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The King v. LORD Vane. No information LORD VANE married A. D. 1734. By the marriage settle: against a husband for endea

ment 4001. per annum pin-money settled on Lady Vane; to which vouring to re- Lord Vane added afterwards 3001. more. Soon after, she take his wife, libelled him in the spiritual court for cruelty, but nothing done contrary to articles.

upon it (a). New articles were made A. D. 1737, reducing the 7001. to 5001. per annum, with covenant on the part of Lord Vane to permit her to go where, and when, and live with whom she pleased. They cohabited again; but she soon left him and went to Germany, whither he pursued her, but could not find her. He applies to Chancery, and obtains an injunction to suspend the articles. They cohabited again in 1744(6), and he behaved very tenderly and went to Bath with her. In December she eloped again, grew very expensive, and kept bad company at Fernhall in Essex. In August 1746, he came there with two persons, armed only as travellers; got into the house, and endeavoured to persuade her to return to him, but to no purpose. She got away by stratagem, and locked him in. In September, he came and took forcible possession of the house. She moved for an information for this breach of the peace, contrary to the articles of 1737.

But per Lee, C.J., Foster and Denison, Js.-Articles must be supposed articles of reconciliation, not of separation. This a strange clause to be inserted in such articles: we will not determine its validity by granting information; which cannot be

done, without putting a criminal and scandalous construction [ *19 ] upon it. Lady Rawlinson's case was very * different. If the articles are valid, there is a proper remedy by civil action(c).

Information denied.

(a) See Lord Vane v. Lady Vane, Barnard. C. R. 135, and Whorewood v. Whorewood, Finche's R. 153.

(6) It appears that Lady Vane had exhibited articles of the peace against her husband propter sævitiam in M. T. 1743, and that the security required was 10001.

for Lord Vane and his bail in 5001. each; . 13 East, 171, n. (a); 2 Stra. 1202, S. C.

(c) A wife separated by articles in con

sideration of money received by the husband, with covenants from him, cannot be seized by him or forced to live with him; R. v. Meade, 1 Burr. 542; R. v. Lister, or Lady Rawlinson's Case, 1 Stra. 478, 8 Mod. 22: see R. v. Robinson, post, 541, and Head v. Head, 3 Atk. 547. A party applying for an information must waive his right of action ; R. v. Sparrow, 2 T. R. 198.


AT Norfolk Quarter-Sessions, an order of two justices relating Court will not to a case of bastardy was confirmed. Plaintiff was counsel for decide wagers. the order, defendants against it. They afterwards laid a wager, that the Court of K. B. would quash the order; and articles were drawn, by which the defendants agreed to bring a certiorari in order to try it. On default of so doing, the plaintiff brought an action on the articles. It was moved on behalf of the defendants, that the proceedings should be staid, and the articles delivered up.

Per Cur.-We desire the gentlemen would make an end of it between themselves, and not let us hear any more of it, it being a very improper thing(d).

(d) In Jones v. Randall, 1 Cowp. 37, it was held, that an action lies to recover money won upon a wager, “Whether a decree of the Court of Chancery would be reversed or not on appeal to the House of Lords :" but Lord Mansfield said, if it had been laid with a lord of Parliament or a judge, it would have been void from its tendency ; Allen v. Hearne, 1 T. R. 60.

The Court will not try an action upon a
wager on an abstract question of law or
judicial practice, not arising out of circum-
stances really existing, in which the parties
have a legal interest; Henkin v. Guerss,
12 East, 247, 2 Camp. 408. See Brown
v. Leeson, 2 H. Bl. 43, and Powell v.
Knowler, 2 Atk. 224.

The King v. Webb. WEBB was captain of a sloop of war, and had pressed Cap- Information for tain Wager, of a merchant ship, to serve as a common seaman. malicious pressFor this, an information was granted, because though pressing' may be warrantable in national emergencies, yet Webb appears to have exceeded his power and to have acted maliciously.

Spelman's Case.

S. C. 1 Wils. 159. MOTION to rechange the venue into Middlesex, because Middlesex is the Spelman the plaintiff was a barrister; allowed to be good cause, ven

rister. if proved by affidavit, but not otherwise (e). .

venue for a bar

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auter droit, or jointly with his wife or other person, or be defendant, he has no such privilege. So serjeants at law; Pr. Reg. 420: so attornies ; Pye v. Leigh, post, 1065.


SHORTER v. PACKHURST. If the plaintiff is attorney in B. R. and the defendant is so likewise, privilege will be allowed (f). Secus if plaintiff belongs to C. B. and defendant to B. R., for defendant is not supposed to be present in C. B. as he is in B. R(g).

