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Tof Zion. that fear the LORD. He that sweareth PSALM XV.

to his own hurt, and changeth not. A Psalux of David.

5 He that putteth not out his there LORD, who shall abide in thy ta- money to usury, nor taketh reward bernacle ? who shall dwell in thy against the innocent. He that doeth

these things shall never be moved. (P) 2 He that walketh uprightly, and Burketh righteousness, and speaketh

PSALM XVI. the truth in his heart.

Michtam of Duvid. 3 He that backbiteth not with his PRESERVE me, O God: for in tongue, nor doeth evil to his neigh- thee do I put my trust. bour, por taketh up a reproach against 2 O my soul, thou hast said unto his neighbour.

the LORD, Thou art my Lord: my 4 ln whose eyes a vile person is goodness extendeth not to thee ; entemaed; but he honoureth them 3 But to the saints that are in the

EXPOSITION. mocartas. From the last verse some the offices of the Levitical priesthood ;" wrzed men have supposed it to have been but is simply intended to point out,

that Sortea during the time of Absalom's re- moral “ righteousness is the qualification belan, wben the ark was in possession of which alone can fit any one to be a guest dis party : (See 2 Sam. xix. 9-15,) others in God's tabernacle," a citizen of Zion. Irter is to the period of the Babylouish cap. This qualitication, however, implies no friey; but si. Paul plainly refers us to claim of merit, but simply moral fitness. itt days of Messiah, and to a future re- “ The man (says Bishop Horne,) who storativa of the Jews subsequent to tbeir would be a citizen of Zion, and there enter carrersion. (Rom. xi. 26, &c. compare into the rest and joy of his Lord, must set Prala cz. 2; Isa. Ixi.11; Zech. ix.9.) The that Lord always before him. Renewed Caiei sabject of this psalm, however, is through grace, endued with a lively faith, list iendelity of the human heart, for infi. and an operative charity, he must consider built is unquestionably more a disease of avd imitate the life of that blessed Person,

e heart tban of the head; the corruption who walked amongst men without parof uur nature gives an unhappy bias to the taking of their corruptions; who conutment. Sip makes fools of us all; and versed unblaineably with sinners; who

s lue greatest fool whose mind is most could give this challenge to his inveterate er the influence of depraved passions, enemies, Which of you convinceth me htu not only lead to abominable actions, of sin ?' in whom the grand accuser, when tiocupacirate for doing good. “ The con- he came 'found nothing;' who being himzation of the apostacy and corruption self. the truth,' thought and spake of nowashind, described in this psaim, thing else, making many promises and

the prophet express a longing de performing them all, .. for the salvation of Israel, which “ In the above comnient (says Bishop ?, yo forth out of Zion,' and to bring Horne) it was thought most advisable to the people of God from that most open and display the full intent of what !! of all captivities, the captivity was both enjoined and forbidden, by exin and deaih; a salvation at which emplifying each particular. Whuever shall muld indeed rejuice, and Israel be survey and copy these virtues and graces Bishop Horne)

as they present themselves in his life,

(relying at the same time on his atonePSALM XV.

ment,) will, it is humbly apprehended, take 'sain of David, describing a citi- the best and shortest way to the heavenly

We agree with Bishop Hors. Zion;" and shall never be expelled from this psalın has “ no allusion to the eternal city.

NOTES. IV. Ver. 3.--Nor taketk up. - Heb. PSALM XVI. Tille, - Michtam. - Marg." A or endureth."

zolden (psalm) of David.". D'ler betot observes of

the works of seven of the most excellent Ara ngell no:-That is, will not volate bis

bian poets, that they are called Al slodh hebat, terest

which signifies golden, because they were written in T.-See Exod. xxii. 25, 23; Lev. letters of gold upon Egyptian paper. Might not the Ten. Y.4-7.

vis psalm: which are tous distinguished 'viz. this Ver. 4. That hasien (run) after another (God).- of putting these words into the Creed was onl Ainsnorih renders it, that endow another; and express the burial of our Savionr, or the desce! Kennicoll, " that go whoring after strange gods.” his body into the grave." It is most certain,

[and resurrection.

nor take

Messiah's character]

PSALMS. earth, and to the excellent, in whom is struct me in the night seasons. all my delight.

