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shall be annexed to a copy of the said papers; and it shall be unlawful to break up or open the hatches, chests, trunks, casks, bales, or vessels found on board, or remove the smallest part of the goods, unle'ss the lading be brought on shore in presence of the competent officers, and an inventory be made by them of the same. Nor shall it be lawful to sell, exchange, or alienate the said articles of contraband iu any manner, unless there shall have been lawful process, and the competent judge or judges shall have pronounced against such goods sentence of confiscation.

Article XXI.

And in such time of war, that proper care may be taken of the vessel and cargo, and embezzlement prevented, it is agreed that it shall not be lawful to remove the master, commander, or supercargo of any captured ship from on board thereof, during the time the ship may be at sea after her capture, or pending the proceedings against her, or her cargo, or anything relating thereto; and in all cases where a vessel of the citizens of either party shall be captured or seized and held for adjudication, her officers, passengers, and crew shall be hospitably treated. They shall not be imprisoned or deprived of any part of their wearing apparel, nor of the possession and use of their money, not exceeding for the captain, supercargo, mate, and passengers five hundred dollars each, and for the sailors one hundred dollars each.

Article XXII.

It is further agreed that in all cases the established courts for prize < oUrt. fUr pri.e causes, in the couii try to which the prizes in ay be conducted, 'shall alone take cognizance of them. And whenever such tribunal of either of the parties shall pronounce judgment against any vessel or goods, or property claimed by the citizens of the other party, the seutence or decree shall mention the reasons or motives on which the same shall have been founded, and an authenticated copy of the sentence or decree, and of all the proceedings in the case, shall, if demanded, be delivered to the commander or agent of the said vessel without any delay, he paying the legal fees for the same.

Article XXII I.

When the ships of war of the two contracting parties, or those belonging N»j«tT,*r.,oi> to their citizens, which are armed in war, shall be admitted i>ri»a»ii», tc. t0 enter with their prizes the ports of either of the two parties, the said public or private ships, as well as their prizes, shall not be obliged to pay any duty cither to the officers of the place, the judges, or any others; nor shall such prizes, when they come to and enter the ports of either party, be arrested, or seized, nor shall the officers of the place make examination concerning the lawfulness of such prizes, but they may hoist sail at any time and depart and carry their prizes to the places expressed in their commissions, which the commanders of such ships of war shall be obliged to show. It is understood, however, that the privileges conferred by this article shall not extend beyond those allowed by law or by treaty with the most favored nations.

Article XXIV.

It shall not be lawful for any foreign privateers who have commissions Pm.u*r« of !,»► from any prince or State in enmity with either nation, to fit ■ their ships in the ports of either, to sell their prizes, or in

any manner to exchange them; neither shall they be allowed to pur chase provisions, except such as shall be necessary to their going to the next port of that prince or State from which they have received their commissions.

Article XXV.

No citizen of the Dominican Republic shall apply for or take any commission or letters of marque for arming any ship or pvi>i0„ ships to act as privateers against the said United States, or to »»«*•»• any of them, or against the citizens, people, or inhabitants of the said United States, or any of them, or against the property of any of the inhabitants 01 any of them, from any prince or State with which the said United States shall be at war; nor shall any citizen or inhabitant of the said United States, or any of them, apply for or take any commission or letters of marque for arming any ship or ships to act as privateers against the citizens or inhabitants of the Dominican Republic, or any of them, or the property of any of them, from any prince or State with which the said republic shall be at war; and if any person of either nation shall take such commissions of letters of marque, he shall be punished according to their respective laws.

Article XXVI.

The high contracting parties grant to each other the liberty of having in the ports of the other Consuls or Vice-Consuls of their Coo.»u,Ti»-co.own appointment, who shall enjoy the same privileges and *c powers as those of the most favored nation; but if any of the said Consuls or Vice-Consuls shall carry on trade, they shall be subjected to the same laws and usages to which 'private individuals of their nation are subjected in the same place.

It is understood that whenever either of the two contracting parties shall select a citizen of the other for a Consular Agent to reside in any ports or commercial places of the latter, such Consul or Agent shall continue to be regarded, notwithstanding his quality of a foreign Consul, as a citizen of the nation to which he belongs, and consequently shall be subject to the laws and regulations to which natives are subjected in the place of his residence. This obligation, however, shall in no respect embarrass the exercise of his consular functions or affect the inviolability of the consular archives.

The said Consuls and Vice-Consuls shall have the right, as such, to sit as judges and arbitrators in such differences as may arise between the masters and crews of the vessel belonging to the nation whoso interests are committed to their charge without the interference of the local authorities, unless their assistance should be required, or the conduct of the crews or of the captain should disturb the order or tranquillity of the country. It is, however, understood that this species of judgment or arbitration shall not deprive the contending parties of the right they have to resort, on their return, to the judicial authority of their own country.