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The King v. Harvey.

S. C. 1 Wils. 164. Near in a penal HARVEY was brought to the bar to receive award of execulaw construed tion, pursuant to stat. 19 Geo. II (a), for not surrendering upon strictly; yet not equivalent to

' proclamation being charged with smuggling. The directions of the statute appeared to have been pursued; except as to fixing the order of council, and proclaiming it, in two market towns near the place where the fact was committed. It was done in one town within six miles, in another within thirty-three miles, and in a third within forty-two miles; but there were four or five market towns within eight or nine miles of it. Therefore Wright, Denison, and Foster, Js. (absente Lee, C. J.) held, that the directions of the act were not strictly pursued, as is necessary in penal laws. Not that by near must be understood next; but there must be a reasonable vicinity, of which the Court will judge.

the order o fappeared to bed with smutor not surrears of execu

(a) C. 34, s. 2; amended and altered by 52 Geo. 3, c. 143, s. 11.


S. C. 2 Stra. 1269. Though outlaw. INDEBITATUS assumpsit. Process against two defendants ry be illegal and on a joint contract. One of the defendants being sued to outlawry, voidable, it can

1the plaintiff claims his whole satisfaction of Parmiter the other not be set aside by a third per defendant; who pleads in bar that the outlawry was illegal, son in a collateral action. (6) The history of this case is as fol. Barrow, in Easter T. 1743, 16 Geo. 2; and

lows. The plaintiff sued out a writ against proceeded to outlaw Barrow in Hil. T. Parmiter or Parminter and his partner 1744, 17 Geo. 2; and declared against

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illegal, becaefendant Parmiter mayer, but merely an anit cou

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larity in betilt's dether way than it better writice will arisetionand

be plaintiff's dect is no new mmay avail himeant in there was

and therefore the plaintiff cannot come upon him only. Plain: tiff demurs, &c.

For the defendant it was argued, 1, That the outlawry was illegal, because the party was not commorant in the realm. * 2, That defendant Parmiter may avail himself of this irregu- [ larity; because it is no new matter, but merely an answer to the plaintiff's declaration; 2 Mod. 308; 2 Roll. 804. It could be pleaded no other way than in bar; not in abatement, because we cannot give the plaintiff a better writ. For the writ was right being against both. No inconvenience will arise to plaintiff by this bar; because he might discontinue his action, and begin again regularly. There were cited 2 Vent. 104; 1 Lutw. 35; 1 Leon. 87. Stat. 6 Hen. 8, c. 4; Dyer 214 a; Carth. 459. Though Court won't presume error in outlawry, yet if pointed out to them they must take notice of it.

For the plaintiff it was insisted; that supposing the outlawry to be erroneous, yet 'tis not void till made so by due course of law; and therefore defendant Parmiter cannot avail himself of it.

Per Cur. LEE, C. J.—This case is quite new. The plea seems disagreeable to the rules of law, and cannot be pleaded in bar. The plaintiff cannot discontinue without leave of the Court. The rule of law is, that such outlawries are not void, but voidable, 1 Lutw. 40, and voidable only sub modo, by putting in bail, by the party himself. Therefore, a stranger to the outlawry shall not demand of the Court, to pronounce the outlawry null.

WRIGHT, J. inclined to the same opinion, but desired time to consider of it.

DENISON, J.-If this plea prevails, no action against two partners would stand. Defendant shall not set aside a judgment of outlawry by plea. An outlawry cannot be reversed in a collateral action. I am quite clear.

Judgment for plaintiff, unless cause before the end of the Term (c).

Parminter in the Trinity T. following (see 1 Wils. 78), shewing the outlawry in his declaration, to which Parminter pleaded sul tiel record; 1 Wils. 86, 97: and also that Barrow, “ before and at the time of the obtaining of the original writ, on which the outlawry by the said declaration was supposed to be obtained and had against Barrow; and also before and at the time of the awarding of the writ of exigent, and continually from that time hitherto, did dwell and was commorant, and was then dwelling and commorant in parts beyond the seas, and out of the limits of this realm, to wit, at Bilboa, in the kingdom of Spain, in the said declaration mentioned; and that the county of Cornwall in this king. dom was and is the shire next to the place where the said Barrow, at the time of the said writ of exigent awarded, had his dwelling; and that not any writ of pro

clamation thereon was awarded, made, or directed to the sheriff of the said county of Cornwall.” To this plea the plaintiff demurred, and judgment was thereupon given for him as reported in the text and in 2 Strange, in Trin. T. 1747, 21°Geo:2. A writ of inquiry was executed, and afterwards, in Hil. T. 1748, 21 Geo. 2, the defendant moved in arrest of judgment, as reported in 1 Wils. 185; the principal point then decided was, that the drawer of a bill of exchange has a right of action against the drawee after his acceptance. The defendant then brought a writ of error in Dom. Proc., where the judgment of B. R. was affirmed ; 4 Bro. P. C. 604, or 2 Bro. P. C. 43 (2nd ed).

