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cal laws must be obeyed in financial transactions Milton he was as much a patriot as a poet; and
just as much as the physical laws must be obeyed he did not imagine that fine endowments absolved
in mechanical operations. The proprietor of the a man from the service of the state.
Witness would never think of asking the Lord to Some English dilettante wondered that the au-
make the engine that drives his presses do its thor of " Thanatopsis" could descend to daily
work with no water in the boiler nor any fire political journalism. But the lofty moral senti-
under it; and it is just as absurd for him to ex- ment, and the serene hope and courage wbich
pect that the Lord will make the people pay for find expression in that poem do not come amiss
a newspaper that they do not want. If he can in daily journalism. We trust the day may ar-
furnish an article that the people want he can rive when exclamations like this of the English
sell it and make a living by it; but it is in vain critic over the consecration of the highest gifts
for him to suppose that the Lord will miracu- to the public service, will be confined to barba-
lously interfere with the law of supply and de- rians.
mand for his special benefit.

The estimates of Mr. Bryant's rank as a poet The discipline by which character is perfected have been, on the whole, highly appreciative. is a discipline under law. God requires man pa- The Nation, which, we believe, has never deigned tiently to study the laws which He has impressed to mention his “Iliad” or his “Odyssey," de upon nature,-to investigate physical laws and voted to Mr. Bryant a characteristic paragraph: social laws, and economical laws, and mental “He had studied good models; he had learned laws and moral laws,--and to conform to them early much from Wordsworth. He expressed in all his conduct. In getting gain, and not less simple thoughts in pain and elevateq.language.

His poetry made up for what it lacked in imaginin doing good, he must study and obey God's atio

ation by a pure moral tone. He put into verse laws. It is only thus that he learns foresight, reflection and sentiment which were distinguished patience, self-control. If he could get everything only by form from those which which were com

mon in the best circles of New England. If he he wanted by simply asking for it he would be a

never stirred the passions, he at least moved the moral weakling; it is vastly better for him that gentler feelings. Men who read his poetry were he should be obliged to study and labor and wait the better for it. It was full of a pensive optimism for it,-to work out his own fortune and his own

which suited the fireside. He had no great skill

in narration of human interests, but he could desalvation. If his livelihood or his gain came to scribe the external aspects of nature in sonorous him as the result of asking and believing, rather and decorous verse, and connect them with fathan as the result of thinking and planning and miliar associations of human life. His eye for

nature was not keen, he had no greater insight striving and denying himself, there would be no

into her moods than into those of man. For him such chance as now exists for the cultivation of Cole was a great painter whose canvas was “glohis manhood. The man who makes the “ faith rious." He was a moralist in verse much more principle" his reliance in conducting his business,

than a poet, and as the great majority of readers

care little for poetry, but much for well-expressed is simply asking God to set aside the conditions moral feeling, his popularity had a sure foundawhich He himself has ordained for the develop tion.” ment of character. Nobody doubts that God can For pure superciliousness this paragraph will do this; but it is not reasonable to suppose that take high rank. It would be difficult for any He will.

well-bred person to condense a greater amount of

contempt into an equal number of words. Of OUR FIRST GREAT POET.

course the sneer is leveled not only at Mr. Bryant OF Mr. Bryant's character there is but one but equally at the people who have always reckword to be spoken, and that is praise. His oned him among their greatest singers, blameless and exemplary life is a noble legacy to It is not likely that the final verdict of criticism his children and his countrymen. In the virtues will assign to Mr. Bryant so high a place among that spring from heroic discipline he was rich; the poets as that which has been occupied by the self-control the son of Sophroniscus so nobly several of his contemporaries. In sweetness and preached he more nobly practiced. All his life delicacy of sentiment he is inferior to Longfellow; he kept the body under, and made it the supple in the enthusiasm of humanity he ranks below servant of his conscience and his reason.

