithstanding Mr. Conkling's denial in the
House, his own letters as well as the foregoing state-
ments show that there were differences and that he
was "worsted.” On the 25th of October, 1865, he wrote
the Secretary of War, saying:
is now many months since I have been able to obtain
any response from the Department touching the in-
terests of the Government in this District. Still I
venture one more trial," &c.

Mr. Conkling asserts and presents it as an offense
or crime on my part that Major Haddock was my
crony, confidant, &c., and that I justified him (Had-
dock) down to the time when his sentence was pub-
lished and afterward.

These assertions are not true. Major Haddock was never my confidant or crony. Prior to his entry into the Veteran Reserve corps I bad never heard of him. He was appointed to that corps by a special order from the Secretary of War, without any knowledge or action on my part. He served under General Oakes, in Illinois, by whom he was highly recominended to me.

He then served for a short time in a subordinate position in a branch of my office, without my becoming intimate with him, personally or officially. He has never made a social or personal call on moin his life. He was highly recommended by the officer under wbom he served in my office, and was selected for a temporary provost marsbalship in Pennsylvania, where he rendered efficient service, without his integrity or capacity being questioned. After serving for a short time with fidelity, so far as I know, as acting provost marshal at Buffalo, he was selected as acting assistant provost marshal general, at Elmira, for the reason, and that only, that I thought be was upright and suited to the position. In that position I befriended and sustained him until I had proper ovidence of his being unworthy, and not a day longer; but on this point I required better testiinony than Hon. Roscoe Conkling. I received a letter dated as late as March 29, 1863, from Hon. Hamilton Ward, member of Congress of the district in which Major Haddoek was stationed, claiming to be familiar with Haddock's course and the motives of the persons operating against him, "and protesting against his removal;' but notwithstanding this, as soon as the official report against him was received, on the 1st of April, I had him relieved and his conduct put under investigation. He had not then been four months on duty as acting assistant provost marshal general.

After his trial and dismissal Major Haddock came to Washington to get a revocation or modification of his

sentence. He pointed out to me instances of unfairness in his trial, but I declined to do anything in aid of his object, as I thought he deserved punishment, not for all the crimes with which Mr. Conkling charged him, but for the offenses of which he was really guilty. I even refused to give him a letter as to his behavior prior to his being accused, because

I know that such a letter, though perhaps not wrong The general management of my business has in itself, would be used to accomplish a purpose received the approval of all dispassionate parties which I did not approve, namely, his pardon.

who have had an opportunity to judge of it, including Major Haddock went on duty at Elmira as acting the late President and that superior officer to whom assistant provost marshal general, December 9, 1864. I have been directly responsible, whose vigor and

An inspection made at my request the latter part whose capacity and opportunity to judge are beyond of March, 1865, elicited the

first information which I dispute; and it will not be forgotten that complaints received suitable for proceeding against him.

and accusations have

been spread with great indusI received the report on the 1st of April, and on try before the high officials last referred to. the same day I submitted it to the Secretary of War, I have been at all times amenable to the severest with the recommendation that Major Haddock be form of law-the military code-liable at any moment relieved from duty as acting assistant provost mar to summary arrest, court-martia!, and extreme punshal general of western New York, and that his ishment in case of any dereliction of official duty. conduct be further investigated, which was approved No one knew or knows this fact better than Mr. by the Secretary of War, and Major Haddock was Conkling, and if, while acting as judge advocate, promptly relieved.

under the extraordinary inquisitorial powers beThe prosecution of Major Haddock was on April stowed upon him by his friend Mr. Dana, he came 3, 1865, made the special business of Mr. Conkling and into the possession of any fact impugning or imthe Judge Advocate General of the Army, as shown by peaching my integrity as a public officer, he was a letter from Mr. Charles A. Dana, Assistant Secre guilty of grave public wrong and unfaithfulness if tary of War. But whenever I had an opportunity, he did not instantly file formal charges against me and so far as I had power, I urged forward the trial with the Secretary of War. He can, therefore, only of Major Haddock. I was told by Mr. Dana, early escape the charge of deliberate and malignant falsc. in April, that Mr. Conkling would prepare charges, hood as a member of Congress by confessing an unbut hearing nothing definite in regard to them I, on pardonable breach of duty as judge advocate. Ho the 22d of April, 1865, wrote to Mr. Conkling asking held both offices and took pay for both at the same when he would be ready to proceed with the trial, to time; he has certainly been false to honor in one, and which I received a reply saying that he had for perhaps, as the sequel may show, in both. warded the charges to the Secretary of War. This Copies of official documents substantiating stateletter I at once (May 1st) referred to the Judge Advo ments herein made are subjoined. cate General, with the request that the trial might I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient

servant, take place as soon as possible. The court was ordered

JAMES B. FRY, to convene on the 17th of May, 1865. Notwithstand

Provost Marshal General. ing Mr. Conkling was directed to get his instructions HoR. JAMES G. BLAINE, from General Holt, he frequently applied to me. On House of Representatives, Washington, D.C. the 15th of May I referred a letter from him of the 13th with the following indorsement: “Respectfully

Mr. BLAINE. I do not ask the accom. referred to the Judge Advocate General, with the panying documents shall be read. I only ask request that he will answer Mr. Conkling's inquiries

that the letter and documents be printed. by telegraph to-day, as the court meets day after tomorrow. Mr. Conkling, is judge advocato of the

Mr. ROSS. I move that ten thousand extra court, and I recommend that all proper authority copies be printed. and facilities be granted to him at once.” When the

The SPEAKER. That motion will be reorganization of the court was delayed by the absence of members I secured at once the detail of other ferred to the Committee on Printing. officers, and notified Mr. Conkling by telegraph. Mr. CONKLING. I ask that everything be There are other facts bearing on this point, but the foregoing are, I think, sufficient to show my desire

read. I enjoy it very much.
to have Major Haddock tried.