(c) This case is recognised in Sheppard v. Baillie, 6 T. R. 327: there two out of three joint-contractors were in Scotland, and had no property within the jurisdic



tion of the Court; and Lord Kenyon said,
"Nothing can be more clearly established,
than that in cases of contract the plaintiff
must sue all the contracting parties, and
proceed to outlaw such of them, as do not
appear in answer to the writ." S. P. Ed.
wards v. Carter, 1 Stra. 473; Goldsmith
v. Levy, 4 Taunt. 299. The declaration

must allege, that the joint-contractor was in due manner outlawed in that suit'; Saunderson v. Hudson, 3 East, 144: but it need not be alleged with a "prout patet per recordum." Macmichael v. Johnson, 7 East, 50. See Knight v. Parker, post, 759; Abbot v. Smith, post, 947.

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S. C. 2 Stra. 1270. A charge by will ACTION of debt on the bond of the father, to whom the deon an estate does fendant is heir. Plea, Riens per descent (d). The fact was, not make the heir a purchasor.

that the father had devised his lands to the defendant charged with debts. Qu. If this makes him a purchasor? For plaintiff: held, Hob. 30, that it will not make the heir a purchasor. But if the tenure or quality of the estate were altered, it had been otherwise: Dyer 124; Styl. 148; Hedger and Row, 3 Lev. 127, a devise to heir ex parte materna of no effect (e). Moor 644; Cro. Eliz. 919; Lutw. 797, Salk. 241 (f). For defendant were cited Cro. Car. 161 (g); 2 Mod. 286, Brittam and Charnock.

Per tot. Cur'.-If the tenure or quality of the estate be altered, the heir is a purchasor; but a charge on the estate does not alter the manner of the heir's taking the land. A dévise is void, where it gives the same as would be taken by descent; 1 Ld. Raym. 728 (h).

Judgment for the plaintiff.

(d) See Com. Dig. Pleader, (2 E. 3). Bac. Abr. Heir & Anc. (F) p. 462.

(e) As to the cases, in which a descent ex parte materná shall be considered broken, so as to let in the heir ex parte paterna, see Martin v. Strachan, 1 Stra. 1179, 1 Wils. 66, Willes, 444, 5 T. R. 107, n. (a), 6 Bro. P. C. 319, (2nd ed.); Roe v. Baldwere, 5 T. R. 104; Doe v. Morgan, 7 T. R. 103; Harg. Co. Lit. 12 b, n. [63], and Hurst v. Earl of Winchelsea, post, 187; Burgess v. Wheate, post, 128. See also Hutcheson v. Hammond, 3 Bro. C. C. 128.

(f) Clarke v. Smith, S.C. 1 Com. R. 72. 1 (g) Gilpin's Ca. “It appears by Mr.

Ford's note of Allam v. Heber, though this is not noticed either in Strange or Blackstone's report of that case, that the Court denied Gilpin's case to be law;" per Bayley, J., 5 M. & S. 20.

(h) Emerson v. Inchbird. S. P. Chaplin v. Leroux, 5 M. & S. 14. See also Lang. ley v. Sneyd, 3 Brod. & B. 243; Smith v. Trigg, 1 Stra. 487; Scott v. Scott, 1 Eden, 458, where the cases on this head are referred to in Mr. Eden's note; Doe v. Timins, 1 B. & A. 530; Com. Dig. Discent. (A). As to equitable assets, see Bailey v. Ekins, 7 Ves. Junr. 319; Shiphard v. Lutwidge, 8 Ves. Junr. 26, and Smith v. Parker, post, 1230.

THE KING v. The Bishop of Chester.

S. C. 1 Wils. 206. Mandamus re- MOTION for a mandamus to the bishop, as visitor of the cafiused, to a visi- thedral of Chester; to restore one Prescot a canon, whom he tor, to restore a

he had amoved for several enormities. It appeared by the stahad expelled. tutes of the church, that the bishop had a general power pu

canon whom he

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