Whittier; but though not the greatest of our poConcerning the value of his services to his ets, he was the first of our great poets; and the country, pulpit and press have spoken, too, with verses that he has written are not going to be a wonderful unanimity. The fact that this rather sneered out of existence for many generations. shy and scholarly gentleman, to whom the bru- The assertion that he had no insight into nature tality and noise of the political arena must always is sheer dogmatism; there are many who are have been painful, kept himself through all his ready to confess that he has been to them the life in close connection with political affairs, and interpreter of nature; that they have learned strove to infuse into the strife of parties a larger more from him than from any other teacher of wisdom and a gentler sentiment, is a fact that her nameless charms and her subtle influences. will reflect upon him everlasting honor. Like Through the somewhat rhetorical form of his

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verse the true critic has no difficulty in dis- million would have sounded much more imprescerning the genuine sympathy with nature which sive? It strikes us that in his declining years he pervades it. His verse is no more rhetorical is losing something of the dash of his prime. than Cowper's, while his love of natural beauty is Moderate views are all very well for some peoquite as true; and after the spasmodic school of ple, but they will not serve his purposes; as a verse-wrights now upon the stage shall have had politician he is nothing if not sensational; and their little day and ceased to be, the more quiet we cannot help feeling that in toning down the and decorous strains of Bryant and Cowper may provisions of this bill to their present meager return with a certain restful charm to ears that dimensions the General has lost a great opportuhave grown weary of strained conceits and ana nity. pestic extravagances.

We do not remember to have noticed any discussion of the bill in the House of Representa

tives. It is possible that the General may not BUTLER'S BIG BILL.

have any strong expectation of its speedily beThe deep interest taken by General Butler in coming a law; there are so few persons in Conthe laboring classes of the country has culminated gress, or in the country, either, who take the

n a bill which he has introduced into Congress. kind of interest he takes in the "industrial" By this bill forty-five thousand sections of land voter! But the bill has been printed in the Bosin the vicinity of the military posts are to be ton Pilot and probably in other newspapersselected and set apart for “ military settlement.” since its author believes in putting everything From the eastern states and from the District of where it will do the most good-and it will form Columbia 333,333 families are to be chosen and an excellent issue on which to appeal to "the colonized upon these selected sections, -- each people" in some subsequent campaign. family to have forty acres of land. The Quarter. This extraordinary specimen of ground and master's Department of the Army is to provide lofty statesmanship may remind students of for the transportation of these three hundred and prophecy of one of those visions of the Apocathirty-three thousand three bundred and thirty- lypse, in which "a beast came up out of the earth, three families to the forties" assigned to them, and he had two horns like a lamb and he spake and each family is to have expended for its benefit like a dragon." One of the things that this beast during the first year of its settlement a sum not did was to cause “all both small and great, rich exceeding $1,250 in such articles as these: “Two and poor, free and bond, to receive a mark on their horses, not exceeding seven years old, mares pre- right hand or on their foreheads; and that no ferred, two hundred dollars; two cows, three years man might buy and sell save he that had the old, fifty dollars; one covered wagon, strong, for mark, or the name of the beast, or the number two horses, eighty dollars; agricultural imple- of his name." This reads very much like a dements, seventy-five dollars; clothing and stores, scription of the modern communistic demagogue fifty dollars; food rations, two hundred and fifty --a character into which General Butler is rapdollars; ready-made frame houses of not less than idly developing. “Here is wisdom;" the vision three rooms where timber is scarce, or when the goes on: “Let him that hath understanding family desires it, one hundred and fifty dollars," count the number of the beast, for it is the numetc., etc. In consideration of these supplies the ber of a man; and his number is six hundred government is to have a lien of fifteen hundred three score and six." General Butler's number dollars upon the property of each emigrant. is 333,333. A very slight knowledge of arithme

The only thing that strikes us as remarkable tic and of the ordinary methods of exegesis would about this plan is the restraint which the author enable the commentator to show that there is no of it has evidently imposed upon his imagination discrepancy between these figures. and upon his faith in the popular credulity. Why he should have stopped with a beggarly twelve hundred and fifty dollars, when the silver mines ONE more unfortunate, in the person of Mr. Ira of Nevada, the government bank note printing B. Wright of South Hadley, Mass., goes to the office, and the whole numeration table were all State's Prison for five years, convicted of making before him, exceeds our wisdom. What was the free with other people's money. It is the money use of providing only two horses and one covered of the town, whose treasurer he has been for five wagon per family, when six horses, a phaeton, a or six years, that Mr. Wright has been using; and coupe, and a dog-cart could have been put into the he is unable to account for the sum of $29,000. schedule just as easily and would have been so Like Mr. Chace of Fall River, whom he so swiftly much more attractive to the “industrial" voter? follows to prison, he has been a leading man in And so on through the whole schedule. Four one of the churches of his village, and superinhundred and twenty millions of dollars only are tendent of its Sunday School. Moreover, he has appropriated to the purposes of this bill. Does been one of those to whom “Liberalism" in all not General Butler know that a round thousand its forms is especially obnoxious; and he has not failed to make it warm for people in his neigh- Bravely said! If army officers and Indian auborhood who deviated from the straight road of thorities could borrow a little of the moral sense *Orthodoxy." This proves nothing, of course, that shines through this utterance, a speedy end except that there is no saving grace in “Ortho would come to our Indian wars. We nominate doxy;" and that the connection between the General Crook for Indian Commissioner. technicalities of a severe dogmatic system and Ar the dedication in Mobile the other day of integrity of life are neither necessary nor vital.