The Clerk read as follows:
Mr. Conkling, in his speech, insinuates dishonesty,

WAR DEPARTMENT, saying this bureau should "allow the War Depart

WASHINGTON CITY, April 3, 1865. ment and the country to know precisely what has becomcofthe twenty-five million and odd dollars which,

SIR: I am instructed by the Secretary of War to under the act of March 3, 1863, went to its credit. authorize you to investigate all cases of fraud in the My official report, now partly in the hands of the provost marshal's department of the western diviso Public Printer, shows in detail the disposition of

ion of New York, and all misdemeanors connected every dollar of this money, and shows, moreover, a

with recruiting, You will from time to time mako completeness and accuracy in accounts that is not report to this Department of the progress of your surpassed, if it is equaled, by any bureau under the

labors, and will apply for any special authority for Government, and I hold a certificate from the Second which you may have occasion. The Judge Advocate Comptrollor of the Teasury that all my accounts

General will be instructed

to issue to you an appointrelating to this fund have been examined and found

ment as special judge advocate, for the prosecution correct. Mr. Conkling speaks of this bureau allow of any cases that may be brought to trial before a ing the War Department to know, &c., as if they military tribunal. You will also appear in behalf were separate branches of the Government. My of this Department in any cases that it may be deemed bureau is a subordinate branch of the War Depart more expediunt to bring before the civil tribunals. ment, and I wish here to point out clearly the fact Very respectfully, your obedient servant, that my business has been conducted under the con

C. A. DANA, stant supervision and direction of the Secretary of

Assistant Secretary of War.
War, and those authorized to act in his name. It

Hon. Roscoe CONKLING.
ought not to be necessary for me to remind either
Mr. Conkling or the “people" that Mr. Stanton has

WAR DEPARTMENT, never been unwilling to make examinations into the

WASHINGTON City, April 3, 1865. conduct of his subordinates, nor slow to act upon the Hon. Roscoe Conkling having been appointed by result of them. This of itself is a sufficient reply to the Secretary of War, to investigate transactions Mr. Conkling's abuse of me, especially as it a fact connected with recruiting in the western division of that every request, complaint, or accusation of any New York, all telegraph companies and operators importance made by him to or affecting this bureau, are respectfully requested to afford him access to any has been laid before the Secretary of War, and passed | dispatches which he may require for the purpose of upon by him. It is true that the result has in nearly detecting frauds and bringing criminals to trial. every instance been unfavorable to Mr. Conkling; By order of the Secretary of War: and assuming that these were the differences or

C. A. DANA, quarrels which were referred to in the debate as those

Assistant Secretary of lar. in which Mr. Conkling came out "second best," he asserted what was not true when he denied them.

WAR DEPARTMENT, Mr. Conkling says that he may hereafter inform

WASHINGTON CITY, April 3, 1865. Congress what number of all the men who received

Hon. Roscoe Conkling having been appointed by bounty reached the front, intimating that the pro the Sccretary of War to investigate transactions portion was small. I, for one, should be glad to obtain that information. The duty of sending men to

connected with recruiting in the western division of the front rested with the Adjutant General of the

New York, all provost marshals and other military

officers are hereby directed to give bim frco access to Army and not with mo.

all their official records and correspondence, and to He also hints that he may hereafter make a dam

furnish him certified

copies of any papers that he may aging exposé of the operations of my bureau. Whatever he may adduce in this connection he will prob

roquire. ably not be able to disprove that it raised more than

By order of the Secretary of War:

C. A. DANA, a million men for the Army, which, when hostilities ceased, consisted, notwithstanding all the losses, of

Assistant Secretary of War, one million five hundred and sixteen men; that it

WAR DEPARTMENT, arrested and returned to the service over seventy-six

WASHINGTON CITY, December 21, 1864. thousand deserters, and that it raised by its own operations, in conformity to law, over twenty-six

GENERAL: I have the honor to return to you the million dollars, which sum has been properly dis papers in the case of Captain Richardson, provost posed of.

marshal twenty-first district New York, and respectThat there were frauds in my branch of the ser fully recommend that said Ricbardson be at once vice I admit, but that they prevailed to a greater

arrested and held in custody for trial by court-mardegree in it than in others, or that earnest and zeal tial. The proofs in this case disclose a reckless per: ous efforts were not made by me to pursue, correct,

sistency in fraudulent practices that not only demand and punish them, no man dare have the hardibood bis arrest and trial, but also a complete renovation in to assert.

the office of said district. And I will here state that the fraud or loss in Gov am, General, very respectfully, your obedient ernient funds under my bureau, including both that servant,

L. C. TURNER, punished and that unpunished, has been compara

Judge Advocate. tively small.

Brigadier General JAMES B. FRY,
The frauds and malpractices which did occur were

Provost Marshal General.
almost entirely in connection with local bounties,
which could not be controlled by the United States,

WASHINGTON, D. C., March 31, 1865. and which corrupted some of the officers of this bu Sir: In obedience to paragraph seventy-eight, reau, but more of the people at large, including super

Special Orders No. 130, Adjutant General's Office, curvisors, agents, &c., selected by the people to disburse rent series, and to your verbal instructions, I made an the funds which they so lavishly bestowed.

inspection of the board of enrollment for the twenty


. It

[ocr errors]

first district, Stato of New York, and have the honor Men of undoubted character charge him with being out doubt, "bounty jumpers," and should not have to report as follows:

insolent and abusive in discharging his duties, and been mustered by any intelligent mustering officer. The proininent men of that district, the supervisors grossly immoral; that he is in collusion with bounty Very respectfully, your obedient servant, of its various towns and people, generally united in brokers, and prostitutes his official position to per

N. G. AXTELL, a determination to fill its quota under last call with sonal ends. For proof of these charges I refer, at

Colonel 192d Regiment New York Volunteers. out seuding citizens of the district. To this end a Utica, to the postmaster and llon. R. Conkling, at bounty of $725 was provided for every recruit, and Elmira, to the mayor, J. I. Nix, Postmaster D. F.

Lieutenant Colonel F. Townsend, cach supervisor was authorized to procure inen. If Pickering, Provost Marshal J.S. Wright, Colonel B.

Superintendent Recruiting Service. recruits could be had for less than the above-men F. Tracy, commanding post; Captain Eugene Divin, tioned sum, the difference accrued to the supervisor: and Peter A. La France; also to Colonel L. C. Baker.

WAR DEPARTMENT, The board of supervisors thus became a board of

PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL'S BUREAU, bounty brokers. Contracts were made with a noto

WASHINGTON, D. C., November 6, 1865. rious bounty broker, Auron Richardson, for a supply

Very respectfully submitted,

SIR: The instructions of this bureau required pro

E.'H. LUDINGTON, of men.

vost marshals to turn over to the nearest disbursing This machinery for filling the quota being properly

Major, Assistant Inspector General.

officer all funds which came into their hands. The constructed with great consideration for the district, Brevet Brigadier General J. A. HARDIE,

bureau having been informed that P. B. Crandall, and regardless of the rights of the Government, there

Inspector General United States Army. then provost marshal of the Utica district, New York, was found only one difficulty in its practical opera Respectfully referred to the Provost Marshal bad in his possession a large amount of money and tion.


bonds, and that he had not turned over the same or An order from the acting assistant provost marshal

Inspector General.

reported the fact to this office, he was ordered on the general of the western division of Newpork required a deposit with ollicers of the United States of tivo

WAR DEPARTMENT, April 1, 1865.

