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rival of the train. As the office rushes be inexpedient to establish so low a rate past with the celerity of the wind, the in this country until population thickens bag suspended on it is left upon the post, and commerce becomes more extended, and the bag suspended on the post is the more convenient and equitable course taken up and carried off by the office, by may be to allow all officials, who


be this simple, self-acting contrivance, with supposed to have correspondence on out even the slightest retardation of the public business, to transmit through the speed of the train.

Post Office a reasonable increase of their One of the arrangements in detail adopt- salary as a commutation for their privied in the English system, which, having lege such increase to be diminished been productive of great public con- with every future reduction of postage. venience, seems well worthy of adoption, It has been our desire, with a sincere is the Money Order Office. This is the view to the public good, to urge on those more worthy of attention, inasmuch as who possess the power, and on whom it adds nothing to the expense of the the duty of regulating the postage laws Post Office administration, while it affords devolves, the advantages which appear at once a source of advantage to the pub- to us to be derivable from an extensive lic and perquisites to the postmasters. reform in our Post Office, embracing the By means of this official arrangement best features of the improved English every postmaster is placed in corres- system, and realizing the project of Mr. pondence with others throughout the Hill, even more fully than has been atkingdom, so that he can draw at sight for tempted in England. That we have not cash to a limited amount. Small remit- inconsiderately urged the application of tances are made without the transmission that system without giving due weight either of bill or specie, hy the party who to the geographical and statistical differdesires to remit, depositing at his local ences, which exist between our extensive post office the sum to be remitted, to- territory and the crowded country where gether with a small commission. The the system has been successfully tried, order is given to him, payable at the post will, we trust, be manifest. These ciroffice of the place to which the remit- cumstances cannot affect the broad prin. tance is made, and the whole expense isciple of the system. No element of it covered by the postage and commission can be modified by them except the together. In England, the commission amount of the uniform rate which it may charged for remitting five pounds, (equal be expedient to charge. Now it is true to 25 dollars,) was fixed in 1840 at lwelve that our sparse population and limited cents, and for all sums under two pounds, amount of correspondence are good reaor ten dollars, six cents. Thus the sons in favor of a higher rate. But, on smallest class of remittances can be made the other hand, no revenue to the state is with perfect security against loss for sought for here, and no more is expected eight cents, and large sums may be sent from the finances of the Post Office than for fourteen cents. It has been found the liquidation of its own expensesthat every reduction which ha: been whereas, in the United Kingdom, a revemade in the commission for money sent nue of many millions of dollars is looked through the English Post Office, has for from it. This is pro tanto a reason hitherto caused an increased amount of in favor of a reduced rate here as comprofit to the Post Office.

pared with England. We have, however, We are convinced from close attention from a desire to keep within a safe limit, to the working of the old Post Office and to conciliate the timid and distrustsystem, that no franking privilege can be ful, assumed a rate two and a half times devised which will not be the source of greater than the English postage. extensive and insufferable abuse. It was Whether this vast improvement is found so in England and has been found destined to confer lustre on the present so here. But if high rates of postage legislature and administration, we will be attempted to be maintained, the frank- not venture to affirm, but we hesitate not ing privilege cannot be abolished, while pronounce that no force of prejudice, or under very low rates it ceases to be a official or administrative opposition, can privilege for which any class will con- long deprive this great commercial countend. In Engiand it was surrendered try of the advantages of a system which without a murmur; indeed, any claim to are now shared by a population much its retention under a penny rate would be more averse to change than that of the eminently absurd. As, however, it might United States.



Vestiges of the Natural History of Crea- growth of laws, which in their steady

tion. New York: Wiley & Putnam, march out from the eternity of chaos have 141 Broadway. 1845.

compelled all elements into the forms they It was well, perhaps, that the incognita wear now, whether of suns and worlds, or of this book should be carefully guarded. It stocks, stones and things that move. Heat is “ full of matter for quarrels as an egg is of and electricity are the great modifying meat;” but, with all its heterodoxy, it bears, agents, which, together with gravitation, from the first line to the last, such evidences hold within themselves, as a medium, that of profound learning and subtlety as cannot creative energy which has heretofore fail to impress with respect those who are

been considered an immediate and active most startled by its boldness. It has that in attribute of God. Creation, then, subjecit which will set the Philosophico-Theologi- tive to these laws, must be through a procal world together by the ears, for there are spective eternity progressive—its types forthousands who will think the book as full

ever pushing on and up towards the perfect. of errors as any of modern times. This “ The whole train of animated beings, nominis umbra joins issue with grave from the simplest and oldest up to the and revered doctrines which lie at the very highest and most recent, are, then, to be core of the existing Christian theory of regarded as a series of advances of the things. He professes, though, with a fair principle of Development, which depend

upon external physical circumstances, to seeming of impressive logic, to enter the which the resulting animals are approprifield only as a new interpreter. Without ate.".

