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ancients votively relegate an offender urig 'Hearnious loxétes headed a body of three hundred noblemen and gentlemen rrýnces, beyond the extreme pillars of Hercules.
in the triumphal procession of Charles II. into London. “ The emperor struck out the negative from the . Ne His lordship died in 1667, when the Earldom of Cleveland plus ultra' of Hercules, and proclaimed to the world that became extinct. For a description of Vandyck's portrait there were no limits to Spanish ambition,” says a writer of the earl, see Dr. Waagen's Treasures of Art in Great in the Quarterly Review (lxii. 128). But the emperor Britain, Supplement, p. 322.] meant to proclaim something more than this, namely, the actual extent of Spanish rule.]
WATERLOO MEDALS.—Will some of your readers YEAR-Book.-I copy part of the title-page of a
tell me where I can purchase one?
W. I. S. HORTON. volume lying before me, and should be glad to
5, Quadrant, Buxton. know what it is; i. e. what name it bears among lawyers :
[We much regret to state that these medals may fre
quently be purchased of the pawnbrokers at Woolwich "In hoc volumine continentur omnes anni Regis and other places; but it must be borne in mind that, if Henrici Septimi, ab anno primo usque ad annum vicesi
the original owners are still living, the traffic in them bemum secundum eiusdem Regis, qui antea impressi fue- comes an illegal act.] runt.
" Or novelment imprimee & corrigee, &c. &c. Londini in ædibus Richardi Tottelli, 1585. Cum privilegio.”
Replies. The colophon is — “Imprinted at London in Fleet Strete, within Temple THE KNIGHTS HOSPITALLERS, ETC. Barre, at the signe of the hand and starre, by Rycharde Tottel, 1583. Cum privilegio.”
(3rd S. iii. 450.) P. In
my last communication I proposed to submit [This is a volume of the Year-Books printed by Richard to my readers a parallel showing the respective Tottel, containing the 1st to the 22nd year of Henry claims to legitimacy put forth by the Roman VII. The last two years were printed in 1583; but a Council and the English Langue. I now beg to new and revised edition of the previous years was re
redeem my pledge to that effect, and shall comprinted in 1585, which accounts for the colophon having the former date. (Herbert's Ames, ii. 824, 825.) The
mence my present observations with a reference Year-Books were published annually, which explains to the leading event in the modern history of the their name, from the notes of persons, four in number, Order—an event in which both parties may date according to Lord Coke, who were paid a stipend by the the origin of their separation-namely, the dispercrown for the parpose of committing to writing the pro-sion of the knights from the seat of their soveceedings of the courts.]
reignty at Malta in 1798; for down to the period ANONYMOUS. I have a thick 8vo volume, en- of that date, the statutory model of the institution titled The Contest of the Twelve Nations ; or, a had been formally preserved, and the English
View of the different Bases of Human Character Langue (arbitrarily deprived of its possessions and Talent (Edinburgh, 1826); but without the by Henry VIII.), and the three French Langues author's name. Who was he?' The work appears (which had with equal injustice been despoiled of to be rather curious ; and I cannot find any men- their estates by the Directory) were still action of it in Bohn's edition of Lowndes's Biblio- counted by the Order itself integral portions of grapher's Manual.
ABHBA. the general fraternity. The capture of Malta by [This work is by William Howison, the author of the the French, which gave a death-blow to the Order “ Ballad of Polydore," who has been so graphically described as a sovereign state, severed into fragments the by Sir Walter Scott in his letter to Joanna Baillie
, July 11, hitherto associated Langues, and the dispersed published under the name of M. de Peudemots. 2. An knights were reduced to the miserable expediency Essay on the Sentiments of Attraction, Adaptation, and of seeking a home wherever humanity might offer Vanity. To which are added, A Key to the Mythology of a refuge. To suppose that, from this period to the Ancients, and Europe's Likeness to the Human Spirit. the date of the downfall of Napoleon, any assemEdin. 1822, 12mo. 3. A Grammar of Infinite Forms; or
, blage existed which could constitute a legitimate the Mathematical Elements of Ancient Philosophy and representation of the body of the Order, would Mythology, 1823, 12mo.]