4th of March, 1865, to turn over the money, which ho

refused to do. eighths of the bounty paid recruits. This was objec

On the 10th of the same month the order was retionable to the class of men furnished by the super

WAR DEPARTMENT, peated, and again disobeyed, ho stating as a reason visors and Contractor Richardson, who very greatly

PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL'S BUREAU, that he had been advised by counsel of high standing preferred taking care of their own funds; and thero

WASHINGTOX, D, C., April 1, 1865. that he would be held personally responsible for tho fore recruiting did not progress rapidly. Some in Respectfully submitted to the honorable Secretary

money. genious men of the district devised a cunning scheme of War:

On the following day the order was repeated, and to obviate this difficulty. Each recruit was instructed 1. I recommend that Major J. A. Haddock be re again disobeyed with the statement that Ward Hunt, to say to the provost marshal that he desired no local lieved from duty as acting assistant provost marshal

Esq., his counsel, advised him that he could not safely bounty; that he went from better motives, and that

general of western division of New York, and that comply with the order. Government provided as large bounty as he cared to his conduct be further investigated, and that Major

On the 30th of March he was again ordered by teleaccept.

S. B. Hayman, United States Army, be detailed for graph from this office to turn over the money at once, The prorost marshaladmired the disinterestedness that post. Major Hayman is on duty in Indiana and and on the 1st day of April following, he answered of the recruit and mustered him in. Men were now can be spared for the purpose.

by telegraph that he would immediately comply. obtained rapidly. Bounty jumpers came to Utica by 2. That the appointments of the members of the It subsequently appeared that instead of turning car-loads, and, to use their own slang, the enrolling board of enrollment in the twenty-first district of over the whole amount. $33,995 10, which he had preboard of the twenty-first district became "a perfect New York bo revoked. JAMES B. FRY, viously stated was in his possession, he had only walk.” These facts are notorious throughout the

Provost Marshal General. turned over $8,095. western division of New York, and are amply proven by papers referred to me from Provost Marshal Gen

Presented to Secretary of War April 1, 1865, and

On the 6th day of April his attention was called to

that fact. eral's Ollice and herewith returned.

approved by him.


To this a reply, dated April 13, was received on the

Provost Marshal General During the administration of Captain Crandall,

21st day of April, in which I was informed that the provost marshal twenty-first district, from 21th Jan

bondo in question (320,000) had been seized by a writ uary to 14th March, 1865, the records of his offico


of replevin at the suit of Richardson, and in which show that there were enlisted forty-one men who

ELMIRA, New York, February 20, 1865. letter Captain Crandall stated as follows: refused all bounty, two hundred and sixty-nine who

MAJOR: The twenty-first district, New York, is

"I respectfully request the Government to tako accepted fifty dollars, thirty-five who accepted from one hundred to two hundred dollars, and one hunevading General Order 305. Men from that district

charge of the suit and relieve me from responsibility bring with them to general rendezvous from twenty

in regard to it. In the event, however, that no charge dred and twenty-three who received more than three hundred dollars. to twenty-two dollars each. The supervisors have

is taken of it by the Government, I have placed it In all, four hundred and sixty-eight were mustered

taken sonno action with a view to crade the order. under the direction of Messrs. Hunt, Waterman & in by Captain Crandall, of whom Major Hartdock, The district is filling its quota with bounty jumpers.

Hunt, who will appear as my attorneys in the case. Fifteen deserters from Auburn in one squad.

On the 9th day of March, 1805, Captain Crandall acting assistant provost marshal general, western division New York, roports that fitty-five per cent.

This is giving to this district an undue advantago

was suspended from office, and on the 31st of May, over the other districts. There is now a rush of

1865, his services as provost marshal were discondeserted before starting to the field. Had Captain bounty jumpers for Utica. Major Haddock, acting

tinued. Crandall retained in his hands five cighths of the bounty received by the two hundred and fifty desertassistant provost marshal general, declares himself

No further information on the subject of the

$20,000 in county bonds was received from Captain ers, tl would have accrue

powerless to correct this evil. I inclose telegrams
to th Government
from him to provost marshal at Utica, wbich show

Crandall until the letter dated September 15, a copy $109,000. The amount paid over by him was very his views of the subject. General Order No. 305 is

of wbich is transmitted by llon. Roscoe Conkling. small, but I was unable to ascertain it exactly. worthless and should be revoked unless the recruits

I have nerer approved of Captain Crandall's courso Upon the 13th March the corolling board of this district was suspended and Major Beadle, third regiare required to bring their money to general rendez

in relation to turning in these moneys, nor of the inment Veteran Reserve corps, relieved Captain Cranvous. "Unless this is stopped at once other districts

tercourse between him and Aaron Richardson, the dall. Major Beadlo states tbat be found the affairs will be compelled, in seli-defense, to resort to the

bounty broker, by which he, Crandall, came in posof the oflice in confusion. His statement is appended, same dodge, and one of the best orders ever issued

session of $20,000 county bonds, now under discusbecome a nullity.

sion. Having, however, taken these bonds, Captain marked "Exhibit A." Captain Crandall ådmitted that he had in posses

I suggest that commanding officers of rendezvous

Crandall was ordered to turn them over to a desig. şion $20,753 belonging to recruits and bounty brokers, be instructed to refuse to receipt for any recruit and

pated disbursing officer of the Government, which but refused to turn it over for reasons given in his substituto from this district unless he brings with him

he refused to do. This refusal resulted in his sushis local bounty or the amount paid him for becom

pension from duty, a correspondence, and a renewal communication to Provost Marshal General, dated 11th March, 1865, herewith returned. ing a substitute..

of the orders to turn in the money, in answer to It is proper to state, in relation to tho violation of I am, Major, very respectfully, your obedient ser

which renewed orders the fact appeared that during vant,


the correspondence and delay occasioned by Captain Major Haddock's order to retain five cigliths of recruits' bounty, that in the first seventeen cases,

Colonel 1271h U. S. C. T., Commanding Rendezvous.

Crandall's disobedience, the money was taken out of

his hands by a writ of replevin at the suit of Aaron Captain Crandall explained why he did it, and Major || Major H. CLAY Woon,

Richardson, the bounty broker. It will be observed liaddock was satisfied with the explanation. Upon Assistant Adjutant General, Washington, D. C. that in his first report of April 13 on tho subject, this Captain Crandall based his subsequent action.

