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to keep for himself the mule which Don muscles get rigid ; several of them I Rafael had sent to Salamanca, and re- have seen in this place, at various times, ceived from the two bridegrooms several who had wry necks and contracted other gifts. And the poets of that time fingers ; but still they cannot abandon found employment for their pens, in ce- the custom ; they are miserable till the lebrating the beauty and the fortunes of hour arrives for taking their daily dose ; the two adventurous yet virtuous ladies, and when its delightful influence begins, the principal subject of this narrative." they are all fire and animation; some of
them compose excellent verses, and others WONDERS OF VEGETATION. address the by-standers in the most elo
quent discourses, imagining themselves Nothing can be more singular than the
to be emperors, and to have all the unaccountable manner in which plants harems in the world at their command. spring up on certain occasions. After 1 commenced with one grain; in the the great fire of London in 1666, the
course of an hour and a half it produced whole surface of the devastated city was
no perceptible effect; the coffee-house in a short time covered with a luxuriant keeper was very anxious to give me an crop of the Sisymbrium irio, in such pro- additional pill of two grains, but I was fusion, that it was calculated that the contented with half a one; and in anwhole of the rest of Europe did not other half hour, feeling nothing of the contain so many specimens of this plant. expected reverie, I took half a grain Again, wherever a salt spring breaks out
more, making in all two grains in the at a distance from the sea, its vicinity course of two hours. After two hours immediately abounds with salt plants, and a half from the first dose, I took two although none grew there before. When grains more; and, shortly after this dose, lakes are drained, a new kind of vegeta- my spirits became sensibly excited. The tion springs up. Thus, when the Danish pleasure of the sensation seemed to deisland of Zealand was drained, Vilney pend on a universal expansion of mind observed Carex cyperoides springing up, and matter. My faculties appeared enalthough that species is naturally not a larged; every thing I looked on seemed native of Denmark, but a native of the increased in volume. I had no longer north of Germany.—Dr. Graves's Intro- the same pleasure when I closed my ductory Lecture.
eyes which I had when they were open ;
it appeared to me as if it was only exOPIUM EATERS.
ternal objects which were acted on by the
imagination, and magnified into images I had heard, (says Dr. Madden, in of pleasure. In short, it was “the faint his “ Travels,”) so many contradictory exquisite music of a dream" in a waking reports of the sensation produced by this
I made my way home as fast drug, that I resolved to know the truth, as possible, dreading at every step that and accordingly took my seat in the I should commit some extravagance. In coffee-house, with half a dozen Theriakis walking I was hardly sensible of my feet Their gestures were frightful; those touching the ground; it seemed as if I who were completely under the influence slid along the street, impelled by some of the opium talked incoherently; their invisible agent, and that my blood was features were flushed-their eyes had an composed of some etherial fluid, which unnatural brilliancy, and the general rendered my body lighter than air. I expression of their countenances was got to bed the moment I reached home. horribly wild. The effect is usually pro- The most extraordinary visions of deduced in two hours, and lasts four or light filled my brain all night. In the
the dose varies from three grains morning I rose, pale and dispirited; my to a drachm. I saw one old man take head ached; my body was so debilitated four pills, of six grains each, in the that I was obliged to remain on the sofa course of two hours. I was told he had all the day, dearly paying for my first been using opium for five and twenty essay at opium eating. years; but this is a very rare example of an opium eater passing thirty years of
A BULL. age, if he commence the practice early. The following address to the public, by The debility, both moral and physical, the editor of a Dublin paper :-“ We attendant on its excitement, is terrible; have too many apologies to make to our the appetite is soon destroyed, every readers for the many typographical erfibre in the body trembles, the nerves rors and OMISSIONS that have APPEARED of the neck become affected, and the in our journal of late !"
THE EXCITEMENT OF HIGH- others to fly from his presence as from WAY ROBBERY.
that of a demon.
The monotony of his existence soon
became wearisome. To escape from it, (From the French).
he would often set out, with a gun, and
a book, to make long excursions among The subjoined anecdote is well authen- the neighbouring forests, from which he ticated, and forcibly illustrates the cha- often returned very late; night scenes racter of the extraordinary man of whom delighted him and excited his vivid imait is related. It is translated from a gination. French periodical, published some time At this time there was much talk ago.