“Is our race, then, but aiming at the vitality of the Mosaic record, the initial of the grand crowning type ?

Are there yet to be species superior to us he merely waives its authority under the re

in organization, purer in feeling, more ceived version as inconsistent with the powerful in, device and art, and who shall stubborn facts of Analytical Science; while, take a rule over us? There is in this, nothing his interpretation being accepted, all in- improbable on other grounds. The present congruities are done away with by a recog. the best adapted to the present state of

race, rude and impulsive as it is, is perhaps nition of “the doctrine of Creation by things in the world; but the external world Law,” in place of the supposed “antiquated goes through slow and gradual changes, and insufficient one of Creation by special which may leave it, in time, a much serener esercise,” or act. These are to be the casion for a nobler type of humanity, which

field of existence. There may, then, be ocgreat points at issue between the “ New,” shall complete the Zoological circle on or progressive Philosophy, as it styles itself, this planet, and realize some of the dreams and the “ Old.” It will be a war of tomes of the purest spirits of the present race !" and folios, for a vast deal hinges upon the An induction as novel as the process result. But it must be acknowledged, has been ingenious ! But the book has too that with whatever reserve he may be ap- much matter of parlance in it to be thus proached, if his great postulate “ of Crea- cursorily dismissed. We shall endeavor to tion by Law” be once admitted, his deduc- take it up again. tions, pregnant and subversive as they are, claim imperiously to follow. His assumed

Ægei Somnia, Recreations of a Sick facts are massive, and—if facts they shall be

Room. By EZEKIEL Bacon. N. York: found-resistless wedges, which once in

John Allen, 139 Nassau-street. 1843. sinuated rive the received System to the core. It will not do to shirk the question. If The poems contained in this little volhe is not met fairly, and refuted fully upon ume seem to be the productions of a man this point, his audacious and remarkable of sensibility and sense, but of less imagispeculations will hardly fail to fasten them- nation. It would not appear, indeed, that selves strongly upon the convictions of men. he aimed at displaying the latter faculty, He makes creation a progressive act, the or to startle the world with studied flights

of the Muse. He has rather pleased de- children, tumbling out of bed, clap their clining days, and the solitude of chamber hands with delight to see the world so hours, with the expression in verse of strangely and beautifully transformed. thoughts that belong to one who has not If any Hyperborean, who has roved away suffered himself to be hardened by a long (sad wanderers we are apt to be—“cirprofessional life. Most of the pieces are cumvagi patria carentes”), and has lived so written in Cowper's favorite measure, taken long towards “ the Line,” among constant from one of the old ballad forms, and are spring odors, as to have forgotten the smell marked with something of the simplicity of of frost, wishes to recall how his father's that delightful poet. “ Departing joys," farm looked-house, barn, sheds, hen“The Early Lilac,” “The Dying Lilac,” coop and all, with fields and rail-fences on and “Man's, Common Lot, ” are pleasant every side, up to the leafless great woods, moral reflections, quiet and flowing. The magically covered at once with a dazzling blank verse is of less merit.

sheet of utterly unspotted white, while the

winds have sunk, and the low sun, risen, A Chaunt of Life, and other Poems, with gleams level through the keen atmosphere

Sketches and Essays. By the Rev. over a new world-every crystal angle on RALPH Hoyt. In Six Parts.

Part I. every bush, stump, and house-ridge, and New York: Piercy & Reed, Printers. the long lines of distant forest-tops, “glint1844.