be but an idle perversion of the true facts of the THOMAS EARL OF CLEVELAND. - What is the
case; and that such a misstatement should ever history of Wentworth, Earl of Cleveland, whose have appealed to our belief is only to be grounded noble portrait by Vandyck (the property of the on the interested efforts made by the Italian Earl of Strafford) is now exhibited in the British members to resolve themselves, practically, into Institution in Pall Mall ? CONSTANT READER.
a sort of chapteral association, that might claim [Thomas Wentworth, created Feb. 5th, 1626, Baron for itself an independent and supreme authority; Wentworth of Nettlested, and Earl of Cleveland, was one supported by the countenance of the Pope, and of the most zealous supporters of the royal cause in the civil wars of Charles I., and was imprisoned in the Tower
the protection of certain of the Catholic princes. of London for his loyalty. He had the satisfaction, how
The principle advocated in support of this expeever, of witnessing the restoration of the monarchy, and dient was couched in the assertion that property
was the only basis of the existence of a Langue; been successively substituted for the former digand that, inasmuch as the English Langue had nitary. I write with a desire to state nothing that been stripped of its revenues at the period to is not founded in perfect truth and candour; which I have alluded, and the three French and, in describing the state of the Order as thus Langues had been equally denuded of their re- represented by a minute fraction of its members, spective domains during the great Revolution, under the protection of the Pope, and as thus while those of Spain and Portugal had withdrawn taking upon themselves the reputed supremacy from the government of the Order when the Order of the institution, I shall prefer to use the graphic could no longer govern itself, it followed that the words of a most memorable Bailiff of the Order, German and Italian Langues which alone retained the Count de Litta, the very Knight who, as amsome infinitesimal portion of their former estates, bassador from the Grand Master de Hompesch, should constitute the only surviving remnant of invested Paul with the office of Protector in 1797. the institution, and of course exercise a plenary In speaking of the débris of the Order assembled jurisdiction over its scattered members. But that at Rome in 1838, he says, in a letter to the Council such a theory was ever accepted by the main of the English Langue, still preserved in its body of the Order, which, though existing in dis- archives : persed fragments, and deprived of any collective
“ Après la mort de Tomasi, le Sainte Siège a nommé power by the adverse course of events, still plusieurs Lieutenants du Magistère, qui ont regi proclaimed an indefeasible right to exercise all the visoirement les affaires courantes et les derniers debris de acts of sovereignty whenever an opportunity of l'Ordre, et les Chevaliers en très petit nombre, et devenus re-union presented itself, is, on the very face of maintenant décrépits, assistent maintenant à Rome à un the question, a most palpable and absurd impos- prolongée du dit Ordre.”
soi-disant Chapitre aux derniers moments d'une agonie ture. The acts of the few fugitive knights who sought an asylum at St. Petersburg, and who, in
And what says the Secretary of the Order at concert with the members of the Russian Grand Vienna to the Commissioner of the English Langue
in 1840 ? Priory, elected the half-mad and wholly barbarous Paul I. their Grand Master, and this too - “ Yes," he exclaimed, “I am Secretary, or anything reckless were they as to what they did to relieve
else you please! Chancellor, if you will! The fact is, I themselves from the pressure of destitution
do the work of the Order, and it is too poor to have its
grand offices filled up, so that you may look upon me as before even the existing Grand Master, Baron de
representing any or all of them. We have crosses and Hompesch, had abdicated his office, could never, as uniforms, but very small funds. The order has an exista matter of principle only, have been sanctioned ence, and an ostensible chief in its Lieutenant, but Metand confirmed by men of established honour and