in the vicinity of the chateau, of high
way robberies that had recently been The worst enemy of Mirabeau was committed. Several persons returning his father; it was to him that the son from market had been ordered to give was indebted for his abduction from up their purses, and all had obeyed, preHolland and his captivity at Vincennes ; ferring the loss of their gold to the a truce was at length established between hazardous chances of resistance. No them, of which it was one of the condi- discoveries were yet made of the robbers; tions that Mirabeau should confine him- and there was nothing upon which the self to the province of Limousin ; and, police could act for their detection. in pursuance of this agreement, he took One night a friend of the count, arup his residence at the chateau of his riving late from the fair, was observed to brother-in-law, the Comte du Saillant. be wrapt in a profound and unusual re
His arrival was an event for the whole verie, very different from his habitual neighbourhood ; the petty landholders manner, which was that of a jolly comof the vicinity, who had often heard of panion. He was almost a wag by prohim from his brother-in-law, as a man fession; and this made his present not less remarkable for his talents than silence and gravity more remarkable. for the vehemence of his passions, hast. The courage of this person was someened to look on a being respecting whom what doubtful; but this did not prevent their curiosity had been so much excited; him from talking largely of his exploits. most of them were mere sporting gen. The count, anxious to know what it was tlemen, who knew little besides the that had caused such a change in his names of their dogs, and in whose houses manner, took him on one side after sup-no books were to be found, except an per, and begged to know what made almanack, and, perhaps, a treatise on him so grave and silent. farriery.
“ No, no,” he replied, “you would It may be imagined what sort of a not believe me; perhaps we should quarfigure a man like Mirabeau would pre- rel about it." sent, a man of education, genius, and 66 What, then,” exclaimed the count, refinement, among these Nimrods, who, “it is something in which I am myself as compared with him, were yet in the concerned ?" lowest stage of civilization. To them No, not exactly yourself, but~" he was like a meteor from the skies; his “A plague upon buts; what is it? vast head, of which the apparent bulk why will you tease me with these myswas increased by an immense crop of teries? Tell me what is the cause of thick bushy hair; his strongly-marked your silence ?" features beaming with animation; his “ No, no, it is nothing.” quick dark eye, which keenly expressed “ My dear friend, I require it of your his tumultuous passions; his mouth, friendship to tell me. whose rapid movements betrayed every “ Well, then, since you will know, I emotion; his costume, genteel, but ex- have been robbed within half a league travagant; all these made up a whole of the chateau.” which amazed and confounded the rus- “ Robbed ? and by whom?" tics among whom he wasted his days and 6 Ah, that is what you must never hours, even when he was silent.
know; indeed, it was dusk, and I am But when he spoke, and his sonorous not certain myself.” voice expressed the energy of his imagi- “Whom do you suspect?” nation, they thought themselves in the “ Excuse me; I cannot, must not presence of something better or worse declare that.” than man; sometimes they were tempted “ I insist; were it my own son, I to throw themselves at his feet, and at insist upon knowing."
“ It was your brother-in-law.”
“ Pleasant enough to wake a man “What, Mirabeau ?"
from his sleep, with such an agreeable Yes, Mirabeau.
compliment.” “ Impossible; you mistake; yes, yes, “ Robber ! you have robbed my friend you have certainly made a mistake." on the highway, and that, more than “Perhaps so.
once; he has recognized you." “ Let us have no more of this non- “ And could you not tell me all this sense; return to the supper-room, and in the morning? Suppose I have robbed resume your usual spirits, or I shall him, what then ?” think you mad.'
“ What then! It follows that you “ Agreed.”
are a felon, a wretch." And they returned to their compa- “ You are a fool, my dear brother-innions as if nothing had happened. law ; do you suppose that it was for his
The guest soon became gay and lively money, I stopped that half-witted boor? as usual, but the count strove in vain to I wanted only to try his nerves and my drive what he had heard from his own; I wanted to know from experithoughts. At length he again sought ment, how much resolution was requisite an interview with his friend, and after to enable a man to place himself in direct much conversation, a plan was proposed collision with the most sacred laws of and agreed upon; it was, that the guest society. The experiment was a hazardshould say nothing of what had hap- ous one, but I have made it, and I am pened, but take his leave for a week, content with myself; but your friend is and return to the chateau on the eighth a coward. Here, take this key, open day at the same hour at which he had my bureau, and bring me the second been robbed. Their measures drawer on the right." taken accordingly. On the eighth day, The count obeyed; in the drawer, the hour appointed arrived, but the guest wrapped in distinct papers, were nine had not yet made his apearance; the purses, some of silk and others of leather; count was on thorns; Mirabeau too, was upon each envelope was a date, and the absent. On a sudden the gate of the sum of its contents. court-yard is opened; and the count flies “ You see," continued Mirabeau, to meet his expected friend.
" that it was not for gold that I took up “ Well !” he exclaimed. The other this trade. It requires courage, my answered, “ I have been stopped again; friend, to rob on the highway ; more it is he! there is no longer a doubt.” than a soldier needs, who fights in the
As before, he had been ordered to throw midst of his fellows. But you cannot his purse on the ground, by a man partly comprehend me, or my motives: adieu ; concealed behind a great tree; by the glare to morrow I shall return to Paris ; and of the lightning he had distinguished the now, my good brother-in-law, let me robber's features. After throwing down finish my sleep.”