The said Consuls and Vice-Consuls are authorized to require the assistance of the local authorities for the arrest and imprison- DHrt«,f„a„. nient of the deserters from the ships of war and merchant vessels of their country. For this purpose they shall apply to the competent tribunals, judges, and officers, and shall, in writing, demand such deserters, proving, by the exhibition of the registers of the vessels, the muster-rolls of the crews, or by any other official documents, that such individuals formed part of the crews; and on this claim being substantiated, the surrender shall not be refused. Such deserters, when arrested, shall be placed at the disposal of the Consuls and Vice-Consuls, and may be confined in the public prisons at the request and cost of those who shall claim them, in order to be sent to the vessels to which they belong, or to others of the same country. But if not sent back within three months of the day of their arrest, they shail be set at liberty, and shall not again be arrested for the same cause. However, if the deserter shall be found to have committed any crime or offence, his surrender may be delayed until the tribunal before which his case shall be pending shall have pronounced its sentence, and such sentence shall have been carried into effect.

Article XXVII.

The United States of America and the Dominican Republic, on requiEiirad.tion of sitions made in their name through the medium of their recnmin.1.. spective Diplomatic and Consular Agents, shall deliver tip to justice persons who, being charged with the crimes enumerated iu the following article, committed within the jurisdiction of the requiring party, shall seek asylum, or shall be found within the territories of the other: Provided, That this shall be done only when the fact of the commission of the crime shall be so established as to justify their apprehension and commitment for trial, if the crime had been committed in the country where the persons so accused shall be found; in all of which the tribunals of said country shall proceed and decide according to their own laws.

Article XXVIII.

Persons shall be delivered up according to the provisions of this convention, who shall be charged with any of the following p.TMS » w'L crimes, to wit: Murder, (including assassination, parricide, infanticide, and poisoning;) attemptto commit murder; rape; forgery; the counterfeiting of moneyj arson; robbery with violence, intimidation, or forcible entry of an inhabited house; piracy; embezzlement by public officers, or by persons hired or salaried, to the detriment of their employers, when these crimes are subject to infamous punishment.

Article XXIX.

On the part of each country the surrender shall be made only by the sarn.nde, ho. to authority of the Executive thereof. The expenses of detenb'"""'<•• K«ix»"^ tionand delivery, effected in virtue of the preceding articles, shall be at the cost of the party making the demand.

Article XXX.

The provisions of the aforegoing articles relating to the surrender of No .urrrnd«r for fugitive criminals shall not apply to offences committed •°li,k*1 before the date hereof, nor to those of a political char


Article XXXI.

This convention is concluded for the term of eight years, dating from coir.nuor.biUM the exchange of the ratifications; and if one year before the f„r -,,1,1 rear.. expiration of that period neither of the contracting parties shall have announced, by an official notification, its intention to the other to arrest the operations of saitf convention, it shall continue binding for twelve months longer, and so on, from year to year, until the expiration of the twelve months which will follow a similar declaration, whatever the time at which it may take place.

Article XXXII.

This convention shall be submitted on both sides to the approval and ratification of the respective competent authorities of each onvemk,,, to be of the contracting parties, and the ratifications shall be ""^ exchanged at Santo Domingo as soon as circumstances shall admit.

In faith whereof the respective Plenipotentiaries have signed the aforegoing articles, in the English and Spanish languages, and they have hereunto affixed their seals.

Done in duplicate at the city of Santo Domingo, this eighth day of February, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-seven.

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ECUADOR, 1839.


Treaty of peace, friendship, navigation, and commerce between the limited States of America and the Republic of Ecuador.

The United States of America and the Eepublic of Ecuador, desiring to make lasting and firm the friendship and good understanding which happily prevails between both nations, have resolved to fix, in a manner clear, distinct, and positive, the rules which shall in future be religiously observed between the one and the other, by means of a treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation. For this most desirable object the President of the United States of America has conferred full powers on James C. Pickett, a citizen of the said States, and the President of the Republic of Ecuador, on Doctor Luis de Saa, Minister of Finance, charged with the Department of the Interior and Foreign Relations; who, after having exchanged their said full powers in due and proper form, have agreed to the following articles:.

Article I.

There shall be a perfect, firm, and inviolable peace and sincere friend To , OTr, .,„d ship between the United States of America and the Republic r,«d.hip. 0f Ecuador, in all the extent of their possessions and territories, and between their people and citizens, respectively, without distinction of persons or places.

Article II.

The United States of America and the Republic of Ecuador, desiring; r.v„r»minted h, to live in peace and harmony with all the other nations of STMV°b.°cho"m»n the earth, by means of a policy frank and equally friendly w the oth«r. with all, engage mutually not to grant any particular favor to other nations in respect of commerce and navigation which shall not immediately become common to the other party, who shall enjoy th<? same freely, if the concession was freely made, or, on allowing; tbe same compensation, if the concession was conditional.

Article III.

The two high contracting parties, being likewise desirous of placing M>.....i bnent. i« the commerce and navigation of their respective countries ^"^""iuT^1';TM on the liberal basis of perfect equality and reciprocity, wed. mutually agree that the citizens of each may frequent all

the coasts and countries of the other, and reside and trade there in al ] kinds of produce, manufactures, and merchandise; and they shall

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