8 I have set the Lord always be4 Their sorrows shall be multiplied fore me; because he is at my right that hasten after another god : their hand, I shall not be moved. drink offerings of blood will I not offer, 9 Therefore my heart is glad, and


their names into my lips. my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall 5 The Lord is the portion of mine rest in hope. inheritance and of my cup: thou

10 For thou wilt not leave my soul maintainest my lot.

in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine 6 The lines are fallen unto me in Holy One to see corruption. pleasant places; yea, I have a goodly 11 Thou wilt shew me the path of heritage.

life: in thy presence is fulness of joy; 7 I will bless the LORD, who hath at thy right hand there are given me counsel: my reins also in- for evermore. (Q)



the full assurance of his being raised from (Q) A golden Psalm of David.-Different the dead, before his body should be cori conjectures have been formed respecting rupted in the grave. That David did not the occasion of penning this psalm, and here speak of himself, but of the Messiah, that of Dr. Hales seems as probable as any; and of him only, is asserted by St. Peter namely, that it was composed just after and St. Paul : (see Acts ii. 25–32, with David' had received by Nathan the pro- xiii. 35–37.) And if this psalm speaks in mise that his house should be built up for a literal sense, concerning an actual ana ever in the person of Messiah. (1 Chron. speedy resurrection, by that same literal xvii. 11-27.

sense David himself is necessarily exThe late Dr. Kennicott calls it" An cluded.” hymn prophetically descriptive of the The former part of the psalm has, bu Messiah, as expressing his abhorrence of most commentators, been considered as the general idolatry of mankind, and his applicable to David; but if, as some thinh own zeal for the honour of Jehovah : with ver. 4 implies the priestly character of th

NOTES—Psalm XVI. Con. and Ps.Ir.-Ix.) be so called from their having been, See Ps. lxxviii. 55.-My reins instruct me.-S on some occasion, written in letters of gold, and Note on Job xix. 27. hung up in the sanctuary? Such a title would have Ver. 9. Rest in hope-Heb.“ Dwell confidently been agreeable to the Eastern taste, as D'Herbelot Ver. 10. My soul in hell-The apostles Peter a has me:stioned a book, entitled “ Bracelets of Gold." Paul both explain these words exclusively of o Orient. Cust. No. 168. See Title of Psalm xxii. Saviour Christ, as in our Exposition, but there

Ver. 2. Ony soul, Thou hast said, $c --The LXX. some difficulty as to the translation. The and several wiss. (probably to avoid the supple- rendered Hell, is Sheol, which we have alre mentary words) read, " I have said,”' &c.; bui this shown to mean both the grave and the invisi makes no difference io the weaning:- - My goodness world. Our translators frequently render it by (extendeth) not to thee;" the LXX renderit, " Thou former word, as Gen. xlii. 34. - xliv. 31; 1 Ki hast no need of my goods (or goodness.) Compare ii. 9; Job xvii. 13, 14 and often Hell, as here, Job xxxv. 7. The Chaldee and Syriac render the xxvi. 6; Ps. ix. 17. But it is generally admitted words, “ My goodness is from thee."-Kennicolt include (like Hades) the invisible world in gene reads, Is not without thee."

See Exposition and Notes on Job xxvi.1,6. Bis Ver. 3. In the earth - In the land.” Bp. Horsley. Pearson says, “ It appeareth that the first inten

Their drink offerings of blood.-The drink of- ever, that the phrase was afterwards explained, ferings of the Jews were of wine only, (Levit. arii. by the Christian fathers, of Christ's descent into 111--14.) part of which was poured on the head of the place of punishment See 1 Peter iii. 18.“ Bull victim but the heathen offered “ drink offerings of it was actually so, or that the apostle intende blood. even of human blood, the blood of their ene. much," the Bislop confesses is not niinif mies."