G. P. M. his purse, he had urged his horse forward to strike down the robber; but he, taking deliberate aim with his gun, had ex
KAMENIAN ISLES claimed, “ Pass on, or you are a dead
IN THE GULF OF SANTORINA, MORE PARman,” and the voice was that of the Sieur
TICULARLY OF THE ONE FORMED IN 1707. Mirabeau. Within the next half hour, Mirabeau
(For the Parterre.) entered, his clothes dripping with rain : he went at once to his own apartment, Kamenia is the present name of three ordered his supper to be brought up, islands in the gulf of Santorina: they sent word to his brother-in-law that he are designated as the great, the little, should not come down, and went to bed and the new Kamenia. as soon as he had finished his meal.
The word Kamenia (burnt) is deWhen every one had retired, the countrived from the Greek, Kameni, and repaired alone to the chamber of Mira- indicates the volcanic origin of these beau; he found him asleep, and that so three islands. soundly, that he was obliged to make Towards noon, on May 8, 1707, the several efforts before he could arouse him. shock of an earthquake was felt at San
Well,” he exclaimed, when he attorina. On the morning of the 12th, last awaked, “what is the matter?” between the two Kamenia islands, but
“ What is the matter ! can you ask ?” nearer to the smallest, where the water answered the count; “I come to tell was shallow, and where the fishermen of vou that you are a wretch."
Santorina often threw their nets, a rock
ACCOUNT OF THE APPEARANCE OF THE
appeared, resembling the wreck of a incommoded the inhabitants, who sufvessel, The inhabitants of the adjacent fered so greatly from these mephitic and village of Fira having perceived it, formed sulphureous vapours that many of them various opinions on the subject, and to seemed at the point of death, Gold, ascertain the matter, determined to re- silver, and other metals neglected to be pair to the spot; but scarcely had they covered up from contact with these exneared it, when they returned half dead halations, were blackened. The southwith fright at the terrific spectacle. west wind carrying them to Aramfi and Others, however, more resolute, and Astopalia, exposed these islands to the strongly urged by curiosity, had the same evils. This phenomenon was only courage to reach the rock, and remain beneficial to sown land, which was enthere an hour, whilst every thing was riched by the ashes scattered over the shaking around them. They discovered country; hence the wheat and barley that the appearance was a rock; on ex- harvests this year at Santorina were unamining it attentively they perceived usually productive. oysters and other marine productions During the growth and prevalence of attached to enormous pieces of rock that these vapours, which stretched as far as had been thrown up from the depths of A stopalia, night and day heavy and terthe water to the surface. The fishermen rific sounds as of desolating cannon were profited by the discovery to collect shell incessantly heard. Continued shocks of fish from the vicinity, until the sea, sub- earthquakes were experienced, and doors sequently agitated by the sulphureous and windows suddenly thrown open by vapours it continually exhaled, becoming the commotion of the air, and large discoloured and poisonous, extinguished stones, some of the weight of a ton, were life in every thing inhabiting its waters. forcibly heaved up from the deep waters. This poisonous state of the sea extended These phenomena lasted with a dimi. beyond Santorina.
nution of power until 1710: the stones The surface of the newly formed rock no longer hurled to a distance, fell back gradually enlarged until it had attained upon the new island; it was remarked the circumference of half a mile. A that these eruptions were more active white and earthy matter, mixed with during the prevalence of north winds. stones surrounding the rock, formed a In 1711, the smoke and flame gradually composition so little solid, that the subsided. On the 8th of September of ag on of the waves would easily have this year, the volcano seemed quite exdissolved it, had not the volcanic rock tinguished: but towards 1714 it was, served as a rampart against their violence. however, observed, that a vapour pro
June 30th of the same year, the waves duced by the remaining heat, did from washing this rock, where the sea was time to time exhale from stones on the deep, lost their natural colour and became summit of the mountain, forming what white as milk, and those of the greater might be called, the crater of the volcano. proportion of the gulf took the same The new island, composed entirely of tinge. This phenomenon was caused by stones black or tinged with red, calcined the thick vapours thrown to the surface and burnt, is five miles in circumference; from the depth of the sea; the fish were the central mountain emitting fire, is poisoned by these exhalations, and their perhaps, two hundred paces in ascent. dead bodies carried by the waves to the There is a harbour to the south of this shores of the island. July 3d, in the island, capable of giving anchorage to same vicinity were observed confused small vessels : its bottom is sand mixed and blended masses of enormous black with stones. stones, conglomerating towards a new The inhabitants of Santorina were information. On the 5th, a thick smoke duced to lay aside ideas of flight at this was seen to issue from the crevices of alarming crisis, by tradition and historical these stones, the volume of which con- records of the prodigies attendant upon tinually augmented. The first formation the appearance of the other Kamenian likewise increased until it covered a much islands above the surface of the waters, larger space, which gave out volcanic which seemed to have been of the same matter, without flame, as the process nature with the then phenomena, but continued.