Captain Crandallasks the Government to take charge Thecorrespondencois annexed, marked "Exhibit B." Aside from this transparent scheme to defraud the


of the suit and relieve him from the responsibility in Government by filling the quota of their district with

AUBURN, NEW York, March 4, 1865.

regard to it, but says "in the event, however, that

no charge is taken of it by the Government, I havo credits instead of men, there is nothing objectionablo Sir: I have the honor to lay before you the follow placed it under the direction of Messrs. Ilunt, Waterin the otlicial conduct of the board. Some cominu ing items in regard to the provost marshal's office at man & Hunt, who will appear as my counsel." nications upon silo in the Provost Marshal General's Utica. I learned from two apparently reputable When I received this letter, I did not think, and Oflice allege that the surgeon passed unfit men. But men from Utica that the business at that office is con do not now, that the Government was called upon to I am disposed to regard these cases as incident to ducted in the following manner: the supervisors of believe him from the responsibility in this matter, haste and overwork, and not as showing criminality the county met and resolved to pay a county bounty and as he contemplated and had provided for the upon the surgeon's part.

of $600; they met again and resolved to add $125 to contingency of the Government not assuining the The character of the surgeon (Bahcock) has been the $600, making $725 local bounty to be paid bythe suit, and had employed counsel, and placed it under above reproach, as also that of Captain Crandall. county; they thien resolved themselves into a recruit their direction, no action from this office was necesCommissioner Munroe has not enjoyed so fully the ing committco to furnish the quota of the county; sary, and I therefore took none. confidence of his fellow-citizens.

they get the men at as low a figure as they can and In his letter of September 15, renewing the subject, I do not regard the conduct of the board as legally charge the county the full amount of $725. The pro he says, “Unless the Department, therefore, gives guilty, but morally they have perpetrated a most vost inarshal and the examining surgeon seem to be instructions to the attorney for the defense, Hunt, glaring and inexcusable fraud upon the Government but the creatures of these supervisors. Men rotten Waterman & Hunt, Utica, New York, and assume they were sworn to serve. They quicted their con with venereal disease, totally unfit for any duty, aro the responsibility of tho suit, the defenso will be sciences by casuistry, and regulated their actions by passed by the surgeon and sent here for duty. One abandoned by me, and Mr. Richardson will beallowed the counsel of unscrupulous legal advisers. Misled old man, just discharged for disability, having tho to take a judgment for the recovery of his bonds and by sophistry, by an undue desire to servo well their piles badly, before he got to his home was grabbed || to obtain the possession of the same.' friends, and by constant pressure from cowardly by these Utica harpies, put through by the officials, I did not then, and do not now, consider that the neizhbors dreading a draft, they did this great wrong with, as he alleges, but $190, somebody pocketing the threat to abandon the suit, contained in this quotato their country, disgraced themselves, and brought balance, and sent here. IIe is utterly worthless as a tion, called for any action from this office. Mr. Cranupon their district a wide-spread reputation for ras soldier. Nine tenths of the recruits sent here from dall saw fit as a Government officer to receive these cality.

that office are the most worthless set of scoundrels bonds from a bounty broker; he refused to obey tho I respectfully recommend that every member of you ever put your eyes upon.

orders of this bureau as to the disposition of them, the board of enrollinent for the twenty-first district I am, very respectfully, your obelient servant, and permitted them to pass out of his hands, and of New York he dignissed the service, and that the

JAMES L. LOTT, becoine the subject of a civil suit; ho assumed the moncy in possession of Captain Crandall be scized. First Lieutenant 19th V. R. C., Commanding Camp. suit and employed counsel to conduct it, tho samo And because of the disgraceful prejudice existing Major JOHN A. HADDOCK, Acting Assistant Provost

counsel, it may be remarked, under whose advice he among the demoralized people of that district against

Marshal General, Western Division New York.

had refused to obey the orders of this bureau to turn filling their quota with decent men, thus preventing

in the funds. He now (assuming that the within letusic of their own citizens from doing his ruty to his

HEADQUARTERS country as well as his county, that an officer of tho

ter speaks for him) again asks tho Government to Army be detailed as provost marshal of that district.


assume the suit, that is, pay the lawyer's bills, Mr.

Crandall having employed the lawyers and placed I have the honor to report further, that incident to

ALBANY, February 4, 1865.

the case under their direction. I do not advise this the inspection of the twenty-first district facts in COLONEL: I have the honor most respectfully to course; on the contrary, I recommend that the responrelation to the aduinistration of Major Jolin A.llad protest against tho reception of recruits for the ono sibility which Mr. Crandall assumed in tbis matter dock, acting assistant provost inarshal general for hundred and ninety-second regiment New York vol. rest with him. Ishondopts the course proposed in his western division of New York, were educed which unteers wbo arc mastered by the provost marshal at letter of September 15, to abandon the suit and let led ine to the conviction that he is unfit for the posi Utica. The men who have been received at the Vet Richardson have the bonds, it will not, I presume, tion he holds.

eran Reserse corps barracks from that city are, with invalidate the right to proceed against him for the


amount if the Government has any good claim to it. who have fattened upon the necessities and formed a very useful part at a very important I do not deem the insinuation made in the letter of

needs of their country. I knew the resources Mr. Conkling, that an opportunity is sought to affront

juncture. or punish the Union people of his district, worthy

and the desperation of the men who have That, Mr. Speaker, was my connection with of denial or cominent.

made wealth out of the public woe. I under that transaction, and that was all of it; and I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

stood perfectly that I must be prepared for all upon this, an officer at the head of a bureau JAMES B. FRY, Provost Darshal General.

comers of this description, and it was to this has dared to send here a letter on pretense of Hon. Edwix M. STANTON, Secretary of War.

that I referred in the avowal of my readiness defending himself, containing a groundless libel

to maintain my allegations of wrong in the deliberately written to stab the reputation of a Before the Clerk had concluded the reading

Provost Marshal Bureau at all times and places. | Representative in retaliation for discharging his of the above documents,

I will not say “elsewhere," for fear of unset duty here. Mr. BINGHAM asked whether the further

tling the nerves of some who hear me; but avoid I do not mean to be led into much zeal over reading of the documents could not be dis

ing the expression “elsewhere," which is so the matter; but it is a bad plan for a man pensed with.

