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(5.) 3 1 4 8 5 6 7.2 3 7 4 2 1 9 9 7 1 4 5 3 2 8 5 1 1 4 5 2

(6.) 64 i ñ 9 2 5 7 1 2 8 4 1 9 4 3 2 5 1 6 7 1 4 3 2 3 2 1 9

(8.) 6 4 2 3 1 7 8 4 5 3 7 2 5 6 2 5 4 1 7 6 1 7 2 3 3 8 4 1 9 7 2 8 4 3

(9.)
8 4 1 2 8
9 3 7 1 4
3 1 4.7
1 8 3 2 1
7 1 4 3 7
5 1-7 2 6
- 2 5 1 3

(11.) 9 4 2 3 1 7 8 2 9 7 4 2 1 0 0 1 0 8 6 1 0 0 4 2 7 9 6 7 6 2 3 1 4 5 7 2 2 0 0 0 4 1 2 3 4 7 0 4 1 3 6 0 5 3 5 6 7 8 0 9 3 87

(13.) 9 6 2 4 3 0 6 4 6 4 6 2 8 1 4 5 1

2 1 6 0 4 3 2 87 6 1 0 4 2 5

3 4 6 2 1 4 4 0 3 0 9

9 8 2 7

(7.) 3.71 4 5 5 1 7 1 4 60 8 4 5 3 7 8 5 7 61 98 4 5 2 1 0 1

(10.) 5 2 6 37 2 7 1 9 6 3 8 4 1 9 5 3 1 92 6 1 0 8 4 3 7 1 95 29 14

(12.) 3 h 1 8 5 6 8 7 5 1 1 7 0 4 2 2 9 1 9 4 6 6 3 7 2 8 3 4 0 7 3 4 2 7 0 1 5 5 3 6 0 2 3

1 9 5 0

2 5 900 3 4 0 0 4 5 5 4 0 4 4 3 3 3 7 0 5 5 3 26

40 5 2 1 7 4 4 0 6 4 7 6 2 6 9

2 0 6 8 5 9 I

To prove Addition, begin at the top of the sum, and reckon the tigures downwards in the same manner as they were added up

EXAMPLE.

Excess of 9's.

wards, and it it be right, this sum lotal will be equal to the first : Or cut off the upper line of figures, and find the amount of the rust; then if the amount and upper line, when aducd, bec jual to the lolal, the work is supposed to be riglit.

2. There is another method of proof, as follows:

Reject or cast out tlie nines in each row or sum of figures, and set down the re- 3 7 8 2 2 inainders, each directly even with the figures 5 7 6 6 in its row ; find the sum of these remain- 8 7 5 5 ders ; then if the excess of nines in tlie yum found as before, is equal to the excess 18 3 0 3 of nines in the sun total, the work is supposed to be riglit.

15. Add 8635, 219.1; 7421, 5063, 2196, and 1215, toi gether.

Ans. 26751. 16. Find the sum of 3 182, 783645, 318, 7530, and 13780-15.

Ans. 104173020.” 17. Find the sum total of 604, 4680, 98, 64, and 5.1.

Ans. Fifty-five hundred. 18. What is the sum total of 2407-4, 167/12, 34678, 10467, 124 13439?

Ans. One hundred thousand. 19. Add 10:21, 3439, 28703, 289, and 6-138, together.

Ans. Forty thousand. 20. What is the suni total of the following numbers, viz.. 23-10, 1066, 3700; and 4005 ?

Ans. 11111.
21. What is the sun total of the following numbers, viz.
Nine hundred and forty-seven,
Seven thousand six hundred and five,
Forty-five thousand six hundred,
Three hundred and eleven thousand,
Nine millions, and twenty-five,

Fifty-two millions, and nine thousand ? 1

Ansioer, 61374177

22. Required the sum of the followiny numbers viz..

Five hundred and sixty-eight,
Eight thousand cight hundred and five
Seventy-nine thousand six hindred,

Nine hundred and eleven thousand,
Nine millions and twenty-six.

Answer, 9999999

QUESTIONS. 1. What number of dollars are in six bags, containiz & each 37542 dollars ?

