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and his first secretary of state and the dispatches; they have agreed on the following articles.
I. There shall be hereafter and for ever a strict union and a sincere and lasting friendship between the most Serene King of Great Britain, the most Serene the most Christian King, and the most Serene King of Spain, their kingdoms and their subjects, and inhabitants of the countries under their dominion; so that the injuries or damages suffered during the war, to which an end has been put by the accession of the most Serene King of Spain to the treaties of London, dated the id of August 1718, shall be buried in eternal oblivion, and that for the suture each shall take the same care of one another's sasety as of his own, and not only inform his ally of the danger that may threaten him, but also oppose with all his power the injuries that may be done him.
II. In order to establish this union and correspondence firmly, and to render it yet more advantageous to the crowns of their Britannic, most Christian, and Catholic Majesties, they promise and engage by the present treaty of defensive alliances mutually to guaranty the kingdoms, provinces, states, and countries under each other's dominion, in what part of the world soever situate; so that if their Majesties are attacked, contrary to what was resolved on at the treaties of Utrecht and Baden, and contrary to the treaties of London, and the stipulations which shall be made at Cambray, they shall mutually assist one another till the disturbance is at an end, or till they are satisfied, by the reparation of the damages which they shall have suffered.
III. In pursuance of the foregoing article, the maintenance and observation of the treaties of Utrecht, Biden, London, and of that which is to be made at Cambray, for putting an end to the differences that are to be decided betwixt the most Serene King of
Spain and the Emperor, shall be the chief aim of the present alliance. And to strengthen it the more, the most Serene King of Great Britain, the most Serene the most Christian King, and the most Serene King of Spain, shall by concert invite such Powers as they shall think fit to enter into the present treaty, for the common good, and for the preservation of the public tranquillity.
IV. If it happen (which God forbid) that, contrary to the said treaties of Utrecht, Baden, London, or the stipulations of thofe which shall be made atCambray, their Britannic, most Christian, and Catholic Majesties should be attacked, or in any manner disturbed in the enjoyment of their kingdoms and countries, by any potentate, they promise and engage to employ their good offices, as soon as they shall be required, in order to procure for the party attacked satissaction for the wrong done to him, and to hinder the aggressor from continuing his hostilities; and if it happen that his good offices be not sufficient to procure such reparation out of hand, their said Majesties promise to furnish the following succours, jointly or separately, viz.
His Britannic Majesty, 8,000 foot, and 4,000 horse. His most Christian Majesty, 8,000 foot, and 4,000
horse. His Catholic Majesty, 8,000 foot, and 4,000 horse.
If the party that happens to be attacked, desire men of war or transports, or even subsidies in ready money, in the room of troops, in that case he shall be at liberty to make his choice, and they shall furnish him with the said ships or money in proportion to the expence of troops; and in order to prevent all occasion of doubt in the calculation of the said expence, their Majesties agree that 1,000 foot shall be setded at 10,000 Dutch, florins, and 1,000 horse at 30,000 florins per month, observing the same proportion with regard to shipping: their said Majesties promising to continue and main
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tain the said succours as long as the troubles shall last; and if the said succours be not sufficient to repel the attacks of the enemy, they shall agree to augment them; and if it be necessary, their said Majesties shall mutually assist one another with all their forces, and declare war against the aggressor.
V. Their Britannic, most Christian, and Catholic Majesties, being entirely satisfied in the sentiments which the Duke of Parma has always manifested towards them, and being desirous to give him marks of the singular esteem and affection which they have for him, they promise and engage, by virtue of this present treaty, to grant him particular protection for the preservation of his territories and rights, and for the maintenance of his dignity; so that if he be disturbed contrary to the treaties of peace already made, and contrary to what shall be stipulated in thofe that are to be made at Cambray, they shalljoin their good offices and efforts, to obtain just satissaction; and if it be refused, they shall agree on measures to procure it for him by all other methods that shall be in their power.
VI. His Catholic Majesty being desirous to give his Britannic Majesty, and his most Christian Majesty, a particular proof of his friendship, confirms, as sar as there may be occasion, all the advantages and privileges which have been granted by the Kings his predecessors to the English and French nations; so that the trading subjects of the most Serene King of Great Britain, and the most Serene the most Christian King, shall always enjoy in Spain, the same rights, prerogatives, advantages, and privileges for their persons, commerce, merchandize, estates, and effects, which they have enjoyed, or which they ought to have enjoyed by virtue of treaties or agreements, or by virtue of all thofe which have been or shall be granted in Spain to the nation that is most savoured.
VII. The present treaty shall be ratified by their Britannic, most Christian, and Catholic Majesties,
and the ratifications shall be mutually delivered in due form, and exchanged in the space of six weeks, reckoning from the day of signing, or sooner, if poflible.
In witness whereof, we the underwritten ministers plenipotentiaries of his Britannic Majesty, his most Christian Majesty, and his most Catholic Majesty, having mutually communicated our full powers, have signed the present treaty, and thereunto set the seals of our arms. Done at Madrid, the i jth of June 1721.
(L. S.) William Stanhope.
The separate Article of the Defensive Alliance between
THE ministers plenipotentiaries of their Britannic, most Christian, and Catholic Majesties, have this day signed, by virtue of their respective full powers, a treaty of defensive alliance between their said Majesties: they have further agreed, that the particular treaty, which has likewise been signed, this day, between their Britannic and Catholic Majesties, whereof the tenor follows, shall make a part of the said treaty of defensive alliance, concluded between England, France, and Spain.
Here is inserted, verbatim, the Treaty between Great Britain and Spain, concluded at Madrid, the 13/& of June, N. S. 1721.
The abovesaid particular treaty shall have the same force as if it were inserted word for word in the treaty of defensive alliance, signed this day, between the three crowns; and the letters of ratification shall
be exchanged at Madrid, in the usual manner, within the space of six weeks, to be computed from the day of signing, or sooner, if possible.
In witness whereof, we have signed these presents, by virtue of our sull powers, and have affixed thereto the seal of our arms. Done at Madrid, the 13th of June 1721.
(L. S.) William Stanhope.
Another separate Article of the Defensive Alliance between Great Britain, France, and Spain, concluded *t Madrid the 13th of June, N. S. 1721.
THE ministers plenipotentiaries of their Britannic and most Christian Majesties, having this day signed, with the minister plenipotentiary of the King of Spain, by virtue of their respective sull powers, a treaty of defensive alliance; the abovesaid ministers of their Britannic and most Christian Majesties have also agreed between themselves, by virtue of the same powers, that, as the principal intention and aim of that alliance is to maintain and preserve the peace and tranquillity of Europe, in which it cannot be doubted but the States General of the United Provinces of the Netherlands are dispofed to concur, and to give their assistance, the first proper occasion shall be taken, in concert, to invite them thereto; and their said Britannic and most Christian Majesties promise and engage, in the mean time, to maintain the treaty of defensive alliance, made at the Hague, between the King of Great Britain, the most Christian King, and the States General, of the 4th of January 1717, N.S. and that nothing shall be done, directly or indirectly i to its prejudice.