See Furne's Jotroduction (vol. i. 128.) See also Professor Witsius, wlin contends, In Dupuis' Journal in Ashantee, mention is made Christ descended into hell, (the place of torme of a wretched tyrant who delighted in drinking the no where expressly affirmed in Scripture, nor bloed of his enemies. In one instance, he had an most ancient creeds. The creeds which ment enemy tount and laid before him. He then had the descent, were generally silent with respect

his hody pierced with hot irons, gathering the blood burial; nor was it withoui some mistake tha which is ued from him in a vessel, one half of which were alterwards joined together," Sacred Dis he drank, and offered up the rest unto his yod." tions on the Apostle's Creed, (translated! See also Orient, Lil. No. 306, 752

Fraser) Diss. xvii. - Dr.J.P. Smisk rende Ver. 5. Portion of mine inheritance--Heb." op first clause of this verse (10), “ Thou wilt not my part." See Num. Xiii. 20.

myliłe in the grave;" which nearly correspond Ver. 6. The lines are fallen. That is, the mea. Dr. Kennicoli's version, “ 'Thou will not ab Lords by which heritages are allotted out. my life to the grave."

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(for deliverance. PSALM XVII.

8 Keep me as the apple of the eye,

hide me under the shadow of thy A Prayer of David.

wings; H EAR the right

, O Lord, attend 9 From the wicked that oppress me, unto my cry; give ear unto my from my deadly enemies, who comprayer, that goeth not out of feigned pass me about. lips.

10 They are inclosed in their own 2 Let my sentence come forth from fat: with their mouth they speak thy presence; let thine eyes behold proudly. the things that are equal.

11 They have now compassed us in 3 Thon hast proved mine heart; our steps: they have set their eyes tkou bast visited me in the night; thou bowing down to the earth ; hast tried me, and shalt find nothing; 12. Like as a lion that is greedy of I am purposed that my mouth shall his prey, and as it were a young lion A transgress.

lurking in secret places. 4 Concerning the works of men, by 13 Arise, O Lord, disappoint him, the word of thy lips I have kept me cast him down : deliver my soul from: from the paths of the destroyer. the wicked, which is thy sword :

5 Hold up my goings in thy paths, 14 From men which are thy hand, that my footsteps slip not.

O LORD; from men of the world, 6 I have called upon thee, for thou which have their portion in this life, wilt hear me, O God: incline thine and whose belly thou fillest with thy ear into me, and hear my speech. hid treasure: they are full of chil7 Shew thy marvellous loving-kind- dren, and leave the rest of their sub2735, O thou that savest by thy right stance to their babes. haad them which put their trust in 15 As for me, I will behold thy face thre , from those that rise up against in righteousness: I shall be satisfied,

when I awake, with thy likeness. (R)

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EXPOSITION. ker, David is excluded from this as those paths wbich lead to everlasting bliss, as from the laiter part of the psalm. " Those paths that to his presence bear, thing seems here intimated, which we For plenitude of bliss is there ; Dot before reinarked, that the priests

And pleasures, Lord! unmix'd with woe, the law, when they offered the sacri

At thy right hand for ever dow.” Merrick. f an individual, named the ufferer the Lord; a circumstance that

PSALM XVII. ally points to the intercession of the (R A Prayer of David against his ene- See Rev. vii. 3, 4.)

mies.-From the description of his enemies tter part of the psalm being ex- here given, there can be little doubt but oplied to the resurrection of Christ Saul and his followers were intended; and -ostles themselves, as above re

their charge against David was no less can apply to others only as in- than treason that he aspired to the crown - and virtually raised with him and sought the life of Saul; which was ss of life,and introduced into not only false, but exactly the reverse of

NOTES. 1. Ver.1. Hear the right, O Lord- ing (n) down to the earth," Ainsworth and Horne. OT,

* Hear. O righteous Lord.” Ver. 12. Like as a lion, &c.--Heb. “ The like. Eeignre lips-Heb. Lips of dereit.” bl-Heb." Be not morou."

ness of him i. e, every one of them is az a lion

that desireth to racin. sacest by thy righ! hand- Marg. Ver. 13. Disappoint him — Heb “ Prevent his Orta which trust in thee) froin those

-Froin the nicked which is thy sword*t thy right hand:” rather, " at thy ee Zech.ii.l.


Marg. " (By thy sword.”

Ver. 14. From min which are thy hund - Marg. -dly enemies-Heb. “ Vy enem es " By thy hand." The difierence in both theso fe. i.e. my soal's enemies, or the verses relates inerely to the supplementary words.