ing” back a sunbeam of its own-he has The author of this little book has doubt. here a part of the clear memory, felicitless felt that he was a poet--as undoubtedly, ously given, and the rest he can fill out we think, the severest critic would agree for himself. Those, indeed-dwellers of with him. But we suspect the author, like “ Orinoco and the Isles"—who have looked greater poets before him, does not altoge- always upon the primeval and dark ther know wherein his best vein lies. The verdure of the tropics, would hardly get amount published at present consists—a from the sketch an idea of that subdued small instalment, by way of experiment and sombre power that belongs to our wide upon the public taste--of six pieces. The Northern scenery at this season ; but of first is a short canto of the “Chaunt of the appearances of things around a New Life”—to be continued in each number, and England farm-house, when Ursa Major giving name to the one in hand. On this, (whom we take to be a white bear) has we make no question, the author would donned his winter covering, they can rest his claims to a share of Apollo's coun- form to themselves a very exact picture. tenance. Bu the real poet does not always We need, in fact, some such remem. know when the god smiles most propi- brancer for ourselves this season. We had tiously-looking gloriously out, as it were, really forgotten the looks of a snow-storm. from many-colored clouds--but is even No Northern Soracte “stands white," un. apt, at times, to take an ungracious scowl less it be hoar “Mohegan," and some wild for a glimpse of favor. The “Chaunt ranges towards the forests of Fundy-and of Life” has considerable merit, an unex- our heavy woods, battling often enough ceptionable melody and flow, and something with wind and rain, have had no burden to of Young's profoundly solemn and melan- ·labor" under. choly strain; and when the whole poem Here come in the triumphs of philosoappears, we shall be willing to make some phy. Mons. Arago is said to have propheextracts, to show that it has many excel- sied that Europe would undergo one of the lences. But the two striking pieces of the severest winters she has ever known, while present little collection, and far more cer- the Western Hemisphere would enjoy one tain evidences of the true poetic element, proportionably mild. The event proves are, “Snow,” and “The World for Sale.” your philosopher “even with the Fates." The former of these is a picture of a winter While Winter seems to have forgotten our morning in the country, when a sudden Continent from Cape Cod to Oregon, the and heavy fall of snow, in the night, has vallies of Italy are filled with snowcovered up everything familiar, and the wolves, driven down from the mountains by



the keen cold, prowl around the cities of the bustling cock looks out aghast France, and sentinels are frozen to death

From his high shed; in the streets of Madrid.

No spot to scratch him a repast,

Up curves his head, But we are wandering. The “Winter Starts the dull hamlet with a blast, Morn" would have been much improved by And back to bed. some broader and more general outlines, presenting the external landscape. A coun- Good Ruth nas called the younker folk try scene should always have a back-ground. To dress below; As it is, however, for simplicity and dis- Full welcome was the word she spoke, tinct picturing it is almost worthy of Burns, The cottage quietude is broke,–

Down, down they go, though of quite a different style. We give

The snow !--the snow ! but a part, leaving out that well remembered scene in the country -the Family To delve his threshing John must bie ; Prayers—and the quiet Breakfast that fol.

His sturdy shoe lows, both of which are described with Can all the subtle damp defy: much simple beauty.

How wades he through:

While dainty milkmaids, slow and shy, SNOW.

His track pursue.
The blessed morn is come again;

Each to the hour's allotted care :
The early gray

To shell the corn ;
Taps at the slumberer's window-pane,

The broken harness to repair ;
And seems to say

The sleigh t'adorn:
* Break, break from the enchanter's chain, So cheerful—tranquil-snowy-fair,

The WINTER MORN. 'Tis winter, yet there is no sound

“ The Bible,” is written in a short Along the air

ambling measure, entirely unsuited to the Of winds upon their battle-ground,

solemnity and weight of the subject; and But gently there The snow is falling,—all around

the idea presented by “The Leap in the How fair-how fair !

Dark,” is not felicitously set forth. But The jocund fields would masquerade ;

another small piece, entitled “ The World Fantastic scene !

for Sale,” is altogether original and striking, Tree, shrub, and lawn, and lonely glade

though we can hardly quote enough to Have cast their green, And joined the revel, all arrayed

present it fairly. It was published, howSo white and clean.

ever, in the city papers. E'en the old posts, that hold the bars

And the old gate,
Forgetful of their wintry wars

THE WORLD FOR SALE !-Hang out the
And age sedate,

sign; High capped, and plumed like white

Call every traveller here to me;

Who'll buy this brave estate of mine,
Stand there in state.

And set me from earth’s bondage free :The drifts are hanging by the sill,

"Tis going !-Yes, I mean to fling The eaves, the door ;

The bauble from my soul away ;

I'll sell it, whatsoe'er it bring ;-
The haystack has become a hill;
All covered o'er

The World at Auction here to-day! The wagon, loaded for the mill

It is a glorious thing to see,-
The eve before.

Ah, it has cheated me so sore !
Maria brings the water-pail,-

It is not what it seems to be :
But where's the well!