dreadful, I say that I did not forget nor did I unjustly accused to resort to this sort of counMr. CONKLING. I do not wonder at the

desire to avoid the responsibility of being asked ter assault. suggestion of the gentleman from Ohio, but

to make good by proof the accusations I made; Again, this writer states that I was appointed, the gentleman will see there is a good deal of

of course I expected, by dispatches to news if I understand it aright, without the knowl. this is personal me, and whatever there is of

papers instigated by General Fry and his satel- edge or assent of the Secretary of War, but by that sort I want to hear. I do not want to

fites, by every mode, secret and open, of influ the Assistant Secretary, Mr. Dana, judge adburden the House. Mr. SMITH. I suppose the entire matter

encing the public judgment, and diverting vocate for a certain purpose. Let me state

attention from the objects of accusation, to be briefly that transaction. During the period read there is official, and consists of communications between that Department and the

vilified; and I hoped to be permitted, if not referred to, or before, detectives were sent by

invited, to point out to some authority compe the War Department into the State of New gentleman from New York, with which he is familiar. It can be printed.

tent to receive and act upon it the evidence on York, to endeavor to ferret out, if possible,

which I relied. That opportunity will be af and put a stop to frauds in recruiting. These Mr. CONKLING. I will not trespass upon forded if a committee shall be raised; and now detectives, it seems, had been directed by the the attention of the House to have it read. It I wish to call attention to three or four things | authorities to apply to me, among others, for is all new to me, and gentlemen will appreci contained in the letter of General Fry, and I | advice and information as to persons in variate my desire in having it read. will not go further on this occasion.

ous localities whose statements could be relied The SPEAKER. The reading will soon be It is stated by this officer, as the House on. They came, several of them, and repeatfinished.

has heard, that upon a certain occasion I tele- || edly, to me. They came in the night as well The paper was then read through.

graphed to the Secretary of War in the lan as in the day, and communicated to me various Mr. CONKLING. I appreciate the indiffer guage of the communication, as I caught it, fragments and bits of evidence which they colence with which the House must listen to an in order to make a case for myself;" that is, lected, showing rather the extent of the evil, issue such as this, in its design on one side so to procure my own professional employment. and the difficulty of getting at the bottom of it personal and individual in its character; and It was said that my dispatch was to the effect than anything else. at this hour of the day I shall not presume so that the provost marshal of my district wanted Weeks elapsed, and very little information

upon the good nature or the sense of jus advice. Let me state that transaction, all of was gathered, or, as they expressed it, although tice of my fellow-members as to ask them for it being matter of record in the War Depart. || they could get moral evidence enough, they any great length of time to hear an expla ment, so that it can be unmistakably verified could get no legal evidence. At length I promnation or a statement the main object of which or challenged.

ised that when I should be relieved of engagemust seem to be to repel a purely personal An alleged deserter was arrested by the pro. ments in the courts which were then pressing, attack. I can, however, assure the House vost marshal of my district without the process I would investigate, as far as I could, various with the utmost sincerity that for everything in of any court.

A writ of habeas corpus was things which they and I suspected. I did so; this most extraordinary communication savor sued out of the supreme court of the State of and I sent to the War Department such inforing of imputation upon me I am consoled, ay, New York. Acting upon a decision which mation as I gathered, and some very pregnant doubly consoled, by the fact that I shall become had been made years before in a western case, disclosures which were made. Having done the humble instrument of initiating an inves and an opinion, or rather a charge, given a this, acting as a citizen, I supposed my contigation much needed and good for the people grand jury by Mr. Justice Nelson, of the Su nection with it was to cease. But afterwardof the whole country, wholesome and cleans. preme Court of the United States, the officer || I cannot state the date precisely; it was in ing to the future.

made a return, in substance, that although no April, a year ago--I received in the city of Before I sit down, Mr. Speaker, I shall yield process of law had been issued for the arrest, Syracuse, fifty-three miles from my home, while to some gentleman to move, and I know the he, as a military officer of the United States, I was there professionally engaged, an urgent House will order it, a committee to investigate held his . a subject which has now ceased to be individual date of the writ. An attachment was issued

to As and become public, a subject which concerns and we were on the point of collision between could release myself I took the cars, and, riding the rights and interests not only of that great the civil and the military authorities. I tel- || night and day, reached here in ignorance of procession of mourners and cripples which war egraphed the Secretary of War nothing ex the purpose for which I was summoned. Ar. has left in our land, not only of the tax-payers cept the facts, and my recommendation that he riving here in the morning, I went to the War of the country, but also to those in every walk should direct the officer what to do. There Department, and there had an interview with an avenue of life, because all have a deep was need of this. It was in 1863; a time in Mr. Stanton, the Secretary of War. He exinterest in preserving the purity of the Gov. the State of New York when my colleagues plained his sending for me, and stated to me ernment in all its departments.

well remember that it would only have been certain facts, and I stated to him other facts Of course, Mr. Speaker, I shall have no part necessary that a collision should have occurred relative to the subject of frauds and maladin that committee. I shall not move it, as it between the civil authority of the State and ministration; and he proposed that, as counsel would not be proper for me to move it, but a the military authority of the nation upon the for the Government, I should investigate and committec will, I trust, be appointed to bring issue of the habeas corpus and the effect would prosecute, until the enormities discovered fairly to the public knowledge some of the mat have been like drawing a match in a magazine should be ferreted out and the guilty conters whereof I shall briefly speak. of powder.

victed. I at first declined, for reasons conNow, sir, asking the indulgence of the House The Secretary of War telegraphed that the nected with my other professional engagefor a space, I wish to take up some of the provost marshal must hold his prisoner at all ments, knowing that preparatory to leaving matters in this communication of General Fry events. I do not now profess to give the pre home for the present session of Congress I as I was able to note them in the reading, cise language, but it was that he must hold him should need all my time and strength in my which point directly, and which are intended and stand by his position, and the dispatch ordinary business. to point injuriously to me.

requested me to appear as his counsel, to take In my place, I suggested to the Secretary a Dr. Speaker, I did not file in the War Depart an appeal, and to argue the question between | gentleman, whose name I need not mention ment long ago information in reference to wide the military authorities of the United States here, but it is one of the best and purest names spread frauds in recruiting in the State of New and the judicial authority of New York. in the State of New York, a gentleman of very Yorkin which extensive combinations of active I did appear; I did argue the case, and high standing at the bar, and whom I hoped men were banded together in office and out; although that is neither here nor there, the might be able to give the matter his attention, I did not act as counsel for the Government decision was reversed, and reversed by one of and I advised that to him rather than to me the in unearthing and breaking up these combina the purest patriots and one of the most hon retainer should be given. The answer of the tions and exposing the actors; I did not de ored judges that ever graced New York's bench, || Secretary was in effect, no, I know you, and I vote upward of four months of patient labor and the decision stands as a monument of want you to do this, believing you will do it in an attempt to arrest the cnormous robberies | learning raised at a most critical and disordered with activity and vigor, or some like remark of and wrongs which prevailed in the State of time.