ternich really governs it." chivalric sentiments. The impression of just ridi- One more glimpse of still later date, that will cule which hailed the event throughout Europe is satisfy the most erigeant reader of the miserable still well remembered ; and the proclamation of state of degradation into which the Romish party Paul, with his address to the nobility of Christen- has at length floundered, after all its intrigues dom, urging them to become Knights of the “ and maneuvres to gain and exercise a sovereignty generated” order, met with no echo but the over the whole of the disintegrated branches, scarcely suppressed taunts of general derision. one more glimpse, I say, of this wretched fall of The farce was played out; everything in the so. the once potent Order“ from its high estate" into called Order was ludicrously Russianized ; and hopeless and almost irremediable abasement, and the prostitution of the cross for money, and for I will drop a friendly curtain over the too dismere purposes of political intrigue, quickly fol- tressing picture. We read, under the date of lowed. The assassination of Paul soon afterwards
1858, that set adrift the crowd of hapless hangers-on, who “ A scheme has been laid at the feet of the Holy had vainly hoped to find a permanent harbour Father, as Head of the Church and of all Religious from distress in the Russian dominions. It were
Orders, and that his Holiness received the proposals bootless to particularise the efforts that were then
very favourably, and submitted them to a committee of
seven Cardinals, to which was added the Head of the Order, made to rally the dispersed exiles of St. Peters
His Excellency the Count Colloredo !” — Sir G. Bowyer's burg. At length, an Italian Knight, Giovanni Ritual of Profession, &c. Tomasi, obtained the authority of the Pope to succeed the unfortunate Czar as Grand-Master, limits, I shall pause here, requesting my reader's
My paper having far exceeded its anticipated but he soon sickened with disappointment, and attention to its continuation in a following number, followed Paul— leaving the “ regenerated” order when I will give a concise account of the circumin the hands of a party so small and uninfluential
stances which led to the re-incorporation of the that the Pope could no longer conscientiously English Langue – the only Protestant and indeassist in the appointment of another Grand
ANTIQUARIUS. Master, and, from that day to this, an officer
pendent section of the Order. called the “ Lieutenant of the Mastership,” bas
SOURCE OF THE NILE.
habens atque mirabiles ebullientium aquarum scaturigines.
Hic Nilo principium est.”—Pp. 23-4. (3rd S. iii. 470.)
In the Bibliothèque des Ecrivains de la ComI beg to call your attention to the passages pagnie de Jésus, par Augustin et Alois de Backer, subjoined in writers of the sixteenth century, quatrième série, is mentioned, as by Antoine Fermany years earlier than those referred to in your nandez Editorial article, or in Dr. Beke's work, entitled
“ Carta ac Provincial de Goa, em que difusamente
narra de sua expedicao, e de seus companheiros à Etio“ The Sources of the Nile; being a General Survey of pia, e de como este Imperio fora invadidado no anno de the Basin of that River, and of its Head-Streams. With 1572, pelos Franceses e Turcos.” the History of Nilotic Discovery, 1860,”
BIBLIOTHECAR. CHETHAM. I shall not attempt to compare the numerous authorities on the various relations of this interesting subject to history and geography, but merely SERMONS UPON INOCULATION. point out memorable statements of authors who have not, I believe, been cited in the notices re
(3rd S. iii. 476.) cently published:
I believe that Dr. Smiles is quite correct, and “ De Barros,” observes Dr. Beke, “ speaks of a great that Dr. Jenner was assailed from the pulpit. I lake in the interior, of which accounts had been received have a distinct recollection of reading a sermon in both in Congo and Sofala, as sending forth three rivers : which vaccination was referred to as an impious namely, the Tacuy, or Nile; the Zaire, or Congo; and the interference with the designs of Providence, and Zambese, or Cuama. Later writers describe the Nile as flowing from two lakes: the information received being well as Mr. King. I do not remember by whom
in which Dr. Jenner was distinctly referred to as vague and uncertain, and giving rise to controversy ; but being, nevertheless, substantially correct."-P. 110. the sermon was preached; and it would be diffi
cult to trace it, as vaccination was given as only Similar statements then, and opinions of those
one of the many impieties of the age. It was who lived in the beginning of the sixteenth century, are perhaps as worthy of insertion as those
written in the same fanatical spirit as the former
one of Dr. Massey's in 1722. The great opponof Pigafetta and Lopez; and I shall not further ents, however, of Dr. Jenner, were found among detain the reader than by giving the title of the the members of his own profession, the most work from which they are extracted, viz. :