the building occupied by the school of the AmeriMr. Wright and Mr. Chace have gone to their

can Missionary Association, the ministers of the own place; and the retribution that has over

various Protestant churches in the city and other taken them ought to have a salutary influence la

leading citizens were present; and the words upon other loose-jointed characters who are care

spoken by them were significant and cheering. lessly handling other people's money.

Said the Rev. Dr. Burgett of the First PresbyteIn President Porter's Baccalaureate sermon we rian church: “I fully endorse all the efforts of find the following strong and timely sentences: the American Missionary Association, and con

"That philosophy which degrades man in its gratulate it and all present here to-day because theories will be prepared to oppress and despise of its high and praiseworthy efforts, its success and curse him when he asserts his rights. But in the past, the immediate present, and the bright our danger lies not in this direction. It will come if it comes at all from the masses them.

prospects of the future. . , . I cannot under

Pro selves who are quick to receive a philosophy that stand the composition of a man who will oppose teaches them that the right of the strongest is your efforts here. As a representative of the the only right that nature sanctions, and trains Chr

Christian people of Mobile I speak authoritatively them to infer that therefore capital and civilization and culture and religion are all outrages when I say you deserve their sympathy and against the scientific view of man. May God hearty co-operation, and you have it." Other spare any of us from witnessing the borrors that ministers, a physician, and leading business men will ensue when insane enthusiasts or maddened criminals act out the new views of man's duty spoke in similar terms. Keep this report in mind and destiny which are taught in some philosoph- when you hear the next shriek of the inconsolaical schools!"

ble carpet-bagger. The fact that a bad philosophy may make terrible mischief in national affairs ought not to be

MR. STEPHENS of Georgia expressed the opindoubted by any American. It was the dogma of

ion, at the beginning of the current Congressional State sovereignty quite as much as the institu

investigation, that it would turn out to be either tion of slavery that made the civil war. Men

a contemptible farce or a horrible tragedy. It like Lee and Stonewall Jackson fought on the

has not, thus far, proved a tragedy, but Mr. side of the Confederacy only because their State

Stephens's prediction is fairly veritied. Anybade them, and because they honestly believed

thing more contemptibly farcical than the perthat their paramount allegiance was due to the

formances of the witnesses summoned from LouState. The materialistic dogma strikes at the root

isiana and Florida it would be difficult to of national well-being more deeply and not less

imagine. The almost unanimous declaration of fatally than did the dogma of State sovereignty.

the Democrats in the House, that this Congress

has no right to interfere with the President's A New Haven Dogberry in hearing a com- title, removes the suspicion of foul play that plaint the other day against a brace of Yale stu- rested on the movement; but strange revelations dents who had been guilty of a contemptible have been made of the state of politics in the piece of vandalism, remarked that if the act had South. The President's character has not been been done by a couple of ignorant boys from the touched by the investigation; and what is called purlieus of the city, he should have sent them to his Southern policy has received, incidentally, a jail for thirty days; but as it was done by two remarkable vindication. Among the many hn? college students he did not propose to punish miliating discoveries of the investigation, there them. We do not know exactly what is expected is one thing to be thankful for-that the United of judges in Connecticut, but in most civilized States troops are no longer employed to maintain regions such a dictum as that from the bench in office such cattle as have lately been disportwould be regarded as a fair ground for impeach- ing themselves upon the witness stand in Washment. Contempt of a court like that is a Chris- ington. tian duty.