confidence. I took some little time to consider New York, nor did I make an assault upon this An appeal was taken to the court in banc. it, debating with myself. Upon reflection, I bureau here, without counting the cost and And there again I was requested by the Secre. assented, and the Secretary himself directed in knowing the consequences.

tary of War, and I think the Attorney General person and in my presence to be drawn up and I was prepared for all the calumnies and upon the application of the district attorney presented to me a retainer which I believe has all the responsibility that he must take who of the United States, to act as counsel, and I did been read among these papers. That, sir, was strikes at the thieves, marauders, and miscreants so. The decision was not reversed, and it per- || the origin of that engagement, and of that trans

action. Yet, the author of the remarkable pro to eipher out whether I was a member of Con. Mr. CONKLING. I am not asked to yield. duction on the table ventures to insinuate, it' he gress at the time or not. I suppose the gen. The Chair will see that all this interruption is does not state, that I sought this employment, tleman put his question all in the way of good in defiance of the proprieties of debate. I have and obtained it

, not from the Secretary of War, | nature ; and I give my explanation to him in no objection to the member from Maine being but from Mr. Dana, and that without the authorthe same way.

heard, however, at any length he pleases. ity or assent, and I think without the knowledge, I should be sorry to suppose that the mem Mr. BLAINE. I rise to a point of order. of the Secretary. I went to my home, disre ber from Illinois, or any other meraber of this The SPEAKER. The gentleman will state garding and neglecting, as some persons who || House-indeed, I should be sorry as an Ameri his point of order. now hear me know, professional employments can to suppose that the standard of intelligence Mr. BLAINE. My point of order is that the vastly more profitable to me, and devoted more anywhere in the country is so low, that any | gentleman from New York has no right to insert

than four months ot'most untiring, faithful labor || human being, unless it be that distinguished in the Globe what is not read either by him· to this investigation. I threw up numerous mathematician and warrior, Provost Marshal self or by the Clerk. I object to bis doing so

other retainers and gave undivided attention to General Fry, believes that there is the slightest The SPEAKER. The gentleman has the this. I gave to it an effort which, although || impropriety in a man who is a member of Con. || right to object to its being printed in the Globe anybody else might have made it, and which

gress practicing his profession as counsel in if it is not read. did me no credit in the world, I stop to say, courts, or accepting from the Government of Mr. CONKLING. Mr. Speaker, this is a brought into the Treasury of the United States | the United States or from any other client a | little episode, I suppose, for the amusement several hundred thousand dollars, and checked || retainer for such professional services. It and diversion of the House. It is quite una most heady tide of swindling.

would be very extraordinary, indeed, if some necessary. The member had better be quiet ; The investigation led, among other things, | distinguished gentlemen,whom I will not name, I am entirely disposed to have the whole pasto the trial of this assistant provost marshal who have recently performed most conspicuous | sago read; and I will ask to have it read. I general, of whom General Fry says so much, | professional services for the Government while intended to send it to the Globe reporters for and yet so little: a trial which alone consumed they were members of Congress, had subjected insertion. I suppose the member knew what about eight weeks, at places distant from my themselves to the criticism of the gentleman || had already been printed in the Globe as comhome. When at last it was over, I declined from Illinois, or of anybody whatever, always ing from him. to go further, thinking my poor share had been excepting, of course, Provost Marshal General Mr. ROSS. Will the gentleman from New done, and finding it destructive to my regular | Fry.

York yield to me a moment? business to engage in trials so interminable So much for that part of this bundle of pa

Mr. CONKLING. - For what purpose ? and absorbing, and I made report to the War pers given to a pretended statement of the Mr. ROSS. I desire to ask the gentleman Department and to the district attorney of the circumstance of my acting as counsel for the whether he was drawing pay as judge advocate United States of the results which had been United States.

at the same time when he was receiving $3,000 reached.

I come to the next point which occurs to me. a year from the Government as a member of Some time after this, I received as other There is a statement, if I apprehended it | Congress. acting counsel do, I believe, a suggestion that || aright, that some effort was made by me to

Mr. CONKLING. I will answer the gentleI should present my bill.

have "concealment”-I think that was the man's question, Mr. Speaker; and I ask the I made out and sent to the War Department || word-in regard to the twenty-first congres Clerk to suspend for one moment the reading an account of the precise sum I had actually . sional district. That is mere assertion. No till I do so, because nothing interests me in advanced in money, as traveling and other circumstances are stated upon which it could connection with this matter more than the laud. necessary expenses, rendering the amount to a

be founded, therefore I cannot dissect it, but I able curiosity of the gentleman from Illinois, farthing, and I made out no other account and pronounce the statement utterly and absolutely | [Mr. Ross.] no other charge. But I stated to the Secre groundless-nothing whatever of truth can be I beg, Mr. Speaker, to assure the gentleman tary that I preferred not to do so, but to leave found in it. On the contrary, in the investi "contidentially," as the gentleman from Pennhim to fix the amount; that the service was gation which took place before the court-mar sylvania [Mr. STEVENS] would say, and I hope unusual to me, and that he better than I could tial to which reference has been made, every. he will regard it as a confidential communicajudge of its value. I declined to fix any charge, thing that could be investigated pertaining to

tion, that I never did receive salary as judge but left it to him to fix such suin, whatever it | the twenty-first congressional district was inves- || advocate during the period he refers to or durmight be, as he deemed the service worth; || tigated. The matter of recruiting, there was ing any other period; not one penny. Indeed, this I deemed at least fair to the Government, held up, that the light might shine ihrough and Mr. Speaker, I found myself very unexpectedly more than fair, for had I wished extravagant through it; and nothing in that statement

elevated when I saw the announcement in pay I should have taken any other course. amazes me more than that the Provost Mar some paper that this retainer which the Gov

in reply I received from the Sacretary of shal General or anybody else should dare, even ernment had given me made me acting judge War a letter, in which he stated his opinion, || in so daring a document, to put on record an advocate for the purpose of trying a case.