violent of whom was a Dr. Benjamin Moseley, at “ De Natura et Incremento Nili Libri duo. In quibus that time a physician to the Chelsea Hospital. It inter disputandum plures aliæ quæstiones explicantur. may interest your readers to supply an example Authore P. Joanne Baptista Scortia, Genuensi, Theologo of his arguments, and a specimen of his style. Societatis Jesu. Lugduni, 1617.” “ Ultima igitur vera et omnino indubitabilis sententia
In 1799, he published a volume of Medical est, scaturire Nilum in Æthiopia loco edito ex quo etiam,
Tracts, in which he vigorously attacked" the new ut postea dicemus, originem capit Zuama, quæ opposito mania.” This volume was republished in 1800. cursu a Nilo, in Oceanum Meridionalem exoneratur, et He was not content with this, but made it a subCoanza, quæ influit in Atlanticum, ad radices montium ject of a separate treatise. This was published in inter Regnum Goyamum, Congense, Caffatense et Mono. 1804, and entitled A Treatise on the Lues Bovilla, motapæ, qui ab incolis, ut habet Paulus Jovius lib. 18, Cardanus, et Franciscus Alvarez, Beth appellantur, ab
or Cow Pox. The opening paragraphs will show aliis Caffates, a Theophrasto Montes Lunæ, quod sua alti- the character of the work :tudine videantur lunam attingere, a Promatio Samio, " In the year 1798, the cow pox Inoculation Mania Aristotele, lib. i. Meteor, sum. 4, cap. 1, et Authore libri seized the people of England en masse. de Nilo, Montes Argenti. . Probatur igitur veritas “ It broke out in the month of April - like a symptohujus sententiæ testimonio oculati et fide dignissimi Da- matic eruption of Nature: the planet Mercury - the devidis Regis Æthiopiæ, qui in litteris datis anno 1521, ad lusive author of 'vain and fond imaginations '- being Emanuelem Lusitaniæ Regem, et aliis datis anno 1524, then in the Zodiacal sign of the Bull. ad Pontificem Romanum, allatisque Clementi VII. Bono- " It increased as the days lengthened; and at Midniam, ubi cum Carlo V. Imp. aderat, a Francisco Alvarez, summer large societies of the medical profession, which lectisque coram Cardinalibus et universo populo anno were first attacked, were distempered to an intolerable 1533, die 29 Januarii, quæ habentur impressæ apud Da- | degree.” mianum Goéz libro de moribus et relig. Æthiopum (vide Schotti Hispania Illustrata, ii. 1293 et 1299], et Jo. Bap
This is a very curious pamphlet, and is a fair tistam Ramnusium in fine Æthiopicæ peregrinationis Fr. sample of the
kind of hostility Dr. Jenner had to Alvarez [i. 258, 9), scribit se in Æthiopia imperitare encounter. The opposition called forth the pubmultis Regnis et in primis Regno Goyamo, ex quo Nilus lication of a jeu d'esprit-The Vaccine Phantushabet originem. Item, Antonius Fernandus, Societatis magoria ; published by J. Murray, 1808. This is Jesu qui diu in Æthiopia vixit, et tandem sanctissime obiit, in epistola inde scripta, quam ponit Nicolaus Go
a poem of some merit; but principally valuable dignus lib. i. de reb. Abyss. c. 11, ait, Magna hujus piscis
as an introduction to several curious notes, citing (scil. torpedinis) copia in Nilo reperitur ad extremos Pro- a large number of the cases which Dr. Moseley tinciæ Goyama fines, ubi palus est fundo carens, perennes had produced against the new practice, and which
exhibit as large an amount of folly and extrava- dren were of surpassing beauty, though each was gance as can be anywhere met with. In one of distinguished by some pecularity of feature, dethe notes a publication is referred to, written in rived from the supernatural character of the the same style as those of Dr. Moseley's, but mother. Vriam, her eldest son, had one eye red, bearing the name of Ferdinand Smyth Stuart, the other blue; and ears as large as the sails of a Esq. Mr. Stuart announces that he is a physi- windmill. Odon, the second son, had one ear cian, and relates the following story, which is larger than the other. Guion, the third, had one an advance upon the extravagance of Moseley eye higher up than the other. Antoine, the fourth, himself:
had a lion's claw projecting from his cheek-bone. “ Among the numerous shocking cases of cow pox
Regniault, the fifth, had only one eye, but he which I have heard of, I know not whether the most could see to the distance of twenty-one leagues horrible of all has yet been published, viz. that of a child with it. Geoffroi, the sixth, had a great tooth at Peckham, who, after being inoculated with the.com projecting from his mouth. Froimond, the seventh, the brutal; so that it ran upon all fours like a beast, bellow
had a large mole on the tip of his nose; and the ing like a cow, and butting with its head like a bull! !”