For sale! It shall be mine no more. Like magic of a fairy tale,

Come, turn it o'er and view it well ;Most strange to tell,

I would not have you purchase dear ; All vanished-curb, and crank, and rail ;- 'Tis going-going ! I must sell ! How deep it fell !

Who bids ?-Who'll buy this Splendid

The wood-pile too is playing hide;

The axe--the log-
The kennel of that friend so tried-

We believe a small volume filled with (The old watch-dog,) The grindstone standing by its side,

pieces, all of them equal to those extracted, Are now incog.

would excite some attention.


Letters from a Landscape Painter. By and many passages might be selected,

the author of Essays for Summer felicitous and free from fault. Hours.Boston: James Munroe & Co.

“ The brotherhood of trees clustered 1845.

around me, laden with leaves just bursting The writer of these pleasant pages pos

into full maturity, and possessing that deli

cate and peculiar green, which lasts but a sesses a poetic mind, and, what with this single day and never returns. A fitful is altogether requisite for the landscape breeze swept through them, so that ever painter, a fine eye for the beauties of na- and anon I fancied a gushing fountain to be

or that a company of ladies fair were ture. But in regard to writing, he has not

come to visit me, and that I heard the rusyet attained to a just discrimination of the tle of their silken kirtles.” And of flowers, true graces of language, or of knowing he says, “ They ought to have no names, what thoughts always will strike his read any more than a cloud or a foam-bell on ers favorably. It is not every idea which the river.” may affect a man's own heart, or tickle his

The following is his notice of one of the fancy, that is calculated equally to please ripest and most gifted scholars in the his readers. It is just here that Mr. Lan- Union, Mr. Marsh of Burlington, Vermont. man fails. He exhibits far more talent and His knowledge of the Fine Arts is native elegance of thought and feeling, than probably more extensive than that of any cultivated discernment to choose from what

other man in this country, and his critical

taste is equal to his knowledge; but that he has written. To know what is not to be department peculiarly his hobby, is Ensaid is the most difficult attainment of taste, graving. He has a perfect passion for line and the chief part of the elaboration of engravings; and it is unquestionably true,

that his collection is the most valuable and style consists in rejecting. Our landscape extensive in the Union. He is as la letter-writer and scientific trout-catcher, miliar with the lives and peculiar styles of (for he appears to be a most dangerous the Painters and Engravers of antiquity, as companion for the silver-sided dwellers of with his household affairs; and when he the brooks), uses an abundance of “Ohs," talks to you on his favorite theme, it is

not to display his learning, but to make “Ahs,” and various exclamations. Now you realize the exaulted attributes and there is nothing that requires more nicety of mission of universal Art. perception, or skill in the use of language, things of the kind) a pamphlet entitled,

“He has published (among his numerous than to feel when an exclamation is neces

“The Goths in New-England,” which is a sary or felicitous, and to shape expressions fine specimen of chaste writing and beautiful so as most happily to introduce it; and we thought; also, another on the “ History of venture to say, that, of all the multitude the Mechanic Arts," which contains a great used in English writing, not more than

deal of rare and important information,

He has also written an Icelandic Gramone out of twenty is admissible by the occa

mar," of 150 pages, which created quite a sion, or gracefully employed. In the same sensation among the learned of Europe a manner Mr. Lanman makes use of many

few years ago.

As to his scholarship,

it can be said of him, that he is a master questions, expecting no body to answer

in some twelve of the principal modern and them—which is, in fact, but another form

ancient languages. of exclamation. It is, however, in these His Library, is undoubtedly the most and still more in numerous distinct pas- unique in this country. The building sages that he betrays his great want—that itself, which stands near his dwelling, is of perfect command over his subject-for, great taste. You enter it, and find your

of brick, and arranged throughout with without this, a writer can certainly never self in a perfect wilderness of gorgeous have command over forms of expression. books, and portfolios of engravings. of The great merit of the book lies in the con

books, Mr. Marsh owns some five thousand

volumes. His collection of Scandinavian stant evidence it gives of great sensibility, Literature is supposed to be the most comon the part of the writer, to all the graces plete that can be found out of the Northern and the grandeur of nature, and the delights Kingdoms.” of a rural life-its great defect, in his If Mr. Lanman would cultivate his style suffering depth of feeling to overcome with care and discernment, we doubt not force of thought. With all this, however, that he might become an exquisite and efthe style is, for the most part, simple, fective writer.

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