It and his opinion as a lawyer and as Secretary || assertion so utterly baseless.

was merely an employment as counsel; and of War is a tolerably good one. Perhaps it So far I have noticed only some of the more the counsel fee which was paid is, I beg to will not be considered a remark too much far-fetched libels in these papers. I come assure the gentleman, the only compensation aside, considering the intimations we have now to the question which was made by the that I ever received for my services. I never heard, if I pause, and render to the Secretary member who causes this letter to be read, the received any pay as judge advocate during any of War my personal thanks, and my testimony || pretense that it in some way bolstered up the period whatever. to the thanks which I believe the nation owes assertions made by him the other day. This I now ask the Clerk to read the remarks him for the integrity, the courage, and the || letter was read in part, we were told, to show which I have sent to the desk; all that are manhood which he has given at the expense that I was not warranted in pronouncing untrue marked. They are the remarks of the member of his health to the American people during the statement that I had bad personal “quar

from Maine. the darkest passage in their life. The Secre rels" with the Provost Marshal General. I The Clerk read as follows: tary of War, in reply to my letter, wrote to me, beg leave, Mr. Speaker, to remind gentlemen

"Mr. Speaker. I do not supposo that the House of saying that he deemed $3,000 a moderate sum of the precise statement which on that occasion Representatives care anything more than the Comfor the labor which had been performed, and I pronounced untrua The member from mittee on Military Affairs about the great recruiting if that should be satisfactory to me, it would || Maine said, I read from the Globe

frauds in New York, or tboquarrels of the gentleman

from New York with General Fry, in which quarrels be very satisfactory to him. I returned an

I do not suppose that the House of Represent

it is generally understood the gentleman came ont answer that it was entirely satisfactory, as I atives care anything more than the Committee on second best at the War Department. I do not think may say any other sum he might have fixed Military Affairs about the great recruiting frauds of

that such questions ougbt to be obtruded here. would have been, as I did not consider it an New York or the quarrels of the gentleman from New

“Though the gentleman from New York has had York with General Fry, in which quarrels, it is gen

some difference with General Fry, yet I take pleasure occasion out of which profit was to be made, erally underatood, the gentleman came out second

in saying that, as I believe, there is not in the Amerior in which even such a charge might be made best at the War Department."

can Army a more bonorable and high-toned officer

than General Fry. That officer, I doubt not, is ready as any lawyer fit to conduct such a prosecu I will not stop to read further (although I to meet the gentleman from New York or anybody tion would have expected from a private client. propose to have all I have marked inserted in else in the proper forum. I must say that I do not Mr. ROSS. If it will not discompose the | my remarks) the various forms in which the

think it is any very creditable proceeding for the

gentleman from New York hero in this place to tragentleman too much, I would ask him to state statement was made that I had had personal duco General Fry as a military officer when he has whether that was during the time he was draw- | quarrels with Provost Marshal General Fry.

no opportunity to be heard. I do not consider such

a proceeding the highest specimen of chivalry that ing pay as a member of Congress.

Mr. BLAINE. I hope the gentleman will could be exhibited. Mr. CONKLING. I do not quite under read the whole. If he will show me the word *The gentleman from New York has had his issues stand the pertinence of the question of the gen. personal” in the speech to which he is reply.

with General Fry at the War Department. They tleman from Illinois, (Mr. Ross.] But I will | ing, I will reward him. He cannot do it. He

have been adjudicated upon by the Secretary of War;

and I leave it for the gentleman to say whether he endeavor to enlighten him. He probably knows, is putting his own interpretation upon it. Let came out first best. I do not know the particulars; for I presume that information has extended the gentleman read all that he is going to print.

the gentleman can inform the House. All I have te to him, that the term of members of Congress Mr. CONKLING. Mr. Speaker, I hope

say is-and in this I believe I speak the sentiment

of a majority of the members of this Houso-thal. commences on the 4th of March. And as the the active member from Maine will preserve James B. Fry is a most efficient officer, a bighretainer which I have spoken of was in April, || himself as free from agitation as possible.

toned gentleman, whose character is without spot or

blemish; a gentleman who stands second to nootwhich, I will inform the gentleman, is a month Mr. BLAINE. I demand that wbatever the

cer in the American Army; and he is ready to meet that comes after March in the calendar, he will || gentleman puts in the Globe he shall read. the gentleman from New York and all other accusers very likely be able, by the rule of three, or The SPEAKER. Does the gentleman from

anywhere and everywhere. And, sir, when I hear

the gentleman from New York rehearse in this House, by some other rule with which he is familiar, ll New York yield to the gentleman from Maine? as an impeachment of General Fry, all the details of

the recruiting frauds in New York, which General be sustained and commended, or whether he formation ; that tbere was not, he believed, an Fry used his best onergies to repress with iron hand, a sense of indignation carries me beyond my per

deserves to be gibbeted at the cross-roads of honest man in that district, and if one could Eonal strength and compels to denounce such a course common contempt.

be found and set to discharging the duties of of proceeding."

But, Mr. Speaker, I was saying that Peter provost marshal, as soon as it was known by Mr. BLAINE. The word “personal” does

B. Crandall was appointed provost marshal. others, they would immediately debauch him. not occur there.

He was appointed upon the recommendation I was somewhat astounded at language like Mr. CONKLING. The House'will observe of the most honored and trusted of our citizens || this, but I had no quarrel with General Fry. I did not say the word "personal'' did occur. without nuy having any part in his selection. I was taught somewhat early in life that while But that is not here nor there. All gentlemen,

I had no part or lot in it. It was made entirely a man should be careful in his associations, he all who have the appreciation or instincts of

by others. The person whom they selected was should be choice in his fighting; and having gentlemen, see the point of this passage. It chosen because his integrity was and is beyond received my impression of this man then and was the assertion that I had had “quarrels”? all question. He was removed after bounty | previously, I chose to have no controversy with with Provost Marshal Fry, repeating that word

brokers had threatened him that if he did not || him. Nor does he pretend that I badany. I did more than once, and using other forms of ex

submit to their behests he would be removed, pot call upon him. I neither sought nor avoided pression; and that I had had " quarrels” with

and after he had defied them to bring the ma him. I requested no interview with him. There General Fry in which “quarrels" I had been

chinery of this great Government to bear, upon was nothing of the interview cxcept that he worsted, in which “quarrels” I had been put

him for doing his duty. He was removed at was sent for to give certain information. He down by the Secretary of War; in which the the very time when they predicted his downfall, gave his information, he made the remarks I Secretary of War had taken sides against me.

and I say here that he was removed because he | stated, and some other remarks, and retired These were the points, first: that there had ocdid his duty and for no other reason under

upon his laurels. curred between General Fry and myself “quar

heaven, whether General Fry knows it or not. The fact, then, is precisely this: neither in rels," and second, that in those 61 quarrels'' 1

Had he been rascal enough to comply with conversation with General Fry did I ever have had been worsted, and worsted by the Secré

illicit requests, he would never have been any quarrel with him, nor by letter or corretary of War.

touched by the hands which struck him down. | spondence did I ever have any quarrels with Now, Mr. Speaker, is there any shadow or