occasioned no personal accidents. HisA few days after, with a placid sea, torians relate that the larger Kamenian and clouded sky, the mingled vapours and island was formed at two several times : mist stretched as far as Santorina, which the first, in the first year of the one hun. they canopied. They greatly injured dred and forty-fifth Olympiad (about the vines, and other trees, and very much 196 years before the christian era). The cvent is thus noticed by Justinian :- channel, and others were engulphed in “In this year, between the islands Thera the waves that poured landward over the and Therasin, at equal distances from the north-east shore of Santorina. two shores, a shock of an earthquake was Many of the inhabitants lost their felt, during which, to the consternation sight for a time, and were only recovered of the sailors, the waves became warm, by bathing their eyes in the wine of the and an island suddenly emerged from country. These calamities lasted for the their depths.” It was named Hiera, or space of a year. Sacred, and was dedicated to Pluto. The second formation took place in the From the authentic account of Dalenda year 725 of the christian era, in the reign di Gasparo, an Italian, who was an eye of Leossaurius: it is thus mentioned by witness of the appearance of the KameCardinal Baronius, an ecclesiastical his- nian island, in 1707.- Translated from torian:-“Between theCycladian islands, the Appendix to Count Andressy's Thera and Therasia, dense and increasing work on Constantinople. (Count A. was vapours were seen to issue from the waves, late ambassador from France to the spreading and deepening in the shape of Porte.)
B. E. M. a column, until they appeared one mass of flame, whence quantities of stone of PRESENTIMENT OF DEATH. various sizes and forms were cast forth so violently that they fell at Lesbos and The following anecdote is not the less Abydos, and on the shores of Asia Minor credible because it resembles others of a and Macedonia. New land was suddenly similar description. These things astocreated by the agency of the fire, and an nish and alarm the vulgar, but merely island was joined to that called Sacred." amuse or interest the intelligent. A
The details transmitted from genera- man on entering a field of battle is seized tion to generation, of the origin of the with a presentiment of approaching death, lesser Kamenia, attest the occurrence of and is rallied by his comrades. He comes similar extraordinary events: the fire is out of the engagement unhurt, and joins stated to have been in activity there for in the laugh which is raised at his misthree successive years. In the year givings. But the case is otherwise, if 1649, at Nios, Andros, and Santorina, he should fall : his presentiment is then earthquakes were so frequent that the looked upon as second sight, and multiinhabitants, incessantly in terror, had tudes of long ears are erected in astonishthoughts of abandoning their dwellings, ment at the fore-knowledge displayed by and seeking shelter elsewhere. In 1650, a simple soldier! The ancedote here between the islands, but nearer to San- given is from“ a narrative of the Twenty torina, fire and smoke in one tremendous eighth Regiment since their return from mass burst out with thundering explosion Egypt in 1802,” by Lieut. Col. Chas. from the sea, intercepting the light of Cadell. day. The varied forms under which this “ A singular instance of presentiment column of fire was visible, inspired the occurred on this occasion (at the Battle beholders with the most vivid terror. of St. Pierre). When the inlying picThe flames bursting their way through quets turned out in the morning, a solevery obstacle from beneath the land and dier of my company, the grenadiers, ocean, continually emerged with detona- named M'Kinlay, came up to me handing tions as of mighty thunders: this period a paper, and said, 'Captain, here is my is still in the present day, remembered will; I am to be killed to-day, and I by the epithet “the evil time."
will all my arrears, and every thing I The sea, impetuously driven hither have, to my comrade Hugh Swift.' and thither by the prodigious agitation • What nonsense, M'Kinlay,' I replied of its waves, overswept its usual bounds, to him ; 'go into action, and do what and rolled its perturbed waters over the you have always done, behave like a plains of the north-east of Santorina, de- brave soldier. He answered, 'I will do positing there an infinity of dead fish, and that, Sir; but I am certain I am to be volcanic stones, and so encumbering the killed to-day, and I request you to take channel with similar matter, that vessels my will. To satisfy him I took it, and could scarcely pass there. Animals and the man fought with the picquets during birds of many different kinds ished the whole day with great coolness and on this occasion, and thirty men were gallantry. In the afternoon, a little destroyed; some coming from adjacent before the action was over, we rejoined islands in boats were suffocated by the the regiment,
,—we had suffered much, sulphureous vapours on entering the but M'Kinlay was standing unhurt close