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Were we to write the internal history of any one of these churches, we would likely be not very far from giving a pretty just account of the whole. And doing so we would find many things worthy of praise and many things deserving blame. It is not, however, our province to judge; there is one who judgeth, and we know that his judgment is just. He and he only knows our works and our character, and he will in the great day, before an assembled world, declare who are the worthy and who are the unworthy members of the churches in Lexington.
For the last eight or ten years at least the gospel has been preached to the inhabitants of Lexington, not only faithfully and affectionately, but frequently, in some form or other, almost daily. During that period almost every year has witnessed some new and vigorous effort to bring into action the energies of professed Christians, and to awaken the multitude who are dead in trespasses and sins. These labours, by a considerable number of God's servants in connnexion with the different churches, have not, it is true, been lost—but they have not as yet produced any thing like the effect which the friends of our Lord Jesus have most ardently desired.
Son of man, can these bones live!-O Lord God, thou knowest- -Thus saith the Lord God, come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.
Were we to venture to suggest some of the reasons wby the gospel, faithfully and affectionately preached, has not produced the effect desired, we would call the
attention of the true Israel of God, in all the churches, to some such remarks as these:
1. These causes must be among yourselves, not among the non-professors, or the openly profane.
2. There is too much of the policy of the world in every one of the churches-too much dependence upon those who are avowedly men of thë world—and too little dependence upon our common Master, and the energies of his Spirit.
3. There is not a want of personal piety among usbut there is a great want of family piety. Even christian heads of families, thongh they may have family worship pretty regularly, do not serve God with their houses. It is an awful thought, that the immortal destiny of all who are any way connected with a family, is in a great measure depending upon the head. The sovereign, and just, and merciful Lawgiver has addressed the fourth commandment particularly to beads of families. Were every christian head of a family, whether inale or female, to feel daily the weight and extent of such a responsibility, the happy influence would soon be extensive,
4. Lastly and chiefly-'There is a great want of the love of the brethren among us. We have not christian confidence in one another. When the Lord shall be pleased to give to his own people in Lexington one heart and one mind when in heart they shall recognize the brotherhood, the period will not be at a great distance when every family in town and its vicinity shall be a praying family.
SKETCH OF THE LIFE AND CHARACTER OF
REV. JAMES CRAWFORD.
The Rev, James Crawford was a member of Princeton College, in the summer of 17'77. A certificate from Dr. Witherspoon, under date of Sept. 23d, of that year, states, that his examination for the degree of A: B. had been approved, and would be conferred upon him in due form as soon as the circumstances of the country would permit the Board of Trustees to meet. It is well known that this was an eventful period in American his. tory. That the British army, having had possession of New-York for upwards of a year, and having harassed
and overrun New Jersey, they entered Philadelpbia - 26th Sept, 1777, only three days after the date of this certificate.
He was licensed by the Presbytery of Hanover, at Hampden and Sidney, Oct. 26th, 1779. He visiter Kentucky for the first time in the fall of 1783, and returned with his family in the fall following.
In 1785, the Rev. Edward Crawford and Charles Cumming were appointed by the Presby terý of Hanover to visit Kentucky, and, in conjunction with father
Rice, to form themselves into a Presbytery for a special purpose. They mét as a Presbytery at Danville in November, and ordained James Crawford and Te ala Templin to the office of the holy ministry. The cer
tificate of mír. Crawford's ordination is op a small slip of paper, and is in these words:
This is to certify, that the Rev. James Crawford was regularly ordained according to the rules of the Presbyterian church, and is now in full connexion with us. Danville, Nov. 10th, 1785.
DAVID RICE, Moderator.
EDWARD CRAWFORD, Clerk.. A certificate of church membership from Rev. John Craighead, under date of Oct. 15th, 1777, after the usual statements, adds:-And also, he appears well affected to the cause of American liberty.
He settled with his family at Walnut Hill, six miles from Lexington, in March, 1785.
Two individuals are gamed by those who were intimately acquainted with him, as having been chiefly concerned in encouraging him to settle there. These are Gen. Levi Todd, who offered him land upon which he could support his family, upon more reasonable terms than he could procure it any where else, where he had any opportunity of exercising his ministerial office, and Bryant Ferguson, who was active in assisting him in collecting and organizing a church. The subscription paper which promised him an annual support for his ministerial labours, is also headed by Gen. Levi Todd, with £3 annexed to 'bis
His brother Gen. Robert Todd's subscription is £2 3s.
There are three others with £1 10s. each, and the remaining names, thirty-five in all, vary from one pound to six chillings.
He had been disabled from preaching a considerable part of his time while he was a licentiate, by an impos
thume in his side; this, though in a great measure re. moved at the time of his visiting Kentucky, was the oc casion of much weakness of body during the whole o! his life. Yet he was active in sersing his Master to the utmost of his strength. He preached not only publicly on the Sabbath, but also regularly preached and exhorted on week days from house to house, Nor did he labour in vain; besides being the instrument of collecting and organizing a church in the wilderness, a very considerable number were awakened under his ministry, and added to the number of those who gave evidence that they were partakers of God's salvation.
On the last Sabbath of March, 1803, he assisted at a sacramental occasion at Paint Lick, Garrard county, He preached the morning sermon to a large audience out of doors, and was under the necessity of elevating his voice considerably above its ordinary pitch. On Munday he preached again at the urgent request of the other brethren who were there. This was his last ser
And at the close he took a final and awfully solemn, though most affectionate, farewell of all classes of his bearers. He rode that night, 16 or 18 miles, to the house of a friend, and felt much fatigued and unwell. Tuesday morning after breakfast, he rode home, and continued unwell through the week, though he did not complain of much sickness or pain. On the Sabbath he sent word to the meeting house that he was unable to preach, and many thoughtless people, both old and young, on receiving the notice, went home, little think ing that they were never more to hear the inessage ca