Ans. 225252. 2. If one quarter of a ship's cargo be worth eleven thousand and ninety-nine dollars, how many dollars is the whole cargo worth?

Ans, 44396 dols. 3. Money was first made of gold and silver at Argos, eight hundred and ninety-four years before Christ ; how long has money been in use at this date, 1814 ?

Ans. 2708 ycars. 4. The distance from Portland in the Province of Maine, to Boston, is 125 miles ; from Boston to New Haven, 16 i miles ; from thence to New-York, 88; from thence ti Philadelplria, 95 ; from thence to Baltimore, 102; fron thence to Charleston, South Carolina, 716; and from thenca to Savannah, 119 miles-- What is the whole distance from Portland to Savannah?

Ans, 1407 miles. 5. John, Thomas, and Harry, after counting their prize money, Johrî had one thousand three hundred and seventy five dollars; Thomas had just three times as many as John : and Harry had just as many as Joli and Thomas both Pray how many dollars had Harry? Ans. 5500 dollars.

FEDERAL MONEY. NEXT in point of simplicity, and the nearest allied to whole numbers, is the coin of the United States, or

FEDERAL MONEY. This is the most simple and easy of all money--it'in : creases in a tenfold proportion, like whole numbers.

10 mills, (m.) make I cent, marked
10 cents,
1 dime,

d.
10 linces,

1 dollar,
10 1..rs,
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ADDITION OF FEDERAL MONEY.

21

Dollar is the money unit; all other denominations being valued according to their place from the dollar's place.-

point or comma, called a separatrix, may be placed after the dollars to separate them from the inferior denominations; :hen the first figure at the right of this separatrix is dimes, the second figure cents, and the third mills. *

ADDITION OF FEDERAL MONEY. Rule.-1. Place the numbers according to their value; that is, dollars under dollars, dimes under dimes, cents under cents, &c. and proceed exactly as in whole numbers; then place the separatrix in the sum total, directly under the separating points above.

EXAMPLES.

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2128, 860

2. When accounts are kept in dollars and cents, and no other dovominacions are mentioned, which is the usual mode in common rockining, then the first two figures at the right of the separatrix or point, i say be called so many cents instead of dimes and cents ; for the Ilace of dimes is only the ten's place in cents; becausc lon cents mako a dime; for example, 48, 75, forty-cight doilars, seven dimes, five cents, may be read forty-eight dollars and seventy-five cents.

If the cents are less than ten, place a cipher in the lon's place, or pace of dimes.-Example. Write down fuur dollars and 7 cents. Thus, $4, 07 cis.

* It may be observed, that all the figures at the left hand of the separatrix ure dollars ; or you may call the first figure dollars, and the other cagles, tc. Thus any sum of this money may be read differently, either wholly in the lowest denomination, or partly in the higher, and partly in the lowesi; 1or example, 37 54, may be either read 3754 cents, or 375 dimes and 4 cents, -- 37 dollars 5 dimes and 4 cents, or 3 eagles 7 dollars 5 dimes and 4 cents.

EXAMPLES 1. Find the sum of 304 dollars, 39 cents; 291 dollars, 1 cents ; 136 dollars, 99 cents ; 12 dollars and 10 cents.

304, 39
Thus,

291, 09
136; 99

1 12, 10

Sum, 744, 57 Seven hundred forty-four dol,

lars and fifty-seven cents. (2.) (3.)

(4.) cts.

cts.

cts. 0, 99

364, 00 3287, 80 0, 50

21, 50 1729, 19 0, 25

8, 09 4219, 99 0, 75

0, 99

140, OJ

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8. What is the sun total of 127 dols. 19 cents, 278 dols. 19 cents, 34 dols. 7 cents, 5 dols. 10 cents, and 1 dol. 99 cents ?

dus. $446, 54 cts. 9. What is the sum of 378 dols. I ct., 136 dols. 91 cts.,, 344 dols. 8 cts., and 365 do!s. ?

Ans. $1221. 10. What is the sum of 46 cents, 52 cents, 92 cents, ane 10 cents ?

Ans. $2. 11. What is the sum of 9 dimes, 8 dimes, and 80 cents ?

Ans. $25.

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