eighth, whose name, I believe, history does not
mention, had three eyes; one being placed in the Dr. Stuart tells us, that he has not had time to back of his head, so that he could see all around ascertain whether this case be true. This avowal him. Vriam married the heiress of a King of proves the character of the whole opposition, and Cyprus, and founded a dynasty: Guion married the perfect recklessness of the opponents. It is a a princess of Armenia ; Antoine married Chrisproper sequel to the whimsical notions of Dr.
tine, daughter of a duke of Luxembourgb; and Moseley, who, in his treatise, asks :
Reignault married Aglantine, heiress of a king of “Can any person say what may be the consequences
Bohemia. Of the other four sons, one became of introducing a bestial humour into the human frame King of Brittany, another Lord of Lusignan, after a long lapse of years ? "
another Count of Parthenay, and the last entering Can any of your readers supply the name of the church, rose to the chair of St. Peter. Histhe author of The Vaccine Phantasmagoria ? I torians do not tell us which of them was the have some suspicion that it was a lucubration of
ecclesiastic, but I may be excused for saying proSamuel Rogers.
T. B. bably the three-eyed one, as he would naturally
be considered the most circumspect of the family.
When Melusine married Raymondin, she stipu
lated that she was ever to pass Saturday alone in FRENCH LEGEND.
her private apartment. But after several happy (3rd S. iii. 491.)
years of wedlock, Raymondin, incited by a fatal
curiosity, bored a hole in the wall with the point Many continental families of note claim descent of his sword, and peeping through one Saturday, from the fairy Melusine, and the story on which saw his wife in the form of a serpent. She immethis claim is founded is, in all probability, the one diately disappeared with a shriek of despair, and inquired for by L. M. M. R. I am away from never since has been seen, though not being a mormy books at present, and consequently cannot tal, she still exists, and is heard wailing around give a direct reference; but Jean d'Arras col- the castles of her numerous descendants, previous lected all the legends concerning this fairy princess to death visiting their families. Apartments are about the beginning of the fifteenth century, and said to be still kept for her sole use in several old the collection was printed at Lyons in 1544, under chateaux in France and Belgium. the title S'ensuyt ung beau liure en Francoys Melusine is a very ancient superstition, and nomme Melusine. Qui fut fille au Roy Helynas et consequently a very widely spread one. She is femme a Raymondin.
the German Undine, the Irish Banshee, &c. &c.; A reprint of this work was not long since pub- and, to the student of Comparative Mythology, lished in some of the French antiquarian collec- affords a very interesting study, in more ways than tions, but I cannot at present say in which, or under what title. Having, however, at one time Writing from recollection alone, I would refer made some research into the subject of alleged L. M. M. R. to most works on French genealogy supernatural ancestry, I am acquainted with the and heraldry for notices of the alleged descendants story of Melusine, which may briefly be told thus. of Melusine; and Bullet, Dissertation sur la MyPressine, a fairy, married Helynas King of Alba- thologie Française,
subject from a nie (Wales is probably the country referred to], Celtic point of view. I have somewhere read, and gave birth to three daughters ; the eldest gravely stated as a historical fact, that when the being Melusine, who married Raymondin, Count Chateau de Lusignan was confiscated by the of Forez, and, by her occult art, built for him the crown, Melusine was not only heard but seen magnificent chateau of Lusignan. All her chil- lamenting on the platform for twelve nights; she
then removed from it for ever, taking up her resi
“ The beautiful bespangled sky smiled on our short dence in the Chateau d'Enghien.
voyage, and the gentle breeze wafted us, in a few hours,
to the Albion shore. We soon reached town, where, like WILLIAM PINKERTON.
Noah's dove, we found no resting place; so, in the spring, we went to the camp on Boxheath, where I assumed the character of Daub; and having obtained a verbal leave
only from General Pearson, I was, while exploring the THE LOOKING GLASS.
right wing of the camp, taken up as a French spy by the
orderly captain of the quarter-guard, a gentleman who (3rd S. iii. 450.)