HEAR the Christian Union : God's revelations "It is hard," said a gentleman to General cannot conflict. If, therefore, we find anything Crook, "that men and officers should be sent out in the Bible which contra venes the general moral to be killed by the Indians, when all the trouble instincts of mankind, especially those of the has been brought about by thieving agents.” highest moral culture, we may be sure that the "That is not the hardest thing," replied the interpretation which so reads the book is false," general. "A harder thing is to be forced to kill Now hear the reply of the Eraminer and Chronin the Indians when they are clearly in the right.” cle: Is it so? Suppose it be put the other way,

and say if man's moral instincts contravene an thy with the Reformers. . But the loaves and honest interpretation of anything in the Bible, fishes of the Establishment exert a strongly conthe instincts must be morally false.” In these servative influence; and the English Low Churchtwo paragraphs we have a fair statement of the men have not, of late years, shown much of the fundamental difference between two schools of martyr spirit. When it comes to making sacrithought, whose divergence will be more and fices for opinion's sake, one Ritualist will venture more clearly marked in coming discussions. The more than five Evangelicals. The English Rituone school believes that the Bible was made alists are not a lovely set; but they have the courfor man; the other believes that man was made age of their convictions, and they are tremendfor the Bible. We do not undertake in this place ously in earnest. to judge between them; we only point out the BISHOP CALDWELL, of the district in Southern issue as one around which a good deal of contro- Hindostan in which the large accessions to Chrisversy is likely to gather.

tianity have lately taken place, gives additional ARCHBISHOP DUPANLOUP saw fit, in connec- reports in his recent letters of the work going on tion with the centennial anniversary of Voltaire's in Tinnevelly. He says that the movement of death, lately celebrated in France, to connect the natives toward the church had begun before with his censure of the great free-thinker the famine relief commenced; but that the kindness name of Victor Hugo. To this clerical assault experienced by the starving natives at the hands the author of Les Miserables returns a reply of Christians gave it a powerful impulse. He which those who relish invective will find stimu- repeats, with emphasis, the former statement of lating reading. “Let us see" he cries to “Mon- his belief that these converts could not have sieur" Dupanloup, “what sort of a thing your changed their religion for the sake of obtaining conscience is, and what mine is.” And this is relief, since relief was given to heathens and the “single comparison" which he thinks will Christians alike; and he says that since the suffice:

granting of relief has ceased, the movement still “ France has lately passed through an ordeal. goes on. Two other statements of Bishop CaldFrance was free. One night a man treacher well are worthy of consideration by all those subously seized her, overthrew her, and gagged her. If a nation could be murdered, that man would

lime philosophers of Christian lands, who see so have murdered France. He brought her near little to approve in Christianity when compared enough to death to reign over her. He began his with Brahminism and Buddhism. “No one," says reign-since reign it was-by perjury, ambush, the Bishop, “ has ever heard of any help being and massacre. He prolonged it by oppression, by tyranny, by despotism, by an indescribable rendered to the famine-stricken by the Brahmins parody on religion and justice. He was at once a of any temple from one end of the country to anmonster and a pigmy. For him were sung the other; but wherever a Christian missionary was Te Deum the Magnificat, the Saleum fae, the Gloria tibi, and the rest. Who sang them? Ask

stationed, there the people saw a sympathizing yourself. The law abandoned the people to him, friend who had been supplied with funds for their the Church surrendered to him the Almighty. help.” And again: “He would be blind indeed, Justice, honor,country gave way before that man.

who did not see that no government but a ChrisHe trampled under foot his oath, equity, good faith, the glory of the flag, the dignity of man,

tian government has ever set itself, or would the liberty of the citizen; that man's prosperity ever set itself, to save life, at whatever cost, as perplexed the conscience of mankind. This

ours has done; and he would be equally blind lasted nineteen years. During that time you were in a palace; I was in exile. Sir, I pity you."

who did not see that it is as Christians, believing

in a loving Master, and adherents of a religion of We are inclined to think that his Grace will

love, not merely as English people, descendants agree in the opinion that this one comparison is

of the race that conquered India, that the people enough. And it may occur to him that a religion

of England have come forward so promptly, so which joins hands with injustice and iniquity,

nobly, to help the people of this country in their would better be careful how it throws stones at

dire emergency.” Facts like these ought to out* infidels."