Ibid. Whose bullies thon fillest, &c. -- That is, asrd in their own fat-Or, " They “ Whom thou permittest to enjoy lemporal blessings eir mouth with fat.' Dr. Hammond.

in abundance.” Bishop Horné. See Luke xvi. 23.

- They are full of children-See Job sri, 11. =g down to the ground-Or, “ Bend- ör, “ Their children are Olled," &e. Mark.


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my cry came before him, even into his To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David,

7 Then the earth shook and tremthe servant of the LORD, who spake unto the Lord the words of this song in the bled; the foundations also of the hills day that the Lord delivered him from the moved and were shaken, because be hand of all his enemies, and from the

was wroth. hand of Saul: And he said,

8 There went up a smoke out of his WILL love thee, O Lord, my nostrils, and fire out of his mouth de-asteait strength.

vonted : coals were kindled by it. 2 The Lord is my rock, and my 9 He bowed the heavens also, and fortress, and my deliverer; my God, came down: and darkcess was under da my strength, in whom I will trust; my his feet. buckler, and the horn of my salvation, 10 And he rode upon a cherub, and the and my high tower.

did fly: yea, he did fly upon the wings hit 3 I will call upon the Lord, who is of the wind. worthy to be praised : so shall I be 11 He made darkness his secret de saved from mine enemies.

place; his pavilion round about him 4 The sorrows of death compassed were dark waters and thick clouds of46e me, and the floods of ungodly men the skies. made me afraid.

12 At the brightness that was bei 5 The sorrows of hell compassed fore him his thick clouds passed, hai me about: the snares of death pre- stones and coals of fire. vented me.

13 'The Lord also thundered in the 6 In my distress I called upon the heavens, and the Highest gave bis Lord, and cried unto my God: he voice; hail stones and coals of fire. heard my voice out of his temple, and 14 Yea, he sent out his arrows, and

EXPOSITION-Psalm XVII. Continued. the truth. (1 Sam. xxiv.) The psalmist, ing for him “ in secret places." From therefore, confident in the justice of his these men, these “ mortals of this transi cause, appeals to the Almiglity for his de- tory world," (as Ainsworth and Herne cision. Pris “ heart condemiis him not, revider it, he prays to be delivered; an and he has confidence towards God," who in confidence that he shall be so, be con is the witness as well as judge of his inte- cludles with declaring, “ As for me, I wil grity. He bad been tried, and lived in the behold thy face in righteousness; I shal expectation of farther trials : but he attri- be satisfied, when I awake, with thy like butes lsis preservation to the word of God. ness;" au expression that may be referre “ By the word of thy lips I have kept me) either to the immortality of the soul, from the paths of the destroyer

the resurrection of the buily. Dr. Wat The description here given of David's includes both, and paraphrases the ver enemies, (as already hinted) naturally in three beautiful sianzas, which we shoe lead; us to look to Saul and his party as be glad to transcribe, but can only refer laying snares for him, as sportsmen were Some commentators apply this psalm, accustomed to do for game in the forests, well as the preceding, to Christ hims or for wild beasts in the woods. Saul him- who, though he assumed in his de self resembled “a lion greedy of his " the form of a slave," arose in all prey," who had been lurking and watch- glories of the Divinity:

NOTES, PSALMI XVII. Ver. 1.1 millorr-The original pains of childbirth anil of death; see Acts is implies tenderness; " with bowels of compassion." but the same word (with a slight vaiation

Ver. 2. Mistreryth-Heh, "rock;" but a dif- points) is used also for cords, ropes, and the t ferent word froin that in the Rectiling line.

The fosiler (made of cord) to ensnare his game Ver.3. I will call. This being a l'salm of thanks. Ver, 6. The sorron's (or cords) of hell giving, Bishop (ne thinks the verbs should be Shoot. See Yote on ver. 4. Shrol and Had rendered in the prefer teuse : Dr. Kennicolt butas cording to Archbishop l'sher," when spoker the Wels is future, se rather think with Mr. Seolt. body, signify the grave; when of the soul, the that the future was used jurposely, to express "the to the state in which the soul is without the feelings of David's heart, while si nggling with his whether in Paradise or Hell, prop rly so called difticulies," he then said, "I will love," &c. Ver. 8. Smoke out of his nostrils – Ain Ver. 4. The sorrons. So the word is used for the « Smoke ascended in his anger.