had lately purchased his commission. This occurred from
a joke by some senior officers, who urged him on by sayThe little book entitled The Looking Glass, ing he would be rewarded with thanks and preferment; which, to my sorrow, I have not seen, is to be assuring him that I was the one for whom a great reward found mentioned in “ Antiquity” Smith's Nolle- | had been offered, which he would obtain as a farther remukens and his Times, where, in his account of neration for his signal service. My friends were soon in
formed of this, and application for my release was preBanks, the sculptor (vol. ii. p. 185), he gives an
sently made at the head-quarters; but General Pearson extract. At p. 200 Smith says,
was from camp, so I remained in durance from eleven till Little did Mr. Banks think, when he was questioning eight at night, when the General returned, who sent this youth, that nature bad enriched him with some of orders for my liberation, and a written permission: this her choicest gifts, and that the Royal Academy would, in last was delivered to me privately, and I was in solemn him, at this moment, have had to boast of one of its pomp marched between two soldiers, who escorted me to brightest members in the name of Mulready."
the mess room of my particular friend, the officer of the
Dorset; and after they had been amused with my reMany years ago the late Thomas Uwins, R.A., cital of the adventure, they sent me home to my own lent to my brother Mr. Felix Roffe, a rare and quarters, which were opposite their quarter-guard: to curious little book, the title of wbich my brother this I was escorted by a centinel, lest a worse mischance has unfortunately forgotten, narrating the early
should happen to me.
“ The next day I continued my employment, and met career of an artist. Mr. Uwins himself informed
with no more impediments; so I finished my drawing, my brother that the young artist was no other which comprised a plan, view, and survey, from which I than William Mulready, and that copies of this engraved a large plate, under the patronage of General little book, on account of its rarity, and the artist Pearson. This obtained me a handsome subscription. On alluded to, were valued at two guineas. ABABA
the strength of this, and the encouragement I had in may tell whether this is the same work as The portrait painting, I returned to town in November, 1779." Looking-Glass, for my brother informs me that
Somers Town, the book he perused was adorned with some facsimile woodcuts of drawings made upon the wall, while the little boy-artist sat upon his father's knee. Of the father it was stated that he had
BAINBRIDGE. been a soldier "in his youth." As it is very laborious and somewhat painful to
(3rd S. iii. 489.) wade through the rubbish heaps with which the I possess the accompanying notes relative to modern two-volumed " Lives” of artists are en
persons of the name of Bainbridge. I fear that cumbered, such a work as I understand The they are too fragmentary to be of much service to Looking Glass to be is very refreshing, as I find B. Å. H.: to be the case with a rare little book I have in my
1432. “Willelmo Baynbrigg, pro conductu ; paris de possession, entitled Fortune's Football. It is a
beloos pro smeltura plumbi, &c. 12d.” — Fabric Rolls of brief autobiography of Isaac Jenner, a painter York Minster, 1859, p. 50. and engraver, and written in a familiar style, be- 1514. Christopher Bainbridge (Cardinal), born at ing, as the titlepage informs us, most humbly Hilton near Appleby, co. Westmoreland, died 1514. His dedicated, by permission, to the young family of tomb is in the cloister of the English College at Rome.
Wood's Athene Oxon, sub nom. "N. & Q." 1st S. vol. xii. the Right Hon. Lady Ann Hudson. To this book there is a rudely.engraved frontispiece, re- 1568. Mr. Francis Baynbrigs of Wheatley Hill, one of presenting Isaac Jenner when a boy, as he him- the supervisors of the will of Christofer Hall of Wynself says, “ looking over the treasures of an old gate.--Durham, Wilts (Surtees Soc.), vol. ii. p. 276. book stall.” At page 91 occurs a little whole
1573. Ralphe Blaxton of Silksworth, gent., leaves “to length portrait of Jenner, in his crippled condi
everie one of my brother Roger Bainbrige's children tion; it is agreeably engraved in the stipple style, 3s. 4d." - Ibid. vol. ii. p. 202.
whiche he had by sister Margaret, the elder excepted, being doubtless executed by himself. As a spe
1575. John Middleton of Barnard Castle, gent., married cimen of his manner of addressing young folks, Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Baynbrigg of Snotterton, which is often equally pleasing to “ children of a
co. Durham, gent. ; their son Antony Myddleton of Newton larger growth," I offer the following extract, which
dates his will Dec. 8, 1575.-Ibid. vol. ii. p. 35.
list of debts attached to the will of “ Raiphe will, I trust, be of some interest to many Kentish Hedworthe of Pockerley," co. Durham, occurs “Henrie worthies :
Banbrige for an oxe 40s.”—Ibid. vol. ii. p. 311.