I joined with various of the citizens of my || bim; and no way whatever have I ever had a foundation for that? I mean, taking the com

district in representing to the Secretary of War quarrel, in any definition of that term, with this munication of the Provost Marshal General as

that a mistake had been made or a wrong had Provost Marshal General. the only evidence upon the subject. What

been done in the case of this man ; that if any. As I said the other day, I prosecuted his does he say? I had stated, as the House will

body was honest he was, and that it was doing || assistant and friend. I knew then that I inremember, before the member from Maine great violence to the public service and to the curred his ire in doing it. I recommended to injected his statement-I will read that-I people of that district to strike down a man the War Department from time to time such had previously stated all about having been who had been selected by some of its best citi-l things as I deemed it my duty to recommend. employed to prosecute General Fry's friend zens because he was in point of character above This I well know angered him, but I believe I and assistant. I said: reproach.

never had occasion to make to the Secretary "I was employed by the Government to prosecute

That is all I had to do with it.' Iunited with of War a recommendation relative to matters some of the frauds to which I have referred; and others in signing these representations. Was | coming before him, which was not promptly tried this assistant provost marshal general, who had that having a personal quarrel with General || responded to, and promptly approved. Unless been justified in all the outrages he coinmitted, and in all the acts by which millions were stolen froin the Fry?

I have forgotten something, I believe that people of New York; who was justified by his supe One thing more is referred to in connection || throughout this prosecution I never addressed rior officer down to the time when the sentence was with Captain Crandall. He had taken and to the Secretary of War a single recommendapublisbed, and afterwård, I understand.”

held, and persevered in holding $20,000 of tion in regard to it which he did not approve, The member from Maine, then, did not mean bonds which were claimed of him by a bounty , and which did not meet with his sanction. this prosecution by his statement. Now, what broker. He said they belonged to the Gov. The House will see, therefore, with how much does the Provost Marshal say to give color to ernment of the United States, because the man truth it was that a statement was made here, the statement that, independent of this, any. had deserted for whom these bonds were hy- ! first that I had had quarrels with a man whom thing had taken place which will help out the || pothecated, and he would never surrender them I never saw but once, and with whom I never assertion of quarrels," and that I was worsted? to the claimant until he was compelled to do | quarreled at all; and in the second place, that What does he state? That Captain Richard it by law. He was sued, and I wrote several || in those quarrels I had been worsted, and son, a provost marshal in my district, was re times to the War Department recommending worsted by the Secretary of War, worsted by moved. So he was. He was removed without the Secretary of War to look into the facts him that distinguished officer, whose friendship and notice and without charges. He was remoyed, self and see whether the bonds might not be confidence it has always been my privilege to as it turned out, on the report of IIaddock and || held, as I thought they should be held, by the enjoy, and who never on any occasion did the accusation of a man who is himself to be Government. This is all I had to do with that. toward me anything calculated to awaken any tried in a few weeks for such frauds as he The cause was subsequently tried. I had feelings but those of friendship and respect, charged upon Captain Richardson. The facts nothing to do with it. The counsel was a gen and who has my thanks for many acts of courtwere in part made known to me, and, in com tleman whose name appears in the papers read, esy and kindness. mon with some of the first citizens of my dis a citizen honored in every walk of life, and But, Mr. Speaker, I have already gone far trict, I represented to the War Department and Captain Craudall was sustained in holding the beyond my intention in rising, and I trust that to the President, if that was the form of the bonds, the court deciding that he did what | those who have listened to me so attentively petition, that this man had been removed with should have been done, and that he ought not will pardon something to the extraordinary out notice and on secret information. We to have delivered them up. That is the entire incident which has been witnessed, of the head thought he should be heard; that there should of that transaction.

of a bureau, a clerk in the War Department, be an investigation in regard to it. That is Having disposed of these things which Gen- | sending here to be read such a pile of rubbish the beginning and end of all I had to say or to eral Fry recounts, I ask the House to observe as that, a personal assault upon a member of do with the removal of Captain Joseph P. Rich that in no aspect, by no stretch, do they show this House, under the pretense of vindicating ardson. I think it will be hardly said that was that I quarreled with General Fry; at most himself in some way or other. a quarrel with General Fry,

they only show that recommendations made This officer longs for vindication, not with reThe next statement is that Captain Peter by me to the War Department roused his gard to these insignificant matters which pertain B. Crandall was appointed provost marshal || hostility.

to me personally, but he longs for vindication of my district and was afterward removed. Having referred to all transactions connect with regard to those public matters which conSo he was, and I take occasion to say, in the ing me with him to which he refers, I come cern him in his responsibility to the people of the face of the imputations put upon Captain Cran. now to the one single interview which he says country. And I beg now to say, that if a comdall by General Fry, if ever I looked into the took place between us. It was upon the occa mittee shall be raised by this House to investiface of an honest man, P. B. Crandall is hon sion which I referred to when I came here in || gate the doings of the Provost Marshal Genest. "I take it upon myself to state that a more response to a telegram from the Secretary of eral's Bureau, I will undertake to make good honest man never broke bread than this man War.

my assertion, that in the western division of who was trodden under foot by bounty jump The Provost Marshal General was sent for New York, composing a large portion of that ers and thieves because he would not submit to come into the room of the Assistant Secre- | great State, this bureau, as it was administered, to them in violation of his duty and of the || tary of War during that day to give information, was one carnival of corrupt disorder. I will law of the land. There is a place where Peter and he did come, and informed me of various | endeavor to make good that statement; and B. Crandall is known, where he has been long things, among others, that Major Haddock was then the public shall know whether the head known; and fortunately for me, also, in that an estimable and honorable man ; he denied of the bureau was a man incapable of adminissame place, the twenty-first district of New utterly that there was anything to be said tration -a man incapable of seeing the differYork, inhabited as it is by as brave, as gener. || against him, although he had then made the ence between honest men and thieves-or ous, as patriotic people as were ever represented | recommendation which he parades, and for whether it was administered by a man who var this floor, I am known and have been known which he takes credit now, that he should be || had the capacity to do it, and who, but for the for twenty years:

suspended ; that he was satisfied Haddock was want of another quality, would have performed The people with whom I live, among whom | honest, and would back him anywhere. He || its duties well. I expect to die, know better than General Fry || said further that the people of my district, all And now, Mr. Speaker, I will ask my colcan tell them, whether the man who dared to of them, as he understood it, were cowards, | league from the St. Lawrence district, [Mr. pen the libels we have heard read deserves to l drunkards, and sneaks; that that was his in- || HULBURD,] whose position in this House and

« PreviousContinue »