weigh, in our study of “comparative religions," The Reformed Episcopalians are making some many losty words of poets and sages. progress in England. They have a bishop-reg- The Missionaries of the American Board write ularly ordained, as Bishop Cummins was in this from Turkey that the rule of the Russians has country--and several churches; and their spread been favorable, so far, to entire religious liberty. has been thought a matter important enough to "Though every passport," writes Mr. Clark, be discussed in the Upper House of the Convoca- "describes me as an American missionary, there tion of Canterbury. It would seem on first has never seemed to be any hesitation in grantthought that England might furnish a better ing all I wished. ... Protestants, without exfield than America for the propagation of this ception, speak in the same way of their intersect. The Low Churchmen of England are course with Russian officials." From Constangreatly irritated by the prevalence of Ritualism, tinople Mr. Dwight writes: “The Protestant and we should expect them to have warm sympa- preacher from Adrianople is just in. He is quite

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enthusiastic over the Russian administration in Cyprus goes to England; Russia gets the port of that city.” A Russian officer in punishing sol- Batoum in Asia, but does not get the freedom of diers who had persecuted a Lutheran, said: the Straits for her vessels of war; Bulgaria is di“The Russians have not come to meddle with vided, -the part above the Balkans being placed religion but to free the Bulgarians." The fears under the protectorate of Russia, while the Turks cherished by many that Russia would expel all are to hold the line of the Balkans, and the country Protestant missionaries from the territory oc- south of this line is to be under such “proteccupied by her forces would seem to have been tion" as they are inclined to give. This is the groundless.

weak spot in the treaty. Bulgaria will not rest BEACONSFIELD has had his own way in the

under this partition of her territory. The desire settlement of the Eastern Question, and goes

for a separate national existence has taken firm home in triumph. Doubtless he will be made a

possession of her people; and there will be con

stant collisions and insurrections south of the duke, if he does not marry the queen ; and his

Balkans. Yet much has been gained for liberty success gives a new lease of power to the conservative party. Turkey in Asia is put under

and good government, and the time of the dethe protectorate of England, so that the mission

parture of the Turk from Europe is visibly has

tened. aries in that quarter may cease from their alarm;

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LITERATURE.

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MR. LONGFELLOW's verse seems of late to "And cradled there in the scented hay,
have taken on a somewhat geographical tone. In the air made sweet by the breath of kine,
Whether the preparation of his “Poems of The little child in the manger lay,

The child that would be king one day
Places” stands to this tendency in the relation

Of a kinydom not human but divine."
of cause or of effect we will not try to determine;
but certain it is that of the poems in his latest

Again in “Vittoria Colonna,” the same blem-
collection the majority require to be read, as ish appears
books of history or trayel are read, with a gazet “Then as the sun, though hidden from sight,
teer and a map close at hand. “Keramos" itself Transmutes to gold the leaden mist,
is a poem of many places: and almost all the Her life was interfused with light,
others have a local habitation and a name—some

From realms that, though unseen, exist." of them indeed quite a number of names. The The thought here is poetical enough, but the value of these geographical lists is not always form of the expression is unutterably prosy. apparent,-as, for example:

Scattered here and there through Mr. Longfel“Old stones, whose history lies hid

low's poems is an occasional line of this characIn monkish chronicle or rhyme,

ter which strikes upon the ear of the sympathetic Burgos, the birthplace of the Cid,

reader like a false note in music. There is reaZamora and Valladolid

son, doubtless, in the protests that we sometimes Toledo, built and walled amid

hear against the alteration of their published The wars of Wamba's time"

verses by the poets; but there surely ought to be To very few readers does this enumeration con- no law against the emendation of such stiff and vey any definite ideas. It is a good exercise in formal lines. Mr. Longfellow might well avail orthoepy, but that is about the only use of it. himself of the liberty that Mr. Tennyson has so No picture is shown or suggested by it to any ex

taken. cept the few who have seen the places mentioned. Most of these verses are, however, the very

Here and there in these poems we find those soul of poetry. There is no fancy more exquisite, prosy lines which Mr. Longfellow sometimes al- there is no music more sweet than those of Mr. lows, to the great grief of those who love his Longfellow, -and that is why the infrequent disverses best. Why, for instance, in this stanza cords of his verse so deeply offend us. What can from the beautiful poem of “ The Three Kings," be more genuinely lyrical than “The Herons of is the last line suffered to fall so flat ?

Elmwood," or the little song

“Stay, stay at home, my heart, and rest!” 1 Keramos and Other Poems By Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Buston: Houghton, Osgood & Co.

pod & Co. The unstrained pathos of the stanza to Springfield: Whitney & Adams.

“Delia," is also the author's own familiar voice:

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