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scattered them; and he shot out light- the cleanness of my hands hath he re-
, and discomfited them.

compensed me.
15 Then the channels of waters 21 For I have kept the ways of the

were seen, and the foundations of the Lord, and have not wickedly de-
- 2 by world were discovered at thy rebuke, parted from my God.
O Lord, at the blast of the breath of 22 For all his judgments were be-

fore me, and I did not put away his
16 He sent from above, he took me, statutes from me.
he drew me out of many waters. 23 I was also upright before him,

17 He delivered me from my strong and I kept myself from mine iniquity.
enemy, and from them which hated 24 Therefore hath the Lord re-
De: for they were too strong for me. compensed me according to my righ-
18 They prevented me in the day teousness, according to the cleanness of
of my calamity: but the Lord was my hands in his eyesight. (S)

25 ( With the merciful thou wilt 19 He brought me forth also into a shew thyself merciful; with an upright large piace; be delivered me, because man thou wilt shew thyself upright; be delighted in me.

26 With the pure tbou wilt shen
2) The Lord rewarded me accord- thyself pure; and with the froward
ng to my righteousness; according to thou wilt show thrhelf froward.


God he loved; and accumulates the strong-
Ver. 1—24. To the chief musician : a est terms he could recollect to express his
Pielm of David, the servant of the Lord.- obligation, to his deliverer : the rock ou
The title of this psalm is literally tran- whom all lis hopes were built; the fortress
berbed from 2 Sam. xxii. 1., where the to which he looked alone for safety, and
psalm itself follows, nearly as in this place, * the horn of his salvation."
except that the first verse is now introduced, The psalmist now looks back upon the
with ime verbal corrections in the follow- sorrows and dangers from which he had
ag rerses. "The variations between the been at different times rescued. He had
too copies (says Mr. Scott, the commenta- been in imminent danger of his life. “ The
ht) seem to have been principally poetical surrows," or rather - tvils ” (i. e. snares)
improvements of the style, as few of them of death had been thrown around him;
matrally alter the sense, and several evi- but “ the horn of his salvation" tore them
dentis render the coinposition more elegant. to pieces. “ The flouds of Belial," or of
ladead, the shole psalm seems one of the wickedness, had been cast after bim, as it
Bust finished poetical compositions extant were, to overwirelin him. (See Rev. xii. 15.)
B any language.

But he fled to the rock that was bigher than The first verse of the psalm just referred himsell, and there he found a refuge. The was, is boticed by the critics as peculiarly psalmist then goes on to describe the de. emphatie. " With all the yearnings of af. liverance wrought for him in allusion to fecting, I will love thee," is the paraphrase tbe awful tempests at mount Sinai, meanui Bishop Horne ; and we may remark, that ing thereby to intimate that, in some inwe can never tio forcibly express our at

stance at least, his rescue from death and schmeat to the Author of our mercies, destruction had been attended with a simiabile we are careful to keep our language lar display of the divine power and inajesty, aballoyed : our expressions can never be too

and he ascribes the cause of it to the divine moig, while tbey are pure and chaste : but bounty : “ He delivered me, because he e-metimes meet with a familiarity or

delighted in me.” Noris this contradicted berility of address in Christians to the by the words following: for though his est High, which can only be excused by character and conduct, especially in ree simplicity of their piety, and unconsci- spect of zeal and uprightuess, may not be signorance. But David reverenced the the cause of his deliverance, it may be the

NOTES. 2. 15. At the Mast of the breath of thy nostrils. Ver. 21. Wickedly departed. -- Ainsworth, Did insrl. ** All the breath of the pind of thine not wickedly from " (or before) Gol. This is supposed to refer to the passage of Ver. 23. From mine iniquity-That is, says Ainsa'

worth, from the iniquiiy I am prone to.” This, 16. Many waters-Marg, “ Great waters,”

shows that the Psalms should not be applied indis. etions, (errors.

criminately to the Messial. 2. They porerented me-Anticipated, sur

Ver. 24. In his tye sight-. Web. * Defore his eye's.”

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